Lecture 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 7 Deck (17):
1

What are preterm babies?

Born weeks before their due date. May not be appropriate weight for length of pregnancy.

2

What are small-for-date babies?

May be born at due date or preterm. Below expected weight for length of pregnancy.

3

Some small-for-date babies have weakened abilities to manage ______.

Stress

4

Babies born at 35 weeks show what?

Substantially reduced rates of illness and lengthy hospital stays compared to those born at 34 weeks.

5

Preterm infants born to isolated, impoverished mothers are at risk for?

Unfavourable outcomes, most others can "catch up" developmentally.

6

What are the interventions for preterm infants?

Isolette, respirator, feeding tube, intravenous medication, special infant stimulation, kangaroo skin-to-skin contact, parent training in caregiving.

7

What is infant mortality?

In spite of the most up-to-date technology in the world, the United States has made little progress in reducing infant death rates.

8

What is neonatal mortality?

Low birth weight is the second highest contributor to infant mortality, and it is largely preventable.

9

As long as birth complications are not severe, what can restore children's growth?

A supportive home environment.

10

What type of resilience is an important factor in development of all children?

Innate

11

Are parent-infant relationships dependent upon immediate bonding after birth?

No

12

What do first-time fathers show?

Hormonal changes that are associated with positive emotional reactions to infants.

13

What are newborn reflexes?

Eye blink, withdrawal, rooting, sucking, swimming, palmar grasp, tonic neck, stepping, babinski, moro. (Review in text a little).

14

What are the infant states of arousal?

Regular sleep, irregular sleep, drowsiness, quiet alertness, waking activity and crying

15

What is SIDS?

Sudden infant death syndrome. Leading cause of infant mortality between 1 week and 12 months in industrialized nations. Its occurrence tends to peak between 2 and 4 months of age.

16

How do you reduce the incidence of sids?

Quit smoking and taking drugs, put babies to sleep on their backs, remove bedclothes, pacifiers are another protective measure.

17

Ways to soothe a crying baby?

Hold on shoulder and rock or walk, swaddle, pacifier, soothing sounds, ride in carriage, massage, let cry for a short time.