Lab 6: Ruminant Stomach and GI Tract Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab 6: Ruminant Stomach and GI Tract Deck (31):
0

What does the dorsal coronary pillar delineate?

opening of the caudodorsal blind sac

1

What does the ventral coronary pillar delineate?

Opening of the caudoventral blind sac

2

What groove corresponds to the caudal pillar?

caudal groove

3

What grooves correspond to the R and L longitudinal pillars?

R and L longitudinal grooves

4

What groove corresponds to the cranial pillar?

Cranial groove

5

Where does the superficial leaf of the greater omentum attach?

Along L longitudinal groove, caudal groove, and R longitudinal groove

6

Where does the deep leaf of the greater omentum attach?

R longitudinal groove

7

space between the superficial and deep leaves of the greater omentum

omental bursa

8

What is the continuation of the reticular groove through the omasum called?

the omasal groove (through the omasal canal)

9

The entire liver is located on what side of the cow?

R side

10

what lies in the supraomental bursa?

The intestinal mass

11

Do cows have a gall bladder?

yes. Present on the visceral surface of the liver

12

What artery lies in the cranial groove? ***

L ruminal a.

13

What grooves does the R ruminal a. lie in? ***

R longitudinal and caudal grooves

14

Where is the reticular artery located? ***

On the L side of the cardia and dorsal aspect of the reticulum

15

What does the ruminoreticular fold delineate?

cranial sac of the rumen from the reticulum at the ruminoreticular orifice

16

area where esophagus opens to the reticulum is known as:

cardia

17

what structure makes up the honeycomb appearance of the mucosa?

reticular crests

18

2 functions of ruminal papillae *****

1) increase surface area
2) absorb volatile fatty acids (VFAs)

19

what does the reticulo-omasal orifice lead to?

omasum

20

what does the omasoabomasal orifice lead to?

abomasum

21

What drains into the major duodenal papilla in the cow?

common bile duct

22

what is the torus pyloricus composed of and what is its function? ***

a mound composed of smooth muscle, erectile tissue, and fat between the abomasum and duodenum. functions to help close off the pylorus.

23

What drains into minor duodenal papilla in the cow? ***

accessory pancreatic duct. This duct is the more functional (and usually the only) duct from the pancreas in cattle

24

where does the apex of the cecum normally lie in the cow?

at the pelvic inlet

25

sigmoid colon

curvature in distal part of rectum that is utilized in rectal palpation

26

where ileum meets large intestine is known as:

cecocolic junction (through the ileal junction)

27

3 parts of ascending colon in the cow

proximal loop, spiral loop, distal loop

28

Where can the spiral loop of the ascending colon in the cow be visualized in situ?

L side behind the rumen

29

Where does distal loop of ascending colon lie in situ?

From connection with spiral loop, passes caudally a short distance where it abruptly turns ventrally at lvl of 5th lumbar vertebra and cranially along the R side of the mesentery

31

centripetal vs. centrifugal flow in the spiral loop of the ascending colon ****

The initial segment of the spiral loop is arranged into "centripetal" turns (infow) until the central flexure where the direction of the turns become "centrifugal" (outflow) and eventually spirals out to the distal loop.

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