Osteological Features Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Osteological Features Deck (13):
1

what part of the vertebrae encloses the spinal cord and its covering vessels and meninges?

the vertebral canal

2

what do all vertebrae (except the atlas) consist of?

a body, arch and processes

3

what are successive vertebrae separatedby?

intervertebral fibrocartilaginous discs

4

what part of the vertebra projects dorsally and provides a place of attachment for muscles and ligaments?

the spinous process

5

which part of the vertebra projects laterally and provides a place of attachment for muscles or ligaments?

the transverse processes

6

which part of the vertebra projects from the lateral aspects of the arch. there are two cranial and two caudal on each vertebra.

articular processes

7

what is the roof of the arch located on cervical vertebrae called?

the lamina

8

what are the lateral walls on the arch located on cervical vertebrae called?

pedicles

9

what structure provides passage of the spinal nerves and vessels located on cervical vertebrae called?

intervertebral foramen

10

which structure provides passage for the vertebral nerve, artery and vein located on the atlas called?

transverse foramen

11

which structure provides passage of vertebral vessels and FIRST cervical nerve located on the ATLAS?

the lateral vertebral foramen

12

which two foramen on the atlas are connected to allow passage of vertebral vessels?

the transverse foramen and alar foramen

13

which foramen allows passage for the SECOND cranial nerve and vertebral vessels on the AXIS?

the lateral vertebral foramen

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