Flashcards in Lab 10: Hindlimb Deck (22)
2 distal branches of medial saphenous vein
cranial and caudal branches of the medial saphenous vein
borders of the femoral triangle
caudal: pectineus m.
lateral: quadriceps femoris
medial: external abdominal oblique
2 muscles that make up the iliopsoas m.
psoas major and iliacus m.
what lymph nodes are in the femoral triangle?
deep inguinal lymph nodes
origin of adductor m.
fx of accessory ligament
limits pronation of the limb and helps prevent hip luxation (dislocation). It is unique to the horse.
Where does accessory ligament originate and insert?
Origin: prepubic tendon
Insertion: head of femur.
It enters the acetabulum at the acetabular notch and travels under the transverse acetabular ligament
What is the major flexor of the hip?**
Where does iliopsoas m. insert?
lesser trochanter of the femur
Insertion of cranial head of biceps femoris
Insertion of middle head of biceps femoris
lateral patellar region and tibial tuberosity
Insertion of the caudal head of the biceps femoris
tuber calcaneus via the thick crural fascia
What 2 muscles does the common peroneal n. run between caudal to the stifle?
biceps femoris and lateral head of the gastrocnemius m.
2 major branches of the sciatic nerve
common peroneal n. (aka common fibular n.) and tibial n.
What 2 muscles does the tibial n. dive between?
lateral and medial head of the gastrocnemius m.
Why is femoral n. important?
Allows horse to stand. It is motor only.
Is saphenous n. motor, sensory, or both?
Is sciatic n. motor, sensory, or both?
What are the splint bones?
metatarsals II and IV. Often called "buttons" for their feel on palpation
Cannon bone = ? What is it's main function?
metatarsal III. Carries the weight of the limb
where are proximal sesamoid bones located?
on plantar surface of fetlock