Lecture 1: Veterinary Behavior (Curtis) Flashcards Preview

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veterinary behavior

branch of vet med which deals with prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of behavior problems in non-human animals

1

why study behavior?

1. its the #1 reason animals are relinquished
2. educate owners - 3-4% of these cases can take up to 20% of your time
3. lots of pop culture myths
4. prevent injuries
5. prevent euthansia
6. diagnostic tool - helps recognize "normal"
7. to answer the question "why?"

2

ACVB: American College of Veterinary Behaviorists

- consists of DVMs only
- title: "diplomate"
- recognized in1993
- there are currently 62 behaviorists

3

American Behavior Society

- DVMs, MS, or PhD
- title: " applied animal behaviorist"

4

AVSAB: American Veterinary society of Animal Behavior

- DVMs, DVM student, non-vet with advanced degrees

5

Info Sources

journal of vet behavior
journal of ethology
animal behaviour
applied animal behavior science
AJVR
JAVMA
anthrozoos
VIN

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diagnosis and treatment: Dogs

1. #1 = aggression
2. separation anxiety
3. noise/storm phobia
4. inappropriate elimination
5. compulsive disorders
6. cognitive dysfunction

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diagnosis and treatment: cats

1. #1 = inappropriate elimination
2. aggression
3. compulsive disorders

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diagnosis and treatment: horses

1. stereotypes and compulsive disorders (cribbing, weaving)
2. aggression
3. phobias
4. separation anxiety

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diagnosis and treatment: birds

1. feather picking
2. screaming
3. brooding
4. mating

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3 behavior drugs FDA-approved for use in dogs:

1. clomicalm - for separation anxiety
2. anipryl - for cognitive dysfunction
3. reconcile - for separation anxiety (no longer produced)

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how many behavioral drugs are approved for use in cats?

zero!

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OFF-LABEL use in dogs and cats

fluoxetine (prozac)
diazeman (valium)
paroxetine (paxil)
alprazolam (xanax)

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informed consent forms must be used with off label use

explain "extra label"
explain why drug was chosen
potential side effects
human abuse potential
both client and vet must sign

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