List-29 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in List-29 Deck (78):
1

agitation

n. 激动;搅动;煽动;烦乱
-------------------------------------------

  1. a mental state of extreme emotional disturbance
  2. a state of agitation or turbulent change or development
  3. the feeling of being agitated; not calm
  4. disturbance usually in protest
  5. the act of agitating something; causing it to move around (usually vigorously)

    2

    ample

    adj. 丰富的;足够的;宽敞的
    n. (Ample)人名;(西)安普尔
    -------------------------------------------

    1. more than enough in size or scope or capacity
    2. affording an abundant supply
    3. fairly large

      3

      arbitrary

      adj. [数] 任意的;武断的;专制的
      -------------------------------------------

      1. based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or caprice

        4

        argument

        n. 论证;论据;争吵;内容提要
        -------------------------------------------

        1. a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true
        2. a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
        3. a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal
        4. a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play or movie
        5. a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value determines the dependent variable; if f(x)=y, x is the independent variable

          5

          asset

          n. 资产;优点;有用的东西;有利条件;财产;有价值的人或物
          n. (法)阿塞(人名)
          -------------------------------------------

          1. a useful or valuable quality

            6

            assignment

            n. 分配;任务;作业;功课
            -------------------------------------------

            1. a duty that you are assigned to perform (especially in the armed forces)
            2. the instrument by which a claim or right or interest or property is transferred from one person to another
            3. the act of distributing something to designated places or persons
            4. (law) a transfer of property by deed of conveyance
            5. an undertaking that you have been assigned to do (as by an instructor)

              7

              bandanna

              n. 扎染印花大手帕(等于bandana)
              -------------------------------------------

              1. large and brightly colored handkerchief; often used as a neckerchief

                8

                beat

                vt. 打;打败
                vi. 打;打败;拍打;有节奏地舒张与收缩
                n. 拍子;敲击;有规律的一连串敲打
                adj. 筋疲力尽的;疲惫不堪的
                n. (Beat)人名;(德)贝亚特
                -------------------------------------------

                1. a regular route for a sentry or policeman
                2. the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart
                3. the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music
                4. a single pulsation of an oscillation produced by adding two waves of different frequencies; has a frequency equal to the difference between the two oscillations
                5. a member of the beat generation; a nonconformist in dress and behavior

                  9

                  bison

                  n. 北美野牛;欧洲野牛
                  n. (Bison)人名;(法、德)比松
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. any of several large humped bovids having shaggy manes and large heads and short horns

                    10

                    bland

                    adj. 乏味的;温和的;冷漠的
                    vt. 使…变得淡而无味;除掉…的特性
                    vi. 变得平淡无奇;丧失特性
                    n. (Bland)人名;(英)布兰德
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. lacking taste or flavor or tang
                    2. lacking stimulating characteristics; uninteresting
                    3. smoothly agreeable and courteous with a degree of sophistication

                      11

                      camouflage

                      n. 伪装,掩饰
                      vt. 伪装,掩饰
                      vi. 伪装起来
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. an outward semblance that misrepresents the true nature of something
                      2. fabric dyed with splotches of green and brown and black and tan; intended to make the wearer of a garment made of this fabric hard to distinguish from the background
                      3. device or stratagem for concealment or deceit
                      4. the act of concealing the identity of something by modifying its appearance
                      5. disguise by camouflaging; exploit the natural surroundings to disguise something

                        12

                        canyon

                        n. 峡谷
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. a ravine formed by a river in an area with little rainfall

                          13

                          capacity

                          n. 能力;容量;资格,地位;生产力
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. ability to perform or produce
                          2. the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment
                          3. the amount that can be contained
                          4. the maximum production possible
                          5. a specified function

                            14

                            chlorine

                            n. [化学] 氯(17号化学元素)
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)

                              15

                              choreographer

                              n. 编舞者,舞蹈指导
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. someone who creates new dances

                                16

                                chunk

                                n. 大块;矮胖的人或物
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. a compact mass
                                2. a substantial amount
                                3. put together indiscriminately
                                4. group or chunk together in a certain order or place side by side

                                  17

                                  clutch

                                  n. 离合器;控制;手;紧急关头
                                  vi. 攫;企图抓住
                                  vt. 抓住;紧握
                                  adj. 没有手提带或背带的;紧要关头的
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. the act of grasping
                                  2. a tense critical situation
                                  3. a number of birds hatched at the same time
                                  4. a collection of things or persons to be handled together
                                  5. a woman's strapless purse that is carried in the hand

                                    18

                                    codify

                                    vt. 编纂;将...编成法典;编成法典
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. organize into a code or system, such as a body of law

                                      19

                                      commerce

                                      n. 贸易,商业
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. transactions (sales and purchases) having the objective of supplying commodities (goods and services)
                                      2. the United States federal department that promotes and administers domestic and foreign trade (including management of the census and the patent office); created in 1913
                                      3. social exchange, especially of opinions, attitudes, etc.

                                        20

                                        consistency

                                        n. [计] 一致性;稠度;相容性
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. the property of holding together and retaining its shape
                                        2. a harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts
                                        3. logical coherence and accordance with the facts
                                        4. (logic) an attribute of a logical system that is so constituted that none of the propositions deducible from the axioms contradict one another

                                          21

                                          constant

                                          adj. 不变的;恒定的;经常的
                                          n. [数] 常数;恒量
                                          n. (Constant)人名;(德)康斯坦特
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. a quantity that does not vary
                                          2. a number representing a quantity assumed to have a fixed value in a specified mathematical context
                                          3. persistent in occurrence and unvarying in nature
                                          4. continually recurring or continuing without interruption
                                          5. steadfast in purpose or devotion or affection

                                            22

                                            continuity

                                            n. 连续性;一连串;分镜头剧本
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. uninterrupted connection or union
                                            2. a detailed script used in making a film in order to avoid discontinuities from shot to shot
                                            3. the property of a continuous and connected period of time

                                              23

                                              copper

                                              n. 铜;铜币;警察
                                              adj. 铜的
                                              vt. 镀铜于
                                              n. (Copper)人名;(英)科珀
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor
                                              2. a copper penny
                                              3. uncomplimentary terms for a policeman
                                              4. a reddish-brown color resembling the color of polished copper
                                              5. any of various small butterflies of the family Lycaenidae having coppery wings

                                                24

                                                crater

                                                n. 火山口;弹坑
                                                vt. 在…上形成坑;取消;毁坏
                                                vi. 形成坑;消亡
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano
                                                2. a faint constellation in the southern hemisphere near Hydra and Corvus
                                                3. a bowl-shaped depression formed by the impact of a meteorite or bomb

                                                  25

                                                  crucial

                                                  adj. 重要的;决定性的;定局的;决断的
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis
                                                  2. having crucial relevance
                                                  3. of the greatest importance
                                                  4. having the power or quality of deciding

                                                    26

                                                    cubism

                                                    n. 立体派;立体主义
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. an artistic movement in France beginning in 1907 that featured surfaces of geometrical planes

                                                      27

                                                      democratic

                                                      adj. 民主的;民主政治的;大众的
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. characterized by or advocating or based upon the principles of democracy or social equality
                                                      2. belong to or relating to the Democratic Party
                                                      3. representing or appealing to or adapted for the benefit of the people at large

                                                        28

                                                        deposit

                                                        n. 存款;保证金;沉淀物
                                                        vt. 使沉积;存放
                                                        vi. 沉淀
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. the phenomenon of sediment or gravel accumulating
                                                        2. matter that has been deposited by some natural process
                                                        3. the natural process of laying down a deposit of something
                                                        4. money deposited in a bank
                                                        5. a partial payment made at the time of purchase; the balance to be paid later

                                                          29

                                                          deprive

                                                          vt. 使丧失,剥夺
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. take away possessions from someone
                                                          2. keep from having, keeping, or obtaining
                                                          3. take away

                                                            30

                                                            disciple

                                                            n. 门徒,信徒;弟子
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. someone who believes and helps to spread the doctrine of another

                                                              31

                                                              discount

                                                              n. 折扣;贴现率
                                                              vi. 贴现;打折扣出售商品
                                                              vt. 打折扣;将…贴现;贬损;低估;忽视
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. the act of reducing the selling price of merchandise
                                                              2. interest on an annual basis deducted in advance on a loan
                                                              3. a refund of some fraction of the amount paid
                                                              4. an amount or percentage deducted
                                                              5. bar from attention or consideration

                                                                32

                                                                dozen

                                                                n. 十二个,一打
                                                                adj. 一打的
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. the cardinal number that is the sum of eleven and one
                                                                2. denoting a quantity consisting of 12 items or units

                                                                  33

                                                                  exchange

                                                                  n. 交换;交流;交易所;兑换
                                                                  vt. 交换;交易;兑换
                                                                  vi. 交换;交易;兑换
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. chemical process in which one atom or ion or group changes places with another
                                                                  2. a mutual expression of views (especially an unpleasant one)
                                                                  3. the act of changing one thing for another thing
                                                                  4. the act of giving something in return for something received
                                                                  5. a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication

                                                                    34

                                                                    expand

                                                                    vt. 扩张;使膨胀;详述
                                                                    vi. 发展;张开,展开
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. extend in one or more directions
                                                                    2. become larger in size or volume or quantity
                                                                    3. make bigger or wider in size, volume, or quantity
                                                                    4. grow stronger
                                                                    5. exaggerate or make bigger

                                                                      35

                                                                      feeble

                                                                      adj. 微弱的,无力的;虚弱的;薄弱的
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. pathetically lacking in force or effectiveness
                                                                      2. lacking strength or vigor
                                                                      3. lacking physical strength or vitality
                                                                      4. lacking strength

                                                                        36

                                                                        fundamental

                                                                        adj. 基本的,根本的
                                                                        n. 基本原理;基本原则
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. the lowest tone of a harmonic series
                                                                        2. serving as an essential component
                                                                        3. being or involving basic facts or principles
                                                                        4. far-reaching and thoroughgoing in effect especially on the nature of something

                                                                          37

                                                                          gallop

                                                                          n. 疾驰;飞奔
                                                                          vi. 飞驰;急速进行;急急忙忙地说
                                                                          vt. 使飞跑;迅速运输
                                                                          n. (Gallop)人名;(英)盖洛普
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                          1. a fast gait of a horse; a two-beat stride during which all four legs are off the ground simultaneously
                                                                          2. ride at a galloping pace
                                                                          3. go at galloping speed
                                                                          4. cause to move at full gallop

                                                                            38

                                                                            garbage

                                                                            n. 垃圾;废物
                                                                            n. (Garbage)人名;(法)加尔巴热
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. food that is discarded (as from a kitchen)
                                                                            2. a worthless message
                                                                            3. a receptacle where waste can be discarded

                                                                              39

                                                                              gorgeous

                                                                              adj. 华丽的,灿烂的;极好的
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. dazzlingly beautiful

                                                                                40

                                                                                incapacitate

                                                                                vt. 使无能力;使不能;使不适于
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. make unable to perform a certain action
                                                                                2. injure permanently

                                                                                  41

                                                                                  indigestion

                                                                                  n. 消化不良;不消化
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea

                                                                                    42

                                                                                    lethal

                                                                                    adj. 致命的,致死的
                                                                                    n. 致死因子
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. of an instrument of certain death

                                                                                      43

                                                                                      list

                                                                                      n. [计] 列表;清单;目录
                                                                                      vi. 列于表上
                                                                                      vt. 列出;记入名单内
                                                                                      n. (List)人名;(匈)李斯特;(英、德、法、西、捷)利斯特
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                      1. a database containing an ordered array of items (names or topics)
                                                                                      2. the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the vertical
                                                                                      3. give or make a list of; name individually; give the names of
                                                                                      4. include in a list
                                                                                      5. enumerate

                                                                                        44

                                                                                        literature

                                                                                        n. 文学;文献;文艺;著作
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. creative writing of recognized artistic value
                                                                                        2. the humanistic study of a body of literature
                                                                                        3. published writings in a particular style on a particular subject
                                                                                        4. the profession or art of a writer

                                                                                          45

                                                                                          membrane

                                                                                          n. 膜;薄膜;羊皮纸
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. a thin pliable sheet of material
                                                                                          2. a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects organs or cells of animals

                                                                                            46

                                                                                            meteorite

                                                                                            n. 陨星;流星
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. stony or metallic object that is the remains of a meteoroid that has reached the earth's surface

                                                                                              47

                                                                                              nocturnal

                                                                                              adj. 夜的;夜曲的;夜间发生的
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. belonging to or active during the night
                                                                                              2. of or relating to or occurring in the night

                                                                                                48

                                                                                                nominate

                                                                                                vt. 推荐;提名;任命;指定
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. propose as a candidate for some honor
                                                                                                2. put forward; nominate for appointment to an office
                                                                                                3. charge with a function; charge to be
                                                                                                4. create and charge with a task or function

                                                                                                  49

                                                                                                  notch

                                                                                                  n. 刻痕,凹口;等级;峡谷
                                                                                                  vt. 赢得;用刻痕计算;在…上刻凹痕
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. a V-shaped indentation
                                                                                                  2. the location in a range of mountains of a geological formation that is lower than the surrounding peaks
                                                                                                  3. a V-shaped or U-shaped indentation carved or scratched into a surface
                                                                                                  4. a small cut
                                                                                                  5. cut or make a notch into

                                                                                                    50

                                                                                                    objective

                                                                                                    adj. 客观的;目标的;宾格的
                                                                                                    n. 目的;目标;[光] 物镜;宾格
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                    1. the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable)
                                                                                                    2. the lens or system of lenses in a telescope or microscope that is nearest the object being viewed
                                                                                                    3. undistorted by emotion or personal bias; based on observable phenomena
                                                                                                    4. serving as or indicating the object of a verb or of certain prepositions and used for certain other purposes
                                                                                                    5. emphasizing or expressing things as perceived without distortion of personal feelings, insertion of fictional matter, or interpretation

                                                                                                      51

                                                                                                      outcome

                                                                                                      n. 结果,结局;成果
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. something that results
                                                                                                      2. a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon

                                                                                                        52

                                                                                                        particular

                                                                                                        adj. 特别的;详细的;独有的;挑剔的
                                                                                                        n. 详细说明;个别项目
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. a fact about some part (as opposed to general)
                                                                                                        2. a small part that can be considered separately from the whole
                                                                                                        3. (logic) a proposition that asserts something about some (but not all) members of a class
                                                                                                        4. unique or specific to a person or thing or category
                                                                                                        5. separate and distinct from others of the same group or category

                                                                                                          53

                                                                                                          permanent

                                                                                                          adj. 永久的,永恒的;不变的
                                                                                                          n. 烫发(等于permanent wave)
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. a series of waves in the hair made by applying heat and chemicals
                                                                                                          2. continuing or enduring without marked change in status or condition or place
                                                                                                          3. not capable of being reversed or returned to the original condition

                                                                                                            54

                                                                                                            persuasive

                                                                                                            adj. 有说服力的;劝诱的,劝说的
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. tending or intended or having the power to induce action or belief
                                                                                                            2. capable of convincing

                                                                                                              55

                                                                                                              pigment

                                                                                                              n. [物][生化] 色素;颜料
                                                                                                              vt. 给…着色
                                                                                                              vi. 呈现颜色
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. dry coloring matter (especially a powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint etc)
                                                                                                              2. acquire pigment; become colored or imbued
                                                                                                              3. color or dye with a pigment

                                                                                                                56

                                                                                                                piracy

                                                                                                                n. 海盗行为;剽窃;著作权侵害;非法翻印
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. hijacking on the high seas or in similar contexts; taking a ship or plane away from the control of those who are legally entitled to it
                                                                                                                2. the act of plagiarizing; taking someone's words or ideas as if they were your own

                                                                                                                  57

                                                                                                                  pivotal

                                                                                                                  adj. 关键的;中枢的;枢轴的
                                                                                                                  n. 关键事物;中心事物
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. being of crucial importance

                                                                                                                    58

                                                                                                                    pose

                                                                                                                    vt. 造成,形成;摆姿势;装模作样;提出…讨论
                                                                                                                    vi. 摆姿势;佯装;矫揉造作
                                                                                                                    n. 姿势,姿态;装模作样
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. affected manners intended to impress others
                                                                                                                    2. a posture assumed by models for photographic or artistic purposes
                                                                                                                    3. a deliberate pretense or exaggerated display
                                                                                                                    4. introduce
                                                                                                                    5. assume a posture as for artistic purposes

                                                                                                                      59

                                                                                                                      pottery

                                                                                                                      n. 陶器;陶器厂;陶器制造术
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. ceramic ware made from clay and baked in a kiln
                                                                                                                      2. the craft of making earthenware
                                                                                                                      3. a workshop where clayware is made

                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                        predominantly

                                                                                                                        adv. 主要地;显著地
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. much greater in number or influence

                                                                                                                          61

                                                                                                                          range

                                                                                                                          n. 范围;幅度;排;山脉
                                                                                                                          vi. (在...内)变动;平行,列为一行;延伸;漫游;射程达到
                                                                                                                          vt. 漫游;放牧;使并列;归类于;来回走动
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control:
                                                                                                                          2. the limits within which something can be effective
                                                                                                                          3. a large tract of grassy open land on which livestock can graze
                                                                                                                          4. a series of hills or mountains
                                                                                                                          5. a place for shooting (firing or driving) projectiles of various kinds

                                                                                                                            62

                                                                                                                            reliance

                                                                                                                            n. 信赖;信心;受信赖的人或物
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. certainty based on past experience
                                                                                                                            2. the state of relying on something

                                                                                                                              63

                                                                                                                              replicate

                                                                                                                              vt. 复制;折叠
                                                                                                                              vi. 重复;折转
                                                                                                                              adj. 复制的;折叠的
                                                                                                                              n. 复制品;八音阶间隔的反覆音
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. bend or turn backward
                                                                                                                              2. reproduce or make an exact copy of
                                                                                                                              3. make or do or perform again

                                                                                                                                64

                                                                                                                                rumor

                                                                                                                                n. 谣言;传闻
                                                                                                                                vt. 谣传;传说
                                                                                                                                n. (Rumor)人名;(意、葡)鲁莫尔
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. gossip (usually a mixture of truth and untruth) passed around by word of mouth
                                                                                                                                2. tell or spread rumors

                                                                                                                                  65

                                                                                                                                  saturation

                                                                                                                                  n. 饱和;色饱和度;浸透;磁化饱和
                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                  1. the process of totally saturating something with a substance
                                                                                                                                  2. the act of soaking thoroughly with a liquid
                                                                                                                                  3. a condition in which a quantity no longer responds to some external influence
                                                                                                                                  4. chromatic purity: freedom from dilution with white and hence vivid in hue

                                                                                                                                    66

                                                                                                                                    scrub

                                                                                                                                    n. 矮树;洗擦;擦洗者;矮小的人(或物)
                                                                                                                                    vt. 用力擦洗;使净化
                                                                                                                                    vi. 擦洗;进行手臂消毒
                                                                                                                                    adj. 矮小的;临时凑合的;次等的
                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                    1. dense vegetation consisting of stunted trees or bushes
                                                                                                                                    2. the act of cleaning a surface by rubbing it with a brush and soap and water
                                                                                                                                    3. clean with hard rubbing
                                                                                                                                    4. wash thoroughly
                                                                                                                                    5. postpone indefinitely or annul something that was scheduled

                                                                                                                                      67

                                                                                                                                      seashore

                                                                                                                                      n. 海滨;海岸
                                                                                                                                      adj. 海滨的;在海滨的
                                                                                                                                      n. (Seashore)人名;(英)西肖尔
                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                      1. the shore of a sea or ocean

                                                                                                                                        68

                                                                                                                                        similar

                                                                                                                                        adj. 相似的
                                                                                                                                        n. 类似物
                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                        1. marked by correspondence or resemblance
                                                                                                                                        2. having the same or similar characteristics
                                                                                                                                        3. resembling or similar; having the same or some of the same characteristics; often used in combination
                                                                                                                                        4. (of words) expressing closely related meanings
                                                                                                                                        5. capable of replacing or changing places with something else; permitting mutual substitution without loss of function or suitability

                                                                                                                                          69

                                                                                                                                          skeleton

                                                                                                                                          n. 骨架,骨骼;纲要;骨瘦如柴的人
                                                                                                                                          adj. 骨骼的;骨瘦如柴的;概略的
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                                                                                                                                          1. something reduced to its minimal form
                                                                                                                                          2. a scandal that is kept secret
                                                                                                                                          3. the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a frame for the body of an animal
                                                                                                                                          4. the internal supporting structure that gives an artifact its shape

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                                                                                                                                            sneaker

                                                                                                                                            n. 运动鞋;卑鄙者;鬼鬼祟祟做事的人
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                                                                                                                                            1. a canvas shoe with a pliable rubber sole
                                                                                                                                            2. someone acting as an informer or decoy for the police

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                                                                                                                                              spare

                                                                                                                                              vt. 节约,吝惜;饶恕;分出,分让
                                                                                                                                              vi. 饶恕,宽恕;节约
                                                                                                                                              adj. 多余的;瘦的;少量的
                                                                                                                                              n. 剩余;备用零件
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                                                                                                                                              1. an extra component of a machine or other apparatus
                                                                                                                                              2. an extra car wheel and tire for a four-wheel vehicle
                                                                                                                                              3. a score in tenpins; knocking down all ten after rolling two balls
                                                                                                                                              4. refrain from harming
                                                                                                                                              5. save or relieve from an experience or action

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                                                                                                                                                specific

                                                                                                                                                adj. 特殊的,特定的;明确的;详细的;[药] 具有特效的
                                                                                                                                                n. 特性;细节;特效药
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                                                                                                                                                1. a fact about some part (as opposed to general)
                                                                                                                                                2. a medicine that has a mitigating effect on a specific disease
                                                                                                                                                3. (sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique
                                                                                                                                                4. stated explicitly or in detail
                                                                                                                                                5. relating to or distinguishing or constituting a taxonomic species

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                                                                                                                                                  stratum

                                                                                                                                                  n. (组织的)层;[地质] 地层;社会阶层
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                                                                                                                                                  1. one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another (such as a layer of tissue or cells in an organism or a layer of sedimentary rock)
                                                                                                                                                  2. an abstract place usually conceived as having depth

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                                                                                                                                                    stuff

                                                                                                                                                    n. 东西;材料;填充物;素材资料
                                                                                                                                                    vt. 塞满;填塞;让吃饱
                                                                                                                                                    vi. 吃得过多
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                                                                                                                                                    1. the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object
                                                                                                                                                    2. miscellaneous unspecified objects
                                                                                                                                                    3. informal terms for personal possessions
                                                                                                                                                    4. senseless talk
                                                                                                                                                    5. unspecified qualities required to do or be something

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                                                                                                                                                      supplant

                                                                                                                                                      vt. 代替;排挤掉
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                                                                                                                                                      1. take the place or move into the position of

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                                                                                                                                                        symbolize

                                                                                                                                                        vt. 象征;用符号表现
                                                                                                                                                        vi. 采用象征;使用符号;作为…的象征
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                                                                                                                                                        1. express indirectly by an image, form, or model; be a symbol
                                                                                                                                                        2. represent or identify by using a symbol; use symbols

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                                                                                                                                                          wick

                                                                                                                                                          n. 灯芯,蜡烛心
                                                                                                                                                          vt. 依靠毛细作用带走
                                                                                                                                                          n. (Wick)人名;(英)威克;(德、匈、捷、柬)维克
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                                                                                                                                                          1. any piece of cord that conveys liquid by capillary action
                                                                                                                                                          2. a loosely woven cord (in a candle or oil lamp) that draws fuel by capillary action up into the flame

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                                                                                                                                                            wonder

                                                                                                                                                            n. 惊奇;奇迹;惊愕
                                                                                                                                                            vi. 怀疑;想知道;惊讶
                                                                                                                                                            vt. 怀疑;惊奇;对…感到惊讶
                                                                                                                                                            adj. 奇妙的;非凡的
                                                                                                                                                            n. (Wonder)人名;(英)旺德
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                                                                                                                                                            1. the feeling aroused by something strange and surprising
                                                                                                                                                            2. something that causes feelings of wonder
                                                                                                                                                            3. a state in which you want to learn more about something
                                                                                                                                                            4. have a wish or desire to know something
                                                                                                                                                            5. place in doubt or express doubtful speculation