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Flashcards in List-4 Deck (78):
1

analogy

n. 类比;类推;类似
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  1. an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others
  2. drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
  3. the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; language can point in the right direction but any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate

    2

    apply

    vt. 申请;涂,敷;应用
    vi. 申请;涂,敷;适用;请求
    -------------------------------------------

    1. put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose
    2. be pertinent or relevant or applicable
    3. ask (for something)
    4. apply to a surface
    5. be applicable to; as to an analysis

      3

      appraisal

      n. 评价;估价(尤指估价财产,以便征税);估计
      -------------------------------------------

      1. the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
      2. a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation)

        4

        artifact

        n. 人工制品;手工艺品
        -------------------------------------------

        1. a man-made object taken as a whole

          5

          assure

          vt. 保证;担保;使确信;弄清楚
          -------------------------------------------

          1. make certain of
          2. inform positively and with certainty and confidence
          3. assure somebody of the truth of something with the intention of giving the listener confidence
          4. be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something
          5. cause to feel sure; give reassurance to

            6

            attire

            n. 服装;盛装
            vt. 打扮;使穿衣
            -------------------------------------------

            1. clothing of a distinctive style or for a particular occasion
            2. put on special clothes to appear particularly appealing and attractive

              7

              biochemical

              adj. 生物化学的
              -------------------------------------------

              1. of or relating to biochemistry; involving chemical processes in living organisms

                8

                catalyst

                n. [物化] 催化剂;刺激因素
                -------------------------------------------

                1. (chemistry) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected
                2. something that causes an important event to happen

                  9

                  cohesion

                  n. 凝聚;结合;[力] 内聚力
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. the state of cohering or sticking together
                  2. (botany) the process in some plants of parts growing together that are usually separate (such as petals)
                  3. (physics) the intermolecular force that holds together the molecules in a solid or liquid

                    10

                    combustible

                    adj. 易燃的;易激动的;燃烧性的
                    n. 可燃物;易燃物
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. a substance that can be burned to provide heat or power
                    2. capable of igniting and burning

                      11

                      complain

                      vi. 投诉;发牢骚;诉说
                      vt. 抱怨;控诉
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. express complaints, discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness
                      2. make a formal accusation; bring a formal charge

                        12

                        counterpart

                        n. 副本;配对物;极相似的人或物
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. a person or thing having the same function or characteristics as another
                        2. a duplicate copy

                          13

                          data

                          n. 数据(datum的复数);资料
                          n. (Data)人名;(日)驮太 (姓);(印、葡)达塔
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn

                            14

                            decade

                            n. 十年,十年期;十
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. a period of 10 years
                            2. the cardinal number that is the sum of nine and one; the base of the decimal system

                              15

                              dimensional

                              adj. 空间的;尺寸的
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. of or relating to dimensions
                              2. having dimension--the quality or character or stature proper to a person

                                16

                                diplomatic

                                adj. 外交的;外交上的;老练的
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. relating to or characteristic of diplomacy
                                2. skilled in dealing with sensitive matters or people

                                  17

                                  disposal

                                  n. 处理;支配;清理;安排
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. the power to use something or someone
                                  2. a method of tending to (especially business) matters
                                  3. the act or means of getting rid of something
                                  4. a kitchen appliance for disposing of garbage

                                    18

                                    documentation

                                    n. 文件, 证明文件, 史实, 文件编制
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. confirmation that some fact or statement is true
                                    2. program listings or technical manuals describing the operation and use of programs
                                    3. documentary validation

                                      19

                                      ductile

                                      adj. 柔软的;易教导的;易延展的
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. easily influenced
                                      2. capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

                                        20

                                        engage

                                        vt. 吸引,占用;使参加;雇佣;使订婚;预定
                                        vi. 从事;答应,保证;交战;啮合
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. carry out or participate in an activity; be involved in
                                        2. engage or engross wholly
                                        3. engage or hire for work
                                        4. ask to represent; of legal counsel
                                        5. give to in marriage

                                          21

                                          enrich

                                          vt. 使充实;使肥沃;使富足
                                          n. (Enrich)人名;(西)恩里奇
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. make better or improve in quality
                                          2. make wealthy or richer

                                            22

                                            epidemic

                                            adj. 流行的;传染性的
                                            n. 传染病;流行病;风尚等的流行
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time
                                            2. (especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously

                                              23

                                              evaporation

                                              n. 蒸发;消失
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. the process of becoming a vapor
                                              2. the process of extracting moisture

                                                24

                                                expertise

                                                n. 专门知识;专门技术;专家的意见
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge

                                                  25

                                                  exploration

                                                  n. 探测;探究;踏勘
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. to travel for the purpose of discovery
                                                  2. a careful systematic search
                                                  3. a systematic consideration

                                                    26

                                                    explore

                                                    vt. 探索;探测;探险
                                                    vi. 探索;探测;探险
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. inquire into
                                                    2. travel to or penetrate into
                                                    3. examine minutely
                                                    4. examine (organs) for diagnostic purposes

                                                      27

                                                      extension

                                                      n. 延长;延期;扩大;伸展;电话分机
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. a mutually agreed delay in the date set for the completion of a job or payment of a debt
                                                      2. act of expanding in scope; making more widely available
                                                      3. the spreading of something (a belief or practice) into new regions
                                                      4. an educational opportunity provided by colleges and universities to people who not enrolled as regular students
                                                      5. act of stretching or straightening out a flexed limb

                                                        28

                                                        figurative

                                                        adj. 比喻的;修饰丰富的;形容多的
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. (used of the meanings of words or text) not literal; using figures of speech
                                                        2. consisting of or forming human or animal figures

                                                          29

                                                          forage

                                                          n. 饲料;草料;搜索
                                                          vi. 搜寻粮草;搜寻
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. animal food for browsing or grazing
                                                          2. the act of searching for food and provisions
                                                          3. collect or look around for (food)
                                                          4. wander and feed

                                                            30

                                                            haunt

                                                            vt. 常出没于…;萦绕于…;经常去…
                                                            vi. 出没;作祟
                                                            n. 栖息地;常去的地方
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. a frequently visited place
                                                            2. follow stealthily or recur constantly and spontaneously to
                                                            3. haunt like a ghost; pursue
                                                            4. be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place

                                                              31

                                                              homogeneous

                                                              adj. 均匀的;[数] 齐次的;同种的
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. all of the same or similar kind or nature

                                                                32

                                                                hurricane

                                                                n. 飓风,暴风
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. a severe tropical cyclone usually with heavy rains and winds moving a 73-136 knots (12 on the Beaufort scale)

                                                                  33

                                                                  imply

                                                                  vt. 意味;暗示;隐含
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. express or state indirectly
                                                                  2. suggest as a logically necessary consequence; in logic
                                                                  3. have as a logical consequence
                                                                  4. suggest that someone is guilty
                                                                  5. have as a necessary feature or consequence; entail

                                                                    34

                                                                    intoxication

                                                                    n. [内科] 中毒;陶醉;喝醉
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. the physiological state produced by a poison or other toxic substance
                                                                    2. a temporary state resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol
                                                                    3. excitement and elation beyond the bounds of sobriety

                                                                      35

                                                                      label

                                                                      vt. 标注;贴标签于
                                                                      n. 标签;商标;签条
                                                                      n. (Label)人名;(法)拉贝尔
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. a brief description given for purposes of identification
                                                                      2. trade name of a company that produces musical recordings
                                                                      3. a radioactive isotope that is used in a compound in order to trace the mechanism of a chemical reaction
                                                                      4. an identifying or descriptive marker that is attached to an object
                                                                      5. assign a label to; designate with a label

                                                                        36

                                                                        locate

                                                                        vt. 位于;查找…的地点
                                                                        vi. 定位;定居
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. discover the location of; determine the place of; find by searching or examining
                                                                        2. determine or indicate the place, site, or limits of, as if by an instrument or by a survey
                                                                        3. assign a location to
                                                                        4. take up residence and become established

                                                                          37

                                                                          logical

                                                                          adj. 合逻辑的,合理的;逻辑学的
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                          1. capable of or reflecting the capability for correct and valid reasoning
                                                                          2. based on known statements or events or conditions
                                                                          3. marked by an orderly, logical, and aesthetically consistent relation of parts
                                                                          4. capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner

                                                                            38

                                                                            maintenance

                                                                            n. 维护,维修;保持;生活费用
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. activity involved in maintaining something in good working order
                                                                            2. means of maintenance of a family or group
                                                                            3. court-ordered support paid by one spouse to another after they are separated
                                                                            4. the act of sustaining life by food or providing a means of subsistence
                                                                            5. the unauthorized interference in a legal action by a person having no interest in it (as by helping one party with money or otherwise to continue the action) so as to obstruct justice or promote unnecessary litigation or unsettle the peace of the community

                                                                              39

                                                                              manifest

                                                                              vt. 证明,表明;显示
                                                                              vi. 显示,出现
                                                                              n. 载货单,货单;旅客名单
                                                                              adj. 显然的,明显的;明白的
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. a customs document listing the contents put on a ship or plane
                                                                              2. provide evidence for; stand as proof of; show by one's behavior, attitude, or external attributes
                                                                              3. record in a ship's manifest
                                                                              4. reveal its presence or make an appearance
                                                                              5. clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

                                                                                40

                                                                                material

                                                                                adj. 重要的;物质的,实质性的;肉体的
                                                                                n. 材料,原料;物资;布料
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object
                                                                                2. information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form
                                                                                3. things needed for doing or making something
                                                                                4. artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers
                                                                                5. a person judged suitable for admission or employment

                                                                                  41

                                                                                  mathematics

                                                                                  n. 数学;数学运算
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement

                                                                                    42

                                                                                    maximum

                                                                                    n. [数] 极大,最大限度;最大量
                                                                                    adj. 最高的;最多的;最大极限的
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. the largest possible quantity
                                                                                    2. the greatest possible degree
                                                                                    3. the point on a curve where the tangent changes from positive on the left to negative on the right
                                                                                    4. the greatest or most complete or best possible

                                                                                      43

                                                                                      memo

                                                                                      n. 备忘录
                                                                                      n. (Memo)人名;(土、意)梅莫
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                      1. a written proposal or reminder

                                                                                        44

                                                                                        mold

                                                                                        vt. 塑造;使发霉;用模子制作
                                                                                        vi. 发霉
                                                                                        n. 霉菌;模子
                                                                                        n. (Mold)人名;(英)莫尔德
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. the distinctive form in which a thing is made
                                                                                        2. container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens
                                                                                        3. loose soil rich in organic matter
                                                                                        4. the process of becoming mildewed
                                                                                        5. a fungus that produces a superficial growth on various kinds of damp or decaying organic matter

                                                                                          45

                                                                                          neoclassical

                                                                                          adj. 新古典主义的
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. characteristic of a revival of an earlier classical style

                                                                                            46

                                                                                            original

                                                                                            n. 原件;原作;原物;原型
                                                                                            adj. 原始的;最初的;独创的;新颖的
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. an original creation (i.e., an audio recording) from which copies can be made
                                                                                            2. an original model on which something is patterned
                                                                                            3. preceding all others in time or being as first made or performed
                                                                                            4. (of e.g. information) not secondhand or by way of something intermediary
                                                                                            5. being or productive of something fresh and unusual; or being as first made or thought of

                                                                                              47

                                                                                              ornament

                                                                                              n. 装饰;[建][服装] 装饰物;教堂用品
                                                                                              vt. 装饰,修饰
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. something used to beautify
                                                                                              2. make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.
                                                                                              3. be an ornament to

                                                                                                48

                                                                                                outline

                                                                                                n. 轮廓;大纲;概要;略图
                                                                                                vt. 概述;略述;描画…轮廓
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. the line that appears to bound an object
                                                                                                2. a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory
                                                                                                3. a schematic or preliminary plan
                                                                                                4. describe roughly or briefly or give the main points or summary of
                                                                                                5. draw up an outline or sketch for something

                                                                                                  49

                                                                                                  oyster

                                                                                                  n. 牡蛎,[无脊椎] 蚝;沉默寡言的人
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. marine mollusks having a rough irregular shell; found on the sea bed mostly in coastal waters
                                                                                                  2. edible body of any of numerous oysters
                                                                                                  3. a small muscle on each side of the back of a fowl
                                                                                                  4. gather oysters, dig oysters

                                                                                                    50

                                                                                                    paddle

                                                                                                    n. 划桨;明轮翼
                                                                                                    vt. 拌;搅;用桨划
                                                                                                    vi. 划桨;戏水;涉水
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                    1. small wooden bat with a flat surface; used for hitting balls in various games
                                                                                                    2. a blade of a paddle wheel or water wheel
                                                                                                    3. an instrument of punishment consisting of a flat board
                                                                                                    4. a short light oar used without an oarlock to propel a canoe or small boat
                                                                                                    5. propel with a paddle

                                                                                                      51

                                                                                                      perception

                                                                                                      n. 知觉;[生理] 感觉;看法;洞察力;获取
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. the representation of what is perceived; basic component in the formation of a concept
                                                                                                      2. a way of conceiving something
                                                                                                      3. the process of perceiving
                                                                                                      4. knowledge gained by perceiving
                                                                                                      5. becoming aware of something via the senses

                                                                                                        52

                                                                                                        perceptive

                                                                                                        adj. 感知的,知觉的;有知觉力的
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. of or relating to perception
                                                                                                        2. having the ability to perceive or understand; keen in discernment

                                                                                                          53

                                                                                                          pretentious

                                                                                                          adj. 自命不凡的;炫耀的;做作的
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. making claim to or creating an appearance of (often undeserved) importance or distinction
                                                                                                          2. intended to attract notice and impress others
                                                                                                          3. of a display that is tawdry or vulgar

                                                                                                            54

                                                                                                            proceed

                                                                                                            vi. 开始;继续进行;发生;行进
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. continue talking
                                                                                                            2. move ahead; travel onward in time or space
                                                                                                            3. follow a procedure or take a course
                                                                                                            4. follow a certain course
                                                                                                            5. continue a certain state, condition, or activity

                                                                                                              55

                                                                                                              puncture

                                                                                                              vt. 刺穿;揭穿;削弱
                                                                                                              vi. 被刺穿;被戳破
                                                                                                              n. 穿刺;刺痕
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. loss of air pressure in a tire when a hole is made by some sharp object
                                                                                                              2. a small hole made by a sharp object
                                                                                                              3. the act of puncturing or perforating
                                                                                                              4. pierce with a pointed object; make a hole into
                                                                                                              5. make by piercing

                                                                                                                56

                                                                                                                rebel

                                                                                                                vi. 反叛;反抗;造反
                                                                                                                n. 反叛者;叛徒
                                                                                                                adj. 反抗的;造反的
                                                                                                                n. (Rebel)人名;(德)雷贝尔;(英)里贝尔;(法)勒贝尔
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. `Johnny' was applied as a nickname for Confederate soldiers by the Federal soldiers in the American Civil War; `greyback' derived from their grey Confederate uniforms
                                                                                                                2. a person who takes part in an armed rebellion against the constituted authority (especially in the hope of improving conditions)
                                                                                                                3. someone who exhibits great independence in thought and action
                                                                                                                4. take part in a rebellion; renounce a former allegiance
                                                                                                                5. break with established customs

                                                                                                                  57

                                                                                                                  recall

                                                                                                                  vt. 召回;回想起,记起;取消
                                                                                                                  n. 召回;回忆;撤消
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. a request by the manufacturer of a defective product to return the product (as for replacement or repair)
                                                                                                                  2. a call to return
                                                                                                                  3. a bugle call that signals troops to return
                                                                                                                  4. the process of remembering (especially the process of recovering information by mental effort)
                                                                                                                  5. the act of removing an official by petition

                                                                                                                    58

                                                                                                                    relevance

                                                                                                                    n. 关联;适当;中肯
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. the relation of something to the matter at hand

                                                                                                                      59

                                                                                                                      remains

                                                                                                                      n. 残余;遗骸
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. any object that is left unused or still extant
                                                                                                                      2. the dead body of a human being

                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                        resistant

                                                                                                                        adj. 抵抗的,反抗的;顽固的
                                                                                                                        n. 抵抗者
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection)
                                                                                                                        2. able to tolerate environmental conditions or physiological stress
                                                                                                                        3. impervious to being affected
                                                                                                                        4. disposed to or engaged in defiance of established authority
                                                                                                                        5. incapable of absorbing or mixing with

                                                                                                                          61

                                                                                                                          rural

                                                                                                                          adj. 农村的,乡下的;田园的,有乡村风味的
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. living in or characteristic of farming or country life
                                                                                                                          2. relating to rural areas

                                                                                                                            62

                                                                                                                            rustic

                                                                                                                            adj. 乡村的;纯朴的;粗野的;手工粗糙的
                                                                                                                            n. 乡下人;乡巴佬
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. an unsophisticated country person
                                                                                                                            2. characteristic of rural life
                                                                                                                            3. awkwardly simple and provincial
                                                                                                                            4. used of idealized country life
                                                                                                                            5. characteristic of the fields or country

                                                                                                                              63

                                                                                                                              sculpt

                                                                                                                              vt. 造型;雕刻
                                                                                                                              vi. 造型;雕刻
                                                                                                                              n. 雕刻品
                                                                                                                              n. (Sculpt)人名;(英)斯卡尔普特
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. create by shaping stone or wood or any other hard material
                                                                                                                              2. shape (a material like stone or wood) by whittling away at it

                                                                                                                                64

                                                                                                                                selective

                                                                                                                                adj. 选择性的
                                                                                                                                讲究的
                                                                                                                                有选择地
                                                                                                                                有选择性地
                                                                                                                                仔细挑选地
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. tending to select; characterized by careful choice
                                                                                                                                2. characterized by very careful or fastidious selection

                                                                                                                                  65

                                                                                                                                  shrink

                                                                                                                                  n. n.收缩;畏缩;精神病学家
                                                                                                                                  vt. 使缩小,使收缩
                                                                                                                                  vi. .收缩;畏缩
                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                  1. a physician who specializes in psychiatry
                                                                                                                                  2. wither, as with a loss of moisture
                                                                                                                                  3. draw back, as with fear or pain
                                                                                                                                  4. reduce in size; reduce physically
                                                                                                                                  5. become smaller or draw together

                                                                                                                                    66

                                                                                                                                    sledding

                                                                                                                                    n. 乘雪橇;适用雪橇的地面状况;进行情况
                                                                                                                                    v. 乘雪橇;用雪橇运(sled的ing形式)
                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                    1. the sport of riding on a sled or sleigh
                                                                                                                                    2. advancing toward a goal

                                                                                                                                      67

                                                                                                                                      sticky

                                                                                                                                      adj. 粘的;粘性的
                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                      1. having the sticky properties of an adhesive
                                                                                                                                      2. moist as with undried perspiration and with clothing sticking to the body
                                                                                                                                      3. hot or warm and humid
                                                                                                                                      4. hard to deal with; especially causing pain or embarrassment
                                                                                                                                      5. covered with an adhesive material

                                                                                                                                        68

                                                                                                                                        superficial

                                                                                                                                        adj. 表面的;肤浅的 ;表面文章的;外表的;(人)浅薄的
                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                        1. being or affecting or concerned with a surface; not deep or penetrating emotionally or intellectually
                                                                                                                                        2. relating to a surface
                                                                                                                                        3. of little substance or significance
                                                                                                                                        4. involving a surface only

                                                                                                                                          69

                                                                                                                                          synthetic

                                                                                                                                          adj. 综合的;合成的,人造的
                                                                                                                                          n. 合成物
                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                          1. a compound made artificially by chemical reactions
                                                                                                                                          2. not of natural origin; prepared or made artificially
                                                                                                                                          3. involving or of the nature of synthesis (combining separate elements to form a coherent whole) as opposed to analysis
                                                                                                                                          4. systematic combining of root and modifying elements into single words
                                                                                                                                          5. of a proposition whose truth value is determined by observation or facts

                                                                                                                                            70

                                                                                                                                            throw

                                                                                                                                            vt. 投;抛;掷
                                                                                                                                            vi. 抛;投掷
                                                                                                                                            n. 投掷;冒险
                                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                            1. the act of throwing (propelling something through the air with a rapid movement of the arm and wrist)
                                                                                                                                            2. a single chance or instance
                                                                                                                                            3. the maximum movement available to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam
                                                                                                                                            4. bedclothes consisting of a lightweight cloth covering (an afghan or bedspread) that is casually thrown over something
                                                                                                                                            5. casting an object in order to determine an outcome randomly

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                                                                                                                                              trade

                                                                                                                                              n. 贸易,交易;行业;职业
                                                                                                                                              vi. 交易,买卖;以物易物
                                                                                                                                              vt. 用…进行交换
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                                                                                                                                              1. the commercial exchange (buying and selling on domestic or international markets) of goods and services
                                                                                                                                              2. people who perform a particular kind of skilled work
                                                                                                                                              3. an equal exchange
                                                                                                                                              4. the skilled practice of a practical occupation
                                                                                                                                              5. a particular instance of buying or selling

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                                                                                                                                                undergraduate

                                                                                                                                                n. 大学生;大学肄业生
                                                                                                                                                adj. 大学生的
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                                                                                                                                                1. a university student who has not yet received a first degree

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                                                                                                                                                  vanish

                                                                                                                                                  vi. 消失;突然不见;成为零
                                                                                                                                                  vt. 使不见,使消失
                                                                                                                                                  n. 弱化音
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                                                                                                                                                  1. get lost, as without warning or explanation
                                                                                                                                                  2. become invisible or unnoticeable
                                                                                                                                                  3. pass away rapidly
                                                                                                                                                  4. cease to exist
                                                                                                                                                  5. decrease rapidly and disappear

                                                                                                                                                    74

                                                                                                                                                    venom

                                                                                                                                                    n. 毒液;恶意
                                                                                                                                                    vt. 使有毒;放毒
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                                                                                                                                                    1. toxin secreted by animals; secreted by certain snakes and poisonous insects (e.g., spiders and scorpions)
                                                                                                                                                    2. feeling a need to see others suffer

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                                                                                                                                                      venture

                                                                                                                                                      vt. 敢于
                                                                                                                                                      vi. 冒险;投机
                                                                                                                                                      n. 企业;风险;冒险
                                                                                                                                                      n. (Venture)人名;(法)旺蒂尔
                                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                      1. any venturesome undertaking especially one with an uncertain outcome
                                                                                                                                                      2. an investment that is very risky but could yield great profits
                                                                                                                                                      3. a commercial undertaking that risks a loss but promises a profit
                                                                                                                                                      4. proceed somewhere despite the risk of possible dangers
                                                                                                                                                      5. put forward, of a guess, in spite of possible refutation

                                                                                                                                                        76

                                                                                                                                                        veto

                                                                                                                                                        n. 否决权
                                                                                                                                                        vt. 否决;禁止
                                                                                                                                                        vi. 否决;禁止
                                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                        1. a vote that blocks a decision
                                                                                                                                                        2. the power or right to prohibit or reject a proposed or intended act (especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature)
                                                                                                                                                        3. vote against; refuse to endorse; refuse to assent
                                                                                                                                                        4. command against

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                                                                                                                                                          vibration

                                                                                                                                                          n. 振动;犹豫;心灵感应
                                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                          1. the act of vibrating
                                                                                                                                                          2. a distinctive emotional atmosphere; sensed intuitively
                                                                                                                                                          3. a shaky motion
                                                                                                                                                          4. (physics) a regular periodic variation in value about a mean
                                                                                                                                                          5. a distinctive emotional aura experienced instinctively

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                                                                                                                                                            vicinity

                                                                                                                                                            n. 邻近,附近;近处
                                                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                            1. a surrounding or nearby region