List-22 Flashcards Preview

TOEFL-45 > List-22 > Flashcards

Flashcards in List-22 Deck (80):
1

cascade

n. 层叠;小瀑布;喷流
vi. 像瀑布般冲下或倾泻
v. 使瀑布似地落下
-------------------------------------------

  1. a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls
  2. a succession of stages or operations or processes or units
  3. a sudden downpour (as of tears or sparks etc) likened to a rain shower
  4. rush down in big quantities, like a cascade
  5. arrange (open windows) on a computer desktop so that they overlap each other, with the title bars visible

    2

    character

    n. 性格,品质;特性;角色;[计] 字符
    vt. 印,刻;使具有特征
    n. (Character)人名;(英)克拉克特
    -------------------------------------------

    1. an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story)
    2. a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something
    3. the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions
    4. an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
    5. a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities)

      3

      chart

      n. 图表;海图;图纸;排行榜
      vt. 绘制…的图表;在海图上标出;详细计划;记录;记述;跟踪(进展或发展
      n. (Chart)人名;(泰)察
      -------------------------------------------

      1. a visual display of information
      2. a map designed to assist navigation by air or sea
      3. make a chart of
      4. plan in detail
      5. represent by means of a graph

        4

        circulation

        n. 流通,传播;循环;发行量
        -------------------------------------------

        1. the dissemination of copies of periodicals (as newspapers or magazines)
        2. movement through a circuit; especially the movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels
        3. (library science) the count of books that are loaned by a library over a specified period
        4. number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold
        5. free movement or passage through a series of vessels (as of water through pipes or sap through a plant)

          5

          complement

          n. 补语;余角;补足物
          vt. 补足,补助
          -------------------------------------------

          1. a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction
          2. a complete number or quantity
          3. number needed to make up a whole force
          4. something added to complete or make perfect
          5. one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response

            6

            conductor

            n. 导体;售票员;领导者;管理人
            -------------------------------------------

            1. the person who leads a musical group
            2. a device designed to transmit electricity, heat, etc.
            3. a substance that readily conducts e.g. electricity and heat
            4. the person who collects fares on a public conveyance

              7

              congress

              n. 国会;代表大会;会议;社交
              -------------------------------------------

              1. the legislature of the United States government
              2. a meeting of elected or appointed representatives
              3. a national legislative assembly
              4. the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man's penis is inserted into the woman's vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur

                8

                couple

                n. 对;夫妇;数个
                vi. 结合;成婚
                vt. 结合;连接;连合
                n. (Couple)人名;(法)库普勒
                -------------------------------------------

                1. a small indefinite number
                2. a pair of people who live together
                3. a pair who associate with one another
                4. two items of the same kind
                5. (physics) something joined by two equal and opposite forces that act along parallel lines

                  9

                  coupon

                  n. 息票;赠券;联票;[经] 配给券
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. a negotiable certificate that can be detached and redeemed as needed
                  2. a test sample of some substance

                    10

                    critique

                    n. 批评;评论文章
                    vt. 批判;评论
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. an essay or article that gives a critical evaluation (as of a book or play)
                    2. a serious examination and judgment of something
                    3. appraise critically

                      11

                      crown

                      n. 王冠;花冠;王权;顶点
                      vt. 加冕;居…之顶;表彰;使圆满完成
                      n. (Crown)人名;(英)克朗
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. the Crown (or the reigning monarch) as the symbol of the power and authority of a monarchy
                      2. the part of a tooth above the gum that is covered with enamel
                      3. a wreath or garland worn on the head to signify victory
                      4. an ornamental jewelled headdress signifying sovereignty
                      5. the part of a hat (the vertex) that covers the crown of the head

                        12

                        cue

                        n. 提示,暗示;线索
                        vt. 给…暗示
                        n. (Cue)人名;(西)库埃
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. an actor's line that immediately precedes and serves as a reminder for some action or speech
                        2. evidence that helps to solve a problem
                        3. a stimulus that provides information about what to do
                        4. sports implement consisting of a tapering rod used to strike a cue ball in pool or billiards
                        5. assist (somebody acting or reciting) by suggesting the next words of something forgotten or imperfectly learned

                          13

                          defect

                          n. 缺点,缺陷;不足之处
                          vi. 变节;叛变
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. an imperfection in a bodily system
                          2. a failing or deficiency
                          3. an imperfection in a device or machine
                          4. a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body)
                          5. desert (a cause, a country or an army), often in order to join the opposing cause, country, or army

                            14

                            dehydrate

                            vt. 使…脱水;使极其口渴;使丧失力量和兴趣等
                            vi. 脱水;去水
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. preserve by removing all water and liquids from
                            2. remove water from
                            3. lose water or moisture

                              15

                              difference

                              n. 差异;不同;争执
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. the quality of being unlike or dissimilar
                              2. a variation that deviates from the standard or norm
                              3. a disagreement or argument about something important
                              4. a significant change
                              5. the number that remains after subtraction; the number that when added to the subtrahend gives the minuend

                                16

                                disaster

                                n. 灾难,灾祸;不幸
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune
                                2. an event resulting in great loss and misfortune
                                3. an act that has disastrous consequences

                                  17

                                  distinctive

                                  adj. 有特色的,与众不同的
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. of a feature that helps to distinguish a person or thing
                                  2. capable of being classified

                                    18

                                    drawback

                                    n. 缺点,不利条件;退税
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. the quality of being a hindrance

                                      19

                                      drop

                                      vt. 滴;使降低;使终止;随口漏出
                                      vi. 下降;终止
                                      n. 滴;落下;空投;微量;滴剂
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. a small indefinite quantity (especially of a liquid)
                                      2. a shape that is spherical and small
                                      3. a sudden sharp decrease in some quantity
                                      4. a steep high face of rock
                                      5. a predetermined hiding place for the deposit and distribution of illicit goods (such as drugs or stolen property)

                                        20

                                        evolve

                                        vt. 发展,进化;进化;使逐步形成;推断出
                                        vi. 发展,进展;进化;逐步形成
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. work out
                                        2. undergo development or evolution
                                        3. gain through experience

                                          21

                                          expel

                                          vt. 驱逐;开除
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. force to leave or move out
                                          2. put out or expel from a place
                                          3. remove from a position or office
                                          4. cause to flee
                                          5. eliminate (substances) from the body

                                            22

                                            extract

                                            vt. 提取;取出;摘录;榨取
                                            n. 汁;摘录;榨出物;选粹
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)
                                            2. a passage selected from a larger work
                                            3. remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense
                                            4. get despite difficulties or obstacles
                                            5. deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning)

                                              23

                                              fancy

                                              n. 幻想;想像力;爱好
                                              adj. 想象的;奇特的;昂贵的;精选的
                                              vt. 想象;喜爱;设想;自负
                                              vi. 幻想;想象
                                              n. (Fancy)人名;(法)方西
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. something many people believe that is false
                                              2. a kind of imagination that was held by Coleridge to be more casual and superficial than true imagination
                                              3. a predisposition to like something
                                              4. imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind
                                              5. have a fancy or particular liking or desire for

                                                24

                                                fatal

                                                adj. 致命的;重大的;毁灭性的;命中注定的
                                                n. (Fatal)人名;(葡、芬)法塔尔
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. bringing death
                                                2. having momentous consequences; of decisive importance
                                                3. (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin
                                                4. controlled or decreed by fate; predetermined

                                                  25

                                                  finalize

                                                  vt. 完成;使结束
                                                  vi. 把最后定下来;定案
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. make final; put the last touches on; put into final form

                                                    26

                                                    flask

                                                    n. [分化] 烧瓶;长颈瓶,细颈瓶;酒瓶,携带瓶
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. bottle that has a narrow neck
                                                    2. the quantity a flask will hold

                                                      27

                                                      fluctuate

                                                      vi. 波动;涨落;动摇
                                                      vt. 使波动;使动摇
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. cause to fluctuate or move in a wavelike pattern
                                                      2. move or sway in a rising and falling or wavelike pattern
                                                      3. be unstable

                                                        28

                                                        frugal

                                                        adj. 节俭的;朴素的;花钱少的
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. avoiding waste

                                                          29

                                                          genetics

                                                          n. 遗传学
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms

                                                            30

                                                            germinate

                                                            vt. 使发芽;使生长
                                                            vi. 发芽;生长
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. produce buds, branches, or germinate
                                                            2. work out
                                                            3. cause to grow or sprout

                                                              31

                                                              glorify

                                                              vt. 赞美;美化;崇拜(神);使更壮丽
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. praise, glorify, or honor
                                                              2. bestow glory upon
                                                              3. elevate or idealize, in allusion to Christ's transfiguration
                                                              4. cause to seem more splendid

                                                                32

                                                                hawk

                                                                vt. 兜售,沿街叫卖;捕捉;咳出
                                                                vi. 清嗓;咳嗽;像鹰一般地袭击
                                                                n. 鹰;鹰派成员;掠夺他人的人
                                                                n. (Hawk)人名;(英)霍克;(西)奥克
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. diurnal bird of prey typically having short rounded wings and a long tail
                                                                2. an advocate of an aggressive policy on foreign relations
                                                                3. a square board with a handle underneath; used by masons to hold or carry mortar
                                                                4. sell or offer for sale from place to place
                                                                5. hunt with hawks

                                                                  33

                                                                  humanity

                                                                  n. 人类;人道;仁慈;人文学科
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. the quality of being humane
                                                                  2. the quality of being human
                                                                  3. all of the living human inhabitants of the earth

                                                                    34

                                                                    iceberg

                                                                    n. [地理] 冰山;显露部分
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. a large mass of ice floating at sea; usually broken off of a polar glacier
                                                                    2. lettuce with crisp tightly packed light-green leaves in a firm head

                                                                      35

                                                                      jot

                                                                      vt. 略记;摘要记载下来
                                                                      n. 少量;稍许
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. a brief (and hurriedly handwritten) note
                                                                      2. a slight but appreciable addition
                                                                      3. write briefly or hurriedly; write a short note of

                                                                        36

                                                                        kid

                                                                        n. 小孩;小山羊
                                                                        vt. 欺骗;取笑;戏弄
                                                                        vi. 欺骗;取笑;戏弄
                                                                        adj. 小山羊皮制的;较年幼的
                                                                        n. (Kid)人名;(英)基德
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. a young person of either sex
                                                                        2. soft smooth leather from the hide of a young goat
                                                                        3. English dramatist (1558-1594)
                                                                        4. a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age
                                                                        5. young goat

                                                                          37

                                                                          kingdom

                                                                          n. 王国;界;领域
                                                                          n. (Kingdom)人名;(英)金德姆
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                          1. a domain in which something is dominant
                                                                          2. a country with a king as head of state
                                                                          3. the domain ruled by a king or queen
                                                                          4. a monarchy with a king or queen as head of state
                                                                          5. the highest taxonomic group into which organisms are grouped; one of five biological categories: Monera or Protoctista or Plantae or Fungi or Animalia

                                                                            38

                                                                            lasting

                                                                            adj. 持久的;永恒的
                                                                            n. [纺] 厚实斜纹织物
                                                                            v. 持续;维持(last的ing形式)
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. continuing or enduring without marked change in status or condition or place
                                                                            2. existing for a long time
                                                                            3. retained; not shed
                                                                            4. lasting a long time without change

                                                                              39

                                                                              license

                                                                              n. 执照,许可证;特许
                                                                              vt. 许可;特许;发许可证给
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. a legal document giving official permission to do something
                                                                              2. freedom to deviate deliberately from normally applicable rules or practices (especially in behavior or speech)
                                                                              3. excessive freedom; lack of due restraint
                                                                              4. the act of giving a formal (usually written) authorization
                                                                              5. authorize officially

                                                                                40

                                                                                liquid

                                                                                adj. 液体的;清澈的;明亮的;易变的
                                                                                n. 液体,流体;流音
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. a substance that is liquid at room temperature and pressure
                                                                                2. the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility
                                                                                3. a substance in the fluid state of matter having no fixed shape but a fixed volume
                                                                                4. a frictionless continuant that is not a nasal consonant (especially `l' and `r')
                                                                                5. existing as or having characteristics of a liquid; especially tending to flow

                                                                                  41

                                                                                  litter

                                                                                  n. 垃圾;轿,担架;一窝(动物的幼崽);凌乱
                                                                                  vt. 乱丢;给…垫褥草;把…弄得乱七八糟
                                                                                  vi. 产仔;乱扔废弃物
                                                                                  n. (Litter)人名;(匈、德)利特
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. the offspring at one birth of a multiparous mammal
                                                                                  2. rubbish carelessly dropped or left about (especially in public places)
                                                                                  3. conveyance consisting of a chair or bed carried on two poles by bearers
                                                                                  4. material used to provide a bed for animals
                                                                                  5. strew

                                                                                    42

                                                                                    machinery

                                                                                    n. 机械;机器;机构;机械装置
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. machines or machine systems collectively
                                                                                    2. a system of means and activities whereby a social institution functions

                                                                                      43

                                                                                      magnitude

                                                                                      n. 大小;量级;[地震] 震级;重要;光度
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                      1. the property of relative size or extent (whether large or small)
                                                                                      2. a number assigned to the ratio of two quantities; two quantities are of the same order of magnitude if one is less than 10 times as large as the other; the number of magnitudes that the quantities differ is specified to within a power of 10
                                                                                      3. relative importance

                                                                                        44

                                                                                        methanol

                                                                                        n. [有化] 甲醇(methyl alcohol)
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. a light volatile flammable poisonous liquid alcohol; used as an antifreeze and solvent and fuel and as a denaturant for ethyl alcohol

                                                                                          45

                                                                                          microorganism

                                                                                          n. [微] 微生物;微小动植物
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. any organism of microscopic size

                                                                                            46

                                                                                            negative

                                                                                            adj. [数] 负的;消极的;否定的;阴性的
                                                                                            n. 否定;负数;[摄] 底片
                                                                                            vt. 否定;拒绝
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. a reply of denial
                                                                                            2. a piece of photographic film showing an image with black and white tones reversed
                                                                                            3. vote against; refuse to endorse; refuse to assent
                                                                                            4. characterized by or displaying negation or denial or opposition or resistance; having no positive features
                                                                                            5. having a negative electric charge

                                                                                              47

                                                                                              newsletter

                                                                                              n. 时事通讯
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. report or open letter giving informal or confidential news of interest to a special group

                                                                                                48

                                                                                                nightmare

                                                                                                n. 恶梦;梦魇般的经历
                                                                                                adj. 可怕的;噩梦似的
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. a situation resembling a terrifying dream
                                                                                                2. a terrifying or deeply upsetting dream

                                                                                                  49

                                                                                                  observe

                                                                                                  vt. 观察;遵守;说;注意到;评论
                                                                                                  vi. 观察;说;注意到;评论
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of
                                                                                                  2. make mention of
                                                                                                  3. observe with care or pay close attention to
                                                                                                  4. watch attentively
                                                                                                  5. show respect towards

                                                                                                    50

                                                                                                    pertinent

                                                                                                    adj. 相关的,相干的;中肯的;切题的
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                    1. having precise or logical relevance to the matter at hand
                                                                                                    2. being of striking appropriateness and pertinence

                                                                                                      51

                                                                                                      pin

                                                                                                      n. 大头针,别针,针;栓;琐碎物
                                                                                                      vt. 钉住;压住;将……用针别住
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. a piece of jewelry that is pinned onto the wearer's garment
                                                                                                      2. when a wrestler's shoulders are forced to the mat
                                                                                                      3. small markers inserted into a surface to mark scores or define locations etc.
                                                                                                      4. a number you choose and use to gain access to various accounts
                                                                                                      5. informal terms of the leg

                                                                                                        52

                                                                                                        pioneer

                                                                                                        n. 先锋;拓荒者
                                                                                                        vt. 开辟;倡导;提倡
                                                                                                        vi. 作先驱
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. someone who helps to open up a new line of research or technology or art
                                                                                                        2. one the first colonists or settler in a new territory
                                                                                                        3. open up an area or prepare a way
                                                                                                        4. take the lead or initiative in; participate in the development of
                                                                                                        5. open up and explore a new area

                                                                                                          53

                                                                                                          plunge

                                                                                                          n. 投入;跳进
                                                                                                          vi. 突然地下降;投入;陷入;跳进
                                                                                                          vt. 使陷入;使投入;使插入
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. a brief swim in water
                                                                                                          2. a steep and rapid fall
                                                                                                          3. thrust or throw into
                                                                                                          4. drop steeply
                                                                                                          5. dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity

                                                                                                            54

                                                                                                            prime

                                                                                                            adj. 主要的;最好的;基本的
                                                                                                            adv. 极好地
                                                                                                            n. 初期;青年;精华;全盛时期
                                                                                                            vt. 使准备好;填装
                                                                                                            vi. 作准备
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. a number that has no factor but itself and 1
                                                                                                            2. the period of greatest prosperity or productivity
                                                                                                            3. the second canonical hour; about 6 a.m.
                                                                                                            4. the time of maturity when power and vigor are greatest
                                                                                                            5. insert a primer into (a gun, mine, or charge) preparatory to detonation or firing

                                                                                                              55

                                                                                                              quit

                                                                                                              vt. 离开;放弃;停止;使…解除
                                                                                                              vi. 离开;辞职;停止
                                                                                                              n. 离开;[计] 退出
                                                                                                              adj. 摆脱了…的;已经了结的
                                                                                                              n. (Quit)人名;(英)奎特
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. put an end to a state or an activity
                                                                                                              2. give up or retire from a position
                                                                                                              3. go away or leave
                                                                                                              4. turn away from; give up
                                                                                                              5. give up in the face of defeat of lacking hope; admit defeat

                                                                                                                56

                                                                                                                random

                                                                                                                adj. [数] 随机的;任意的;胡乱的
                                                                                                                n. 随意
                                                                                                                adv. 胡乱地
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. lacking any definite plan or order or purpose; governed by or depending on chance
                                                                                                                2. taken haphazardly

                                                                                                                  57

                                                                                                                  reference

                                                                                                                  n. 参考,参照;涉及,提及;参考书目;介绍信;证明书
                                                                                                                  vi. 引用
                                                                                                                  vt. 引用
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. a remark that calls attention to something or someone
                                                                                                                  2. a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage
                                                                                                                  3. an indicator that orients you generally
                                                                                                                  4. a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts
                                                                                                                  5. a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability

                                                                                                                    58

                                                                                                                    repute

                                                                                                                    n. 名誉;声望
                                                                                                                    vt. 名誉;认为;把…称为
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. the state of being held in high esteem and honor
                                                                                                                    2. look on as or consider

                                                                                                                      59

                                                                                                                      ridge

                                                                                                                      n. 山脊;山脉;屋脊
                                                                                                                      vt. 使成脊状;作垄
                                                                                                                      vi. 成脊状
                                                                                                                      n. (Ridge)人名;(英)里奇
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. a long narrow natural elevation or striation
                                                                                                                      2. any long raised strip
                                                                                                                      3. a long narrow natural elevation on the floor of the ocean
                                                                                                                      4. a long narrow range of hills
                                                                                                                      5. any long raised border or margin of a bone or tooth or membrane

                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                        rodeo

                                                                                                                        n. 竞技表演;竞技者
                                                                                                                        vi. 竞技
                                                                                                                        n. (Rodeo)人名;(西)罗德奥
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. an exhibition of cowboy skills
                                                                                                                        2. an enclosure for cattle that have been rounded up

                                                                                                                          61

                                                                                                                          satellite

                                                                                                                          n. 卫星;人造卫星;随从;卫星国家
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. man-made equipment that orbits around the earth or the moon
                                                                                                                          2. a person who follows or serves another
                                                                                                                          3. any celestial body orbiting around a planet or star
                                                                                                                          4. broadcast or disseminate via satellite
                                                                                                                          5. surrounding and dominated by a central authority or power

                                                                                                                            62

                                                                                                                            satire

                                                                                                                            n. 讽刺;讽刺文学,讽刺作品
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. witty language used to convey insults or scorn

                                                                                                                              63

                                                                                                                              scarf

                                                                                                                              n. 围巾;嵌接,嵌接处;头巾领巾
                                                                                                                              vt. 披嵌接;用围巾围
                                                                                                                              n. (Scarf)人名;(英)斯卡夫
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. a garment worn around the head or neck or shoulders for warmth or decoration
                                                                                                                              2. a joint made by notching the ends of two pieces of timber or metal so that they will lock together end-to-end
                                                                                                                              3. masturbate while strangling oneself
                                                                                                                              4. unite by a scarf joint
                                                                                                                              5. wrap in or adorn with a scarf

                                                                                                                                64

                                                                                                                                simplicity

                                                                                                                                n. 朴素;简易;天真;愚蠢
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. the quality of being simple or uncompounded
                                                                                                                                2. a lack of penetration or subtlety
                                                                                                                                3. absence of affectation or pretense
                                                                                                                                4. freedom from difficulty or hardship or effort
                                                                                                                                5. lack of ornamentation

                                                                                                                                  65

                                                                                                                                  somewhat

                                                                                                                                  n. 几分;某物
                                                                                                                                  adv. 有点;多少;几分;稍微
                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                  1. to a small degree or extent
                                                                                                                                  2. to a moderately sufficient extent or degree

                                                                                                                                    66

                                                                                                                                    soothe

                                                                                                                                    vt. 安慰;使平静;缓和
                                                                                                                                    vi. 起抚慰作用
                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                    1. give moral or emotional strength to
                                                                                                                                    2. cause to feel better

                                                                                                                                      67

                                                                                                                                      sophisticated

                                                                                                                                      adj. 复杂的;精致的;久经世故的;富有经验的
                                                                                                                                      v. 使变得世故;使迷惑;篡改(sophisticate的过去分词形式)
                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                      1. having or appealing to those having worldly knowledge and refinement and savoir-faire
                                                                                                                                      2. ahead in development; complex or intricate
                                                                                                                                      3. intellectually appealing

                                                                                                                                        68

                                                                                                                                        spin

                                                                                                                                        vi. 旋转;纺纱;吐丝;晕眩
                                                                                                                                        vt. 使旋转;纺纱;编造;结网
                                                                                                                                        n. 旋转;疾驰
                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                        1. a swift whirling motion (usually of a missile)
                                                                                                                                        2. the act of rotating rapidly
                                                                                                                                        3. a short drive in a car
                                                                                                                                        4. rapid descent of an aircraft in a steep spiral
                                                                                                                                        5. a distinctive interpretation (especially as used by politicians to sway public opinion)

                                                                                                                                          69

                                                                                                                                          spinet

                                                                                                                                          n. 小型立式钢琴;古时的小型竖琴
                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                          1. a small and compactly built upright piano
                                                                                                                                          2. early model harpsichord with only one string per note

                                                                                                                                            70

                                                                                                                                            spot

                                                                                                                                            n. 地点;斑点
                                                                                                                                            vt. 认出;弄脏;用灯光照射
                                                                                                                                            vi. 沾上污渍;满是斑点
                                                                                                                                            adj. 现场的;现货买卖的
                                                                                                                                            adv. 准确地;恰好
                                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                            1. a point located with respect to surface features of some region
                                                                                                                                            2. a short section or illustration (as between radio or tv programs or in a magazine) that is often used for advertising
                                                                                                                                            3. a blemish made by dirt
                                                                                                                                            4. a small contrasting part of something
                                                                                                                                            5. a section of an entertainment that is assigned to a specific performer or performance

                                                                                                                                              71

                                                                                                                                              station

                                                                                                                                              n. 车站;驻地;地位;身分
                                                                                                                                              vt. 配置;安置;驻扎
                                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                              1. a facility equipped with special equipment and personnel for a particular purpose
                                                                                                                                              2. proper or designated social situation
                                                                                                                                              3. (nautical) the location to which a ship or fleet is assigned for duty
                                                                                                                                              4. the position where someone (as a guard or sentry) stands or is assigned to stand
                                                                                                                                              5. assign to a station

                                                                                                                                                72

                                                                                                                                                suite

                                                                                                                                                n. (一套)家具;套房;组曲;(一批)随员,随从
                                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                1. a musical composition of several movements only loosely connected
                                                                                                                                                2. apartment consisting of a series of connected rooms used as a living unit (as in a hotel)
                                                                                                                                                3. the group following and attending to some important person
                                                                                                                                                4. a matching set of furniture

                                                                                                                                                  73

                                                                                                                                                  token

                                                                                                                                                  n. 表征;代币;记号
                                                                                                                                                  adj. 象征的;表意的;作为对某事的保证的
                                                                                                                                                  vt. 象征;代表
                                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                  1. an individual instance of a type of symbol
                                                                                                                                                  2. a metal or plastic disk that can be used (as a substitute for coins) in slot machines
                                                                                                                                                  3. something of sentimental value
                                                                                                                                                  4. insignificantly small; a matter of form only (`tokenish' is informal)

                                                                                                                                                    74

                                                                                                                                                    trivial

                                                                                                                                                    adj. 不重要的,琐碎的;琐细的
                                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                    1. (informal) small and of little importance
                                                                                                                                                    2. obvious and dull
                                                                                                                                                    3. of little substance or significance
                                                                                                                                                    4. concerned with trivialities
                                                                                                                                                    5. not large enough to consider or notice

                                                                                                                                                      75

                                                                                                                                                      turn-out

                                                                                                                                                      n. 分道叉
                                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                      1. the group that gathers together for a particular occasion
                                                                                                                                                      2. a part of a road that has been widened to allow cars to pass or park
                                                                                                                                                      3. a short stretch of railroad track used to store rolling stock or enable trains on the same line to pass
                                                                                                                                                      4. what is produced in a given time period
                                                                                                                                                      5. a set of clothing (with accessories)

                                                                                                                                                        76

                                                                                                                                                        turnpike

                                                                                                                                                        n. [税收] 收费高速公路;收税关卡
                                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                        1. (from 16th to 19th centuries) gates set across a road to prevent passage until a toll had been paid
                                                                                                                                                        2. an expressway on which tolls are collected

                                                                                                                                                          77

                                                                                                                                                          unaided

                                                                                                                                                          adj. 未受协助的;无助的
                                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                          1. carried out without aid or assistance

                                                                                                                                                            78

                                                                                                                                                            unsubstantiated

                                                                                                                                                            adj. 未经证实的,无事实根据的
                                                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                            1. unsupported by other evidence

                                                                                                                                                              79

                                                                                                                                                              version

                                                                                                                                                              n. 版本;译文;倒转术
                                                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                              1. an interpretation of a matter from a particular viewpoint
                                                                                                                                                              2. something a little different from others of the same type
                                                                                                                                                              3. a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form
                                                                                                                                                              4. a written communication in a second language having the same meaning as the written communication in a first language
                                                                                                                                                              5. a mental representation of the meaning or significance of something

                                                                                                                                                                80

                                                                                                                                                                warp

                                                                                                                                                                n. 弯曲,歪曲;偏见;乖戾
                                                                                                                                                                vt. 使变形;使有偏见;曲解
                                                                                                                                                                vi. 变歪,变弯;曲解
                                                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                                1. a twist or aberration; especially a perverse or abnormal way of judging or acting
                                                                                                                                                                2. a shape distorted by twisting or folding
                                                                                                                                                                3. a moral or mental distortion
                                                                                                                                                                4. yarn arranged lengthways on a loom and crossed by the woof
                                                                                                                                                                5. make false by mutilation or addition; as of a message or story