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Flashcards in List-16 Deck (78)
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1

accomplish

vt. 完成;实现;达到
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  1. put in effect
  2. to gain with effort

    2

    adjunct

    n. 附属物;助手;修饰语
    adj. 附属的
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    1. something added to another thing but not an essential part of it
    2. a person who is an assistant or subordinate to another
    3. a construction that can be used to extend the meaning of a word or phrase but is not one of the main constituents of a sentence
    4. furnishing added support
    5. of or relating to a person who is subordinate to another

      3

      appointment

      n. 任命;约定;任命的职位
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      1. the act of putting a person into a non-elective position
      2. a meeting arranged in advance
      3. (usually plural) furnishings and equipment (especially for a ship or hotel)
      4. a person who is appointed to a job or position
      5. the job to which you are (or hope to be) appointed

        4

        approximate

        vt. 近似;使…接近;粗略估计
        vi. 接近于;近似于
        adj. [数] 近似的;大概的
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        1. be close or similar
        2. judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)
        3. not quite exact or correct
        4. very close in resemblance
        5. located close together

          5

          archaeology

          n. 考古学
          考古学的
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          1. the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures

            6

            attribute

            n. 属性;特质
            vt. 归属;把…归于
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            1. a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished
            2. an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of an entity
            3. attribute or credit to
            4. decide as to where something belongs in a scheme

              7

              barter

              vi. 进行易货贸易;[贸易] 作物物交换;讨价还价
              vt. 以…作为交换;拿…进行易货贸易
              n. 易货贸易;物物交换;实物交易
              n. (Barter)人名;(英)巴特
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              1. an equal exchange
              2. exchange goods without involving money

                8

                besiege

                vt. 围困;包围;烦扰
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                1. surround so as to force to give up
                2. cause to feel distressed or worried
                3. harass, as with questions or requests

                  9

                  boost

                  vt. 促进;增加;支援
                  vi. 宣扬;偷窃
                  n. 推动;帮助;宣扬
                  n. (Boost)人名;(英)布斯特;(德)博斯特
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                  1. the act of giving hope or support to someone
                  2. an increase in cost
                  3. the act of giving a push
                  4. increase
                  5. give a boost to; be beneficial to

                    10

                    bouquet

                    n. 花束;酒香
                    n. (Bouquet)人名;(英、法)布凯
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                    1. an arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present
                    2. a pleasingly sweet olfactory property

                      11

                      broadcast

                      vt. 播送,播放;(无线电或电视)广播;播撒(种子)
                      vi. 广播,播送;播放
                      n. 广播;播音;广播节目
                      adj. 广播的
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                      1. message that is transmitted by radio or television
                      2. a radio or television show
                      3. broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television
                      4. sow over a wide area, especially by hand
                      5. cause to become widely known

                        12

                        calm

                        adj. 静的,平静的;沉着的
                        vt. 使平静;使镇定
                        vi. 平静下来;镇定下来
                        n. 风平浪静
                        n. (Calm)人名;(法、德)卡尔姆
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                        1. steadiness of mind under stress
                        2. make calm or still
                        3. make steady
                        4. become quiet or calm, especially after a state of agitation
                        5. cause to be calm or quiet as by administering a sedative to

                          13

                          chief

                          n. 首领;酋长;主要部分
                          adj. 首席的;主要的;主任的
                          adv. 主要地;首要地
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a person who is in charge
                          2. a person who exercises control over workers
                          3. most important element

                            14

                            collision

                            n. 碰撞;冲突;(意见,看法)的抵触;(政党等的)倾轧
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. (physics) an brief event in which two or more bodies come together
                            2. an accident resulting from violent impact of a moving object
                            3. a conflict of opposed ideas or attitudes or goals

                              15

                              conflict

                              n. 冲突,矛盾;斗争;争执
                              vi. 冲突,抵触;争执;战斗
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals)
                              2. opposition between two simultaneous but incompatible feelings
                              3. a hostile meeting of opposing military forces in the course of a war
                              4. a state of opposition between persons or ideas or interests
                              5. an incompatibility of dates or events

                                16

                                continent

                                n. 大陆,洲,陆地
                                adj. 自制的,克制的
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                                1. one of the large landmasses of the earth
                                2. the European mainland
                                3. having control over urination and defecation
                                4. abstaining from sexual intercourse

                                  17

                                  convict

                                  vt. 证明…有罪;宣告…有罪
                                  n. 罪犯
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. a person serving a sentence in a jail or prison
                                  2. a person who has been convicted of a criminal offence
                                  3. find or declare guilty

                                    18

                                    cookout

                                    n. (美)野外郊游时烹调的野餐;野烹食物
                                    adj. 野外烹饮聚会的
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. an informal meal cooked and eaten outdoors

                                      19

                                      critical

                                      adj. 鉴定的;[核] 临界的;批评的,爱挑剔的;危险的;决定性的;评论的
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. marked by a tendency to find and call attention to errors and flaws
                                      2. at or of a point at which a property or phenomenon suffers an abrupt change especially having enough mass to sustain a chain reaction
                                      3. characterized by careful evaluation and judgment
                                      4. urgently needed; absolutely necessary
                                      5. forming or having the nature of a turning point or crisis

                                        20

                                        cylinder

                                        n. 圆筒;汽缸;[数] 柱面;圆柱状物
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. a cylindrical container for oxygen or compressed air
                                        2. a solid bounded by a cylindrical surface and two parallel planes (the bases)
                                        3. a surface generated by rotating a parallel line around a fixed line
                                        4. a chamber within which piston moves

                                          21

                                          decay

                                          vi. 衰退,[核] 衰减;腐烂,腐朽
                                          n. 衰退,[核] 衰减;腐烂,腐朽
                                          vt. 使腐烂,使腐败;使衰退,使衰落
                                          n. (Decay)人名;(法)德凯
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. the process of gradually becoming inferior
                                          2. a gradual decrease; as of stored charge or current
                                          3. the organic phenomenon of rotting
                                          4. an inferior state resulting from the process of decaying
                                          5. the spontaneous disintegration of a radioactive substance along with the emission of ionizing radiation

                                            22

                                            derive

                                            vt. 源于;得自
                                            vi. 起源
                                            n. (Derive)人名;(法)德里夫
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                                            1. reason by deduction; establish by deduction
                                            2. obtain
                                            3. come from
                                            4. develop or evolve from a latent or potential state
                                            5. come from; be connected by a relationship of blood, for example

                                              23

                                              dessert

                                              n. 餐后甜点;甜点心
                                              n. (Dessert)人名;(法)德塞尔
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                                              1. a dish served as the last course of a meal

                                                24

                                                dispersal

                                                n. 分散;传播;散布;疏散;消失
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                                                1. the act of dispersing or diffusing something

                                                  25

                                                  domesticate

                                                  vt. 驯养;教化;引进
                                                  vi. 驯养;使习惯于或喜爱家务和家庭生活
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                                                  1. adapt (a wild plant or unclaimed land) to the environment
                                                  2. overcome the wildness of; make docile and tractable
                                                  3. make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans

                                                    26

                                                    drag

                                                    vt. 拖累;拖拉;缓慢而吃力地行进
                                                    vi. 拖曳;缓慢而吃力地行进
                                                    n. 拖;拖累
                                                    n. (Drag)人名;(匈)德劳格
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. the phenomenon of resistance to motion through a fluid
                                                    2. something that slows or delays progress
                                                    3. something tedious and boring
                                                    4. clothing that is conventionally worn by the opposite sex (especially women's clothing when worn by a man)
                                                    5. a slow inhalation (as of tobacco smoke)

                                                      27

                                                      due

                                                      adj. 到期的;预期的;应付的;应得的
                                                      n. 应付款;应得之物
                                                      adv. 正(置于方位词前)
                                                      n. (Due)人名;(英)迪尤
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. that which is deserved or owed
                                                      2. a payment that is due (e.g., as the price of membership)
                                                      3. owed and payable immediately or on demand
                                                      4. scheduled to arrive
                                                      5. suitable to or expected in the circumstances

                                                        28

                                                        elicit

                                                        vt. 抽出,引出;引起
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses)
                                                        2. deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning)
                                                        3. derive by reason

                                                          29

                                                          escape

                                                          vt. 逃避,避开,避免;被忘掉;被忽视
                                                          vi. 逃脱;避开;溜走;(气体,液体等)漏出;(未受伤或只受了一点伤害而)逃脱;声音(不自觉地)由…发出
                                                          n. 逃跑;逃亡;逃走;逃跑工具或方法;野生种;泄漏
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. the act of escaping physically
                                                          2. an inclination to retreat from unpleasant realities through diversion or fantasy
                                                          3. the unwanted discharge of a fluid from some container
                                                          4. a valve in a container in which pressure can build up (as a steam boiler); it opens automatically when the pressure reaches a dangerous level
                                                          5. nonperformance of something distasteful (as by deceit or trickery) that you are supposed to do

                                                            30

                                                            eviscerate

                                                            vt. 取出内脏;除去精华
                                                            vi. 内脏凸出
                                                            adj. 内脏被取出的
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. surgically remove a part of a structure or an organ
                                                            2. remove the contents of
                                                            3. remove the entrails of
                                                            4. take away a vital or essential part of
                                                            5. having been disembowelled