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Flashcards in List-45 Deck (79)
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1

activate

vt. 刺激;使活动;使活泼;使产生放射性
vi. 激活;有活力
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  1. put in motion or move to act
  2. make active or more active
  3. make more adsorptive
  4. aerate (sewage) so as to favor the growth of organisms that decompose organic matter
  5. make (substances) radioactive

    2

    adjoining

    adj. 邻接的;毗连的
    v. 邻接(adjoin的ing形式)
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    1. having a common boundary or edge; touching

      3

      affect

      vt. 影响;感染;感动;假装
      vi. 倾向;喜欢
      n. 情感;引起感情的因素
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      1. the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion
      2. have an effect upon
      3. act physically on; have an effect upon
      4. connect closely and often incriminatingly
      5. make believe with the intent to deceive

        4

        affirm

        vt. 肯定;断言
        vi. 确认;断言
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        1. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
        2. to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
        3. say yes to

          5

          alignment

          n. 队列,成直线;校准;结盟
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          1. an organization of people (or countries) involved in a pact or treaty
          2. the spatial property possessed by an arrangement or position of things in a straight line or in parallel lines
          3. (astronomy) apparent meeting or passing of two or more celestial bodies in the same degree of the zodiac
          4. the act of adjusting or aligning the parts of a device in relation to each other

            6

            array

            n. 数组,阵列;排列,列阵;大批,一系列;衣服
            vt. 排列,部署;打扮
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            1. an orderly arrangement
            2. an impressive display
            3. especially fine or decorative clothing
            4. an arrangement of aerials spaced to give desired directional characteristics
            5. lay out orderly or logically in a line or as if in a line

              7

              Babylonian

              adj. 巴比伦的;罪恶的
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              1. an inhabitant of ancient Babylon
              2. the ideographic and syllabic writing system in which the ancient Babylonian language was written
              3. of or relating to the city of Babylon or its people or culture

                8

                basement

                n. 地下室;地窖
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                1. the lowermost portion of a structure partly or wholly below ground level; often used for storage
                2. the ground floor facade or interior in Renaissance architecture

                  9

                  bonanza

                  n. 富矿带;带来好运之事;幸运
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                  1. an especially rich vein of precious ore
                  2. a sudden happening that brings good fortune (as a sudden opportunity to make money)

                    10

                    brilliant

                    adj. 灿烂的,闪耀的;杰出的;有才气的;精彩的,绝妙的
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                    1. of surpassing excellence
                    2. having or marked by unusual and impressive intelligence
                    3. characterized by grandeur
                    4. having striking color
                    5. full of light; shining intensely

                      11

                      bulk

                      n. 体积,容量;大多数,大部分;大块
                      vt. 使扩大,使形成大量;使显得重要
                      n. (Bulk)人名;(土)布尔克
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                      1. the property resulting from being or relating to the greater in number of two parts; the main part
                      2. the property of something that is great in magnitude
                      3. the property possessed by a large mass
                      4. stick out or up
                      5. cause to bulge or swell outwards

                        12

                        chant

                        n. 圣歌;赞美诗
                        vt. 唱;诵扬
                        vi. 唱歌;反覆地唱歌
                        n. (Chant)人名;(英)钱特
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                        1. a repetitive song in which as many syllables as necessary are assigned to a single tone
                        2. recite with musical intonation; recite as a chant or a psalm
                        3. utter monotonously and repetitively and rhythmically

                          13

                          charcoal

                          n. 木炭;炭笔
                          vt. 用木炭画(过去式charcoaled,过去分词charcoaled,现在分词charcoaling,第三人称单数charcoals)
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a carbonaceous material obtained by heating wood or other organic matter in the absence of air
                          2. a stick of black carbon material used for drawing
                          3. a very dark grey color
                          4. a drawing made with a stick of black carbon material
                          5. draw, trace, or represent with charcoal

                            14

                            confirm

                            vt. 确认;确定;证实;批准;使巩固
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
                            2. strengthen or make more firm
                            3. make more firm
                            4. support a person for a position
                            5. administer the rite of confirmation to

                              15

                              continuation

                              n. 继续;续集;延长;附加部分;扩建物
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                              1. the act of continuing an activity without interruption
                              2. a part added to a book or play that continues and extends it
                              3. a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive a line as continuing its established direction
                              4. the consequence of being lengthened in duration

                                16

                                corporate

                                adj. 法人的;共同的,全体的;社团的
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. of or belonging to a corporation
                                2. possessing or existing in bodily form
                                3. done by or characteristic of individuals acting together
                                4. organized and maintained as a legal corporation

                                  17

                                  deny

                                  vt. 否定,否认;拒绝给予;拒绝…的要求
                                  vi. 否认;拒绝
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. declare untrue; contradict
                                  2. refuse to accept or believe
                                  3. refuse to grant, as of a petition or request
                                  4. refuse to let have
                                  5. deny oneself (something); restrain, especially from indulging in some pleasure

                                    18

                                    diffusion

                                    n. 扩散,传播;[光] 漫射
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. (physics) the process of diffusing; the intermingling of molecules in gases and liquids as a result of random thermal agitation
                                    2. the spread of social institutions (and myths and skills) from one society to another
                                    3. the property of being diffused or dispersed
                                    4. the act of dispersing or diffusing something

                                      19

                                      distasteful

                                      adj. 令人不快的;不合口味的;表示厌恶的
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. not pleasing in odor or taste
                                      2. highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust

                                        20

                                        district

                                        n. 区域;地方;行政区
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. a region marked off for administrative or other purposes
                                        2. regulate housing in; of certain areas of towns

                                          21

                                          endeavor

                                          n. 努力;尽力(等于endeavour)
                                          vi. 努力;尽力(等于endeavour)
                                          vt. 努力;尽力(等于endeavour)
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. a purposeful or industrious undertaking (especially one that requires effort or boldness)
                                          2. earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something
                                          3. attempt by employing effort

                                            22

                                            enterprising

                                            adj. 有事业心的;有进取心的;有魄力的;有胆量的
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. marked by imagination, initiative, and readiness to undertake new projects

                                              23

                                              ephemeral

                                              adj. 短暂的;朝生暮死的
                                              n. 只生存一天的事物
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day in its winged form
                                              2. lasting a very short time

                                                24

                                                eruption

                                                n. 爆发,喷发;火山灰;出疹
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. the sudden occurrence of a violent discharge of steam and volcanic material
                                                2. symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible
                                                3. (of volcanos) pouring out fumes of lava (or a deposit so formed)
                                                4. a sudden violent spontaneous occurrence (usually of some undesirable condition)
                                                5. a sudden very loud noise

                                                  25

                                                  essay

                                                  n. 散文;试图;随笔
                                                  vt. 尝试;对…做试验
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. an analytic or interpretive literary composition
                                                  2. a tentative attempt
                                                  3. make an effort or attempt
                                                  4. put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to

                                                    26

                                                    execute

                                                    vt. 实行;执行;处死
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. kill as a means of socially sanctioned punishment
                                                    2. murder in a planned fashion
                                                    3. put in effect
                                                    4. carry out the legalities of
                                                    5. carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a machine

                                                      27

                                                      expose

                                                      vt. 揭露,揭发;使曝光;显示
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. the exposure of an impostor or a fraud
                                                      2. expose or make accessible to some action or influence
                                                      3. make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret
                                                      4. to show, make visible or apparent
                                                      5. remove all or part of one's clothes to show one's body

                                                        28

                                                        familiar

                                                        adj. 熟悉的;常见的;亲近的
                                                        n. 常客;密友
                                                        n. (Familiar)人名;(西)法米利亚尔
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. a person attached to the household of a high official (as a pope or bishop) who renders service in return for support
                                                        2. a person who is frequently in the company of another
                                                        3. a spirit (usually in animal form) that acts as an assistant to a witch or wizard
                                                        4. well known or easily recognized
                                                        5. within normal everyday experience; common and ordinary; not strange

                                                          29

                                                          far-fetched

                                                          adj. 牵强附会的
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. highly imaginative but unlikely

                                                            30

                                                            firm

                                                            adj. 坚定的;牢固的;严格的;结实的
                                                            vt. 使坚定;使牢固
                                                            vi. 变坚实;变稳固
                                                            adv. 稳固地
                                                            n. 公司;商号
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. the members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments
                                                            2. become taut or tauter
                                                            3. make taut or tauter
                                                            4. marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable
                                                            5. not soft or yielding to pressure