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Flashcards in List-45 Deck (79):
1

activate

vt. 刺激;使活动;使活泼;使产生放射性
vi. 激活;有活力
-------------------------------------------

  1. put in motion or move to act
  2. make active or more active
  3. make more adsorptive
  4. aerate (sewage) so as to favor the growth of organisms that decompose organic matter
  5. make (substances) radioactive

    2

    adjoining

    adj. 邻接的;毗连的
    v. 邻接(adjoin的ing形式)
    -------------------------------------------

    1. having a common boundary or edge; touching

      3

      affect

      vt. 影响;感染;感动;假装
      vi. 倾向;喜欢
      n. 情感;引起感情的因素
      -------------------------------------------

      1. the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion
      2. have an effect upon
      3. act physically on; have an effect upon
      4. connect closely and often incriminatingly
      5. make believe with the intent to deceive

        4

        affirm

        vt. 肯定;断言
        vi. 确认;断言
        -------------------------------------------

        1. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
        2. to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
        3. say yes to

          5

          alignment

          n. 队列,成直线;校准;结盟
          -------------------------------------------

          1. an organization of people (or countries) involved in a pact or treaty
          2. the spatial property possessed by an arrangement or position of things in a straight line or in parallel lines
          3. (astronomy) apparent meeting or passing of two or more celestial bodies in the same degree of the zodiac
          4. the act of adjusting or aligning the parts of a device in relation to each other

            6

            array

            n. 数组,阵列;排列,列阵;大批,一系列;衣服
            vt. 排列,部署;打扮
            -------------------------------------------

            1. an orderly arrangement
            2. an impressive display
            3. especially fine or decorative clothing
            4. an arrangement of aerials spaced to give desired directional characteristics
            5. lay out orderly or logically in a line or as if in a line

              7

              Babylonian

              adj. 巴比伦的;罪恶的
              -------------------------------------------

              1. an inhabitant of ancient Babylon
              2. the ideographic and syllabic writing system in which the ancient Babylonian language was written
              3. of or relating to the city of Babylon or its people or culture

                8

                basement

                n. 地下室;地窖
                -------------------------------------------

                1. the lowermost portion of a structure partly or wholly below ground level; often used for storage
                2. the ground floor facade or interior in Renaissance architecture

                  9

                  bonanza

                  n. 富矿带;带来好运之事;幸运
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. an especially rich vein of precious ore
                  2. a sudden happening that brings good fortune (as a sudden opportunity to make money)

                    10

                    brilliant

                    adj. 灿烂的,闪耀的;杰出的;有才气的;精彩的,绝妙的
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. of surpassing excellence
                    2. having or marked by unusual and impressive intelligence
                    3. characterized by grandeur
                    4. having striking color
                    5. full of light; shining intensely

                      11

                      bulk

                      n. 体积,容量;大多数,大部分;大块
                      vt. 使扩大,使形成大量;使显得重要
                      n. (Bulk)人名;(土)布尔克
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. the property resulting from being or relating to the greater in number of two parts; the main part
                      2. the property of something that is great in magnitude
                      3. the property possessed by a large mass
                      4. stick out or up
                      5. cause to bulge or swell outwards

                        12

                        chant

                        n. 圣歌;赞美诗
                        vt. 唱;诵扬
                        vi. 唱歌;反覆地唱歌
                        n. (Chant)人名;(英)钱特
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. a repetitive song in which as many syllables as necessary are assigned to a single tone
                        2. recite with musical intonation; recite as a chant or a psalm
                        3. utter monotonously and repetitively and rhythmically

                          13

                          charcoal

                          n. 木炭;炭笔
                          vt. 用木炭画(过去式charcoaled,过去分词charcoaled,现在分词charcoaling,第三人称单数charcoals)
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a carbonaceous material obtained by heating wood or other organic matter in the absence of air
                          2. a stick of black carbon material used for drawing
                          3. a very dark grey color
                          4. a drawing made with a stick of black carbon material
                          5. draw, trace, or represent with charcoal

                            14

                            confirm

                            vt. 确认;确定;证实;批准;使巩固
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
                            2. strengthen or make more firm
                            3. make more firm
                            4. support a person for a position
                            5. administer the rite of confirmation to

                              15

                              continuation

                              n. 继续;续集;延长;附加部分;扩建物
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. the act of continuing an activity without interruption
                              2. a part added to a book or play that continues and extends it
                              3. a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive a line as continuing its established direction
                              4. the consequence of being lengthened in duration

                                16

                                corporate

                                adj. 法人的;共同的,全体的;社团的
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. of or belonging to a corporation
                                2. possessing or existing in bodily form
                                3. done by or characteristic of individuals acting together
                                4. organized and maintained as a legal corporation

                                  17

                                  deny

                                  vt. 否定,否认;拒绝给予;拒绝…的要求
                                  vi. 否认;拒绝
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. declare untrue; contradict
                                  2. refuse to accept or believe
                                  3. refuse to grant, as of a petition or request
                                  4. refuse to let have
                                  5. deny oneself (something); restrain, especially from indulging in some pleasure

                                    18

                                    diffusion

                                    n. 扩散,传播;[光] 漫射
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. (physics) the process of diffusing; the intermingling of molecules in gases and liquids as a result of random thermal agitation
                                    2. the spread of social institutions (and myths and skills) from one society to another
                                    3. the property of being diffused or dispersed
                                    4. the act of dispersing or diffusing something

                                      19

                                      distasteful

                                      adj. 令人不快的;不合口味的;表示厌恶的
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. not pleasing in odor or taste
                                      2. highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust

                                        20

                                        district

                                        n. 区域;地方;行政区
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. a region marked off for administrative or other purposes
                                        2. regulate housing in; of certain areas of towns

                                          21

                                          endeavor

                                          n. 努力;尽力(等于endeavour)
                                          vi. 努力;尽力(等于endeavour)
                                          vt. 努力;尽力(等于endeavour)
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. a purposeful or industrious undertaking (especially one that requires effort or boldness)
                                          2. earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something
                                          3. attempt by employing effort

                                            22

                                            enterprising

                                            adj. 有事业心的;有进取心的;有魄力的;有胆量的
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. marked by imagination, initiative, and readiness to undertake new projects

                                              23

                                              ephemeral

                                              adj. 短暂的;朝生暮死的
                                              n. 只生存一天的事物
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day in its winged form
                                              2. lasting a very short time

                                                24

                                                eruption

                                                n. 爆发,喷发;火山灰;出疹
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. the sudden occurrence of a violent discharge of steam and volcanic material
                                                2. symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible
                                                3. (of volcanos) pouring out fumes of lava (or a deposit so formed)
                                                4. a sudden violent spontaneous occurrence (usually of some undesirable condition)
                                                5. a sudden very loud noise

                                                  25

                                                  essay

                                                  n. 散文;试图;随笔
                                                  vt. 尝试;对…做试验
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. an analytic or interpretive literary composition
                                                  2. a tentative attempt
                                                  3. make an effort or attempt
                                                  4. put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to

                                                    26

                                                    execute

                                                    vt. 实行;执行;处死
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. kill as a means of socially sanctioned punishment
                                                    2. murder in a planned fashion
                                                    3. put in effect
                                                    4. carry out the legalities of
                                                    5. carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a machine

                                                      27

                                                      expose

                                                      vt. 揭露,揭发;使曝光;显示
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. the exposure of an impostor or a fraud
                                                      2. expose or make accessible to some action or influence
                                                      3. make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret
                                                      4. to show, make visible or apparent
                                                      5. remove all or part of one's clothes to show one's body

                                                        28

                                                        familiar

                                                        adj. 熟悉的;常见的;亲近的
                                                        n. 常客;密友
                                                        n. (Familiar)人名;(西)法米利亚尔
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. a person attached to the household of a high official (as a pope or bishop) who renders service in return for support
                                                        2. a person who is frequently in the company of another
                                                        3. a spirit (usually in animal form) that acts as an assistant to a witch or wizard
                                                        4. well known or easily recognized
                                                        5. within normal everyday experience; common and ordinary; not strange

                                                          29

                                                          far-fetched

                                                          adj. 牵强附会的
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. highly imaginative but unlikely

                                                            30

                                                            firm

                                                            adj. 坚定的;牢固的;严格的;结实的
                                                            vt. 使坚定;使牢固
                                                            vi. 变坚实;变稳固
                                                            adv. 稳固地
                                                            n. 公司;商号
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. the members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments
                                                            2. become taut or tauter
                                                            3. make taut or tauter
                                                            4. marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable
                                                            5. not soft or yielding to pressure

                                                              31

                                                              flap

                                                              n. 拍打,拍打声;神经紧张;[航] 副翼
                                                              vi. 拍动;神经紧张;鼓翼而飞;(帽边等)垂下
                                                              vt. 拍打;扔;拉下帽边;飘动
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. any broad thin and limber covering attached at one edge; hangs loose or projects freely
                                                              2. an excited state of agitation
                                                              3. the motion made by flapping up and down
                                                              4. a movable piece of tissue partly connected to the body
                                                              5. a movable airfoil that is part of an aircraft wing; used to increase lift or drag

                                                                32

                                                                flux

                                                                n. [流][机] 流量;变迁;不稳定;流出
                                                                vt. 使熔融;用焊剂处理
                                                                vi. 熔化;流出
                                                                n. (Flux)人名;(德)弗卢克斯;(英)弗勒克斯
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. the rate of flow of energy or particles across a given surface
                                                                2. a flow or discharge
                                                                3. a substance added to molten metals to bond with impurities that can then be readily removed
                                                                4. excessive discharge of liquid from a cavity or organ (as in watery diarrhea)
                                                                5. a state of uncertainty about what should be done (usually following some important event) preceding the establishment of a new direction of action

                                                                  33

                                                                  fort

                                                                  n. 堡垒;要塞;(美)边界贸易站
                                                                  vt. 设要塞保卫
                                                                  vi. 构筑要塞
                                                                  n. (Fort)人名;(法)福尔;(德、英、西、葡、匈)福特
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. a fortified military post where troops are stationed
                                                                  2. a fortified defensive structure
                                                                  3. gather in, or as if in, a fort, as for protection or defense
                                                                  4. enclose by or as if by a fortification
                                                                  5. station (troops) in a fort

                                                                    34

                                                                    giraffe

                                                                    n. [脊椎] 长颈鹿
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. tallest living quadruped; having a spotted coat and small horns and very long neck and legs; of savannahs of tropical Africa

                                                                      35

                                                                      grazing

                                                                      n. 放牧;牧草
                                                                      v. 擦过;抓伤(graze的现在分词)
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. the act of grazing
                                                                      2. the act of brushing against while passing

                                                                        36

                                                                        harmonic

                                                                        adj. 和声的;谐和的;音乐般的
                                                                        n. [物] 谐波;和声
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. a tone that is a component of a complex sound
                                                                        2. any of a series of musical tones whose frequencies are integral multiples of the frequency of a fundamental
                                                                        3. of or relating to harmony as distinct from melody and rhythm
                                                                        4. of or relating to harmonics
                                                                        5. of or relating to the branch of acoustics that studies the composition of musical sounds

                                                                          37

                                                                          ideomotor

                                                                          adj. 观念运动的
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                            38

                                                                            idyllic

                                                                            牧歌的
                                                                            田园诗的
                                                                            悠闲的
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. excellent and delightful in all respects
                                                                            2. suggestive of an idyll; charmingly simple and serene

                                                                              39

                                                                              illustrate

                                                                              vt. 阐明,举例说明;图解
                                                                              vi. 举例
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. clarify by giving an example of
                                                                              2. depict with an illustration
                                                                              3. supply with illustrations

                                                                                40

                                                                                inclination

                                                                                n. 倾向,爱好;斜坡
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. an attitude of mind especially one that favors one alternative over others
                                                                                2. (astronomy) the angle between the plane of the orbit and the plane of the ecliptic stated in degrees
                                                                                3. (geometry) the angle formed by the x-axis and a given line (measured counterclockwise from the positive half of the x-axis)
                                                                                4. (physics) the angle that a magnetic needle makes with the plane of the horizon
                                                                                5. that toward which you are inclined to feel a liking

                                                                                  41

                                                                                  instinct

                                                                                  n. 本能,直觉;天性
                                                                                  adj. 充满着的
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. inborn pattern of behavior often responsive to specific stimuli
                                                                                  2. (followed by `with')deeply filled or permeated

                                                                                    42

                                                                                    introduction

                                                                                    n. 介绍;引进;采用;入门;传入
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. the first section of a communication
                                                                                    2. the act of beginning something new
                                                                                    3. formally making a person known to another or to the public
                                                                                    4. a basic or elementary instructional text
                                                                                    5. a new proposal

                                                                                      43

                                                                                      ironic

                                                                                      adj. 讽刺的;反话的
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                      1. humorously sarcastic or mocking
                                                                                      2. characterized by often poignant difference or incongruity between what is expected and what actually is

                                                                                        44

                                                                                        luxury

                                                                                        n. 奢侈,奢华;奢侈品;享受
                                                                                        adj. 奢侈的
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. something that is an indulgence rather than a necessity
                                                                                        2. the quality possessed by something that is excessively expensive
                                                                                        3. wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living

                                                                                          45

                                                                                          lyric

                                                                                          adj. 抒情的;吟唱的
                                                                                          n. 抒情诗;歌词
                                                                                          n. (Lyric)人名;(英)利里克,利丽克(女名)
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. the text of a popular song or musical-comedy number
                                                                                          2. a short poem of songlike quality
                                                                                          3. write lyrics for (a song)
                                                                                          4. expressing deep personal emotion
                                                                                          5. used of a singer or singing voice that is light in volume and modest in range

                                                                                            46

                                                                                            mantle

                                                                                            n. 地幔;斗篷;覆盖物
                                                                                            vi. 覆盖;脸红
                                                                                            vt. 覆盖
                                                                                            n. (Mantle)人名;(英、意)曼特尔
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. the cloak as a symbol of authority
                                                                                            2. United States baseball player (1931-1997)
                                                                                            3. the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
                                                                                            4. anything that covers
                                                                                            5. (zoology) a protective layer of epidermis in mollusks or brachiopods that secretes a substance forming the shell

                                                                                              47

                                                                                              meticulous

                                                                                              adj. 一丝不苟的;小心翼翼的;拘泥小节的
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. marked by precise accordance with details
                                                                                              2. marked by extreme care in treatment of details

                                                                                                48

                                                                                                migration

                                                                                                n. 迁移;移民;移动
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. the movement of persons from one country or locality to another
                                                                                                2. a group of people migrating together (especially in some given time period)
                                                                                                3. (chemistry) the nonrandom movement of an atom or radical from one place to another within a molecule
                                                                                                4. the periodic passage of groups of animals (especially birds or fishes) from one region to another for feeding or breeding

                                                                                                  49

                                                                                                  moderate

                                                                                                  adj. 稳健的,温和的;适度的,中等的;有节制的
                                                                                                  vi. 变缓和,变弱
                                                                                                  vt. 节制;减轻
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. a person who takes a position in the political center
                                                                                                  2. preside over
                                                                                                  3. make less fast or intense
                                                                                                  4. lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits
                                                                                                  5. make less severe or harsh

                                                                                                    50

                                                                                                    moisture

                                                                                                    n. 水分;湿度;潮湿;降雨量
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                    1. wetness caused by water

                                                                                                      51

                                                                                                      municipal

                                                                                                      adj. 市政的,市的;地方自治的
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. relating or belonging to or characteristic of a municipality
                                                                                                      2. of or relating to the government of a municipality

                                                                                                        52

                                                                                                        nauseous

                                                                                                        adj. 令人作呕的;厌恶的
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. causing or able to cause nausea
                                                                                                        2. feeling nausea; feeling about to vomit

                                                                                                          53

                                                                                                          odd

                                                                                                          adj. 奇数的;古怪的;剩余的;临时的;零散的
                                                                                                          n. 奇数;怪人;奇特的事物
                                                                                                          n. (Odd)人名;(英、西、挪、瑞典)奥德
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. not divisible by two
                                                                                                          2. not easily explained
                                                                                                          3. an indefinite quantity more than that specified
                                                                                                          4. beyond or deviating from the usual or expected
                                                                                                          5. of the remaining member of a pair, of socks e.g.

                                                                                                            54

                                                                                                            oppose

                                                                                                            vt. 反对;对抗,抗争
                                                                                                            vi. 反对
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. be against; express opposition to
                                                                                                            2. fight against or resist strongly
                                                                                                            3. oppose with equal weight or force
                                                                                                            4. set into opposition or rivalry
                                                                                                            5. act against or in opposition to

                                                                                                              55

                                                                                                              orbit

                                                                                                              n. 轨道;眼眶;势力范围;生活常规
                                                                                                              vi. 盘旋;绕轨道运行
                                                                                                              vt. 绕…轨道而行
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. the (usually elliptical) path described by one celestial body in its revolution about another
                                                                                                              2. a particular environment or walk of life
                                                                                                              3. an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control:
                                                                                                              4. the path of an electron around the nucleus of an atom
                                                                                                              5. the bony cavity in the skull containing the eyeball

                                                                                                                56

                                                                                                                orchestra

                                                                                                                n. 管弦乐队;乐队演奏处
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. a musical organization consisting of a group of instrumentalists including string players
                                                                                                                2. seating on the main floor in a theater

                                                                                                                  57

                                                                                                                  pensive

                                                                                                                  adj. 沉思的,忧郁的;悲伤的,哀愁的
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. persistently or morbidly thoughtful
                                                                                                                  2. showing pensive sadness

                                                                                                                    58

                                                                                                                    peripheral

                                                                                                                    adj. 外围的;次要的;(神经)末梢区域的
                                                                                                                    n. 外部设备
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. (computer science) electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer
                                                                                                                    2. on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary; the outer area
                                                                                                                    3. related to the key issue but not of central importance

                                                                                                                      59

                                                                                                                      pole

                                                                                                                      n. 杆;极点;电极
                                                                                                                      vt. 用竿支撑
                                                                                                                      n. (Pole)人名;(英)波尔;(俄)波列;(塞)波莱
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. a long (usually round) rod of wood or metal or plastic
                                                                                                                      2. a native or inhabitant of Poland
                                                                                                                      3. one of two divergent or mutually exclusive opinions
                                                                                                                      4. a linear measure of 16.5 feet
                                                                                                                      5. a square rod of land

                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                        pound

                                                                                                                        n. 英镑;重击,重击声;兽栏;拘留所
                                                                                                                        vt. 捣烂;敲打;监禁,拘留
                                                                                                                        vi. 连续重击,猛击
                                                                                                                        n. (Pound)人名;(英)庞德
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. 16 ounces
                                                                                                                        2. the basic unit of money in Great Britain; equal to 100 pence
                                                                                                                        3. the basic unit of money in Syria; equal to 100 piasters
                                                                                                                        4. the basic unit of money in the Sudan; equal to 100 piasters
                                                                                                                        5. the basic unit of money in Lebanon; equal to 100 piasters

                                                                                                                          61

                                                                                                                          practically

                                                                                                                          adv. 实际地;几乎;事实上
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. almost; nearly
                                                                                                                          2. in a practical manner
                                                                                                                          3. (degree adverb used before a noun phrase) for all practical purposes but not completely

                                                                                                                            62

                                                                                                                            prestige

                                                                                                                            n. 威望,声望;声誉
                                                                                                                            n. (Prestige)人名;(英)普雷斯蒂奇
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. a high standing achieved through success or influence or wealth etc.

                                                                                                                              63

                                                                                                                              relic

                                                                                                                              n. 遗迹,遗物;废墟;纪念物
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. an antiquity that has survived from the distant past
                                                                                                                              2. something of sentimental value

                                                                                                                                64

                                                                                                                                resort

                                                                                                                                n. 凭借,手段;度假胜地;常去之地
                                                                                                                                vi. 求助,诉诸;常去;采取某手段或方法
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. a hotel located in a resort area
                                                                                                                                2. a frequently visited place
                                                                                                                                3. something or someone turned to for assistance or security
                                                                                                                                4. act of turning to for assistance
                                                                                                                                5. have recourse to

                                                                                                                                  65

                                                                                                                                  rough

                                                                                                                                  adj. 粗糙的;粗略的;粗野的;艰苦的;未经加工的
                                                                                                                                  vt. 使粗糙;粗暴对待;草拟
                                                                                                                                  n. 艰苦;高低不平的地面;未经加工的材料;粗糙的部分
                                                                                                                                  vi. 举止粗野
                                                                                                                                  adv. 粗糙地;粗略地;粗暴地
                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                  1. the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short
                                                                                                                                  2. prepare in preliminary or sketchy form
                                                                                                                                  3. having or caused by an irregular surface
                                                                                                                                  4. (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse
                                                                                                                                  5. not quite exact or correct

                                                                                                                                    66

                                                                                                                                    sauce

                                                                                                                                    n. 酱油;沙司;调味汁
                                                                                                                                    vt. 使增加趣味;给…调味
                                                                                                                                    n. (Sauce)人名;(西)绍塞;(法)索斯
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                                                                                                                                    1. flavorful relish or dressing or topping served as an accompaniment to food
                                                                                                                                    2. behave saucy or impudently towards
                                                                                                                                    3. dress (food) with a relish
                                                                                                                                    4. add zest or flavor to, make more interesting

                                                                                                                                      67

                                                                                                                                      scout

                                                                                                                                      n. 搜索,侦察;侦察员;侦察机
                                                                                                                                      vt. 侦察;跟踪,监视;发现
                                                                                                                                      vi. 侦察;巡视;嘲笑
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                                                                                                                                      1. a person employed to watch for something to happen
                                                                                                                                      2. a Boy Scout or Girl Scout
                                                                                                                                      3. someone employed to discover and recruit talented persons (especially in the worlds of entertainment or sports)
                                                                                                                                      4. someone who can find paths through unexplored territory
                                                                                                                                      5. explore, often with the goal of finding something or somebody

                                                                                                                                        68

                                                                                                                                        seclusion

                                                                                                                                        n. 隔离;隐退;隐蔽的地方
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                                                                                                                                        1. the quality of being secluded from the presence or view of others
                                                                                                                                        2. the act of secluding yourself from others

                                                                                                                                          69

                                                                                                                                          slide

                                                                                                                                          n. 滑动;幻灯片;滑梯;雪崩
                                                                                                                                          vi. 滑动;滑落;不知不觉陷入
                                                                                                                                          vt. 滑动;使滑动;悄悄地迅速放置
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                                                                                                                                          1. a small flat rectangular piece of glass on which specimens can be mounted for microscopic study
                                                                                                                                          2. (geology) the descent of a large mass of earth or rocks or snow etc.
                                                                                                                                          3. (music) rapid sliding up or down the musical scale
                                                                                                                                          4. plaything consisting of a sloping chute down which children can slide
                                                                                                                                          5. the act of moving smoothly along a surface while remaining in contact with it

                                                                                                                                            70

                                                                                                                                            studio

                                                                                                                                            n. 工作室;[广播][电视] 演播室;画室;电影制片厂
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                                                                                                                                            1. workplace for the teaching or practice of an art
                                                                                                                                            2. an apartment with a living space and a bathroom and a small kitchen
                                                                                                                                            3. workplace consisting of a room or building where movies or television shows or radio programs are produced and recorded

                                                                                                                                              71

                                                                                                                                              supplement

                                                                                                                                              vt. 增补,补充
                                                                                                                                              n. 增补,补充;补充物;增刊,副刊
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                                                                                                                                              1. textual matter that is added onto a publication; usually at the end
                                                                                                                                              2. a quantity added (e.g. to make up for a deficiency)
                                                                                                                                              3. a supplementary component that improves capability
                                                                                                                                              4. add as a supplement to what seems insufficient
                                                                                                                                              5. serve as a supplement to

                                                                                                                                                72

                                                                                                                                                therefore

                                                                                                                                                adv. 因此;所以
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                                                                                                                                                1. (used to introduce a logical conclusion) from that fact or reason or as a result
                                                                                                                                                2. as a consequence

                                                                                                                                                  73

                                                                                                                                                  tough

                                                                                                                                                  adj. 艰苦的,困难的;坚强的,不屈不挠的;坚韧的,牢固的;强壮的,结实的
                                                                                                                                                  n. 恶棍
                                                                                                                                                  vt. 坚持;忍受,忍耐
                                                                                                                                                  adv. 强硬地,顽强地
                                                                                                                                                  n. (Tough)人名;(英)图赫
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                                                                                                                                                  1. someone who learned to fight in the streets rather than being formally trained in the sport of boxing
                                                                                                                                                  2. an aggressive and violent young criminal
                                                                                                                                                  3. a cruel and brutal fellow
                                                                                                                                                  4. not given to gentleness or sentimentality
                                                                                                                                                  5. very difficult; severely testing stamina or resolution

                                                                                                                                                    74

                                                                                                                                                    transmitter

                                                                                                                                                    n. [电讯] 发射机,[通信] 发报机;传达人
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                                                                                                                                                    1. someone who transmits a message
                                                                                                                                                    2. any agent (person or animal or microorganism) that carries and transmits a disease
                                                                                                                                                    3. set used to broadcast radio or tv signals

                                                                                                                                                      75

                                                                                                                                                      tropic

                                                                                                                                                      n. 热带;回归线
                                                                                                                                                      adj. 热带的
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                                                                                                                                                      1. either of two parallels of latitude about 23.5 degrees north and south of the equator representing the points farthest north and south at which the sun can shine directly overhead and constituting the boundaries of the Torrid Zone or tropics
                                                                                                                                                      2. relating to or situated in or characteristic of the tropics (the region on either side of the equator)
                                                                                                                                                      3. of weather or climate; hot and humid as in the tropics

                                                                                                                                                        76

                                                                                                                                                        ultimately

                                                                                                                                                        adv. 最后;根本;基本上
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                                                                                                                                                        1. as the end result of a succession or process

                                                                                                                                                          77

                                                                                                                                                          vent

                                                                                                                                                          n. (感情的)发泄;出口;通风孔
                                                                                                                                                          vt. 发泄感情;放出…;给…开孔
                                                                                                                                                          vi. 放出;(通过排泄等)减轻压力
                                                                                                                                                          n. (Vent)人名;(德)芬特;(英、捷、芬)文特
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                                                                                                                                                          1. a hole for the escape of gas or air
                                                                                                                                                          2. external opening of urinary or genital system of a lower vertebrate
                                                                                                                                                          3. a fissure in the earth's crust (or in the surface of some other planet) through which molten lava and gases erupt
                                                                                                                                                          4. a slit in a garment (as in the back seam of a jacket)
                                                                                                                                                          5. activity that frees or expresses creative energy or emotion

                                                                                                                                                            78

                                                                                                                                                            volume

                                                                                                                                                            n. 量;体积;卷;音量;大量;册
                                                                                                                                                            adj. 大量的
                                                                                                                                                            vi. 成团卷起
                                                                                                                                                            vt. 把…收集成卷
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                                                                                                                                                            1. the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object
                                                                                                                                                            2. the property of something that is great in magnitude
                                                                                                                                                            3. physical objects consisting of a number of pages bound together
                                                                                                                                                            4. a publication that is one of a set of several similar publications
                                                                                                                                                            5. a relative amount

                                                                                                                                                              79

                                                                                                                                                              zinc

                                                                                                                                                              vt. 镀锌于…;涂锌于…;用锌处理
                                                                                                                                                              n. 锌
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                                                                                                                                                              1. a bluish-white lustrous metallic element; brittle at ordinary temperatures but malleable when heated; used in a wide variety of alloys and in galvanizing iron; it occurs as zinc sulphide in zinc blende
                                                                                                                                                              2. coat or cover with zinc