List-13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in List-13 Deck (78):
1

agency

n. 代理,中介;代理处,经销处
-------------------------------------------

  1. an administrative unit of government
  2. a business that serves other businesses
  3. the state of being in action or exerting power
  4. the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent
  5. how a result is obtained or an end is achieved

    2

    airborne

    adj. [航] 空运的;空气传播的;风媒的
    -------------------------------------------

    1. moved or conveyed by or through air

      3

      alien

      adj. 外国的;相异的,性质不同的;不相容的
      n. 外国人,外侨;外星人
      vt. 让渡,转让
      n. (Alien)人名;(法)阿利安
      -------------------------------------------

      1. a person who comes from a foreign country; someone who does not owe allegiance to your country
      2. anyone who does not belong in the environment in which they are found
      3. a form of life assumed to exist outside the Earth or its atmosphere
      4. transfer property or ownership
      5. arouse hostility or indifference in where there had formerly been love, affection, or friendliness

        4

        anxious

        adj. 焦虑的;担忧的;渴望的;急切的
        -------------------------------------------

        1. eagerly desirous
        2. causing or fraught with or showing anxiety

          5

          atmosphere

          n. 气氛;大气;空气
          -------------------------------------------

          1. a particular environment or surrounding influence
          2. a unit of pressure: the pressure that will support a column of mercury 760 mm high at sea level and 0 degrees centigrade
          3. the mass of air surrounding the Earth
          4. the weather or climate at some place
          5. the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body

            6

            attractive

            adj. 吸引人的;有魅力的;引人注目的
            -------------------------------------------

            1. pleasing to the eye or mind especially through beauty or charm
            2. having power to arouse interest
            3. having the properties of a magnet; the ability to draw or pull

              7

              audience

              n. 观众;听众;读者;接见
              -------------------------------------------

              1. a gathering of spectators or listeners at a (usually public) performance
              2. the part of the general public interested in a source of information or entertainment
              3. an opportunity to state your case and be heard
              4. a conference (usually with someone important)

                8

                bark

                n. 树皮;深青棕色;毛皮;皮肤;狗叫
                vt. 狗叫;尖叫;剥皮
                n. (Bark)人名;(英、西、德、捷、法、芬、瑞典)巴克;(阿拉伯、俄)巴尔克
                -------------------------------------------

                1. tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plants
                2. a noise resembling the bark of a dog
                3. a sailing ship with 3 (or more) masts
                4. the sound made by a dog
                5. speak in an unfriendly tone

                  9

                  beverage

                  n. 饮料
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. any liquid suitable for drinking

                    10

                    bold

                    adj. 大胆的,英勇的;黑体的;厚颜无耻的;险峻的
                    n. (Bold)人名;(英、德、罗、捷、瑞典)博尔德
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. a typeface with thick heavy lines
                    2. fearless and daring
                    3. clear and distinct
                    4. very steep; having a prominent and almost vertical front

                      11

                      care

                      n. 关怀;照料;谨慎;忧虑
                      vi. 照顾;关心;喜爱;顾虑
                      vt. 在意;希望或喜欢
                      n. (Care)人名;(英)凯尔;(塞)察蕾
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something
                      2. judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger
                      3. an anxious feeling
                      4. a cause for feeling concern
                      5. attention and management implying responsibility for safety

                        12

                        comment

                        n. 评论;意见;批评
                        vi. 发表评论;发表意见
                        vt. 为…作评语
                        n. (Comment)人名;(德)科门特;(法)科芒
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief
                        2. a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material
                        3. a report (often malicious) about the behavior of other people
                        4. make or write a comment on
                        5. explain or interpret something

                          13

                          common

                          adj. 共同的;普通的;一般的;通常的
                          n. 普通;平民;公有地
                          n. (Common)人名;(法)科蒙;(英)康芒
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
                          2. belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public
                          3. having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual
                          4. common to or shared by two or more parties
                          5. commonly encountered

                            14

                            comply

                            vi. 遵守;顺从,遵从;答应
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. act in accordance with someone's rules, commands, or wishes

                              15

                              comprise

                              vt. 包含;由…组成
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. be composed of
                              2. include or contain; have as a component
                              3. form or compose

                                16

                                conceal

                                vt. 隐藏;隐瞒
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. prevent from being seen or discovered
                                2. hold back; keep from being perceived by others

                                  17

                                  conduct

                                  vi. 导电;带领
                                  vt. 管理;引导;表现
                                  n. 进行;行为;实施
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. manner of acting or controlling yourself
                                  2. (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
                                  3. direct the course of; manage or control
                                  4. lead, as in the performance of a composition
                                  5. behave in a certain manner

                                    18

                                    contour

                                    n. 轮廓;等高线;周线;电路;概要
                                    vt. 画轮廓;画等高线
                                    n. (Contour)人名;(法)孔图尔
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. a line drawn on a map connecting points of equal height
                                    2. any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline)
                                    3. a feature (or the order or arrangement of features) of anything having a complex structure
                                    4. form the contours of

                                      19

                                      crab

                                      n. 螃蟹;蟹肉;脾气乖戾的人;起重机
                                      vt. 抱怨;破坏;使偏航
                                      vi. 捕蟹;发牢骚;抱怨
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. decapod having eyes on short stalks and a broad flattened carapace with a small abdomen folded under the thorax and pincers
                                      2. a quarrelsome grouch
                                      3. (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer
                                      4. the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22
                                      5. the edible flesh of any of various crabs

                                        20

                                        crumple

                                        vt. 弄皱;使一蹶不振
                                        vi. 起皱;倒坍;一蹶不振
                                        n. 皱纹;褶皱
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. fall apart
                                        2. fold or collapse
                                        3. to gather something into small wrinkles or folds
                                        4. become wrinkled or crumpled or creased

                                          21

                                          depot

                                          n. 仓库;停车场;航空站
                                          vt. 把…存放在储藏处
                                          adj. 药性持久的
                                          n. (Depot)人名;(刚(布))德波特
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. station where transport vehicles load or unload passengers or goods
                                          2. a depository for goods

                                            22

                                            deserted

                                            adj. 荒芜的;被遗弃的
                                            v. 遗弃(desert的过去式和过去分词)
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. remote from civilization

                                              23

                                              diagnose

                                              vt. 诊断;断定
                                              vi. 诊断;判断
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a diagnostic analysis
                                              2. subject to a medical analysis

                                                24

                                                dilate

                                                vi. 扩大;膨胀;详述
                                                vt. 使扩大;使膨胀
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. become wider
                                                2. add details, as to an account or idea; clarify the meaning of and discourse in a learned way, usually in writing

                                                  25

                                                  diversification

                                                  n. 多样化;变化
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. the act of introducing variety (especially in investments or in the variety of goods and services offered)
                                                  2. the condition of being varied

                                                    26

                                                    dot

                                                    n. 点,圆点;嫁妆
                                                    vi. 打上点
                                                    vt. 加小点于
                                                    n. (Dot)人名;(中)多(广东话·威妥玛);(英)多特(女子教名 Dorothea 和 Dorothy 的昵称);(越)突
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. a very small circular shape
                                                    2. the United States federal department that institutes and coordinates national transportation programs; created in 1966
                                                    3. the shorter of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code
                                                    4. street name for lysergic acid diethylamide
                                                    5. scatter or intersperse like dots or studs

                                                      27

                                                      effective

                                                      adj. 有效的,起作用的;实际的,实在的;给人深刻印象
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. producing or capable of producing an intended result or having a striking effect
                                                      2. able to accomplish a purpose; functioning effectively
                                                      3. works well as a means or remedy
                                                      4. exerting force or influence
                                                      5. existing in fact; not theoretical; real

                                                        28

                                                        expressly

                                                        adv. 清楚地,明显地;特别地,专门地
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. with_specific_intentions; for the express purpose
                                                        2. in an explicit manner

                                                          29

                                                          facility

                                                          n. 设施;设备;容易;灵巧
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. a building or place that provides a particular service or is used for a particular industry
                                                          2. skillful performance or ability without difficulty
                                                          3. a natural effortlessness
                                                          4. something designed and created to serve a particular function and to afford a particular convenience or service
                                                          5. a service that an organization or a piece of equipment offers you

                                                            30

                                                            field

                                                            n. 领域;牧场;旷野;战场;运动场
                                                            vi. 担任场外队员
                                                            adj. 扫描场;田赛的;野生的
                                                            vt. 把暴晒于场上;使上场
                                                            n. (Field)人名;(英、法、德、葡)菲尔德
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. a piece of land cleared of trees and usually enclosed
                                                            2. a region where a battle is being (or has been) fought
                                                            3. somewhere (away from a studio or office or library or laboratory) where practical work is done or data is collected
                                                            4. a branch of knowledge
                                                            5. the space around a radiating body within which its electromagnetic oscillations can exert force on another similar body not in contact with it

                                                              31

                                                              finch

                                                              n. 雀科鸣鸟;雀类
                                                              n. (Finch)人名;(英、俄、西)芬奇
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. any of numerous small songbirds with short stout bills adapted for crushing seeds

                                                                32

                                                                frigid

                                                                adj. 寒冷的,严寒的;冷淡的
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. sexually unresponsive
                                                                2. extremely cold
                                                                3. devoid of warmth and cordiality; expressive of unfriendliness or disdain

                                                                  33

                                                                  furnace

                                                                  n. 火炉,熔炉
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to heat buildings, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc.

                                                                    34

                                                                    gasoline

                                                                    n. 汽油
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal-combustion engines

                                                                      35

                                                                      generalize

                                                                      vt. 概括;推广;使...一般化
                                                                      vi. 形成概念
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. draw from specific cases for more general cases
                                                                      2. speak or write in generalities
                                                                      3. cater to popular taste to make popular and present to the general public; bring into general or common use
                                                                      4. become systemic and spread throughout the body

                                                                        36

                                                                        given

                                                                        adj. 赠予的;沉溺的
                                                                        prep. 考虑到
                                                                        v. 给予(give的过去分词)
                                                                        n. (Given)人名;(英、土)吉文
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. an assumption that is taken for granted
                                                                        2. acknowledged as a supposition
                                                                        3. having possession delivered or transferred without compensation
                                                                        4. (usually followed by `to') naturally disposed toward

                                                                          37

                                                                          hay

                                                                          n. 干草
                                                                          vt. 把晒干
                                                                          vi. 割草晒干
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                          1. grass mowed and cured for use as fodder
                                                                          2. convert (plant material) into hay

                                                                            38

                                                                            hemisphere

                                                                            n. 半球
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. half of the terrestrial globe
                                                                            2. half of a sphere
                                                                            3. either half of the cerebrum

                                                                              39

                                                                              hieratic

                                                                              adj. 僧侣用的;僧侣的
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. a cursive form of Egyptian hieroglyphics; used especially by the priests
                                                                              2. associated with the priesthood or priests
                                                                              3. written or belonging to a cursive form of ancient Egyptian writing
                                                                              4. adhering to fixed types or methods; highly restrained and formal

                                                                                40

                                                                                imitation

                                                                                n. 模仿,仿造;仿制品
                                                                                adj. 人造的,仿制的
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. the doctrine that representations of nature or human behavior should be accurate imitations
                                                                                2. a copy that is represented as the original
                                                                                3. copying (or trying to copy) the actions of someone else
                                                                                4. a representation of a person that is exaggerated for comic effect
                                                                                5. not genuine or real; being an imitation of the genuine article

                                                                                  41

                                                                                  immature

                                                                                  adj. 不成熟的;未成熟的;粗糙的
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. characteristic of a lack of maturity
                                                                                  2. lacking in development
                                                                                  3. (used of living things especially persons) in an early period of life or development or growth
                                                                                  4. not fully developed or mature; not ripe
                                                                                  5. not yet mature

                                                                                    42

                                                                                    impressive

                                                                                    adj. 感人的;令人钦佩的;给人以深刻印象的
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. making a strong or vivid impression
                                                                                    2. producing a strong effect

                                                                                      43

                                                                                      inheritance

                                                                                      n. 继承;遗传;遗产
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                      1. hereditary succession to a title or an office or property
                                                                                      2. that which is inherited; a title or property or estate that passes by law to the heir on the death of the owner
                                                                                      3. (genetics) attributes acquired via biological heredity from the parents
                                                                                      4. any attribute or immaterial possession that is inherited from ancestors

                                                                                        44

                                                                                        interactive

                                                                                        adj. 交互式的;相互作用的
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. used especially of drugs or muscles that work together so the total effect is greater than the sum of the two (or more)
                                                                                        2. capable of acting on or influencing each other

                                                                                          45

                                                                                          lace

                                                                                          n. 花边;鞋带;饰带;少量烈酒
                                                                                          vt. 饰以花边;结带子
                                                                                          vi. 系带子
                                                                                          n. (Lace)人名;(意)拉切
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. a cord that is drawn through eyelets or around hooks in order to draw together two edges (as of a shoe or garment)
                                                                                          2. a delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns
                                                                                          3. spin or twist together so as to form a cord
                                                                                          4. make by braiding or interlacing
                                                                                          5. do lacework

                                                                                            46

                                                                                            latitude

                                                                                            n. 纬度;界限;活动范围
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. the angular distance between an imaginary line around a heavenly body parallel to its equator and the equator itself
                                                                                            2. freedom from normal restraints in conduct
                                                                                            3. an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
                                                                                            4. scope for freedom of e.g. action or thought; freedom from restriction

                                                                                              47

                                                                                              lay

                                                                                              vt. 躺下;产卵;搁放;放置;铺放;涂,敷
                                                                                              adj. 世俗的;外行的;没有经验的
                                                                                              n. 位置;短诗;花纹方向;叙事诗;性伙伴
                                                                                              vi. 下蛋;打赌
                                                                                              v. 躺;位于(lie的过去式)
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. a narrative song with a recurrent refrain
                                                                                              2. a narrative poem of popular origin
                                                                                              3. put into a certain place or abstract location
                                                                                              4. put in a horizontal position
                                                                                              5. prepare or position for action or operation

                                                                                                48

                                                                                                legislature

                                                                                                n. 立法机关;立法机构
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. persons who make or amend or repeal laws

                                                                                                  49

                                                                                                  march

                                                                                                  vi. (坚定地向某地)前进;行军,进军;游行示威;进展,进行
                                                                                                  vt. 使前进;使行军
                                                                                                  n. 行进,前进;行军;游行示威;进行曲
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. the month following February and preceding April
                                                                                                  2. the act of marching; walking with regular steps (especially in a procession of some kind)
                                                                                                  3. a steady advance
                                                                                                  4. a procession of people walking together
                                                                                                  5. district consisting of the area on either side of a border or boundary of a country or an area

                                                                                                    50

                                                                                                    marvel

                                                                                                    n. 奇迹
                                                                                                    vt. 对…感到惊异
                                                                                                    vi. 感到惊讶
                                                                                                    n. (Marvel)人名;(英)马弗尔
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                    1. something that causes feelings of wonder
                                                                                                    2. be amazed at
                                                                                                    3. express astonishment or surprise about something

                                                                                                      51

                                                                                                      metric

                                                                                                      adj. 公制的;米制的;公尺的
                                                                                                      n. 度量标准
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. a function of a topological space that gives, for any two points in the space, a value equal to the distance between them
                                                                                                      2. a decimal unit of measurement of the metric system (based on meters and kilograms and seconds)
                                                                                                      3. a system of related measures that facilitates the quantification of some particular characteristic
                                                                                                      4. based on the meter as a standard of measurement
                                                                                                      5. the rhythmic arrangement of syllables

                                                                                                        52

                                                                                                        metropolitan

                                                                                                        adj. 大都市的;大主教辖区的;宗主国的
                                                                                                        n. 大城市人;大主教;宗主国的公民
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. in the Eastern Orthodox Church this title is given to a position between bishop and patriarch; equivalent to archbishop in western Christianity
                                                                                                        2. a person who lives in a metropolis
                                                                                                        3. relating to or characteristic of a metropolis

                                                                                                          53

                                                                                                          modeling

                                                                                                          n. [自] 建模,造型;立体感
                                                                                                          adj. 制造模型的
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. sculpture produced by molding
                                                                                                          2. a preliminary sculpture in wax or clay from which a finished work can be copied
                                                                                                          3. the act of representing something (usually on a smaller scale)

                                                                                                            54

                                                                                                            monitor

                                                                                                            n. 监视器;监听器;监控器;显示屏;班长
                                                                                                            vt. 监控
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. display produced by a device that takes signals and displays them on a television screen or a computer monitor
                                                                                                            2. someone who supervises (an examination)
                                                                                                            3. someone who gives a warning so that a mistake can be avoided
                                                                                                            4. an ironclad vessel built by Federal forces to do battle with the Merrimac
                                                                                                            5. electronic equipment that is used to check the quality or content of electronic transmissions

                                                                                                              55

                                                                                                              multiply

                                                                                                              vt. 乘;使增加;使繁殖;使相乘
                                                                                                              vi. 乘;繁殖;增加
                                                                                                              adv. 多样地;复合地
                                                                                                              adj. 多层的;多样的
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. combine by multiplication
                                                                                                              2. combine or increase by multiplication
                                                                                                              3. have young (animals)
                                                                                                              4. have offspring or young
                                                                                                              5. in several ways; in a multiple manner

                                                                                                                56

                                                                                                                mythical

                                                                                                                adj. 神话的;虚构的
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. based on or told of in traditional stories; lacking factual basis or historical validity

                                                                                                                  57

                                                                                                                  offspring

                                                                                                                  n. 后代,子孙;产物
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. the immediate descendants of a person
                                                                                                                  2. something that comes into existence as a result
                                                                                                                  3. any immature animal

                                                                                                                    58

                                                                                                                    pamphlet

                                                                                                                    n. 小册子
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. a small book usually having a paper cover
                                                                                                                    2. a brief treatise on a subject of interest; published in the form of a booklet

                                                                                                                      59

                                                                                                                      pause

                                                                                                                      n. 暂停;间歇
                                                                                                                      vi. 暂停,停顿,中止;踌躇
                                                                                                                      n. (Pause)人名;(德)保泽
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
                                                                                                                      2. temporary inactivity
                                                                                                                      3. interrupt temporarily an activity before continuing
                                                                                                                      4. cease an action temporarily

                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                        petition

                                                                                                                        n. 请愿;请愿书;祈求;[法] 诉状
                                                                                                                        vi. 请愿;请求
                                                                                                                        vt. 请愿;请求;恳求
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. a formal message requesting something that is submitted to an authority
                                                                                                                        2. reverent petition to a deity
                                                                                                                        3. write a petition for something to somebody; request formally and in writing

                                                                                                                          61

                                                                                                                          petroleum

                                                                                                                          n. 石油
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons

                                                                                                                            62

                                                                                                                            pharmacy

                                                                                                                            n. 药房;配药学,药剂学;制药业;一批备用药品
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,
                                                                                                                            2. a retail shop where medicine and other articles are sold

                                                                                                                              63

                                                                                                                              preserve

                                                                                                                              vt. 保存;保护;维持;腌;禁猎
                                                                                                                              n. 保护区;禁猎地;加工成的食品
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. a domain that seems to be specially reserved for someone
                                                                                                                              2. a reservation where animals are protected
                                                                                                                              3. fruit preserved by cooking with sugar
                                                                                                                              4. keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last
                                                                                                                              5. keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction

                                                                                                                                64

                                                                                                                                priority

                                                                                                                                n. 优先;优先权;[数] 优先次序;优先考虑的事
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. status established in order of importance or urgency
                                                                                                                                2. preceding in time

                                                                                                                                  65

                                                                                                                                  puzzle

                                                                                                                                  vt. 使…困惑;使…为难;苦思而得出
                                                                                                                                  vi. 迷惑;冥思苦想
                                                                                                                                  n. 谜;难题;迷惑
                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                  1. a particularly baffling problem that is said to have a correct solution
                                                                                                                                  2. a toy that tests your ingenuity
                                                                                                                                  3. be a mystery or bewildering to
                                                                                                                                  4. be uncertain about; think about without fully understanding or being able to decide

                                                                                                                                    66

                                                                                                                                    recognition

                                                                                                                                    n. 识别;承认,认出;重视;赞誉;公认
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                                                                                                                                    1. the state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged
                                                                                                                                    2. the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering
                                                                                                                                    3. approval
                                                                                                                                    4. coming to understand something clearly and distinctly
                                                                                                                                    5. (biology) the ability of one molecule to attach to another molecule that has a complementary shape

                                                                                                                                      67

                                                                                                                                      recurring

                                                                                                                                      adj. 循环的;再发的
                                                                                                                                      v. 返回(recur的现在分词)
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                                                                                                                                      1. coming back

                                                                                                                                        68

                                                                                                                                        refraction

                                                                                                                                        n. 折射;折光
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                                                                                                                                        1. the change in direction of a propagating wave (light or sound) when passing from one medium to another
                                                                                                                                        2. the amount by which a propagating wave is bent

                                                                                                                                          69

                                                                                                                                          retreat

                                                                                                                                          n. 撤退;休息寓所;撤退
                                                                                                                                          vi. 撤退;退避;向后倾
                                                                                                                                          vt. 退(棋);使后退
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                                                                                                                                          1. (military) withdrawal of troops to a more favorable position to escape the enemy's superior forces or after a defeat
                                                                                                                                          2. a place of privacy; a place affording peace and quiet
                                                                                                                                          3. (military) a signal to begin a withdrawal from a dangerous position
                                                                                                                                          4. (military) a bugle call signaling the lowering of the flag at sunset
                                                                                                                                          5. an area where you can be alone

                                                                                                                                            70

                                                                                                                                            reveal

                                                                                                                                            vt. 显示;透露;揭露;泄露
                                                                                                                                            n. 揭露;暴露;门侧,窗侧
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                                                                                                                                            1. make visible
                                                                                                                                            2. make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret
                                                                                                                                            3. make clear and visible
                                                                                                                                            4. disclose directly or through prophets

                                                                                                                                              71

                                                                                                                                              sanctuary

                                                                                                                                              n. 避难所;至圣所;耶路撒冷的神殿
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                                                                                                                                              1. a consecrated place where sacred objects are kept
                                                                                                                                              2. a shelter from danger or hardship
                                                                                                                                              3. area around the altar of a church for the clergy and choir; often enclosed by a lattice or railing

                                                                                                                                                72

                                                                                                                                                sketch

                                                                                                                                                n. 素描;略图;梗概
                                                                                                                                                vt. 画素描或速写
                                                                                                                                                vi. 画素描或速写
                                                                                                                                                n. (Sketch)人名;(英)斯凯奇
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                                                                                                                                                1. preliminary drawing for later elaboration
                                                                                                                                                2. a brief literary description
                                                                                                                                                3. short descriptive summary (of events)
                                                                                                                                                4. a humorous or satirical drawing published in a newspaper or magazine
                                                                                                                                                5. make a sketch of

                                                                                                                                                  73

                                                                                                                                                  stanza

                                                                                                                                                  n. 演出期;局;场;诗的一节
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                                                                                                                                                  1. a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem

                                                                                                                                                    74

                                                                                                                                                    substantive

                                                                                                                                                    adj. 有实质的;大量的;真实的;独立存在的
                                                                                                                                                    n. 名词性实词;独立存在的实体
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                                                                                                                                                    1. a noun or a pronoun that is used in place of a noun
                                                                                                                                                    2. having a firm basis in reality and being therefore important, meaningful, or considerable
                                                                                                                                                    3. defining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established
                                                                                                                                                    4. being on topic and prompting thought

                                                                                                                                                      75

                                                                                                                                                      target

                                                                                                                                                      n. 目标;靶子
                                                                                                                                                      vt. 把……作为目标;规定……的指标;瞄准某物
                                                                                                                                                      n. (Target)人名;(法)塔尔热;(英)塔吉特
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                                                                                                                                                      1. a reference point to shoot at
                                                                                                                                                      2. a person who is the aim of an attack (especially a victim of ridicule or exploitation) by some hostile person or influence
                                                                                                                                                      3. the location of the target that is to be hit
                                                                                                                                                      4. sports equipment consisting of an object set up for a marksman or archer to aim at
                                                                                                                                                      5. the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable)

                                                                                                                                                        76

                                                                                                                                                        unity

                                                                                                                                                        n. 团结;一致;联合;个体
                                                                                                                                                        n. (Unity)人名;(英)尤妮蒂
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                                                                                                                                                        1. an undivided or unbroken completeness or totality with nothing wanting
                                                                                                                                                        2. the smallest whole number or a numeral representing this number
                                                                                                                                                        3. the quality of being united into one

                                                                                                                                                          77

                                                                                                                                                          unravel

                                                                                                                                                          vt. 解开;阐明;解决;拆散
                                                                                                                                                          vi. 解决;散开
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                                                                                                                                                          1. become or cause to become undone by separating the fibers or threads of
                                                                                                                                                          2. disentangle
                                                                                                                                                          3. become undone

                                                                                                                                                            78

                                                                                                                                                            veil

                                                                                                                                                            n. 面纱;面罩;遮蔽物;托词
                                                                                                                                                            vt. 遮蔽;掩饰;以面纱遮掩;用帷幕分隔
                                                                                                                                                            vi. 蒙上面纱;出现轻度灰雾
                                                                                                                                                            n. (Veil)人名;(法)韦伊;(德)法伊尔
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                                                                                                                                                            1. a garment that covers the head and face
                                                                                                                                                            2. the inner membrane of embryos in higher vertebrates (especially when covering the head at birth)
                                                                                                                                                            3. a vestment worn by a priest at High Mass in the Roman Catholic Church; a silk shawl
                                                                                                                                                            4. to obscure, or conceal with or as if with a veil
                                                                                                                                                            5. make undecipherable or imperceptible by obscuring or concealing