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Flashcards in List-9 Deck (79):
1

accredit

vt. 授权;信任;委派;归因于
-------------------------------------------

  1. grant credentials to
  2. provide or send (envoys or embassadors) with official credentials
  3. give credit for

    2

    advanced

    adj. 先进的;高级的;晚期的;年老的
    v. 前进;增加;上涨(advance的过去式和过去分词形式)
    -------------------------------------------

    1. farther along in physical or mental development
    2. comparatively late in a course of development
    3. ahead of the times
    4. at a higher level in training or knowledge or skill
    5. ahead in development; complex or intricate

      3

      adverse

      adj. 不利的;相反的;敌对的(名词adverseness,副词adversely)
      -------------------------------------------

      1. contrary to your interests or welfare
      2. in an opposing direction

        4

        afford

        vt. 给予,提供;买得起
        n. (Afford)人名;(英)阿福德
        -------------------------------------------

        1. be able to spare or give up
        2. be the cause or source of
        3. have the financial means to do something or buy something
        4. afford access to

          5

          annoying

          adj. 讨厌的;恼人的
          v. 骚扰(annoy的ing形式)
          -------------------------------------------

          1. the act of troubling or annoying someone
          2. causing irritation or annoyance

            6

            appreciation

            n. 欣赏,鉴别;增值;感谢
            -------------------------------------------

            1. understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something
            2. delicate discrimination (especially of aesthetic values)
            3. an expression of gratitude
            4. a favorable judgment
            5. an increase in price or value

              7

              assembly

              n. 装配;集会,集合
              -------------------------------------------

              1. a group of machine parts that fit together to form a self-contained unit
              2. the act of constructing something (as a piece of machinery)
              3. a public facility to meet for open discussion
              4. a group of persons gathered together for a common purpose
              5. the social act of assembling

                8

                benefit

                n. 利益,好处;救济金
                vt. 有益于,对…有益
                vi. 受益,得益
                -------------------------------------------

                1. financial assistance in time of need
                2. something that aids or promotes well-being
                3. a performance to raise money for a charitable cause
                4. derive a benefit from
                5. be beneficial for

                  9

                  captivity

                  n. 囚禁;被关
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. the state of being imprisoned
                  2. the state of being a slave

                    10

                    championship

                    n. 锦标赛;冠军称号;冠军的地位
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. the status of being a champion
                    2. a competition at which a champion is chosen
                    3. the act of providing approval and support

                      11

                      chilled

                      adj. 冷冻了的;已冷的;冷硬了的;淬火迟的
                      v. 使变冷(chill的过去式)
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. coldness due to a cold environment
                      2. an almost pleasurable sensation of fright
                      3. a sensation of cold that often marks the start of an infection and the development of a fever
                      4. a sudden numbing dread
                      5. depress or discourage

                        12

                        clue

                        n. 线索;(故事等的)情节
                        vt. 为…提供线索;为…提供情况
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. a slight indication
                        2. evidence that helps to solve a problem
                        3. roll into a ball

                          13

                          column

                          n. 纵队,列;专栏;圆柱,柱形物
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a line of (usually military) units following one after another
                          2. a vertical glass tube used in column chromatography; a mixture is poured in the top and washed through a stationary substance where components of the mixture are adsorbed selectively to form colored bands
                          3. a linear array of numbers one above another
                          4. anything tall and relatively thin that approximates the shape of a column or tower
                          5. an article giving opinions or perspectives

                            14

                            commemorate

                            vt. 庆祝,纪念;成为…的纪念
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. mark by some ceremony or observation
                            2. call to remembrance; keep alive the memory of someone or something, as in a ceremony
                            3. be or provide a memorial to a person or an event

                              15

                              component

                              adj. 组成的,构成的
                              n. 成分;组件;[电子] 元件
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. an abstract part of something
                              2. something determined in relation to something that includes it
                              3. an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system

                                16

                                cosmos

                                n. 宇宙;和谐;秩序;大波斯菊
                                n. (Cosmos)人名;(法)科斯莫斯
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. everything that exists anywhere
                                2. any of various mostly Mexican herbs of the genus Cosmos having radiate heads of variously colored flowers and pinnate leaves; popular fall-blooming annuals

                                  17

                                  critic

                                  n. 批评家,评论家;爱挑剔的人
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. a person who is professionally engaged in the analysis and interpretation of works of art
                                  2. anyone who expresses a reasoned judgment of something
                                  3. someone who frequently finds fault or makes harsh and unfair judgments

                                    18

                                    dehydrate

                                    vt. 使…脱水;使极其口渴;使丧失力量和兴趣等
                                    vi. 脱水;去水
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. preserve by removing all water and liquids from
                                    2. remove water from
                                    3. lose water or moisture

                                      19

                                      despoil

                                      vt. 掠夺,剥夺;夺取
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. steal goods; take as spoils
                                      2. destroy and strip of its possession

                                        20

                                        diction

                                        n. 用语;措词
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. the articulation of speech regarded from the point of view of its intelligibility to the audience
                                        2. the manner in which something is expressed in words

                                          21

                                          dim

                                          adj. 暗淡的,昏暗的;模糊的,看不清的;悲观的,怀疑的
                                          vt. 使暗淡,使失去光泽;使变模糊
                                          vi. 变模糊,变暗淡
                                          n. 笨蛋,傻子
                                          n. (Dim)人名;(俄)季姆;(柬)丁
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. switch (a car's headlights) from a higher to a lower beam
                                          2. become or make darker
                                          3. become dim or lusterless
                                          4. make dim or lusterless
                                          5. make dim by comparison or conceal

                                            22

                                            elaborate

                                            adj. 精心制作的;详尽的;煞费苦心的
                                            vt. 精心制作;详细阐述;从简单成分合成(复杂有机物)
                                            vi. 详细描述;变复杂
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. add details, as to an account or idea; clarify the meaning of and discourse in a learned way, usually in writing
                                            2. produce from basic elements or sources; change into a more developed product
                                            3. make more complex, intricate, or richer
                                            4. work out in detail
                                            5. marked by complexity and richness of detail

                                              23

                                              engulf

                                              vt. 吞没;吞食,狼吞虎咽
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. engross (oneself) fully
                                              2. flow over or cover completely

                                                24

                                                eternal

                                                adj. 永恒的;不朽的
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. continuing forever or indefinitely
                                                2. tiresomely long; seemingly without end

                                                  25

                                                  fair

                                                  adj. 公平的;美丽的,白皙的;[气象] 晴朗的
                                                  adv. 公平地;直接地;清楚地
                                                  vi. 转晴
                                                  n. 展览会;市集;美人
                                                  n. (Fair)人名;(英、芬)费尔
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. a traveling show; having sideshows and rides and games of skill etc.
                                                  2. gathering of producers to promote business
                                                  3. a competitive exhibition of farm products
                                                  4. a sale of miscellany; often for charity
                                                  5. join so that the external surfaces blend smoothly

                                                    26

                                                    fairly

                                                    adv. 相当地;公平地;简直
                                                    n. (Fairly)人名;(英)费尔利
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. to a moderately sufficient extent or degree
                                                    2. without favoring one party, in a fair evenhanded manner
                                                    3. in conformity with the rules or laws and without fraud or cheating

                                                      27

                                                      feudal

                                                      adj. 封建制度的;领地的;世仇的
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. of or relating to or characteristic of feudalism

                                                        28

                                                        function

                                                        n. 功能;[数] 函数;职责;盛大的集会
                                                        vi. 运行;活动;行使职责
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. a mathematical relation such that each element of one set is associated with at least one element of another set
                                                        2. what something is used for
                                                        3. the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group
                                                        4. a relation such that one thing is dependent on another
                                                        5. a formal or official social gathering or ceremony

                                                          29

                                                          gradual

                                                          adj. 逐渐的;平缓的
                                                          n. 弥撒升阶圣歌集
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. (Roman Catholic Church) an antiphon (usually from the Book of Psalms) immediately after the epistle at Mass
                                                          2. proceeding in small stages
                                                          3. (of a topographical gradient) not steep or abrupt

                                                            30

                                                            heed

                                                            vi. 注意,留心
                                                            n. 注意到;留心到
                                                            vt. 注意,留心
                                                            n. (Heed)人名;(瑞典)赫德
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. paying particular notice (as to children or helpless people)
                                                            2. pay close attention to; give heed to

                                                              31

                                                              hibernation

                                                              n. 冬眠;过冬;避寒
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. the torpid or resting state in which some animals pass the winter
                                                              2. cessation from or slowing of activity during the winter; especially slowing of metabolism in some animals
                                                              3. the act of retiring into inactivity

                                                                32

                                                                hollow

                                                                adj. 空的;中空的,空腹的;凹的;虚伪的
                                                                n. 洞;山谷;窟窿
                                                                vt. 使成为空洞
                                                                vi. 形成空洞
                                                                adv. 彻底地;无用地
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. a cavity or space in something
                                                                2. a small valley between mountains
                                                                3. a depression hollowed out of solid matter
                                                                4. remove the inner part or the core of
                                                                5. remove the interior of

                                                                  33

                                                                  horizon

                                                                  n. [天] 地平线;视野;眼界;范围
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. the line at which the sky and Earth appear to meet
                                                                  2. the range of interest or activity that can be anticipated
                                                                  3. a specific layer or stratum of soil or subsoil in a vertical cross section of land
                                                                  4. the great circle on the celestial sphere whose plane passes through the sensible horizon and the center of the Earth

                                                                    34

                                                                    illuminate

                                                                    vt. 阐明,说明;照亮;使灿烂;用灯装饰
                                                                    vi. 照亮
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. make lighter or brighter
                                                                    2. make free from confusion or ambiguity; make clear
                                                                    3. add embellishments and paintings to (medieval manuscripts)

                                                                      35

                                                                      implement

                                                                      vt. 实施,执行;实现,使生效
                                                                      n. 工具,器具;手段
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. instrumentation (a piece of equipment or tool) used to effect an end
                                                                      2. apply in a manner consistent with its purpose or design
                                                                      3. ensure observance of laws and rules
                                                                      4. pursue to a conclusion or bring to a successful issue

                                                                        36

                                                                        incense

                                                                        vt. 向…焚香;使…发怒
                                                                        n. 香;奉承
                                                                        vi. 焚香
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. a substance that produces a fragrant odor when burned
                                                                        2. the pleasing scent produced when incense is burned
                                                                        3. perfume especially with a censer
                                                                        4. make furious

                                                                          37

                                                                          insist

                                                                          vt. 坚持,强调
                                                                          vi. 坚持,强调
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                          1. be emphatic or resolute and refuse to budge
                                                                          2. beg persistently and urgently
                                                                          3. assert to be true

                                                                            38

                                                                            launch

                                                                            vt. 发射(导弹、火箭等);发起,发动;使…下水
                                                                            vi. 开始;下水;起飞
                                                                            n. 发射;发行,投放市场;下水;汽艇
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. a motorboat with an open deck or a half deck
                                                                            2. the act of propelling with force
                                                                            3. set up or found
                                                                            4. propel with force
                                                                            5. launch for the first time; launch on a maiden voyage

                                                                              39

                                                                              linguist

                                                                              n. 语言学家
                                                                              学多种外语的人
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. a specialist in linguistics
                                                                              2. a person who speaks more than one language

                                                                                40

                                                                                longevity

                                                                                n. 长寿,长命;寿命
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. duration of service
                                                                                2. the property of being long-lived

                                                                                  41

                                                                                  management

                                                                                  n. 管理;管理人员;管理部门;操纵;经营手段
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. the act of managing something
                                                                                  2. those in charge of running a business

                                                                                    42

                                                                                    medal

                                                                                    n. 勋章,奖章;纪念章
                                                                                    n. (Medal)人名;(西、捷)梅达尔
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. an award for winning a championship or commemorating some other event

                                                                                      43

                                                                                      medieval

                                                                                      adj. 中世纪的;原始的;仿中世纪的;老式的
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                      1. relating to or belonging to the Middle Ages
                                                                                      2. as if belonging to the Middle Ages; old-fashioned and unenlightened
                                                                                      3. characteristic of the time of chivalry and knighthood in the Middle Ages

                                                                                        44

                                                                                        meteorology

                                                                                        n. 气象状态,气象学
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. predicting what the weather will be
                                                                                        2. the earth science dealing with phenomena of the atmosphere (especially weather)

                                                                                          45

                                                                                          microscope

                                                                                          n. 显微镜
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. magnifier of the image of small objects

                                                                                            46

                                                                                            mock

                                                                                            vt. 嘲弄;模仿;使…失望;使…无效
                                                                                            vi. 嘲弄,嘲笑
                                                                                            n. 嘲弄;仿制品;嘲笑对象
                                                                                            adj. 模拟的;假装的;伪造的
                                                                                            adv. 虚伪地
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. the act of mocking or ridiculing
                                                                                            2. treat with contempt
                                                                                            3. imitate with mockery and derision
                                                                                            4. constituting a copy or imitation of something

                                                                                              47

                                                                                              nourishment

                                                                                              n. 食物;营养品;滋养品
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. a source of materials to nourish the body
                                                                                              2. the act of nourishing

                                                                                                48

                                                                                                numerous

                                                                                                adj. 许多的,很多的
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. amounting to a large indefinite number

                                                                                                  49

                                                                                                  obscure

                                                                                                  adj. 昏暗的,朦胧的;晦涩的,不清楚的;隐蔽的;不著名的,无名的
                                                                                                  vt. 使…模糊不清,掩盖;隐藏;使难理解
                                                                                                  n. 某种模糊的或不清楚的东西
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. make less visible or unclear
                                                                                                  2. make unclear, indistinct, or blurred
                                                                                                  3. make obscure or unclear
                                                                                                  4. make undecipherable or imperceptible by obscuring or concealing
                                                                                                  5. make difficult to perceive by sight

                                                                                                    50

                                                                                                    phenomenon

                                                                                                    n. 现象;奇迹;杰出的人才
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                    1. any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning
                                                                                                    2. a remarkable development

                                                                                                      51

                                                                                                      pit

                                                                                                      n. 矿井;深坑;陷阱;(物体或人体表面上的)凹陷;(英国剧场的)正厅后排;正厅后排的观众
                                                                                                      vt. 使竞争;窖藏;使凹下;去…之核;使留疤痕
                                                                                                      vi. 凹陷;起凹点
                                                                                                      n. (Pit)人名;(东南亚国家华语)必
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. a sizeable hole (usually in the ground)
                                                                                                      2. a concavity in a surface (especially an anatomical depression)
                                                                                                      3. the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed
                                                                                                      4. (Christianity) the abode of Satan and the forces of evil; where sinners suffer eternal punishment
                                                                                                      5. a trap in the form of a concealed hole

                                                                                                        52

                                                                                                        plumage

                                                                                                        n. 翅膀;鸟类羽毛
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. the light horny waterproof structure forming the external covering of birds

                                                                                                          53

                                                                                                          porcelain

                                                                                                          n. 瓷;瓷器
                                                                                                          adj. 瓷制的;精美的
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic

                                                                                                            54

                                                                                                            portion

                                                                                                            n. 部分;一份;命运
                                                                                                            vt. 分配;给…嫁妆
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. something determined in relation to something that includes it
                                                                                                            2. something less than the whole of a human artifact
                                                                                                            3. the allotment of some amount by dividing something
                                                                                                            4. assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group
                                                                                                            5. your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you)

                                                                                                              55

                                                                                                              postpone

                                                                                                              vt. 使…延期;把…放在次要地位;把…放在后面
                                                                                                              vi. 延缓,延迟;延缓发作
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. hold back to a later time

                                                                                                                56

                                                                                                                presidency

                                                                                                                n. 总统(或董事长、会长、大学校长等)的职位(任期);管辖;支配
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. the tenure of a president
                                                                                                                2. the office and function of president

                                                                                                                  57

                                                                                                                  productivity

                                                                                                                  n. 生产力;生产率;生产能力
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. the quality of being productive or having the power to produce
                                                                                                                  2. (economics) the ratio of the quantity and quality of units produced to the labor per unit of time

                                                                                                                    58

                                                                                                                    proponent

                                                                                                                    n. 支持者;建议者;提出认证遗嘱者
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea

                                                                                                                      59

                                                                                                                      protein

                                                                                                                      n. 蛋白质;朊
                                                                                                                      adj. 蛋白质的
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes

                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                        recognize

                                                                                                                        vt. 认出,识别;承认
                                                                                                                        vi. 确认,承认;具结
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. accept (someone) to be what is claimed or accept his power and authority
                                                                                                                        2. be fully aware or cognizant of
                                                                                                                        3. detect with the senses
                                                                                                                        4. perceive to be the same
                                                                                                                        5. grant credentials to

                                                                                                                          61

                                                                                                                          salamander

                                                                                                                          n. 火蜥蜴;蝾螈目动物;耐火的人;烤箱
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. any of various typically terrestrial amphibians that resemble lizards and that return to water only to breed
                                                                                                                          2. reptilian creature supposed to live in fire
                                                                                                                          3. fire iron consisting of a metal rod with a handle; used to stir a fire

                                                                                                                            62

                                                                                                                            seep

                                                                                                                            vi. 漏;渗出
                                                                                                                            n. 小泉;水陆两用的吉普车
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. pass gradually or leak through or as if through small openings

                                                                                                                              63

                                                                                                                              senate

                                                                                                                              n. 参议院,上院;(古罗马的)元老院
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. assembly possessing high legislative powers
                                                                                                                              2. the upper house of the United States Congress

                                                                                                                                64

                                                                                                                                session

                                                                                                                                n. 会议;(法庭的)开庭;(议会等的)开会;学期;讲习会
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. a meeting for execution of a group's functions
                                                                                                                                2. the time during which a school holds classes
                                                                                                                                3. a meeting devoted to a particular activity
                                                                                                                                4. a meeting of spiritualists

                                                                                                                                  65

                                                                                                                                  shortage

                                                                                                                                  n. 缺乏,缺少;不足
                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                  1. the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required
                                                                                                                                  2. an acute insufficiency

                                                                                                                                    66

                                                                                                                                    skip

                                                                                                                                    vi. 跳跃;跳绳;遗漏;跳读
                                                                                                                                    vt. 跳过;遗漏
                                                                                                                                    n. 跳跃;跳读
                                                                                                                                    n. (Skip)人名;(英)斯基普
                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                    1. a gait in which steps and hops alternate
                                                                                                                                    2. a mistake resulting from neglect
                                                                                                                                    3. bypass
                                                                                                                                    4. intentionally fail to attend
                                                                                                                                    5. jump lightly

                                                                                                                                      67

                                                                                                                                      slice

                                                                                                                                      n. 薄片;部分;菜刀,火铲
                                                                                                                                      vt. 切下;把…分成部分;将…切成薄片
                                                                                                                                      vi. 切开;割破
                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                      1. a share of something
                                                                                                                                      2. a serving that has been cut from a larger portion
                                                                                                                                      3. a wound made by cutting
                                                                                                                                      4. a golf shot that curves to the right for a right-handed golfer
                                                                                                                                      5. a thin flat piece cut off of some object

                                                                                                                                        68

                                                                                                                                        slip

                                                                                                                                        vi. 滑动;滑倒;犯错;失足;减退
                                                                                                                                        vt. 使滑动;滑过;摆脱;塞入;闪开
                                                                                                                                        n. 滑,滑倒;片,纸片;错误;下跌;事故
                                                                                                                                        adj. 滑动的;有活结的;活络的
                                                                                                                                        abbr. 串行线路接口协议,是旧式的协议(Serial Line Interface Protocol)
                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                        1. a socially awkward or tactless act
                                                                                                                                        2. a minor inadvertent mistake usually observed in speech or writing or in small accidents or memory lapses etc.
                                                                                                                                        3. potter's clay that is thinned and used for coating or decorating ceramics
                                                                                                                                        4. a part (sometimes a root or leaf or bud) removed from a plant to propagate a new plant through rooting or grafting
                                                                                                                                        5. a young and slender person

                                                                                                                                          69

                                                                                                                                          status

                                                                                                                                          n. 地位;状态;情形;重要身份
                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                          1. the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society
                                                                                                                                          2. a state at a particular time

                                                                                                                                            70

                                                                                                                                            strain

                                                                                                                                            n. 张力;拉紧;负担;扭伤;血缘
                                                                                                                                            vi. 拉紧;尽力
                                                                                                                                            vt. 拉紧;滥用;滤去;竭力
                                                                                                                                            n. (Strain)人名;(英)斯特兰
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                                                                                                                                            1. (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces
                                                                                                                                            2. difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension
                                                                                                                                            3. a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence
                                                                                                                                            4. (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress
                                                                                                                                            5. a special variety of domesticated animals within a species

                                                                                                                                              71

                                                                                                                                              stride

                                                                                                                                              n. 大步;步幅;进展
                                                                                                                                              vt. 跨过;大踏步走过;跨坐在…
                                                                                                                                              vi. 跨;跨过;大步行走
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                                                                                                                                              1. a step in walking or running
                                                                                                                                              2. the distance covered by a step
                                                                                                                                              3. significant progress (especially in the phrase
                                                                                                                                              4. walk with long steps
                                                                                                                                              5. cover or traverse by taking long steps

                                                                                                                                                72

                                                                                                                                                subway

                                                                                                                                                n. 地铁;地道
                                                                                                                                                vi. 乘地铁
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                                                                                                                                                1. an electric railway operating below the surface of the ground (usually in a city)
                                                                                                                                                2. an underground tunnel or passage enabling pedestrians to cross a road or railway

                                                                                                                                                  73

                                                                                                                                                  surge

                                                                                                                                                  n. 汹涌;大浪,波涛;汹涌澎湃;巨涌
                                                                                                                                                  v. 汹涌;起大浪,蜂拥而来
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                                                                                                                                                  1. a sudden forceful flow
                                                                                                                                                  2. a sudden or abrupt strong increase
                                                                                                                                                  3. a large sea wave
                                                                                                                                                  4. rise and move, as in waves or billows
                                                                                                                                                  5. rise rapidly

                                                                                                                                                    74

                                                                                                                                                    terminus

                                                                                                                                                    n. 终点;终点站;界标;界石
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                                                                                                                                                    1. a place where something ends or is complete
                                                                                                                                                    2. the ultimate goal for which something is done
                                                                                                                                                    3. (architecture) a statue or a human bust or an animal carved out of the top of a square pillar; originally used as a boundary marker in ancient Rome
                                                                                                                                                    4. either end of a railroad or bus route
                                                                                                                                                    5. station where transport vehicles load or unload passengers or goods

                                                                                                                                                      75

                                                                                                                                                      territory

                                                                                                                                                      n. 领土,领域;范围;地域;版图
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                                                                                                                                                      1. a region marked off for administrative or other purposes
                                                                                                                                                      2. an area of knowledge or interest
                                                                                                                                                      3. the geographical area under the jurisdiction of a sovereign state

                                                                                                                                                        76

                                                                                                                                                        thereby

                                                                                                                                                        adv. 从而,因此;在那附近;在那方面
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                                                                                                                                                        1. by that means or because of that

                                                                                                                                                          77

                                                                                                                                                          topsoil

                                                                                                                                                          n. 表层土;上层土
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                                                                                                                                                          1. the layer of soil on the surface

                                                                                                                                                            78

                                                                                                                                                            transit

                                                                                                                                                            n. 运输;经过
                                                                                                                                                            vt. 运送
                                                                                                                                                            vi. 经过
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                                                                                                                                                            1. a surveying instrument for measuring horizontal and vertical angles, consisting of a small telescope mounted on a tripod
                                                                                                                                                            2. a facility consisting of the means and equipment necessary for the movement of passengers or goods
                                                                                                                                                            3. a journey usually by ship
                                                                                                                                                            4. make a passage or journey from one place to another
                                                                                                                                                            5. pass across (a sign or house of the zodiac) or pass across (the disk of a celestial body or the meridian of a place)

                                                                                                                                                              79

                                                                                                                                                              unpredictable

                                                                                                                                                              adj. 不可预知的;不定的;出乎意料的
                                                                                                                                                              n. 不可预言的事
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                                                                                                                                                              1. not capable of being foretold
                                                                                                                                                              2. unknown in advance
                                                                                                                                                              3. not occurring at expected times