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Flashcards in List-35 Deck (79)
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1
Q

acoustic

A

adj. 声学的;音响的;听觉的
n. 原声乐器;不用电传音的乐器
n. (Acoustic)人名;(法)阿库斯蒂克
-------------------------------------------

  1. a remedy for hearing loss or deafness
  2. of or relating to the science of acoustics
    2
    Q

    adolescence

    A

    n. 青春期
    -------------------------------------------

    1. the time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood
    2. in the state that someone is in between puberty and adulthood
      3
      Q

      affinity

      A

      n. 密切关系;吸引力;姻亲关系;类同
      -------------------------------------------

      1. the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a molecule
      2. (immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an antibody
      3. (anthropology) kinship by marriage or adoption; not a blood relationship
      4. (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts
      5. a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character
        4
        Q

        alga

        A

        n. 水藻
        n. (Alga)人名;(法、俄)阿尔加
        -------------------------------------------

        1. primitive chlorophyll-containing mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms lacking true stems and roots and leaves
          5
          Q

          anchor

          A

          n. 锚;抛锚停泊;靠山;新闻节目主播
          vt. 抛锚;使固定;主持节目
          vi. 抛锚
          adj. 末捧的;最后一棒的
          -------------------------------------------

          1. a mechanical device that prevents a vessel from moving
          2. a central cohesive source of support and stability
          3. a television reporter who coordinates a broadcast to which several correspondents contribute
          4. fix firmly and stably
          5. secure a vessel with an anchor
            6
            Q

            appetite

            A

            n. 食欲;嗜好
            -------------------------------------------

            1. a feeling of craving something
              7
              Q

              argue

              A

              vi. 争论,辩论;提出理由
              vt. 辩论,争论;证明;说服
              n. (Argue)人名;(英、法)阿格
              -------------------------------------------

              1. present reasons and arguments
              2. have an argument about something
              3. give evidence of
                8
                Q

                assemble

                A

                vt. 集合,聚集;装配;收集
                vi. 集合,聚集
                -------------------------------------------

                1. create by putting components or members together
                2. collect in one place
                3. get people together
                  9
                  Q

                  average

                  A

                  n. 平均;平均数;海损
                  adj. 平均的;普通的
                  vt. 算出…的平均数;将…平均分配;使…平衡
                  vi. 平均为;呈中间色
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. a statistic describing the location of a distribution
                  2. amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain
                  3. achieve or reach on average
                  4. compute the average of
                  5. approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value
                    10
                    Q

                    belt

                    A

                    n. 带;腰带;地带
                    vt. 用带子系住;用皮带抽打
                    vi. 猛击
                    n. (Belt)人名;(英、法、德、西)贝尔特
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. endless loop of flexible material between two rotating shafts or pulleys
                    2. a band to tie or buckle around the body (usually at the waist)
                    3. an elongated region where a specific condition is found
                    4. a vigorous blow
                    5. a path or strip (as cut by one course of mowing)
                      11
                      Q

                      bicameral

                      A

                      adj. 两院制的;有两个议院的
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. composed of two legislative bodies
                      2. consisting of two chambers
                        12
                        Q

                        boast

                        A

                        vt. 夸口说,自吹自擂说;以有…而自豪
                        n. 自夸;值得夸耀的事物,引以为荣的事物
                        vi. 自吹自擂
                        n. (Boast)人名;(英)博斯特
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. speaking of yourself in superlatives
                        2. show off
                        3. wear or display in an ostentatious or proud manner
                          13
                          Q

                          braid

                          A

                          vt. 编织
                          n. 辫子;穗带;发辫
                          n. (Braid)人名;(英)布雷德
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a hairdo formed by braiding or twisting the hair
                          2. trimming used to decorate clothes or curtains
                          3. make by braiding or interlacing
                          4. decorate with braids or ribbons
                          5. form or weave into a braid or braids
                            14
                            Q

                            bruise

                            A

                            n. 擦伤;挫伤;青肿
                            vt. 使受瘀伤;使受挫伤
                            vi. 擦伤;受伤
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
                            2. injure the underlying soft tissue of bone of
                            3. hurt the feelings of
                            4. break up into small pieces for food preparation
                            5. damage (plant tissue) by abrasion of pressure
                              15
                              Q

                              canvas

                              A

                              n. 帆布
                              vt. 用帆布覆盖,用帆布装备
                              adj. 帆布制的
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents)
                              2. an oil painting on canvas fabric
                              3. the setting for a narrative or fictional or dramatic account
                              4. a tent made of canvas fabric
                              5. a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel
                                16
                                Q

                                casual

                                A

                                adj. 随便的;非正式的;临时的;偶然的
                                n. 便装;临时工人;待命士兵
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. marked by blithe unconcern
                                2. without or seeming to be without plan or method; offhand
                                3. suited for everyday use
                                4. occurring or appearing or singled out by chance
                                5. hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough
                                  17
                                  Q

                                  catalog

                                  A

                                  n. [图情][计] 目录;登记
                                  vt. 登记;为…编目录
                                  vi. 编目录;按确定价格收入目录(等于catalogue)
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. a book or pamphlet containing an enumeration of things
                                  2. a complete list of things; usually arranged systematically
                                  3. make a catalogue, compile a catalogue
                                  4. make an itemized list or catalog of; classify
                                    18
                                    Q

                                    chain

                                    A

                                    n. 链;束缚;枷锁
                                    vt. 束缚;囚禁;用铁链锁住
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. a series of things depending on each other as if linked together
                                    2. (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule)
                                    3. a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament
                                    4. a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership
                                    5. anything that acts as a restraint
                                      19
                                      Q

                                      cliff

                                      A

                                      n. 悬崖;绝壁
                                      n. (Cliff)人名;(英)克利夫
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. a steep high face of rock
                                        20
                                        Q

                                        conscious

                                        A

                                        adj. 意识到的;故意的;神志清醒的
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. intentionally conceived
                                        2. knowing and perceiving; having awareness of surroundings and sensations and thoughts
                                        3. (followed by `of') showing realization or recognition of something
                                          21
                                          Q

                                          conserve

                                          A

                                          vt. 保存;将…做成蜜饯;使守恒
                                          n. 果酱;蜜饯
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. fruit preserved by cooking with sugar
                                          2. keep constant through physical or chemical reactions or evolutionary change
                                          3. keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction
                                          4. use cautiously and frugally
                                          5. preserve with sugar
                                            22
                                            Q

                                            craft

                                            A

                                            n. 工艺;手艺;太空船
                                            vt. 精巧地制作
                                            n. (Craft)人名;(英、德、罗)克拉夫特
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. the skilled practice of a practical occupation
                                            2. a vehicle designed for navigation in or on water or air or through outer space
                                            3. people who perform a particular kind of skilled work
                                            4. skill in an occupation or trade
                                            5. shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception
                                              23
                                              Q

                                              crest

                                              A

                                              n. [物] 波峰;冠;山顶;顶饰
                                              vi. 到达绝顶;形成浪峰
                                              n. (Crest)人名;(法)克雷
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. the top line of a hill, mountain, or wave
                                              2. the top point of a mountain or hill
                                              3. the center of a cambered road
                                              4. (heraldry) in medieval times, an emblem used to decorate a helmet
                                              5. a showy growth of e.g. feathers or skin on the head of a bird or other animal
                                                24
                                                Q

                                                crustacean

                                                A

                                                adj. 甲壳纲的
                                                n. 甲壳纲动物
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. any mainly aquatic arthropod usually having a segmented body and chitinous exoskeleton
                                                2. of or belonging to the class Crustacea
                                                  25
                                                  Q

                                                  dam

                                                  A

                                                  v. 控制;筑坝
                                                  n. [水利] 水坝;障碍
                                                  n. (Dam)人名;(英、法、丹、德、瑞典)达姆;(老)丹
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. a barrier constructed to contain the flow of water or to keep out the sea
                                                  2. a metric unit of length equal to ten meters
                                                  3. female parent of an animal especially domestic livestock
                                                  4. obstruct with, or as if with, a dam
                                                    26
                                                    Q

                                                    democracy

                                                    A

                                                    n. 民主,民主主义;民主政治
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. the political orientation of those who favor government by the people or by their elected representatives
                                                    2. a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
                                                    3. the doctrine that the numerical majority of an organized group can make decisions binding on the whole group
                                                      27
                                                      Q

                                                      dent

                                                      A

                                                      n. 凹痕;削弱;减少;齿
                                                      vi. 产生凹陷;凹进去;削减
                                                      vt. 削弱;使产生凹痕
                                                      n. (Dent)人名;(英、葡)登特
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. an appreciable consequence (especially a lessening)
                                                      2. a depression scratched or carved into a surface
                                                      3. an impression in a surface (as made by a blow)
                                                      4. make a depression into
                                                        28
                                                        Q

                                                        disintegrate

                                                        A

                                                        vt. 使分解;使碎裂;使崩溃;使衰变
                                                        vi. 瓦解;碎裂;衰变
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. break into parts or components or lose cohesion or unity
                                                        2. cause to undergo fission or lose particles
                                                        3. lose a stored charge, magnetic flux, or current
                                                          29
                                                          Q

                                                          downtown

                                                          A

                                                          adv. 往闹市区;在市区
                                                          adj. 市中心的
                                                          n. 市中心区;三分线以外
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. the commercial center of a town or city
                                                          2. of or located in the lower part of a town, or in the business center
                                                          3. toward or in the lower or central part of town
                                                            30
                                                            Q

                                                            effectiveness

                                                            A

                                                            n. 效力
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. power to be effective; the quality of being able to bring about an effect
                                                            2. capacity to produce strong physiological or chemical effects
                                                              31
                                                              Q

                                                              eloquent

                                                              A

                                                              adj. 意味深长的;雄辩的,有口才的;有说服力的;动人的
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively
                                                                32
                                                                Q

                                                                encounter

                                                                A

                                                                vt. 遭遇,邂逅;遇到
                                                                n. 遭遇,偶然碰见
                                                                vi. 遭遇;偶然相遇
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. a minor short-term fight
                                                                2. a casual or unexpected convergence
                                                                3. a casual meeting with a person of thing
                                                                4. a hostile disagreement face-to-face
                                                                5. come together
                                                                  33
                                                                  Q

                                                                  equality

                                                                  A

                                                                  n. 平等;相等;[数] 等式
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. the quality of being the same in quantity or measure or value or status
                                                                  2. a state of being essentially equal or equivalent; equally balanced
                                                                    34
                                                                    Q

                                                                    establish

                                                                    A

                                                                    vt. 建立;创办;安置
                                                                    vi. 植物定植
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. set up or found
                                                                    2. set up or lay the groundwork for
                                                                    3. establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment
                                                                    4. institute, enact, or establish
                                                                    5. bring about
                                                                      35
                                                                      Q

                                                                      exhale

                                                                      A

                                                                      vt. 呼气;发出;发散;使蒸发
                                                                      vi. 呼气;发出;发散
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. expel air
                                                                      2. give out (breath or an odor)
                                                                        36
                                                                        Q

                                                                        fauna

                                                                        A

                                                                        n. 动物群;[动] 动物区系
                                                                        n. (Fauna)人名;(瑞典)福纳
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. all the animal life in a particular region or period
                                                                        2. a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
                                                                          37
                                                                          Q

                                                                          fertilize

                                                                          A

                                                                          vt. 使受精;使肥沃
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                          1. provide with fertilizers or add nutrients to
                                                                          2. make fertile or productive
                                                                          3. introduce semen into (a female)
                                                                            38
                                                                            Q

                                                                            formidable

                                                                            A

                                                                            adj. 强大的;可怕的;令人敬畏的;艰难的
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. extremely impressive in strength or excellence
                                                                            2. inspiring fear
                                                                              39
                                                                              Q

                                                                              gaseous

                                                                              A

                                                                              adj. 气态的,气体的;无实质的
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. existing as or having characteristics of a gas
                                                                                40
                                                                                Q

                                                                                grant

                                                                                A

                                                                                vt. 授予;允许;承认
                                                                                vi. 同意
                                                                                n. 拨款;[法] 授予物
                                                                                n. (Grant)人名;(瑞典、葡、西、俄、罗、英、塞、德、意)格兰特;(法)格朗
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. any monetary aid
                                                                                2. the act of providing a subsidy
                                                                                3. (law) a transfer of property by deed of conveyance
                                                                                4. Scottish painter; cousin of Lytton Strachey and member of the Bloomsbury Group (1885-1978)
                                                                                5. United States actor (born in England) who was the elegant leading man in many films (1904-1986)
                                                                                  41
                                                                                  Q

                                                                                  handful

                                                                                  A

                                                                                  n. 少数;一把;棘手事
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. a small number or amount
                                                                                  2. the quantity that can be held in the hand
                                                                                    42
                                                                                    Q

                                                                                    household

                                                                                    A

                                                                                    adj. 家庭的;日常的;王室的
                                                                                    n. 家庭;一家人
                                                                                    n. (Household)人名;(英)豪斯霍尔德
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. a social unit living together
                                                                                      43
                                                                                      Q

                                                                                      imagist

                                                                                      A

                                                                                      n. 意象派诗人
                                                                                      adj. 意象派的
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        44
                                                                                        Q

                                                                                        impulse

                                                                                        A

                                                                                        n. 冲动;[电子] 脉冲;刺激;神经冲动;推动力
                                                                                        vt. 推动
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. an instinctive motive
                                                                                        2. a sudden desire
                                                                                        3. the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber
                                                                                        4. (electronics) a sharp transient wave in the normal electrical state (or a series of such transients)
                                                                                        5. the act of applying force suddenly
                                                                                          45
                                                                                          Q

                                                                                          inanimate

                                                                                          A

                                                                                          adj. 无生命的;无生气的
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. belonging to the class of nouns denoting nonliving things
                                                                                          2. not endowed with life
                                                                                          3. appearing dead; not breathing or having no perceptible pulse
                                                                                            46
                                                                                            Q

                                                                                            incentive

                                                                                            A

                                                                                            n. 动机;刺激
                                                                                            adj. 激励的;刺激的
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. a positive motivational influence
                                                                                            2. an additional payment (or other remuneration) to employees as a means of increasing output
                                                                                              47
                                                                                              Q

                                                                                              inject

                                                                                              A

                                                                                              vt. 注入;注射
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. give an injection to
                                                                                              2. to introduce (a new aspect or element)
                                                                                              3. force or drive (a fluid or gas) into by piercing
                                                                                              4. take by injection
                                                                                              5. feed intravenously
                                                                                                48
                                                                                                Q

                                                                                                inscribe

                                                                                                A

                                                                                                vt. 题写;题献;铭记;雕
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface
                                                                                                2. register formally as a participant or member
                                                                                                3. draw within a figure so as to touch in as many places as possible
                                                                                                4. write, engrave, or print as a lasting record
                                                                                                5. mark with one's signature
                                                                                                  49
                                                                                                  Q

                                                                                                  kiln

                                                                                                  A

                                                                                                  vt. 烧窑;在干燥炉干燥
                                                                                                  n. (砖,石灰等的)窑;炉;干燥炉
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. a furnace for firing or burning or drying such things as porcelain or bricks
                                                                                                    50
                                                                                                    Q

                                                                                                    laster

                                                                                                    A

                                                                                                    n. 持久之人;上鞋楦的人
                                                                                                    n. (Laster)人名;(英、法、德)拉斯特
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      51
                                                                                                      Q

                                                                                                      loan

                                                                                                      A

                                                                                                      n. 贷款;借款
                                                                                                      vi. 借出
                                                                                                      vt. 借;借给
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. the temporary provision of money (usually at interest)
                                                                                                      2. a word borrowed from another language; e.g. `blitz' is a German word borrowed into modern English
                                                                                                      3. give temporarily; let have for a limited time
                                                                                                        52
                                                                                                        Q

                                                                                                        minimal

                                                                                                        A

                                                                                                        adj. 最低的;最小限度的
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. the least possible
                                                                                                          53
                                                                                                          Q

                                                                                                          opaque

                                                                                                          A

                                                                                                          adj. 不透明的;不传热的;迟钝的
                                                                                                          n. 不透明物
                                                                                                          vt. 使不透明;使不反光
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. not clear; not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy
                                                                                                          2. not clearly understood or expressed
                                                                                                            54
                                                                                                            Q

                                                                                                            pedagogy

                                                                                                            A

                                                                                                            n. 教育;教育学;教授法
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. the principles and methods of instruction
                                                                                                            2. the profession of a teacher
                                                                                                            3. the activities of educating or instructing; activities that impart knowledge or skill
                                                                                                              55
                                                                                                              Q

                                                                                                              polish

                                                                                                              A

                                                                                                              n. 磨光,擦亮;擦亮剂;优雅,精良
                                                                                                              vi. 擦亮,变光滑
                                                                                                              vt. 磨光,使发亮;使完美; 改进
                                                                                                              v. 磨光;修改;润色
                                                                                                              adj. 波兰的
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. the property of being smooth and shiny
                                                                                                              2. a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality
                                                                                                              3. a preparation used in polishing
                                                                                                              4. the Slavic language of Poland
                                                                                                              5. make (a surface) shine
                                                                                                                56
                                                                                                                Q

                                                                                                                pollinator

                                                                                                                A

                                                                                                                n. 传粉者,传粉媒介,传粉昆虫;授花粉器
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. an insect that carries pollen from one flower to another
                                                                                                                  57
                                                                                                                  Q

                                                                                                                  progressive

                                                                                                                  A

                                                                                                                  adj. 进步的;先进的
                                                                                                                  n. 改革论者;进步分子
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. a tense of verbs used in describing action that is on-going
                                                                                                                  2. a person who favors a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties
                                                                                                                  3. favoring or promoting progress
                                                                                                                  4. favoring or promoting reform (often by government action)
                                                                                                                  5. (of taxes) adjusted so that the rate increases as the amount of income increases
                                                                                                                    58
                                                                                                                    Q

                                                                                                                    rank

                                                                                                                    A

                                                                                                                    n. 排;等级;军衔;队列
                                                                                                                    adj. 讨厌的;恶臭的;繁茂的
                                                                                                                    vt. 排列;把…分等
                                                                                                                    vi. 列为;列队
                                                                                                                    n. (Rank)人名;(英、德、芬、捷)兰克
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. a row or line of people (especially soldiers or police) standing abreast of one another
                                                                                                                    2. relative status
                                                                                                                    3. the ordinary members of an organization (such as the enlisted soldiers of an army)
                                                                                                                    4. position in a social hierarchy
                                                                                                                    5. the body of members of an organization or group
                                                                                                                      59
                                                                                                                      Q

                                                                                                                      reinforce

                                                                                                                      A

                                                                                                                      vt. 加强,加固;强化;补充
                                                                                                                      vi. 求援;得到增援;给予更多的支持
                                                                                                                      n. 加强;加固物;加固材料
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. make stronger
                                                                                                                      2. strengthen and support with rewards
                                                                                                                        60
                                                                                                                        Q

                                                                                                                        restrict

                                                                                                                        A

                                                                                                                        vt. 限制;约束;限定
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. place restrictions on
                                                                                                                        2. place under restrictions; limit access to
                                                                                                                        3. place limits on (extent or access)
                                                                                                                        4. make more specific
                                                                                                                          61
                                                                                                                          Q

                                                                                                                          revival

                                                                                                                          A

                                                                                                                          n. 复兴;复活;苏醒;恢复精神;再生效
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. bringing again into activity and prominence
                                                                                                                          2. an evangelistic meeting intended to reawaken interest in religion
                                                                                                                            62
                                                                                                                            Q

                                                                                                                            ritual

                                                                                                                            A

                                                                                                                            n. 仪式;惯例;礼制
                                                                                                                            adj. 仪式的;例行的;礼节性的
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. any customary observance or practice
                                                                                                                            2. the prescribed procedure for conducting religious ceremonies
                                                                                                                            3. stereotyped behavior
                                                                                                                            4. of or relating to or characteristic of religious rituals
                                                                                                                            5. of or relating to or employed in social rites or rituals
                                                                                                                              63
                                                                                                                              Q

                                                                                                                              routine

                                                                                                                              A

                                                                                                                              n. [计] 程序;日常工作;例行公事
                                                                                                                              adj. 日常的;例行的
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. an unvarying or habitual method or procedure
                                                                                                                              2. a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program
                                                                                                                              3. a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program
                                                                                                                              4. occurring at fixed times or predictable intervals
                                                                                                                              5. found in the ordinary course of events
                                                                                                                                64
                                                                                                                                Q

                                                                                                                                saddle

                                                                                                                                A

                                                                                                                                n. 鞍,鞍状物;车座;拖具
                                                                                                                                vt. 承受;使负担;装以马鞍
                                                                                                                                vi. 跨上马鞍
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. a seat for the rider of a horse
                                                                                                                                2. a pass or ridge that slopes gently between two peaks (is shaped like a saddle)
                                                                                                                                3. cut of meat (especially mutton or lamb) consisting of part of the backbone and both loins
                                                                                                                                4. a piece of leather across the instep of a shoe
                                                                                                                                5. a seat for the rider of a bicycle
                                                                                                                                  65
                                                                                                                                  Q

                                                                                                                                  seasoning

                                                                                                                                  A

                                                                                                                                  n. 调味品;佐料;风干;增添趣味的东西
                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                  1. something added to food primarily for the savor it imparts
                                                                                                                                  2. the act of adding a seasoning to food
                                                                                                                                    66
                                                                                                                                    Q

                                                                                                                                    shift

                                                                                                                                    A

                                                                                                                                    n. 移动;变化;手段;轮班
                                                                                                                                    vi. 移动;转变;转换
                                                                                                                                    vt. 转移;改变;替换
                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                    1. an event in which something is displaced without rotation
                                                                                                                                    2. a qualitative change
                                                                                                                                    3. the time period during which you are at work
                                                                                                                                    4. the act of changing one thing or position for another
                                                                                                                                    5. the act of moving from one place to another
                                                                                                                                      67
                                                                                                                                      Q

                                                                                                                                      soloist

                                                                                                                                      A

                                                                                                                                      n. 独奏者;独唱者
                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                      1. a musician who performs a solo
                                                                                                                                        68
                                                                                                                                        Q

                                                                                                                                        space

                                                                                                                                        A

                                                                                                                                        n. 空间;太空;距离
                                                                                                                                        vi. 留间隔
                                                                                                                                        vt. 隔开
                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                        1. the unlimited expanse in which everything is located
                                                                                                                                        2. an empty area (usually bounded in some way between things)
                                                                                                                                        3. an area reserved for some particular purpose
                                                                                                                                        4. a blank character used to separate successive words in writing or printing
                                                                                                                                        5. the interval between two times
                                                                                                                                          69
                                                                                                                                          Q

                                                                                                                                          spilt

                                                                                                                                          A

                                                                                                                                          v. 洒出的,溢出的(spill的过去式及过去分词)
                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                          1. liquid that is spilled
                                                                                                                                          2. a channel that carries excess water over or around a dam or other obstruction
                                                                                                                                          3. the act of allowing a fluid to escape
                                                                                                                                          4. a sudden drop from an upright position
                                                                                                                                          5. cause or allow (a liquid substance) to run or flow from a container
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            Q

                                                                                                                                            squirt

                                                                                                                                            A

                                                                                                                                            n. 喷射;注射
                                                                                                                                            vt. 喷湿
                                                                                                                                            vi. 喷出
                                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                            1. someone who is small and insignificant
                                                                                                                                            2. the occurrence of a sudden discharge (as of liquid)
                                                                                                                                            3. cause to come out in a squirt
                                                                                                                                            4. wet with a spurt of liquid
                                                                                                                                              71
                                                                                                                                              Q

                                                                                                                                              static

                                                                                                                                              A

                                                                                                                                              adj. 静态的;静电的;静力的
                                                                                                                                              n. 静电;静电干扰
                                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                              1. a crackling or hissing noise cause by electrical interference
                                                                                                                                              2. angry criticism
                                                                                                                                              3. not active or moving
                                                                                                                                              4. not in physical motion
                                                                                                                                              5. concerned with or producing or caused by static electricity
                                                                                                                                                72
                                                                                                                                                Q

                                                                                                                                                steep

                                                                                                                                                A

                                                                                                                                                adj. 陡峭的;不合理的;夸大的;急剧升降的
                                                                                                                                                vt. 泡;浸;使…充满
                                                                                                                                                vi. 泡;沉浸
                                                                                                                                                n. 峭壁;浸渍
                                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                1. a steep place (as on a hill)
                                                                                                                                                2. engross (oneself) fully
                                                                                                                                                3. let sit in a liquid to extract a flavor or to cleanse
                                                                                                                                                4. having a sharp inclination
                                                                                                                                                5. greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation
                                                                                                                                                  73
                                                                                                                                                  Q

                                                                                                                                                  strategy

                                                                                                                                                  A

                                                                                                                                                  n. 战略,策略
                                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                  1. an elaborate and systematic plan of action
                                                                                                                                                  2. the branch of military science dealing with military command and the planning and conduct of a war
                                                                                                                                                    74
                                                                                                                                                    Q

                                                                                                                                                    thaw

                                                                                                                                                    A

                                                                                                                                                    vi. 融解;变暖和
                                                                                                                                                    vt. 使融解;使变得不拘束
                                                                                                                                                    n. 解冻;融雪
                                                                                                                                                    n. (Thaw)人名;(缅)陶
                                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                    1. the process whereby heat changes something from a solid to a liquid
                                                                                                                                                    2. warm weather following a freeze; snow and ice melt
                                                                                                                                                    3. a relaxation or slackening of tensions or reserve; becoming less hostile
                                                                                                                                                    4. become or cause to become soft or liquid
                                                                                                                                                      75
                                                                                                                                                      Q

                                                                                                                                                      thorny

                                                                                                                                                      A

                                                                                                                                                      adj. 多刺的;痛苦的;令人苦恼的
                                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                      1. bristling with perplexities
                                                                                                                                                      2. having or covered with protective barbs or quills or spines or thorns or setae etc.
                                                                                                                                                        76
                                                                                                                                                        Q

                                                                                                                                                        toxic

                                                                                                                                                        A

                                                                                                                                                        adj. 有毒的;中毒的
                                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                        1. of or relating to or caused by a toxin or poison
                                                                                                                                                          77
                                                                                                                                                          Q

                                                                                                                                                          typify

                                                                                                                                                          A

                                                                                                                                                          vt. 代表;作为…的典型;具有…的特点
                                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                          1. embody the essential characteristics of or be a typical example of
                                                                                                                                                          2. express indirectly by an image, form, or model; be a symbol
                                                                                                                                                            78
                                                                                                                                                            Q

                                                                                                                                                            virtue

                                                                                                                                                            A

                                                                                                                                                            n. 美德;优点;贞操;功效
                                                                                                                                                            n. (Virtue)人名;(英)弗丘
                                                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                            1. the quality of doing what is right and avoiding what is wrong
                                                                                                                                                            2. any admirable quality or attribute
                                                                                                                                                            3. morality with respect to sexual relations
                                                                                                                                                            4. a particular moral excellence
                                                                                                                                                              79
                                                                                                                                                              Q

                                                                                                                                                              virtuous

                                                                                                                                                              A

                                                                                                                                                              adj. 善良的;有道德的;贞洁的;正直的;有效力的
                                                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                              1. morally excellent
                                                                                                                                                              2. in a state of sexual virginity