List-40 Flashcards Preview

TOEFL-45 > List-40 > Flashcards

Flashcards in List-40 Deck (80)
Loading flashcards...
1

alloy

vt. 使成合金;使减低成色
n. 合金
vi. 易于铸成合金
n. (Alloy)人名;(英)阿洛伊
-------------------------------------------

  1. a mixture containing two or more metallic elements or metallic and nonmetallic elements usually fused together or dissolving into each other when molten
  2. the state of impairing the quality or reducing the value of something
  3. lower in value by increasing the base-metal content
  4. make an alloy of

    2

    altitude

    n. 高地;高度;[数] 顶垂线;(等级和地位等的)高级
    -------------------------------------------

    1. elevation especially above sea level or above the earth's surface
    2. the perpendicular distance from the base of a geometric figure to opposite vertex (or side if parallel)
    3. angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)

      3

      arrange

      vt. 安排;排列;整理
      vi. 安排;排列;协商
      -------------------------------------------

      1. put into a proper or systematic order
      2. make arrangements for
      3. plan, organize, and carry out (an event)
      4. set (printed matter) into a specific format
      5. arrange attractively

        4

        backup

        n. 支持;后援;阻塞
        adj. 支持的;候补的
        vt. 做备份
        -------------------------------------------

        1. an accumulation caused by clogging or a stoppage
        2. someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult)
        3. a subordinate musical part; provides background for more important parts
        4. (computer science) a copy of a file or directory on a separate storage device
        5. the act of providing approval and support

          5

          blame

          vt. 责备;归咎于
          n. 责备;责任;过失
          -------------------------------------------

          1. an accusation that you are responsible for some lapse or misdeed
          2. a reproach for some lapse or misdeed
          3. put or pin the blame on
          4. harass with constant criticism
          5. attribute responsibility to

            6

            blink

            vt. 眨眼;使…闪烁
            vi. 眨眼;闪烁
            n. 眨眼;瞬间;闪光
            n. (Blink)人名;(德)布林克
            -------------------------------------------

            1. a reflex that closes and opens the eyes rapidly
            2. briefly shut the eyes
            3. force to go away by blinking
            4. gleam or glow intermittently

              7

              blur

              vt. 涂污;使…模糊不清;使暗淡;玷污
              vi. 沾上污迹;变模糊
              n. 污迹;模糊不清的事物
              -------------------------------------------

              1. a hazy or indistinct representation
              2. become glassy; lose clear vision
              3. to make less distinct or clear
              4. make unclear, indistinct, or blurred
              5. make a smudge on; soil by smudging

                8

                boulder

                n. 卵石,大圆石;巨砾
                -------------------------------------------

                1. a large smooth mass of rock detached from its place of origin
                2. a town in north central Colorado; Rocky Mountains resort center and university town

                  9

                  cancel

                  vt. 取消;删去
                  vi. 取消;相互抵销
                  n. 取消,撤销
                  n. (Cancel)人名;(法)康塞尔
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. a notation cancelling a previous sharp or flat
                  2. postpone indefinitely or annul something that was scheduled
                  3. make up for
                  4. declare null and void; make ineffective
                  5. remove or make invisible

                    10

                    cashier

                    n. 出纳员;司库;收银员
                    vt. 解雇;抛弃
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. an employee of a bank who receives and pays out money
                    2. a person responsible for receiving payments for goods and services (as in a shop or restaurant)
                    3. discard or do away with
                    4. discharge with dishonor, as in the army

                      11

                      centigrade

                      adj. 摄氏的;[仪] 摄氏温度的;百分度的
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. of or relating to a temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is 0 degrees and the boiling point of water is 100 degrees

                        12

                        chip

                        vt. 削,凿;削成碎片
                        vi. 剥落;碎裂
                        n. [电子] 芯片;筹码;碎片;(食物的) 小片; 薄片
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. a small fragment of something broken off from the whole
                        2. a triangular wooden float attached to the end of a log line
                        3. a piece of dried bovine dung
                        4. a thin crisp slice of potato fried in deep fat
                        5. a mark left after a small piece has been chopped or broken off of something

                          13

                          cipher

                          n. 密码;暗号;零
                          vi. 使用密码;计算;做算术
                          vt. 计算;做算术;将…译成密码
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a message written in a secret code
                          2. a mathematical element that when added to another number yields the same number
                          3. a quantity of no importance
                          4. a person of no influence
                          5. a secret method of writing

                            14

                            clear

                            adj. 清楚的;清澈的;晴朗的;无罪的
                            vt. 通过;清除;使干净;跳过
                            vi. 放晴;变清澈
                            adv. 清晰地;完全地
                            n. 清除;空隙
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. the state of being free of suspicion
                            2. a clear or unobstructed space or expanse of land or water
                            3. rid of obstructions
                            4. make a way or path by removing objects
                            5. become clear

                              15

                              clump

                              n. 丛;笨重的脚步声;土块
                              vi. 形成一丛;以沉重的步子行走
                              vt. 使成一丛;使凝结成块
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. a grouping of a number of similar things
                              2. a compact mass
                              3. a heavy dull sound (as made by impact of heavy objects)
                              4. make or move along with a sound as of a horse's hooves striking the ground
                              5. come together as in a cluster or flock

                                16

                                concede

                                vt. 承认;退让;给予,容许
                                vi. 让步
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. admit, make a clean breast of
                                2. be willing to concede
                                3. give over; surrender or relinquish to the physical control of another
                                4. acknowledge defeat

                                  17

                                  conservationist

                                  n. 自然资源保护论者
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. someone who works to protect the environment from destruction or pollution

                                    18

                                    conservative

                                    adj. 保守的
                                    n. 保守派,守旧者
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. a person who has conservative ideas or opinions
                                    2. resistant to change
                                    3. opposed to liberal reforms
                                    4. avoiding excess
                                    5. unimaginatively conventional

                                      19

                                      context

                                      n. 环境;上下文;来龙去脉
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. discourse that surrounds a language unit and helps to determine its interpretation
                                      2. the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event

                                        20

                                        crack

                                        vt. 使破裂;打开;变声
                                        vi. 破裂;爆裂
                                        n. 裂缝;声变;噼啪声
                                        adj. 最好的;高明的
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. a long narrow opening
                                        2. a narrow opening
                                        3. a long narrow depression in a surface
                                        4. a sudden sharp noise
                                        5. a chance to do something

                                          21

                                          culture

                                          n. 文化,文明;修养;栽培
                                          vt. [细胞][微] 培养(等于cultivate)
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. a particular society at a particular time and place
                                          2. the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group
                                          3. all the knowledge and values shared by a society
                                          4. (biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar)
                                          5. a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality

                                            22

                                            deform

                                            vt. 使变形;使成畸形
                                            vi. 变形;变畸形
                                            adj. 畸形的;丑陋的
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. make formless
                                            2. twist and press out of shape
                                            3. cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form
                                            4. become misshapen
                                            5. alter the shape of (something) by stress

                                              23

                                              degree

                                              n. 程度,等级;度;学位;阶层
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality
                                              2. a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process
                                              3. an award conferred by a college or university signifying that the recipient has satisfactorily completed a course of study
                                              4. a unit of temperature on a specified scale
                                              5. a measure for arcs and angles

                                                24

                                                distribution

                                                n. 分布;分配
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
                                                2. the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume
                                                3. the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning
                                                4. the commercial activity of transporting and selling goods from a producer to a consumer

                                                  25

                                                  disturb

                                                  vt. 打扰;妨碍;使不安;弄乱;使恼怒
                                                  vi. 打扰;妨碍
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. move deeply
                                                  2. change the arrangement or position of
                                                  3. tamper with
                                                  4. destroy the peace or tranquility of
                                                  5. damage as if by shaking or jarring

                                                    26

                                                    drought

                                                    n. 干旱;缺乏
                                                    n. (Drought)人名;(英)德劳特
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. a shortage of rainfall
                                                    2. a prolonged shortage

                                                      27

                                                      economic

                                                      adj. 经济的,经济上的;经济学的
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. of or relating to an economy, the system of production and management of material wealth
                                                      2. of or relating to the science of economics
                                                      3. concerned with worldly necessities of life (especially money)
                                                      4. financially rewarding
                                                      5. using the minimum of time or resources necessary for effectiveness

                                                        28

                                                        ecosystem

                                                        n. 生态系统
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment

                                                          29

                                                          engineering

                                                          n. 工程,工程学
                                                          v. 设计;管理(engineer的ing形式);建造
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. the practical application of science to commerce or industry
                                                          2. the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems
                                                          3. a room (as on a ship) in which the engine is located

                                                            30

                                                            entail

                                                            vt. 使需要,必需;承担;遗传给;蕴含
                                                            n. 引起;需要;继承
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. land received by fee tail
                                                            2. the act of entailing property; the creation of a fee tail from a fee simple
                                                            3. have as a logical consequence
                                                            4. impose, involve, or imply as a necessary accompaniment or result
                                                            5. limit the inheritance of property to a specific class of heirs