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Flashcards in List-3 Deck (78):
1

admit

vt. 承认;准许进入;可容纳
vi. 承认;容许
-------------------------------------------

  1. declare to be true or admit the existence or reality or truth of
  2. allow to enter; grant entry to
  3. allow participation in or the right to be part of; permit to exercise the rights, functions, and responsibilities of
  4. admit into a group or community
  5. afford possibility

    2

    alkali

    n. 碱;可溶性无机盐
    adj. 碱性的
    n. (Alkali)人名;(冈、乍、尼日利)阿尔卡利
    -------------------------------------------

    1. any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water
    2. a mixture of soluble salts found in arid soils and some bodies of water; detrimental to agriculture

      3

      asymmetrical

      adj. [数] 非对称的(等于asymmetric);不均匀的;不匀称的
      -------------------------------------------

      1. characterized by asymmetry in the spatial arrangement or placement of parts or components
      2. irregular in shape or outline

        4

        authority

        n. 权威;权力;当局
        -------------------------------------------

        1. the power or right to give orders or make decisions
        2. (usually plural) persons who exercise (administrative) control over others
        3. an expert whose views are taken as definitive
        4. freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities
        5. an administrative unit of government

          5

          bargain

          n. 交易;便宜货;契约
          v. 讨价还价;议价;(谈价钱后)卖
          -------------------------------------------

          1. an agreement between parties (usually arrived at after discussion) fixing obligations of each
          2. an advantageous purchase
          3. negotiate the terms of an exchange
          4. come to terms; arrive at an agreement

            6

            bony

            adj. 骨的;多骨的;瘦骨嶙峋的;似骨的
            n. (Bony)人名;(法)博尼
            -------------------------------------------

            1. very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
            2. composed of or containing bone
            3. having bones especially many or prominent bones

              7

              brief

              adj. 简短的,简洁的;短暂的,草率的
              n. 摘要,简报;概要,诉书
              vt. 简报,摘要;作…的提要
              n. (Brief)人名;(英)布里夫
              -------------------------------------------

              1. a document stating the facts and points of law of a client's case
              2. a condensed written summary or abstract
              3. give essential information to someone
              4. of short duration or distance
              5. concise and succinct

                8

                buddy

                n. 伙伴,好朋友;密友;小男孩
                vi. 做好朋友,交朋友
                n. (Buddy)人名;(英)巴迪
                -------------------------------------------

                1. a close friend who accompanies his buddies in their activities

                  9

                  catastrophe

                  n. 大灾难;大祸;惨败
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. an event resulting in great loss and misfortune
                  2. a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune
                  3. a sudden violent change in the earth's surface

                    10

                    classic

                    adj. 经典的;古典的,传统的;最优秀的
                    n. 名著;经典著作;大艺术家
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. a creation of the highest excellence
                    2. an artist who has created classic works
                    3. characteristic of the classical artistic and literary traditions
                    4. adhering to established standards and principles

                      11

                      coarse

                      adj. 粗糙的;粗俗的;下等的
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. of textures that are rough to the touch or substances consisting of relatively large particles
                      2. lacking refinement or cultivation or taste
                      3. of low or inferior quality or value
                      4. conspicuously and tastelessly indecent

                        12

                        communicate

                        vi. 通讯,传达;相通;交流;感染
                        vt. 传达;感染;显露
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. transmit information
                        2. transmit thoughts or feelings
                        3. transfer to another
                        4. join or connect
                        5. be in verbal contact; interchange information or ideas

                          13

                          compare

                          n. 比较
                          vt. 比拟,喻为;[语]构成
                          vi. 相比,匹敌;比较,区别;比拟(常与to连用)
                          n. (Compare)人名;(意)孔帕雷
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. qualities that are comparable
                          2. examine and note the similarities or differences of
                          3. be comparable
                          4. consider or describe as similar, equal, or analogous
                          5. to form the comparative or superlative form on an adjective or adverb

                            14

                            compel

                            vt. 强迫,迫使;强使发生
                            n. (Compel)人名;(法)孔佩尔
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. force or compel somebody to do something
                            2. make someone do something

                              15

                              comprehend

                              vt. 理解;包含;由…组成
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. get the meaning of something
                              2. to become aware of through the senses
                              3. include in scope; include as part of something broader; have as one's sphere or territory

                                16

                                concentrate

                                vi. 集中;浓缩;全神贯注;聚集
                                vt. 集中;浓缩
                                n. 浓缩,精选;浓缩液
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. the desired mineral that is left after impurities have been removed from mined ore
                                2. a concentrated form of a foodstuff; the bulk is reduced by removing water
                                3. a concentrated example
                                4. make (the solvent of a solution) dense or denser
                                5. direct one's attention on something

                                  17

                                  consent

                                  vi. 同意;赞成;答应
                                  n. 同意;(意见等的)一致;赞成
                                  n. (Consent)人名;(法)孔桑
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. permission to do something
                                  2. give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to

                                    18

                                    consideration

                                    n. 考虑;原因;关心;报酬
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. the process of giving careful thought to something
                                    2. information that should be kept in mind when making a decision
                                    3. a discussion of a topic (as in a meeting)
                                    4. kind and considerate regard for others
                                    5. a fee charged in advance to retain the services of someone

                                      19

                                      contrast

                                      vi. 对比;形成对照
                                      vt. 使对比;使与…对照
                                      n. 对比;差别;对照物
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. the opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared
                                      2. the act of distinguishing by comparing differences
                                      3. a conceptual separation or distinction
                                      4. the perceptual effect of the juxtaposition of very different colors
                                      5. the range of optical density and tone on a photographic negative or print (or the extent to which adjacent areas on a television screen differ in brightness)

                                        20

                                        coordinate

                                        n. 坐标;同等的人或物
                                        adj. 并列的;同等的
                                        vt. 调整;整合
                                        vi. 协调
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. a number that identifies a position relative to an axis
                                        2. bring order and organization to
                                        3. bring into common action, movement, or condition
                                        4. be co-ordinated
                                        5. bring (components or parts) into proper or desirable coordination correlation

                                          21

                                          copious

                                          adj. 丰富的;很多的;多产的
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. large in number or quantity (especially of discourse)
                                          2. affording an abundant supply

                                            22

                                            count

                                            vt. 计算;认为
                                            vi. 计数;有价值
                                            n. 计数;计算;伯爵
                                            n. (Count)人名;(法、德、南非)伯爵(欧洲贵族头衔), 康特(人名)
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. the total number counted
                                            2. the act of counting
                                            3. a nobleman (in various countries) having rank equal to a British earl
                                            4. determine the number or amount of
                                            5. have weight; have import, carry weight

                                              23

                                              crusade

                                              n. 改革运动;十字军东侵
                                              vi. 加入十字军;从事改革运动
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end
                                              2. any of the more or less continuous military expeditions in the 11th to 13th centuries when Christian powers of Europe tried to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims
                                              3. exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end or engage in a crusade for a certain cause or person; be an advocate for
                                              4. go on a crusade; fight a holy war

                                                24

                                                cushion

                                                n. 垫子;起缓解作用之物;(猪等的)臀肉;银行储蓄
                                                vt. 给…安上垫子;把…安置在垫子上;缓和…的冲击
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses
                                                2. a soft bag filled with air or a mass of padding such as feathers or foam rubber etc.
                                                3. protect from impact

                                                  25

                                                  custom

                                                  n. 习惯,惯例;风俗;海关,关税;经常光顾;[总称](经常性的)顾客
                                                  adj. (衣服等)定做的,定制的
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. accepted or habitual practice
                                                  2. a specific practice of long standing
                                                  3. money collected under a tariff
                                                  4. habitual patronage
                                                  5. made according to the specifications of an individual

                                                    26

                                                    detectable

                                                    adj. 可检测的;可发觉的
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. capable of being detected
                                                    2. easily seen or detected

                                                      27

                                                      draw

                                                      vt. 画;拉;吸引
                                                      vi. 拉;拖
                                                      n. 平局;抽签
                                                      n. (Draw)人名;(英)德劳
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. a gully that is shallower than a ravine
                                                      2. an entertainer who attracts large audiences
                                                      3. the finish of a contest in which the score is tied and the winner is undecided
                                                      4. anything (straws or pebbles etc.) taken or chosen at random
                                                      5. a playing card or cards dealt or taken from the pack

                                                        28

                                                        edifice

                                                        n. 大厦;大建筑物
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place

                                                          29

                                                          emphasize

                                                          vt. 强调,着重
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. to stress, single out as important
                                                          2. give extra weight to (a communication)

                                                            30

                                                            engine

                                                            n. 引擎,发动机;机车,火车头;工具
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. motor that converts thermal energy to mechanical work
                                                            2. something used to achieve a purpose
                                                            3. a wheeled vehicle consisting of a self-propelled engine that is used to draw trains along railway tracks

                                                              31

                                                              envelop

                                                              vt. 包围;包封;遮盖
                                                              n. 信封;包裹
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering

                                                                32

                                                                episode

                                                                n. 插曲;一段情节;插话;有趣的事件
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. a happening that is distinctive in a series of related events
                                                                2. a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series
                                                                3. a part of a broadcast serial
                                                                4. film consisting of a succession of related shots that develop a given subject in a movie

                                                                  33

                                                                  equation

                                                                  n. 方程式,等式;相等;[化学] 反应式
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. a mathematical statement that two expressions are equal
                                                                  2. a state of being essentially equal or equivalent; equally balanced
                                                                  3. the act of regarding as equal

                                                                    34

                                                                    external

                                                                    adj. 外部的;表面的;[药] 外用的;外国的;外面的
                                                                    n. 外部;外观;外面
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. outward features
                                                                    2. happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface
                                                                    3. coming from the outside
                                                                    4. from or between other countries
                                                                    5. purely outward or superficial

                                                                      35

                                                                      fade

                                                                      vi. 褪色;凋谢;逐渐消失
                                                                      vt. 使褪色
                                                                      adj. 平淡的;乏味的
                                                                      n. [电影][电视] 淡出;[电影][电视] 淡入
                                                                      n. (Fade)人名;(法)法德
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. a golf shot that curves to the right for a right-handed golfer
                                                                      2. gradually ceasing to be visible
                                                                      3. become less clearly visible or distinguishable; disappear gradually or seemingly
                                                                      4. lose freshness, vigor, or vitality
                                                                      5. disappear gradually

                                                                        36

                                                                        fellowship

                                                                        n. 友谊;奖学金;研究员职位
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. an association of people who share common beliefs or activities
                                                                        2. the state of being with someone
                                                                        3. money granted (by a university or foundation or other agency) for advanced study or research

                                                                          37

                                                                          fierce

                                                                          adj. 凶猛的;猛烈的;暴躁的
                                                                          n. (Fierce)人名;(英)菲尔斯
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                          1. marked by extreme and violent energy
                                                                          2. marked by extreme intensity of emotions or convictions; inclined to react violently; fervid
                                                                          3. ruthless in competition
                                                                          4. violently agitated and turbulent

                                                                            38

                                                                            flint

                                                                            n. 燧石;打火石;极硬的东西
                                                                            n. (Flint)人名;(德、英、俄、法、瑞典)弗林特
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. a hard kind of stone; a form of silica more opaque than chalcedony
                                                                            2. a river in western Georgia that flows generally south to join the Chattahoochee River at the Florida border where they form the Apalachicola River
                                                                            3. a city in southeast central Michigan near Detroit; automobile manufacturing

                                                                              39

                                                                              forefront

                                                                              n. 最前线,最前部;活动的中心
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. the part in the front or nearest the viewer
                                                                              2. the position of greatest importance or advancement; the leading position in any movement or field

                                                                                40

                                                                                freeze

                                                                                vi. 冻结;冷冻;僵硬
                                                                                vt. 使…冻住;使…结冰
                                                                                n. 冻结;凝固
                                                                                n. (Freeze)人名;(英)弗里兹
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. the withdrawal of heat to change something from a liquid to a solid
                                                                                2. weather cold enough to cause freezing
                                                                                3. an interruption or temporary suspension of progress or movement
                                                                                4. fixing (of prices or wages etc) at a particular level
                                                                                5. change to ice

                                                                                  41

                                                                                  grind

                                                                                  vt. 磨碎;磨快
                                                                                  vi. 磨碎;折磨
                                                                                  n. 磨;苦工作
                                                                                  n. (Grind)人名;(法、德)格林德
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. an insignificant student who is ridiculed as being affected or studying excessively
                                                                                  2. hard monotonous routine work
                                                                                  3. the act of grinding to a powder or dust
                                                                                  4. press or grind with a crunching noise
                                                                                  5. make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together

                                                                                    42

                                                                                    groom

                                                                                    vt. 整饰;推荐;喂马;刷洗(马等)
                                                                                    vi. 打扮
                                                                                    n. 新郎;马夫;男仆
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. a man participant in his own marriage ceremony
                                                                                    2. someone employed in a stable to take care of the horses
                                                                                    3. a man who has recently been married
                                                                                    4. prepare (someone) for a future role or function
                                                                                    5. give a neat appearance to

                                                                                      43

                                                                                      heading

                                                                                      n. 标题;(足球)头球;信头
                                                                                      v. 用头顶(head的ing形式)
                                                                                      n. (Heading)人名;(英)黑丁
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                      1. a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about
                                                                                      2. the direction or path along which something moves or along which it lies
                                                                                      3. a horizontal (or nearly horizontal) passageway in a mine

                                                                                        44

                                                                                        horde

                                                                                        n. 一大群,群;游牧部落
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. a vast multitude
                                                                                        2. a nomadic community
                                                                                        3. a moving crowd

                                                                                          45

                                                                                          inactive

                                                                                          adj. 不活跃的;不活动的;怠惰的;闲置的
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. not participating in a chemical reaction; chemically inert
                                                                                          2. not progressing or increasing; or progressing slowly
                                                                                          3. not involved in military operations
                                                                                          4. not exerting influence or change
                                                                                          5. of e.g. volcanos; not erupting and not extinct

                                                                                            46

                                                                                            infest

                                                                                            vt. 骚扰;寄生于;大批出没;大批滋生
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. invade in great numbers
                                                                                            2. occupy in large numbers or live on a host
                                                                                            3. live on or in a host, as of parasites

                                                                                              47

                                                                                              interior

                                                                                              n. 内部;本质
                                                                                              adj. 内部的;国内的;本质的
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. the region that is inside of something
                                                                                              2. the inner or enclosed surface of something
                                                                                              3. the United States federal department charged with conservation and the development of natural resources; created in 1849
                                                                                              4. situated within or suitable for inside a building
                                                                                              5. inside the country

                                                                                                48

                                                                                                jog

                                                                                                vt. 慢跑;轻推;蹒跚行进;使颠簸
                                                                                                vi. 慢跑;轻推;蹒跚行进;颠簸着移动
                                                                                                n. 慢跑;轻推,轻撞
                                                                                                n. (Jog)人名;(尼)乔格
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. a sharp change in direction
                                                                                                2. a slow pace of running
                                                                                                3. a slight push or shake
                                                                                                4. continue talking or writing in a desultory manner
                                                                                                5. even up the edges of a stack of paper, in printing

                                                                                                  49

                                                                                                  Latin

                                                                                                  adj. 拉丁语的;拉丁人的
                                                                                                  n. 拉丁语;拉丁人
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. any dialect of the language of ancient Rome
                                                                                                  2. an inhabitant of ancient Latium
                                                                                                  3. a person who is a member of those peoples whose languages derived from Latin
                                                                                                  4. of or relating to the ancient Latins or the Latin language
                                                                                                  5. having or resembling the psychology or temper characteristic of people of Latin America

                                                                                                    50

                                                                                                    mammal

                                                                                                    n. [脊椎] 哺乳动物
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                    1. any warm-blooded vertebrate having the skin more or less covered with hair; young are born alive except for the small subclass of monotremes and nourished with milk

                                                                                                      51

                                                                                                      melanin

                                                                                                      n. 黑色素
                                                                                                      n. (Melanin)人名;(俄)梅拉宁
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. insoluble pigments that account for the color of e.g. skin and scales and feathers

                                                                                                        52

                                                                                                        nomadic

                                                                                                        adj. 游牧的;流浪的;游动的
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. (of groups of people) tending to travel and change settlements frequently

                                                                                                          53

                                                                                                          notorious

                                                                                                          adj. 声名狼藉的,臭名昭著的
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. having an exceedingly bad reputation

                                                                                                            54

                                                                                                            parameter

                                                                                                            n. 参数;系数;参量
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. a constant in the equation of a curve that can be varied to yield a family of similar curves
                                                                                                            2. any factor that defines a system and determines (or limits) its performance
                                                                                                            3. a quantity (such as the mean or variance) that characterizes a statistical population and that can be estimated by calculations from sample data

                                                                                                              55

                                                                                                              pathology

                                                                                                              n. 病理学(复数pathologies)
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
                                                                                                              2. any deviation from a healthy or normal condition

                                                                                                                56

                                                                                                                phenomena

                                                                                                                n. 现象(phenomenon 的复数 )
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning
                                                                                                                2. a remarkable development

                                                                                                                  57

                                                                                                                  plaster

                                                                                                                  n. 石膏;灰泥;膏药
                                                                                                                  vt. 减轻;粘贴;涂以灰泥;敷以膏药;使平服
                                                                                                                  n. (Plaster)人名;(英、德)普拉斯特
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. a mixture of lime or gypsum with sand and water; hardens into a smooth solid; used to cover walls and ceilings
                                                                                                                  2. any of several gypsum cements; a white powder (a form of calcium sulphate) that forms a paste when mixed with water and hardens into a solid; used in making molds and sculptures and casts for broken limbs
                                                                                                                  3. a medical dressing consisting of a soft heated mass of meal or clay that is spread on a cloth and applied to the skin to treat inflamed areas or improve circulation etc.
                                                                                                                  4. a surface of hardened plaster (as on a wall or ceiling)
                                                                                                                  5. adhesive tape used in dressing wounds

                                                                                                                    58

                                                                                                                    policy

                                                                                                                    n. 政策,方针;保险单
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. a line of argument rationalizing the course of action of a government
                                                                                                                    2. a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group
                                                                                                                    3. written contract or certificate of insurance

                                                                                                                      59

                                                                                                                      quench

                                                                                                                      vt. 熄灭,[机] 淬火;解渴;结束;冷浸
                                                                                                                      vi. 熄灭;平息
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. satisfy (thirst)
                                                                                                                      2. put out, as of fires, flames, or lights
                                                                                                                      3. electronics: suppress (sparking) when the current is cut off in an inductive circuit, or suppress (an oscillation or discharge) in a component or device
                                                                                                                      4. suppress or crush completely
                                                                                                                      5. reduce the degree of (luminescence or phosphorescence) in (excited molecules or a material) by adding a suitable substance

                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                        renew

                                                                                                                        vt. 使更新;续借;复兴;重申
                                                                                                                        vi. 更新;重新开始
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. reestablish on a new, usually improved, basis or make new or like new
                                                                                                                        2. cause to appear in a new form

                                                                                                                          61

                                                                                                                          ripen

                                                                                                                          vt. 使成熟
                                                                                                                          vi. 成熟
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. cause to ripen or develop fully
                                                                                                                          2. grow ripe

                                                                                                                            62

                                                                                                                            roost

                                                                                                                            n. 栖木;鸟窝;群栖的禽鸟
                                                                                                                            vi. 栖息;安歇
                                                                                                                            vt. 使…栖息;为…提供歇息处
                                                                                                                            n. (Roost)人名;(德)罗斯特
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. a shelter with perches for fowl or other birds
                                                                                                                            2. a perch on which domestic fowl rest or sleep
                                                                                                                            3. sit, as on a branch
                                                                                                                            4. settle down or stay, as if on a roost

                                                                                                                              63

                                                                                                                              salmon

                                                                                                                              n. 鲑鱼;大马哈鱼;鲑肉色;鲑鱼肉;橙红色,粉橙色
                                                                                                                              adj. 浅澄色的
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. any of various large food and game fishes of northern waters; usually migrate from salt to fresh water to spawn
                                                                                                                              2. a tributary of the Snake River in Idaho
                                                                                                                              3. flesh of any of various marine or freshwater fish of the family Salmonidae
                                                                                                                              4. of orange tinged with pink

                                                                                                                                64

                                                                                                                                script

                                                                                                                                n. 脚本;手迹;书写用的字母
                                                                                                                                vt. 把…改编为剧本
                                                                                                                                vi. 写电影脚本
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. a written version of a play or other dramatic composition; used in preparing for a performance
                                                                                                                                2. something written by hand
                                                                                                                                3. a particular orthography or writing system
                                                                                                                                4. write a script for

                                                                                                                                  65

                                                                                                                                  sheer

                                                                                                                                  adj. 绝对的;透明的;峻峭的;纯粹的
                                                                                                                                  adv. 完全;陡峭地
                                                                                                                                  vi. 偏航
                                                                                                                                  vt. 使偏航;使急转向
                                                                                                                                  n. 偏航;透明薄织物
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                                                                                                                                  1. turn sharply; change direction abruptly
                                                                                                                                  2. cause to sheer
                                                                                                                                  3. complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers
                                                                                                                                  4. not mixed with extraneous elements
                                                                                                                                  5. very steep; having a prominent and almost vertical front

                                                                                                                                    66

                                                                                                                                    spiral

                                                                                                                                    n. 螺旋;旋涡;螺旋形之物
                                                                                                                                    adj. 螺旋形的;盘旋的
                                                                                                                                    vt. 使成螺旋形;使作螺旋形上升
                                                                                                                                    vi. 盘旋;成螺旋形;螺旋形上升(过去式spiraled/spiralled,过去分词spiraled/spiralled,现在分词spiraling/spiralling,第三人称单数spirals,副词spirally)
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                                                                                                                                    1. a plane curve traced by a point circling about the center but at increasing distances from the center
                                                                                                                                    2. a curve that lies on the surface of a cylinder or cone and cuts the element at a constant angle
                                                                                                                                    3. ornament consisting of a curve on a plane that winds around a center with an increasing distance from the center
                                                                                                                                    4. a structure consisting of something wound in a continuous series of loops
                                                                                                                                    5. flying downward in a helical path with a large radius

                                                                                                                                      67

                                                                                                                                      staff

                                                                                                                                      n. 职员;参谋;棒;支撑
                                                                                                                                      adj. 职员的;行政工作的
                                                                                                                                      vt. 供给人员;给…配备职员
                                                                                                                                      vi. 雇用工作人员
                                                                                                                                      n. (Staff)人名;(德、匈)施塔夫;(瑞典、英)斯塔夫
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                                                                                                                                      1. personnel who assist their superior in carrying out an assigned task
                                                                                                                                      2. the body of teachers and administrators at a school
                                                                                                                                      3. a strong rod or stick with a specialized utilitarian purpose
                                                                                                                                      4. building material consisting of plaster and hair; used to cover external surfaces of temporary structure (as at an exposition) or for decoration
                                                                                                                                      5. a rod carried as a symbol

                                                                                                                                        68

                                                                                                                                        steady

                                                                                                                                        adj. 稳定的;不变的;沉着的
                                                                                                                                        vi. 稳固
                                                                                                                                        vt. 使稳定;稳固;使坚定
                                                                                                                                        adv. 稳定地;稳固地
                                                                                                                                        n. 关系固定的情侣;固定支架
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                                                                                                                                        1. a person loved by another person
                                                                                                                                        2. make steady
                                                                                                                                        3. support or hold steady and make steadfast, with or as if with a brace
                                                                                                                                        4. not subject to change or variation especially in behavior
                                                                                                                                        5. not liable to fluctuate or especially to fall

                                                                                                                                          69

                                                                                                                                          strata

                                                                                                                                          n. 层;[地质] 地层;阶层
                                                                                                                                          n. (Strata)人名;(意、塞)斯特拉塔
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                                                                                                                                          1. one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another (such as a layer of tissue or cells in an organism or a layer of sedimentary rock)
                                                                                                                                          2. an abstract place usually conceived as having depth

                                                                                                                                            70

                                                                                                                                            superior

                                                                                                                                            adj. 上级的;优秀的,出众的;高傲的
                                                                                                                                            n. 上级,长官;优胜者,高手;长者
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                                                                                                                                            1. one of greater rank or station or quality
                                                                                                                                            2. the head of a religious community
                                                                                                                                            3. a combatant who is able to defeat rivals
                                                                                                                                            4. the largest freshwater lake in the world; the deepest of the Great Lakes
                                                                                                                                            5. a town in northwest Wisconsin on Lake Superior across from Duluth

                                                                                                                                              71

                                                                                                                                              surrender

                                                                                                                                              vt. 使投降;放弃;交出;听任
                                                                                                                                              vi. 投降;屈服;自首
                                                                                                                                              n. 投降;放弃;交出;屈服
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                                                                                                                                              1. acceptance of despair
                                                                                                                                              2. a verbal act of admitting defeat
                                                                                                                                              3. the delivery of a principal into lawful custody
                                                                                                                                              4. the act of surrendering (under agreed conditions)
                                                                                                                                              5. give up or agree to forgo to the power or possession of another

                                                                                                                                                72

                                                                                                                                                suspension

                                                                                                                                                n. 悬浮;暂停;停职
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                                                                                                                                                1. a mixture in which fine particles are suspended in a fluid where they are supported by buoyancy
                                                                                                                                                2. a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
                                                                                                                                                3. temporary cessation or suspension
                                                                                                                                                4. an interruption in the intensity or amount of something
                                                                                                                                                5. a mechanical system of springs or shock absorbers connecting the wheels and axles to the chassis of a wheeled vehicle

                                                                                                                                                  73

                                                                                                                                                  therapy

                                                                                                                                                  n. 治疗,疗法
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                                                                                                                                                  1. (medicine) the act of caring for someone (as by medication or remedial training etc.)

                                                                                                                                                    74

                                                                                                                                                    tile

                                                                                                                                                    n. 瓷砖,瓦片
                                                                                                                                                    vt. 铺以瓦;铺以瓷砖
                                                                                                                                                    n. (Tile)人名;(俄、塞、萨摩)蒂勒
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                                                                                                                                                    1. a flat thin rectangular slab (as of fired clay or rubber or linoleum) used to cover surfaces
                                                                                                                                                    2. a thin flat slab of fired clay used for roofing
                                                                                                                                                    3. cover with tiles

                                                                                                                                                      75

                                                                                                                                                      unadorned

                                                                                                                                                      adj. 朴素的;未装饰的
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                                                                                                                                                      1. not decorated with something to increase its beauty or distinction

                                                                                                                                                        76

                                                                                                                                                        unprecedented

                                                                                                                                                        adj. 空前的;无前例的
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                                                                                                                                                        1. having no precedent; novel

                                                                                                                                                          77

                                                                                                                                                          utilize

                                                                                                                                                          vt. 利用
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                                                                                                                                                          1. put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose
                                                                                                                                                          2. convert (from an investment trust to a unit trust)

                                                                                                                                                            78

                                                                                                                                                            vigorous

                                                                                                                                                            adj. 有力的;精力充沛的
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                                                                                                                                                            1. characterized by forceful and energetic action or activity
                                                                                                                                                            2. strong and active physically or mentally