List-44 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in List-44 Deck (79):
1

abundant

adj. 丰富的;充裕的;盛产
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  1. present in great quantity

    2

    across

    prep. 穿过;横穿
    adv. 横过;在对面
    -------------------------------------------

    1. to the opposite side
    2. transversely

      3

      aloof

      adj. 冷淡的;远离的;冷漠的
      adv. 远离;避开地
      -------------------------------------------

      1. remote in manner
      2. in an aloof manner

        4

        amuse

        vt. 娱乐;消遣;使发笑;使愉快
        -------------------------------------------

        1. occupy in an agreeable, entertaining or pleasant fashion
        2. make (somebody) laugh

          5

          anatomy

          n. 解剖;解剖学;剖析;骨骼
          -------------------------------------------

          1. the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
          2. alternative names for the body of a human being
          3. a detailed analysis

            6

            antique

            adj. 古老的,年代久远的;过时的,古董的;古风的,古式的
            n. 古董,古玩;古风,古希腊和古罗马艺术风格
            vi. 觅购古玩
            -------------------------------------------

            1. an elderly man
            2. any piece of furniture or decorative object or the like produced in a former period and valuable because of its beauty or rarity
            3. shop for antiques
            4. give an antique appearance to
            5. made in or typical of earlier times and valued for its age

              7

              applicable

              adj. 可适用的;可应用的;合适的
              -------------------------------------------

              1. capable of being applied; having relevance
              2. readily applicable or practical

                8

                application

                n. 应用;申请;应用程序;敷用
                -------------------------------------------

                1. a verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school
                2. the act of bringing something to bear; using it for a particular purpose
                3. a program that gives a computer instructions that provide the user with tools to accomplish a task
                4. the work of applying something
                5. liquid preparation having a soothing or antiseptic or medicinal action when applied to the skin

                  9

                  assistance

                  n. 援助,帮助;辅助设备
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose
                  2. a resource

                    10

                    auditorium

                    n. 礼堂,会堂;观众席
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. the area of a theater or concert hall where the audience sits

                      11

                      aware

                      adj. 意识到的;知道的;有…方面知识的;懂世故的
                      n. (Aware)人名;(阿拉伯、索)阿瓦雷
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. (sometimes followed by `of') having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization or perception
                      2. bearing in mind; attentive to
                      3. aware or knowing

                        12

                        barn

                        n. 谷仓;畜棚;车库;靶(核反应截面单位)
                        vt. 把…贮存入仓
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals
                        2. (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter

                          13

                          blossom

                          vi. 开花;兴旺;发展成
                          n. 花;开花期;兴旺期;花开的状态
                          n. (Blossom)人名;(英)布洛瑟姆
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. reproductive organ of angiosperm plants especially one having showy or colorful parts
                          2. the period of greatest prosperity or productivity
                          3. produce or yield flowers
                          4. develop or come to a promising stage

                            14

                            cling

                            vi. 坚持,墨守;紧贴;附着
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. fruit (especially peach) whose flesh adheres strongly to the pit
                            2. come or be in close contact with; stick or hold together and resist separation
                            3. to remain emotionally or intellectually attached
                            4. hold on tightly or tenaciously

                              15

                              coax

                              vt. 哄;哄诱;慢慢将…弄好
                              vi. 哄骗;劝诱
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. a transmission line for high-frequency signals
                              2. influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering

                                16

                                commentary

                                n. 评论;注释;评注;说明
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material

                                  17

                                  conversation

                                  n. 交谈,会话;社交;交往,交际;会谈;(人与计算机的)人机对话
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. the use of speech for informal exchange of views or ideas or information etc.

                                    18

                                    cramped

                                    adj. 狭窄的;难懂的;难辨的
                                    v. 用夹钳夹;约束(cramp的过去分词)
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. constricted in size

                                      19

                                      crippling

                                      adj. 造成严重后果的
                                      v. 削弱(cripple的ing形式);使受损
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. that cripples or disables or incapacitates

                                        20

                                        decent

                                        adj. 正派的;得体的;相当好的
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. socially or conventionally correct; refined or virtuous
                                        2. according with custom or propriety
                                        3. conforming to conventions of sexual behavior
                                        4. enough to meet a purpose
                                        5. decently clothed

                                          21

                                          dedicate

                                          vt. 致力;献身;题献
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause
                                          2. open to public use, as of a highway, park, or building
                                          3. inscribe or address by way of compliment
                                          4. set apart to sacred uses with solemn rites, of a church

                                            22

                                            defense

                                            n. 防卫,防护;防御措施;防守
                                            vt. 谋划抵御
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. (sports) the team that is trying to prevent the other team from scoring
                                            2. military action or resources protecting a country against potential enemies
                                            3. the defendant and his legal advisors collectively
                                            4. protection from harm
                                            5. a structure used to defend against attack

                                              23

                                              dissolve

                                              vt. 使溶解;使分解;使液化
                                              vi. 溶解;解散;消失
                                              n. 叠化画面;画面的溶暗
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. (film) a gradual transition from one scene to the next; the next scene is gradually superimposed as the former scene fades out
                                              2. cause to go into a solution
                                              3. pass into a solution
                                              4. become weaker
                                              5. come to an end

                                                24

                                                dorsal

                                                adj. 背部的;背的,背侧的
                                                n. (Dorsal)人名;(西)多萨尔
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. belonging to or on or near the back or upper surface of an animal or organ or part
                                                2. facing away from the axis of an organ or organism

                                                  25

                                                  elusive

                                                  adj. 难懂的;易忘的;逃避的;难捉摸的
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. difficult to describe
                                                  2. skillful at eluding capture
                                                  3. be difficult to detect or grasp by the mind

                                                    26

                                                    embarrass

                                                    vt. 使局促不安;使困窘;阻碍
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. cause to be embarrassed; cause to feel self-conscious
                                                    2. hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of

                                                      27

                                                      encourage

                                                      vt. 鼓励,怂恿;激励;支持
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. contribute to the progress or growth of
                                                      2. inspire with confidence; give hope or courage to
                                                      3. spur on

                                                        28

                                                        envelope

                                                        n. 信封,封皮;包膜;[天] 包层;包迹
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. a flat rectangular paper container for papers
                                                        2. any wrapper or covering
                                                        3. a curve that is tangent to each of a family of curves
                                                        4. a natural covering (as by a fluid)
                                                        5. the maximum operating capability of a system

                                                          29

                                                          epitomize

                                                          vt. 摘要;概括;成为…的缩影
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. embody the essential characteristics of or be a typical example of

                                                            30

                                                            excessive

                                                            adj. 过多的,极度的;过分的
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. beyond normal limits
                                                            2. unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings

                                                              31

                                                              exercise

                                                              n. 运动;练习;运用;操练;礼拜;典礼
                                                              vt. 锻炼;练习;使用;使忙碌;使惊恐
                                                              vi. 运动;练习
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit
                                                              2. the act of using
                                                              3. systematic training by multiple repetitions
                                                              4. a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding
                                                              5. (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches

                                                                32

                                                                exhilarating

                                                                adj. 使人愉快的;令人喜欢的;爽快的
                                                                v. 使高兴,使兴奋(exhilarate的现在分词形式)
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. making lively and cheerful
                                                                2. making lively and joyful

                                                                  33

                                                                  fortuitous

                                                                  adj. 偶然的,意外的;幸运的
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. having no cause or apparent cause
                                                                  2. occurring by happy chance

                                                                    34

                                                                    fortune

                                                                    n. 财富;命运;运气
                                                                    vt. 给予财富
                                                                    vi. 偶然发生
                                                                    n. (Fortune)人名;(英)福琼;(法)福蒂纳
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another
                                                                    2. a large amount of wealth or prosperity
                                                                    3. an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that leads to a favorable outcome
                                                                    4. your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you)

                                                                      35

                                                                      fund

                                                                      n. 基金;资金;存款
                                                                      vt. 投资;资助
                                                                      n. (Fund)人名;(德)丰德
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. a reserve of money set aside for some purpose
                                                                      2. a supply of something available for future use
                                                                      3. a financial institution that sells shares to individuals and invests in securities issued by other companies
                                                                      4. convert (short-term floating debt) into long-term debt that bears fixed interest and is represented by bonds
                                                                      5. place or store up in a fund for accumulation

                                                                        36

                                                                        gravity

                                                                        n. 重力,地心引力;严重性;庄严
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. (physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the universe; especially the attraction of the earth's mass for bodies near its surface
                                                                        2. a manner that is serious and solemn
                                                                        3. a solemn and dignified feeling

                                                                          37

                                                                          horizontal

                                                                          adj. 水平的;地平线的;同一阶层的
                                                                          n. 水平线,水平面;水平位置
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                          1. something that is oriented horizontally
                                                                          2. parallel to or in the plane of the horizon or a base line

                                                                            38

                                                                            illusion

                                                                            n. 幻觉,错觉;错误的观念或信仰
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. an erroneous mental representation
                                                                            2. something many people believe that is false
                                                                            3. the act of deluding; deception by creating illusory ideas
                                                                            4. an illusory feat; considered magical by naive observers

                                                                              39

                                                                              inspect

                                                                              vt. 检查;视察;检阅
                                                                              vi. 进行检查;进行视察
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. look over carefully
                                                                              2. come to see in an official or professional capacity
                                                                              3. examine carefully for accuracy with the intent of verification

                                                                                40

                                                                                major

                                                                                adj. 主要的;重要的;主修的;较多的
                                                                                n. [人类] 成年人;主修科目;陆军少校
                                                                                vi. 主修
                                                                                n. (Major)人名;(西)马霍尔;(法)马若尔;(捷、德、塞、瑞典)马约尔;(英)梅杰
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. a commissioned military officer in the United States Army or Air Force or Marines; below lieutenant colonel and above captain
                                                                                2. British statesman who was prime minister from 1990 until 1997 (born in 1943)
                                                                                3. a university student who is studying a particular field as the principal subject
                                                                                4. the principal field of study of a student at a university
                                                                                5. have as one's principal field of study

                                                                                  41

                                                                                  mention

                                                                                  vt. 提到,谈到;提及,论及;说起
                                                                                  n. 提及,说起
                                                                                  n. (Mention)人名;(法)芒雄
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. a remark that calls attention to something or someone
                                                                                  2. a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage
                                                                                  3. an official recognition of merit
                                                                                  4. make reference to
                                                                                  5. make mention of

                                                                                    42

                                                                                    menu

                                                                                    n. 菜单
                                                                                    饭菜
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. a list of dishes available at a restaurant
                                                                                    2. the dishes making up a meal
                                                                                    3. (computer science) a list of options available to a computer user
                                                                                    4. an agenda of things to do

                                                                                      43

                                                                                      monster

                                                                                      n. 怪物;巨人,巨兽;残忍的人
                                                                                      adj. 巨大的,庞大的
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                      1. an imaginary creature usually having various human and animal parts
                                                                                      2. someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful
                                                                                      3. a person or animal that is markedly unusual or deformed
                                                                                      4. a cruel wicked and inhuman person
                                                                                      5. (medicine) a grossly malformed and usually nonviable fetus

                                                                                        44

                                                                                        mural

                                                                                        adj. 墙壁的
                                                                                        n. 壁画;(美)壁饰
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. a painting that is applied to a wall surface
                                                                                        2. of or relating to walls

                                                                                          45

                                                                                          niche

                                                                                          n. 壁龛;合适的职业;[亦称作 niche market]【商业】有利可图的市场(或形势等)
                                                                                          vt. 放入壁龛
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. a position particularly well suited to the person who occupies it
                                                                                          2. a small concavity
                                                                                          3. an enclosure that is set back or indented
                                                                                          4. (ecology) the status of an organism within its environment and community (affecting its survival as a species)

                                                                                            46

                                                                                            nostalgia

                                                                                            n. 乡愁;怀旧之情;怀乡病
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. longing for something past

                                                                                              47

                                                                                              opportunity

                                                                                              n. 时机,机会
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances

                                                                                                48

                                                                                                organism

                                                                                                n. 有机体;生物体;微生物
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
                                                                                                2. a system considered analogous in structure or function to a living body

                                                                                                  49

                                                                                                  oxygen

                                                                                                  n. [化学] 氧气,[化学] 氧
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust

                                                                                                    50

                                                                                                    perpendicular

                                                                                                    adj. 垂直的,正交的;直立的;陡峭的
                                                                                                    n. 垂线;垂直的位置
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                    1. a straight line at right angles to another line
                                                                                                    2. a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England; characterized by vertical lines and a four-centered (Tudor) arch and fan vaulting
                                                                                                    3. a cord from which a metal weight is suspended pointing directly to the earth's center of gravity; used to determine the vertical from a given point
                                                                                                    4. an extremely steep face
                                                                                                    5. intersecting at or forming right angles

                                                                                                      51

                                                                                                      philosopher

                                                                                                      n. 哲学家;哲人
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. a specialist in philosophy
                                                                                                      2. a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity

                                                                                                        52

                                                                                                        politics

                                                                                                        n. 政治,政治学;政治活动;政纲
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. social relations involving authority or power
                                                                                                        2. the study of government of states and other political units
                                                                                                        3. the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs
                                                                                                        4. the opinion you hold with respect to political questions

                                                                                                          53

                                                                                                          prestigious

                                                                                                          adj. 有名望的;享有声望的
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. having an illustrious reputation; respected
                                                                                                          2. exerting influence by reason of high status or prestige

                                                                                                            54

                                                                                                            primary

                                                                                                            adj. 主要的;初级的;基本的
                                                                                                            n. 原色;最主要者
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. a preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen
                                                                                                            2. one of the main flight feathers projecting along the outer edge of a bird's wing
                                                                                                            3. coil forming the part of an electrical circuit such that changing current in it induces a current in a neighboring circuit
                                                                                                            4. of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondhand
                                                                                                            5. not derived from or reducible to something else; basic

                                                                                                              55

                                                                                                              pyramid

                                                                                                              n. 金字塔;角锥体
                                                                                                              vi. 渐增;上涨;成金字塔状
                                                                                                              vt. 使…渐增;使…上涨;使…成金字塔状
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. a polyhedron having a polygonal base and triangular sides with a common vertex
                                                                                                              2. (stock market) a series of transactions in which the speculator increases his holdings by using the rising market value of those holdings as margin for further purchases
                                                                                                              3. a massive monument with a square base and four triangular sides; begun by Cheops around 2700 BC as royal tombs in ancient Egypt
                                                                                                              4. enlarge one's holdings on an exchange on a continued rise by using paper profits as margin to buy additional amounts
                                                                                                              5. use or deal in (as of stock or commercial transaction) in a pyramid deal

                                                                                                                56

                                                                                                                quaint

                                                                                                                adj. 古雅的;奇怪的;离奇有趣的;做得很精巧的
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. strange in an interesting or pleasing way
                                                                                                                2. very strange or unusual; odd or even incongruous in character or appearance
                                                                                                                3. attractively old-fashioned (but not necessarily authentic)

                                                                                                                  57

                                                                                                                  rate

                                                                                                                  n. 比率,率;速度;价格;等级
                                                                                                                  vt. 认为;估价;责骂
                                                                                                                  vi. 责骂;被评价
                                                                                                                  n. (Rate)人名;(法、塞)拉特
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. amount of a charge or payment relative to some basis
                                                                                                                  2. a magnitude or frequency relative to a time unit
                                                                                                                  3. the relative speed of progress or change
                                                                                                                  4. a quantity or amount or measure considered as a proportion of another quantity or amount or measure
                                                                                                                  5. assign a rank or rating to

                                                                                                                    58

                                                                                                                    recollection

                                                                                                                    n. 回忆;回忆起的事物
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. the ability to recall past occurrences
                                                                                                                    2. the process of remembering (especially the process of recovering information by mental effort)
                                                                                                                    3. something recalled to the mind

                                                                                                                      59

                                                                                                                      rhinoceros

                                                                                                                      n. [脊椎] 犀牛
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. massive powerful herbivorous odd-toed ungulate of southeast Asia and Africa having very thick skin and one or two horns on the snout

                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                        rivalry

                                                                                                                        n. 竞争;对抗;竞赛
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. the act of competing as for profit or a prize

                                                                                                                          61

                                                                                                                          senator

                                                                                                                          n. 参议员;(古罗马的)元老院议员;评议员,理事
                                                                                                                          n. (Senator)人名;(瑞典、斯威)塞纳托尔
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. a member of a senate

                                                                                                                            62

                                                                                                                            sensitive

                                                                                                                            adj. 敏感的;感觉的;[仪] 灵敏的;感光的;易受伤害的;易受影响的
                                                                                                                            n. 敏感的人;有灵异能力的人
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. someone who serves as an intermediary between the living and the dead
                                                                                                                            2. responsive to physical stimuli
                                                                                                                            3. being susceptible to the attitudes, feelings, or circumstances of others
                                                                                                                            4. able to feel or perceive
                                                                                                                            5. hurting

                                                                                                                              63

                                                                                                                              shield

                                                                                                                              n. 盾;防护物;保护者
                                                                                                                              vt. 遮蔽;包庇;避开;保卫
                                                                                                                              vi. 防御;起保护作用
                                                                                                                              n. (Shield)人名;(英)希尔德
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. a protective covering or structure
                                                                                                                              2. armor carried on the arm to intercept blows
                                                                                                                              3. hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtles
                                                                                                                              4. protect, hide, or conceal from danger or harm
                                                                                                                              5. hold back a thought or feeling about

                                                                                                                                64

                                                                                                                                slight

                                                                                                                                adj. 轻微的,少量的;脆弱的;细长的;不重要的
                                                                                                                                vt. 轻视,忽略;怠慢
                                                                                                                                n. 怠慢;轻蔑
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. a deliberate discourteous act (usually as an expression of anger or disapproval)
                                                                                                                                2. pay no attention to, disrespect
                                                                                                                                3. having little substance or significance
                                                                                                                                4. almost no or (with `a') at least some; very little
                                                                                                                                5. being of delicate or slender build

                                                                                                                                  65

                                                                                                                                  snack

                                                                                                                                  n. 小吃,快餐;一份,部分
                                                                                                                                  vi. 吃快餐,吃点心
                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                  1. a light informal meal
                                                                                                                                  2. eat a snack; eat lightly

                                                                                                                                    66

                                                                                                                                    spinning

                                                                                                                                    n. 纺纱
                                                                                                                                    adj. 纺织的
                                                                                                                                    v. 旋转,纺织(spin的现在分词)
                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                    1. creating thread

                                                                                                                                      67

                                                                                                                                      spray

                                                                                                                                      n. 喷雾;喷雾器;水沫
                                                                                                                                      vt. 喷射
                                                                                                                                      vi. 喷
                                                                                                                                      n. (Spray)人名;(英)斯普雷
                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                      1. a pesticide in suspension or solution; intended for spraying
                                                                                                                                      2. a dispenser that turns a liquid (such as perfume) into a fine mist
                                                                                                                                      3. a quantity of small objects flying through the air
                                                                                                                                      4. flower arrangement consisting of a single branch or shoot bearing flowers and foliage
                                                                                                                                      5. water in small drops in the atmosphere; blown from waves or thrown up by a waterfall

                                                                                                                                        68

                                                                                                                                        square

                                                                                                                                        adj. 平方的;正方形的;直角的;正直的
                                                                                                                                        vt. 使成方形;与…一致
                                                                                                                                        vi. 一致;成方形
                                                                                                                                        n. 平方;广场;正方形
                                                                                                                                        adv. 成直角地
                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                        1. (geometry) a plane rectangle with four equal sides and four right angles; a four-sided regular polygon
                                                                                                                                        2. the product of two equal terms
                                                                                                                                        3. an open area at the meeting of two or more streets
                                                                                                                                        4. something approximating the shape of a square
                                                                                                                                        5. someone who doesn't understand what is going on

                                                                                                                                          69

                                                                                                                                          squirrel

                                                                                                                                          n. 松鼠;松鼠毛皮
                                                                                                                                          vt. 贮藏
                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                          1. a kind of arboreal rodent having a long bushy tail
                                                                                                                                          2. the fur of a squirrel

                                                                                                                                            70

                                                                                                                                            sumptuous

                                                                                                                                            adj. 华丽的,豪华的;奢侈的
                                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                            1. rich and superior in quality

                                                                                                                                              71

                                                                                                                                              tremendous

                                                                                                                                              adj. 极大的,巨大的;惊人的
                                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                              1. extraordinarily large in size or extent or amount or power or degree
                                                                                                                                              2. extraordinarily good; used especially as intensifiers
                                                                                                                                              3. extreme in degree or extent or amount or impact

                                                                                                                                                72

                                                                                                                                                trench

                                                                                                                                                n. 沟,沟渠;战壕;堑壕
                                                                                                                                                vt. 掘沟
                                                                                                                                                vi. 挖战壕;侵害
                                                                                                                                                n. (Trench)人名;(英、西)特伦奇
                                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                1. a ditch dug as a fortification having a parapet of the excavated earth
                                                                                                                                                2. a long steep-sided depression in the ocean floor
                                                                                                                                                3. any long ditch cut in the ground
                                                                                                                                                4. impinge or infringe upon
                                                                                                                                                5. fortify by surrounding with trenches

                                                                                                                                                  73

                                                                                                                                                  trip

                                                                                                                                                  vi. 绊倒;远足;犯错误;轻快地走
                                                                                                                                                  n. 旅行;绊倒;差错
                                                                                                                                                  vt. 绊倒;使犯错
                                                                                                                                                  n. (Trip)人名;(荷)特里普
                                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                  1. a journey for some purpose (usually including the return)
                                                                                                                                                  2. a hallucinatory experience induced by drugs
                                                                                                                                                  3. an accidental misstep threatening (or causing) a fall
                                                                                                                                                  4. an exciting or stimulating experience
                                                                                                                                                  5. a catch mechanism that acts as a switch

                                                                                                                                                    74

                                                                                                                                                    tropical

                                                                                                                                                    adj. 热带的;热情的;酷热的
                                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                    1. relating to or situated in or characteristic of the tropics (the region on either side of the equator)
                                                                                                                                                    2. of or relating to the tropics, or either tropic
                                                                                                                                                    3. characterized by or of the nature of a trope or tropes; changed from its literal sense
                                                                                                                                                    4. of weather or climate; hot and humid as in the tropics

                                                                                                                                                      75

                                                                                                                                                      ultimatum

                                                                                                                                                      n. 最后通牒;最后结论;基本原理
                                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                      1. a final peremptory demand

                                                                                                                                                        76

                                                                                                                                                        utter

                                                                                                                                                        vt. 发出,表达;发射
                                                                                                                                                        adj. 完全的;彻底的;无条件的
                                                                                                                                                        n. (Utter)人名;(德、芬)乌特
                                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                        1. articulate; either verbally or with a cry, shout, or noise
                                                                                                                                                        2. express audibly; utter sounds (not necessarily words)
                                                                                                                                                        3. express in speech
                                                                                                                                                        4. put into circulation
                                                                                                                                                        5. without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers

                                                                                                                                                          77

                                                                                                                                                          vacate

                                                                                                                                                          vi. 空出,腾出;辞职;休假
                                                                                                                                                          vt. 空出,搬出;取消;使撤退
                                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                          1. leave (a job, post, or position) voluntarily
                                                                                                                                                          2. leave behind empty; move out of
                                                                                                                                                          3. annul by recalling or rescinding

                                                                                                                                                            78

                                                                                                                                                            variable

                                                                                                                                                            adj. 变量的;可变的;易变的,多变的;变异的,[生物] 畸变的
                                                                                                                                                            n. [数] 变量;可变物,可变因素
                                                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                            1. something that is likely to vary; something that is subject to variation
                                                                                                                                                            2. a quantity that can assume any of a set of values
                                                                                                                                                            3. a star that varies noticeably in brightness
                                                                                                                                                            4. a symbol (like x or y) that is used in mathematical or logical expressions to represent a variable quantity
                                                                                                                                                            5. liable to or capable of change

                                                                                                                                                              79

                                                                                                                                                              withdraw

                                                                                                                                                              vt. 撤退;收回;撤消;拉开
                                                                                                                                                              vi. 撤退;离开
                                                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                              1. pull back or move away or backward
                                                                                                                                                              2. withdraw from active participation
                                                                                                                                                              3. release from something that holds fast, connects, or entangles
                                                                                                                                                              4. cause to be returned
                                                                                                                                                              5. take back what one has said