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Flashcards in List-42 Deck (79)
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1

alter

vt. 改变,更改
vi. 改变;修改
n. (Alter)人名;(英)奥尔特;(德、捷、葡、爱沙、立陶、拉脱、俄、西、罗、瑞典)阿尔特
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  1. cause to change; make different; cause a transformation
  2. make or become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence
  3. make an alteration to
  4. insert words into texts, often falsifying it thereby
  5. remove the ovaries of

    2

    amass

    vt. 积聚,积累
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    1. collect or gather
    2. get or gather together

      3

      anthropologist

      n. 人类学家;人类学者
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      1. a social scientist who specializes in anthropology

        4

        artesian

        adj. [水文] 自流的
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        1. (of water) rising to the surface under internal hydrostatic pressure

          5

          attempt

          n. 企图,试图;攻击
          vt. 企图,试图;尝试
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          1. earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something
          2. the act of attacking
          3. make an effort or attempt
          4. enter upon an activity or enterprise

            6

            barely

            adv. 仅仅,勉强;几乎不;公开地;贫乏地
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            1. by a small margin
            2. in a sparse or scanty way

              7

              boom

              vt. 使兴旺;发隆隆声
              vi. 急速发展;发隆隆声
              n. 繁荣;吊杆;隆隆声
              n. (Boom)人名;(法、德)博姆
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              1. a deep prolonged loud noise
              2. a state of economic prosperity
              3. a sudden happening that brings good fortune (as a sudden opportunity to make money)
              4. a pole carrying an overhead microphone projected over a film or tv set
              5. any of various more-or-less horizontal spars or poles used to extend the foot of a sail or for handling cargo or in mooring

                8

                bureau

                n. 局,处;衣柜;办公桌
                n. (Bureau)人名;(法)比罗
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                1. an administrative unit of government
                2. furniture with drawers for keeping clothes

                  9

                  calculus

                  n. [病理] 结石;微积分学
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                  1. a hard lump produced by the concretion of mineral salts; found in hollow organs or ducts of the body
                  2. an incrustation that forms on the teeth and gums
                  3. the branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions

                    10

                    cognition

                    n. 认识;知识;认识能力
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                    1. the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning

                      11

                      combine

                      vt. 使化合;使联合,使结合
                      vi. 联合,结合;化合
                      n. 联合收割机;联合企业
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                      1. harvester that heads and threshes and cleans grain while moving across the field
                      2. a consortium of independent organizations formed to limit competition by controlling the production and distribution of a product or service
                      3. an occurrence that results in things being united
                      4. put or add together
                      5. have or possess in combination

                        12

                        concentric

                        adj. 同轴的;同中心的
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                        1. having a common center

                          13

                          copier

                          n. 复印机(等于copying machine);抄写员;模仿者
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                          1. apparatus that makes copies of typed, written or drawn material

                            14

                            cowhand

                            n. (美)牧牛工
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                            1. a hired hand who tends cattle and performs other duties on horseback

                              15

                              crush

                              vt. 压碎;弄皱,变形;使…挤入
                              vi. 挤;被压碎
                              n. 粉碎;迷恋;压榨;拥挤的人群
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                              1. leather that has had its grain pattern accentuated
                              2. a dense crowd of people
                              3. temporary love of an adolescent
                              4. the act of crushing
                              5. come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority

                                16

                                dated

                                adj. 陈旧的;过时的;有日期的
                                v. 注有日期(date的过去式和过去分词)
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                                1. marked by features of the immediate and usually discounted past
                                2. bearing a date

                                  17

                                  debatable

                                  adj. 成问题的;可争论的;未决定的
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                                  1. open to doubt or debate
                                  2. open to argument or debate
                                  3. capable of being disproved

                                    18

                                    decimal

                                    adj. 小数的;十进位的
                                    n. 小数
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                                    1. a proper fraction whose denominator is a power of 10
                                    2. a number in the decimal system
                                    3. numbered or proceeding by tens; based on ten
                                    4. divided by tens or hundreds

                                      19

                                      delta

                                      n. (河流的)三角洲;德耳塔(希腊字母的第四个字)
                                      n. (Delta)人名;(英、罗、葡)德尔塔
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
                                      2. the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet

                                        20

                                        demolish

                                        vt. 拆除;破坏;毁坏;推翻;驳倒
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. destroy completely
                                        2. humiliate or depress completely
                                        3. defeat soundly

                                          21

                                          depression

                                          n. 沮丧;洼地;不景气;忧愁
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity
                                          2. a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
                                          3. a sunken or depressed geological formation
                                          4. sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy
                                          5. a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment

                                            22

                                            diet

                                            n. 饮食;食物;规定饮食
                                            vi. 节食
                                            vt. [医] 照规定饮食
                                            n. (Diet)人名;(法)迪耶
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                                            1. a prescribed selection of foods
                                            2. a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan)
                                            3. the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal)
                                            4. the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods)
                                            5. follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons

                                              23

                                              digestive

                                              adj. 消化的;助消化的
                                              n. 助消化药
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                                              1. any substance that promotes digestion
                                              2. relating to or having the power to cause or promote digestion

                                                24

                                                disgust

                                                n. 厌恶,嫌恶
                                                vt. 使厌恶;使作呕
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                                                1. strong feelings of dislike
                                                2. fill with distaste
                                                3. cause aversion in; offend the moral sense of

                                                  25

                                                  displacement

                                                  n. 取代,位移;[船] 排水量
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. an event in which something is displaced without rotation
                                                  2. act of taking the place of another especially using underhanded tactics
                                                  3. the act of uniform movement
                                                  4. (chemistry) a reaction in which an elementary substance displaces and sets free a constituent element from a compound
                                                  5. (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that transfers affect or reaction from the original object to some more acceptable one

                                                    26

                                                    educated

                                                    adj. 受过教育的;有教养的
                                                    v. 训练;教导;培育(educate的过去分词形式)
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. possessing an education (especially having more than average knowledge)
                                                    2. having or based on relevant experience

                                                      27

                                                      emission

                                                      n. (光、热等的)发射,散发;喷射;发行
                                                      n. (Emission)人名;(英)埃米申
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. the act of emitting; causing to flow forth
                                                      2. a substance that is emitted or released
                                                      3. the release of electrons from parent atoms
                                                      4. any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body
                                                      5. the occurrence of a flow of water (as from a pipe)

                                                        28

                                                        enzyme

                                                        n. [生化] 酶
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions

                                                          29

                                                          erode

                                                          vt. 腐蚀,侵蚀
                                                          vi. 侵蚀;受腐蚀
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                                                          1. become ground down or deteriorate
                                                          2. remove soil or rock

                                                            30

                                                            exotic

                                                            adj. 异国的;外来的;异国情调的
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. being or from or characteristic of another place or part of the world
                                                            2. strikingly strange or unusual