List-5 Flashcards Preview

TOEFL-45 > List-5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in List-5 Deck (79)
Loading flashcards...
1

assimilate

vt. 吸收;使同化;把…比作;使相似
vi. 吸收;同化
-------------------------------------------

  1. take up mentally
  2. become similar to one's environment
  3. make similar
  4. take (gas, light or heat) into a solution
  5. become similar in sound

    2

    audio

    adj. 声音的;[声] 音频的,[声] 声频的
    -------------------------------------------

    1. the audible part of a transmitted signal
    2. an audible acoustic wave frequency
    3. the sound elements of television

      3

      axis

      n. 轴;轴线;轴心国
      -------------------------------------------

      1. a straight line through a body or figure that satisfies certain conditions
      2. the center around which something rotates
      3. the main stem or central part about which plant organs or plant parts such as branches are arranged
      4. in World War II the alliance of Germany and Italy in 1936 which later included Japan and other nations
      5. a group of countries in special alliance

        4

        cable

        n. 缆绳;电缆;海底电报
        vt. 打电报
        vi. 打海底电报
        -------------------------------------------

        1. a telegram sent abroad
        2. a conductor for transmitting electrical or optical signals or electric power
        3. a very strong thick rope made of twisted hemp or steel wire
        4. a nautical unit of depth
        5. television that is transmitted over cable directly to the receiver

          5

          chubby

          adj. 圆胖的,丰满的
          -------------------------------------------

          1. euphemisms for slightly fat

            6

            committee

            n. 委员会
            -------------------------------------------

            1. a special group delegated to consider some matter
            2. a self-constituted organization to promote something

              7

              commute

              vt. 减刑;交换;用……交换;使……变成
              vi. 通勤;代偿
              n. 通勤(口语)
              -------------------------------------------

              1. a regular journey of some distance to and from your place of work
              2. move from one side of an equation to the other side without a change in value
              3. travel back and forth regularly, as between one's place of work and home
              4. change the order or arrangement of
              5. exchange a penalty for a less severe one

                8

                consult

                vt. 查阅;商量;向…请教
                vi. 请教;商议;当顾问
                -------------------------------------------

                1. get or ask advice from
                2. seek information from
                3. have a conference in order to talk something over
                4. advise professionally

                  9

                  converse

                  adj. 相反的,逆向的;颠倒的
                  vi. 交谈,谈话;认识
                  n. 逆行,逆向;倒;相反的事物
                  n. (Converse)人名;(英)康弗斯
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. a proposition obtained by conversion
                  2. carry on a conversation
                  3. of words so related that one reverses the relation denoted by the other
                  4. turned about in order or relation

                    10

                    corrosive

                    adj. 腐蚀的;侵蚀性的
                    n. 腐蚀物
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. a substance having the tendency to cause corrosion (such a strong acids or alkali)
                    2. of a substance, especially a strong acid; capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

                      11

                      courageous

                      adj. 有胆量的,勇敢的
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. possessing or displaying courage; able to face and deal with danger or fear without flinching

                        12

                        cousin

                        n. 堂兄弟姊妹;表兄弟姊妹
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. the child of your aunt or uncle

                          13

                          credential

                          n. 证书;凭据;国书
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts

                            14

                            define

                            vt. 定义;使明确;规定
                            n. (Define)人名;(英)德法恩;(葡)德菲内
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. give a definition for the meaning of a word
                            2. determine the essential quality of
                            3. determine the nature of
                            4. show the form or outline of

                              15

                              denote

                              vt. 表示,指示
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. be a sign or indication of
                              2. have as a meaning
                              3. make known; make an announcement

                                16

                                detergent

                                n. 清洁剂;去垢剂
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. a surface-active chemical widely used in industry and laundering
                                2. a cleansing agent that differs from soap but can also emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension
                                3. having cleansing power

                                  17

                                  device

                                  n. 装置;策略;图案
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose
                                  2. something in an artistic work designed to achieve a particular effect
                                  3. any clever maneuver
                                  4. any ornamental pattern or design (as in embroidery)
                                  5. an emblematic design (especially in heraldry)

                                    18

                                    dominant

                                    adj. 显性的;占优势的;支配的,统治的
                                    n. 显性
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. (music) the fifth note of the diatonic scale
                                    2. an allele that produces the same phenotype whether its paired allele is identical or different
                                    3. exercising influence or control
                                    4. (of genes) producing the same phenotype whether its allele is identical or dissimilar

                                      19

                                      estimate

                                      vi. 估计,估价
                                      n. 估计,估价;判断,看法
                                      vt. 估计,估量;判断,评价
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth
                                      2. a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody
                                      3. a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation)
                                      4. a statement indicating the likely cost of some job
                                      5. the respect with which a person is held

                                        20

                                        excavation

                                        n. 挖掘,发掘
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. the act of digging
                                        2. the site of an archeological exploration
                                        3. a hole in the ground made by excavating
                                        4. the act of extracting ores or coal etc from the earth

                                          21

                                          facilitate

                                          vt. 促进;帮助;使容易
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. make easier
                                          2. be of use
                                          3. increase the likelihood of (a response)

                                            22

                                            fellow

                                            n. 家伙;朋友;同事;会员
                                            adj. 同伴的,同事的;同道的
                                            vt. 使…与另一个对等;使…与另一个匹敌
                                            n. (Fellow)人名;(英)费洛
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. a boy or man
                                            2. a person who is frequently in the company of another
                                            3. a person who is member of your class or profession
                                            4. an informal form of address for a man
                                            5. a man who is the lover of a girl or young woman

                                              23

                                              foremost

                                              adj. 最重要的;最先的
                                              adv. 首先;居于首位地
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. ranking above all others
                                              2. situated closest to the bow
                                              3. preceding all others in spatial position
                                              4. prominently forward
                                              5. before anything else

                                                24

                                                frenzy

                                                n. 狂暴;狂怒;暴怒
                                                vt. 使发狂;使狂怒
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. state of violent mental agitation

                                                  25

                                                  friction

                                                  n. 摩擦,[力] 摩擦力
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. a state of conflict between persons
                                                  2. the resistance encountered when one body is moved in contact with another
                                                  3. effort expended in moving one object over another with pressure

                                                    26

                                                    hardware

                                                    n. 计算机硬件;五金器具
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. major items of military weaponry (as tanks or missile)
                                                    2. instrumentalities (tools or implements) made of metal
                                                    3. (computer science) the mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components making up a computer system

                                                      27

                                                      imprint

                                                      n. 印记;痕迹;特征;版本说明
                                                      vt. 加特征;刻上记号
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. a distinctive influence
                                                      2. a concavity in a surface produced by pressing
                                                      3. an identification of a publisher; a publisher's name along with the date and address and edition that is printed at the bottom of the title page
                                                      4. an impression produced by pressure or printing
                                                      5. a device produced by pressure on a surface

                                                        28

                                                        induce

                                                        vt. 诱导;引起;引诱;感应
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. cause to arise
                                                        2. cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner
                                                        3. cause to occur rapidly
                                                        4. reason or establish by induction
                                                        5. produce electric current by electrostatic or magnetic processes

                                                          29

                                                          inert

                                                          adj. [化学] 惰性的;呆滞的;迟缓的;无效的
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. unable to move or resist motion
                                                          2. having only a limited ability to react chemically; chemically inactive
                                                          3. slow and apathetic

                                                            30

                                                            infection

                                                            n. 感染;传染;影响;传染病
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
                                                            2. (phonetics) the alteration of a speech sound under the influence of a neighboring sound
                                                            3. (medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease
                                                            4. an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted
                                                            5. the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people