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Flashcards in List-14 Deck (78)
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1

absenteeism

n. 旷工;旷课;有计划的怠工;经常无故缺席
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  1. habitual absence from work

    2

    acclaim

    vt. 称赞;为…喝采,向…欢呼
    n. 欢呼,喝彩;称赞
    vi. 欢呼,喝采
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    1. enthusiastic approval
    2. praise vociferously
    3. clap one's hands or shout after performances to indicate approval

      3

      astronomy

      n. 天文学
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      1. the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole

        4

        boundary

        n. 边界;范围;分界线
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        1. the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something
        2. a line determining the limits of an area
        3. the greatest possible degree of something

          5

          brass

          n. 黄铜;黄铜制品;铜管乐器;厚脸皮
          n. (Brass)人名;(英、法、德)布拉斯
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          1. an alloy of copper and zinc
          2. a wind instrument that consists of a brass tube (usually of variable length) that is blown by means of a cup-shaped or funnel-shaped mouthpiece
          3. the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
          4. impudent aggressiveness
          5. an ornament or utensil made of brass

            6

            candidate

            n. 候选人,候补者;应试者
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            1. a politician who is running for public office
            2. someone who is considered for something (for an office or prize or honor etc.)

              7

              coincide

              vi. 一致,符合;同时发生
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              1. go with, fall together
              2. happen simultaneously
              3. be the same

                8

                colony

                n. 殖民地;移民队
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                1. a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of their home state but are not literally under the home state's system of government
                2. a group of animals of the same type living together
                3. one of the 13 British colonies that formed the original states of the United States
                4. a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country
                5. (microbiology) a group of organisms grown from a single parent cell

                  9

                  comic

                  adj. 喜剧的;滑稽的;有趣的
                  n. 连环漫画;喜剧演员;滑稽人物
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                  1. a professional performer who tells jokes and performs comical acts
                  2. arousing or provoking laughter
                  3. of or relating to or characteristic of comedy

                    10

                    comprehensive

                    adj. 综合的;广泛的;有理解力的
                    n. 综合学校;专业综合测验
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                    1. an intensive examination testing a student's proficiency in some special field of knowledge
                    2. including all or everything
                    3. broad in scope

                      11

                      concave

                      adj. 凹的,凹面的
                      n. 凹面
                      vt. 使成凹形
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                      1. curving inward

                        12

                        cooperation

                        n. 合作,协作;[劳经] 协力
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                        1. joint operation or action
                        2. the practice of cooperating

                          13

                          curious

                          adj. 好奇的,有求知欲的;古怪的;爱挑剔的
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. beyond or deviating from the usual or expected
                          2. eager to investigate and learn or learn more (sometimes about others' concerns)
                          3. having curiosity aroused; eagerly interested in learning more

                            14

                            decode

                            vt. [计][通信] 译码,解码
                            vi. 从事破译工作
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                            1. convert code into ordinary language

                              15

                              demanding

                              adj. 苛求的;要求高的;吃力的
                              v. 要求;查问(demand的ing形式)
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                              1. requiring more than usually expected or thought due; especially great patience and effort and skill

                                16

                                designate

                                vt. 指定;指派;标出;把…定名为
                                adj. 指定的;选定的
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                                1. assign a name or title to
                                2. give an assignment to (a person) to a post, or assign a task to (a person)
                                3. decree or designate beforehand
                                4. design or destine
                                5. appointed but not yet installed in office

                                  17

                                  diversity

                                  n. 多样性;差异
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                                  1. noticeable heterogeneity
                                  2. the condition or result of being changed

                                    18

                                    dogged

                                    adj. 顽强的;顽固的
                                    vt. 跟踪;尾随(dog的过去式)
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                                    1. stubbornly unyielding

                                      19

                                      donation

                                      n. 捐款,捐赠物;捐赠
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. a voluntary gift (as of money or service or ideas) made to some worthwhile cause
                                      2. act of giving in common with others for a common purpose especially to a charity

                                        20

                                        dormitory

                                        n. 宿舍,学生宿舍
                                        adj. 住宅区的
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                                        1. a college or university building containing living quarters for students
                                        2. a large sleeping room containing several beds

                                          21

                                          drain

                                          vi. 排水;流干
                                          vt. 喝光,耗尽;使流出;排掉水
                                          n. 排水;下水道,排水管;消耗
                                          n. (Drain)人名;(英)德雷恩;(法)德兰
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. emptying something accomplished by allowing liquid to run out of it
                                          2. tube inserted into a body cavity (as during surgery) to remove unwanted material
                                          3. a pipe through which liquid is carried away
                                          4. a gradual depletion of energy or resources
                                          5. flow off gradually

                                            22

                                            drowsy

                                            adj. 昏昏欲睡的;沉寂的;催眠的
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. half asleep
                                            2. showing lack of attention or boredom

                                              23

                                              edge

                                              n. 边缘;优势;刀刃;锋利
                                              vt. 使锐利;将…开刃;给…加上边
                                              vi. 缓缓移动;侧着移动
                                              n. (Edge)人名;(英)埃奇
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                                              1. the boundary of a surface
                                              2. a sharp side formed by the intersection of two surfaces of an object
                                              3. a line determining the limits of an area
                                              4. the attribute of urgency
                                              5. a slight competitive advantage

                                                24

                                                efficiency

                                                n. 效率;效能;功效
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. the ratio of the output to the input of any system
                                                2. skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort

                                                  25

                                                  elevation

                                                  n. 高地;海拔;提高;崇高;正面图
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. the event of something being raised upward
                                                  2. the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
                                                  3. angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
                                                  4. a raised or elevated geological formation
                                                  5. distance of something above a reference point (such as sea level)

                                                    26

                                                    elongate

                                                    vt. 拉长;使延长;使伸长
                                                    vi. 拉长;延长;伸长
                                                    adj. 伸长的;延长的
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. make long or longer by pulling and stretching
                                                    2. of a leaf shape; long and narrow
                                                    3. having notably more length than width; being long and slender

                                                      27

                                                      employ

                                                      vt. 使用,采用;雇用;使忙于,使从事于
                                                      n. 使用;雇用
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. the state of being employed or having a job
                                                      2. put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose
                                                      3. engage or hire for work

                                                        28

                                                        erupt

                                                        vi. 爆发;喷出;发疹;长牙
                                                        vt. 爆发;喷出
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. start abruptly
                                                        2. erupt or intensify suddenly
                                                        3. start to burn or burst into flames
                                                        4. break out
                                                        5. become active and spew forth lava and rocks

                                                          29

                                                          extinct

                                                          adj. 灭绝的,绝种的;熄灭的
                                                          vt. 使熄灭
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                                                          1. no longer in existence; lost or especially having died out leaving no living representatives
                                                          2. (of e.g. volcanos) permanently inactive
                                                          3. being out or having grown cold

                                                            30

                                                            fraction

                                                            n. 分数;部分;小部分;稍微
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. a component of a mixture that has been separated by a fractional process
                                                            2. a small part or item forming a piece of a whole
                                                            3. the quotient of two rational numbers
                                                            4. perform a division