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Flashcards in List-14 Deck (78):
1

absenteeism

n. 旷工;旷课;有计划的怠工;经常无故缺席
-------------------------------------------

  1. habitual absence from work

    2

    acclaim

    vt. 称赞;为…喝采,向…欢呼
    n. 欢呼,喝彩;称赞
    vi. 欢呼,喝采
    -------------------------------------------

    1. enthusiastic approval
    2. praise vociferously
    3. clap one's hands or shout after performances to indicate approval

      3

      astronomy

      n. 天文学
      -------------------------------------------

      1. the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole

        4

        boundary

        n. 边界;范围;分界线
        -------------------------------------------

        1. the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something
        2. a line determining the limits of an area
        3. the greatest possible degree of something

          5

          brass

          n. 黄铜;黄铜制品;铜管乐器;厚脸皮
          n. (Brass)人名;(英、法、德)布拉斯
          -------------------------------------------

          1. an alloy of copper and zinc
          2. a wind instrument that consists of a brass tube (usually of variable length) that is blown by means of a cup-shaped or funnel-shaped mouthpiece
          3. the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
          4. impudent aggressiveness
          5. an ornament or utensil made of brass

            6

            candidate

            n. 候选人,候补者;应试者
            -------------------------------------------

            1. a politician who is running for public office
            2. someone who is considered for something (for an office or prize or honor etc.)

              7

              coincide

              vi. 一致,符合;同时发生
              -------------------------------------------

              1. go with, fall together
              2. happen simultaneously
              3. be the same

                8

                colony

                n. 殖民地;移民队
                -------------------------------------------

                1. a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of their home state but are not literally under the home state's system of government
                2. a group of animals of the same type living together
                3. one of the 13 British colonies that formed the original states of the United States
                4. a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country
                5. (microbiology) a group of organisms grown from a single parent cell

                  9

                  comic

                  adj. 喜剧的;滑稽的;有趣的
                  n. 连环漫画;喜剧演员;滑稽人物
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. a professional performer who tells jokes and performs comical acts
                  2. arousing or provoking laughter
                  3. of or relating to or characteristic of comedy

                    10

                    comprehensive

                    adj. 综合的;广泛的;有理解力的
                    n. 综合学校;专业综合测验
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. an intensive examination testing a student's proficiency in some special field of knowledge
                    2. including all or everything
                    3. broad in scope

                      11

                      concave

                      adj. 凹的,凹面的
                      n. 凹面
                      vt. 使成凹形
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. curving inward

                        12

                        cooperation

                        n. 合作,协作;[劳经] 协力
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. joint operation or action
                        2. the practice of cooperating

                          13

                          curious

                          adj. 好奇的,有求知欲的;古怪的;爱挑剔的
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. beyond or deviating from the usual or expected
                          2. eager to investigate and learn or learn more (sometimes about others' concerns)
                          3. having curiosity aroused; eagerly interested in learning more

                            14

                            decode

                            vt. [计][通信] 译码,解码
                            vi. 从事破译工作
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. convert code into ordinary language

                              15

                              demanding

                              adj. 苛求的;要求高的;吃力的
                              v. 要求;查问(demand的ing形式)
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. requiring more than usually expected or thought due; especially great patience and effort and skill

                                16

                                designate

                                vt. 指定;指派;标出;把…定名为
                                adj. 指定的;选定的
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. assign a name or title to
                                2. give an assignment to (a person) to a post, or assign a task to (a person)
                                3. decree or designate beforehand
                                4. design or destine
                                5. appointed but not yet installed in office

                                  17

                                  diversity

                                  n. 多样性;差异
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. noticeable heterogeneity
                                  2. the condition or result of being changed

                                    18

                                    dogged

                                    adj. 顽强的;顽固的
                                    vt. 跟踪;尾随(dog的过去式)
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. stubbornly unyielding

                                      19

                                      donation

                                      n. 捐款,捐赠物;捐赠
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. a voluntary gift (as of money or service or ideas) made to some worthwhile cause
                                      2. act of giving in common with others for a common purpose especially to a charity

                                        20

                                        dormitory

                                        n. 宿舍,学生宿舍
                                        adj. 住宅区的
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. a college or university building containing living quarters for students
                                        2. a large sleeping room containing several beds

                                          21

                                          drain

                                          vi. 排水;流干
                                          vt. 喝光,耗尽;使流出;排掉水
                                          n. 排水;下水道,排水管;消耗
                                          n. (Drain)人名;(英)德雷恩;(法)德兰
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. emptying something accomplished by allowing liquid to run out of it
                                          2. tube inserted into a body cavity (as during surgery) to remove unwanted material
                                          3. a pipe through which liquid is carried away
                                          4. a gradual depletion of energy or resources
                                          5. flow off gradually

                                            22

                                            drowsy

                                            adj. 昏昏欲睡的;沉寂的;催眠的
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. half asleep
                                            2. showing lack of attention or boredom

                                              23

                                              edge

                                              n. 边缘;优势;刀刃;锋利
                                              vt. 使锐利;将…开刃;给…加上边
                                              vi. 缓缓移动;侧着移动
                                              n. (Edge)人名;(英)埃奇
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. the boundary of a surface
                                              2. a sharp side formed by the intersection of two surfaces of an object
                                              3. a line determining the limits of an area
                                              4. the attribute of urgency
                                              5. a slight competitive advantage

                                                24

                                                efficiency

                                                n. 效率;效能;功效
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. the ratio of the output to the input of any system
                                                2. skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort

                                                  25

                                                  elevation

                                                  n. 高地;海拔;提高;崇高;正面图
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. the event of something being raised upward
                                                  2. the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
                                                  3. angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
                                                  4. a raised or elevated geological formation
                                                  5. distance of something above a reference point (such as sea level)

                                                    26

                                                    elongate

                                                    vt. 拉长;使延长;使伸长
                                                    vi. 拉长;延长;伸长
                                                    adj. 伸长的;延长的
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. make long or longer by pulling and stretching
                                                    2. of a leaf shape; long and narrow
                                                    3. having notably more length than width; being long and slender

                                                      27

                                                      employ

                                                      vt. 使用,采用;雇用;使忙于,使从事于
                                                      n. 使用;雇用
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. the state of being employed or having a job
                                                      2. put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose
                                                      3. engage or hire for work

                                                        28

                                                        erupt

                                                        vi. 爆发;喷出;发疹;长牙
                                                        vt. 爆发;喷出
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. start abruptly
                                                        2. erupt or intensify suddenly
                                                        3. start to burn or burst into flames
                                                        4. break out
                                                        5. become active and spew forth lava and rocks

                                                          29

                                                          extinct

                                                          adj. 灭绝的,绝种的;熄灭的
                                                          vt. 使熄灭
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. no longer in existence; lost or especially having died out leaving no living representatives
                                                          2. (of e.g. volcanos) permanently inactive
                                                          3. being out or having grown cold

                                                            30

                                                            fraction

                                                            n. 分数;部分;小部分;稍微
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. a component of a mixture that has been separated by a fractional process
                                                            2. a small part or item forming a piece of a whole
                                                            3. the quotient of two rational numbers
                                                            4. perform a division

                                                              31

                                                              galaxy

                                                              n. 银河;[天] 星系;银河系;一群显赫的人
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. a splendid assemblage (especially of famous people)
                                                              2. tufted evergreen perennial herb having spikes of tiny white flowers and glossy green round to heart-shaped leaves that become coppery to maroon or purplish in fall
                                                              3. (astronomy) a collection of star systems; any of the billions of systems each having many stars and nebulae and dust

                                                                32

                                                                grace

                                                                n. 优雅;恩惠;魅力;慈悲
                                                                vt. 使优美
                                                                n. (Grace)人名;(英)格雷斯,格雷丝 (女名);(法)格拉斯
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. (Christian theology) a state of sanctification by God; the state of one who under such divine influence
                                                                2. elegance and beauty of movement or expression
                                                                3. a sense of propriety and consideration for others
                                                                4. a disposition to kindness and compassion
                                                                5. (Greek mythology) one of three sisters who were the givers of beauty and charm; a favorite subject for sculptors

                                                                  33

                                                                  hitherto

                                                                  adv. 迄今;至今
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. used in negative statement to describe a situation that has existed up to this point or up to the present time

                                                                    34

                                                                    idle

                                                                    adj. 闲置的;懒惰的;停顿的
                                                                    vi. 无所事事;虚度;空转
                                                                    vt. 虚度;使空转
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. the state of an engine or other mechanism that is idling
                                                                    2. run disconnected or idle
                                                                    3. be idle; exist in a changeless situation
                                                                    4. not in action or at work
                                                                    5. without a basis in reason or fact

                                                                      35

                                                                      inanity

                                                                      n. 空虚;愚蠢;浅薄
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. total lack of meaning or ideas

                                                                        36

                                                                        ingredient

                                                                        n. 原料;要素;组成部分
                                                                        adj. 构成组成部分的
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. a component of a mixture or compound
                                                                        2. an abstract part of something
                                                                        3. food that is a component of a mixture in cooking

                                                                          37

                                                                          insulin

                                                                          n. [生化][药] 胰岛素
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                          1. hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas; regulates storage of glycogen in the liver and accelerates oxidation of sugar in cells

                                                                            38

                                                                            interfere

                                                                            vi. 干涉;妨碍;打扰
                                                                            vt. 冲突;介入
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. come between so as to be hindrance or obstacle
                                                                            2. get involved, so as to alter or hinder an action, or through force or threat of force

                                                                              39

                                                                              invitation

                                                                              n. 邀请;引诱
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. a request (spoken or written) to participate or be present or take part in something
                                                                              2. a tempting allurement

                                                                                40

                                                                                inviting

                                                                                adj. 诱人的;有魅力的
                                                                                v. 邀请(invite的ing形式)
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. attractive and tempting

                                                                                  41

                                                                                  involve

                                                                                  vt. 包含;牵涉;使陷于;潜心于
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. connect closely and often incriminatingly
                                                                                  2. engage as a participant
                                                                                  3. have as a necessary feature or consequence; entail
                                                                                  4. require as useful, just, or proper
                                                                                  5. contain as a part

                                                                                    42

                                                                                    item

                                                                                    n. 条款,项目;一则;一件商品(或物品)
                                                                                    adj. 又,同上
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. a distinct part that can be specified separately in a group of things that could be enumerated on a list
                                                                                    2. a whole individual unit; especially when included in a list or collection
                                                                                    3. a small part that can be considered separately from the whole
                                                                                    4. an isolated fact that is considered separately from the whole
                                                                                    5. an individual instance of a type of symbol

                                                                                      43

                                                                                      keyboard

                                                                                      n. 键盘
                                                                                      vt. 键入;用键盘式排字机排字
                                                                                      vi. 用键盘进行操作;作键盘式排字机排字
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                      1. device consisting of a set of keys on a piano or organ or typewriter or typesetting machine or computer or the like
                                                                                      2. holder consisting of an arrangement of hooks on which keys or locks can be hung

                                                                                        44

                                                                                        lettuce

                                                                                        n. [园艺] 生菜;莴苣;(美)纸币
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. informal terms for money
                                                                                        2. any of various plants of the genus Lactuca
                                                                                        3. leaves of any of various plants of Lactuca sativa

                                                                                          45

                                                                                          magnetic

                                                                                          adj. 地磁的;有磁性的;有吸引力的
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. of or relating to or caused by magnetism
                                                                                          2. having the properties of a magnet; i.e. of attracting iron or steel
                                                                                          3. capable of being magnetized
                                                                                          4. determined by earth's magnetic fields
                                                                                          5. having the properties of a magnet; the ability to draw or pull

                                                                                            46

                                                                                            mason

                                                                                            n. 泥瓦匠;共济会会员(等于freemason)
                                                                                            vt. 用砖瓦砌成
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. American Revolutionary leader from Virginia whose objections led to the drafting of the Bill of Rights (1725-1792)
                                                                                            2. English film actor (1909-1984)
                                                                                            3. English writer (1865-1948)
                                                                                            4. a craftsman who works with stone or brick
                                                                                            5. a member of a widespread secret fraternal order pledged to mutual assistance and brotherly love

                                                                                              47

                                                                                              meantime

                                                                                              n. 其时,其间
                                                                                              adv. 同时;其间
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. the time between one event, process, or period and another
                                                                                              2. during the intervening time

                                                                                                48

                                                                                                merchant

                                                                                                n. 商人,批发商;店主
                                                                                                adj. 商业的,商人的
                                                                                                n. (Merchant)人名;(英)麦钱特
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. a businessperson engaged in retail trade

                                                                                                  49

                                                                                                  metallic

                                                                                                  adj. 金属的,含金属的
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. a fabric made of a yarn that is partly or entirely of metal
                                                                                                  2. a yarn made partly or entirely of metal
                                                                                                  3. containing or made of or resembling or characteristic of a metal

                                                                                                    50

                                                                                                    military

                                                                                                    adj. 军事的;军人的;适于战争的
                                                                                                    n. 军队;军人
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                    1. the military forces of a nation
                                                                                                    2. of or relating to the study of the principles of warfare
                                                                                                    3. characteristic of or associated with soldiers or the military
                                                                                                    4. associated with or performed by armed services as contrasted with civilians

                                                                                                      51

                                                                                                      mode

                                                                                                      n. 模式;方式;风格;时尚
                                                                                                      n. (Mode)人名;(德、英、法、乍、瑞典)莫德
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. how something is done or how it happens
                                                                                                      2. a particular functioning condition or arrangement
                                                                                                      3. a classification of propositions on the basis of whether they claim necessity or possibility or impossibility
                                                                                                      4. verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker
                                                                                                      5. any of various fixed orders of the various diatonic notes within an octave

                                                                                                        52

                                                                                                        monastery

                                                                                                        n. 修道院;僧侣
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. the residence of a religious community

                                                                                                          53

                                                                                                          narrative

                                                                                                          n. 叙述;故事;讲述
                                                                                                          adj. 叙事的,叙述的;叙事体的
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. a message that tells the particulars of an act or occurrence or course of events; presented in writing or drama or cinema or as a radio or television program
                                                                                                          2. consisting of or characterized by the telling of a story

                                                                                                            54

                                                                                                            nourish

                                                                                                            vt. 滋养;怀有;使健壮
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. provide with nourishment
                                                                                                            2. give nourishment to

                                                                                                              55

                                                                                                              optimistic

                                                                                                              adj. 乐观的;乐观主义的
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. expecting the best in this best of all possible worlds
                                                                                                              2. expecting the best

                                                                                                                56

                                                                                                                ornithology

                                                                                                                n. 鸟类学;鸟学论文
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. the branch of zoology that studies birds

                                                                                                                  57

                                                                                                                  overnight

                                                                                                                  adv. 通宵;突然;昨晚
                                                                                                                  adj. 晚上的;通宵的;前夜的
                                                                                                                  n. 头天晚上;一夜的逗留
                                                                                                                  vt. 连夜快递
                                                                                                                  vi. 过一夜
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. lasting, open, or operating through the whole night
                                                                                                                  2. happening in a short time or with great speed

                                                                                                                    58

                                                                                                                    pale

                                                                                                                    adj. 苍白的;无力的;暗淡的
                                                                                                                    n. 前哨;栅栏;范围
                                                                                                                    vt. 使失色;使变苍白;用栅栏围
                                                                                                                    vi. 失色;变苍白;变得暗淡
                                                                                                                    n. (Pale)人名;(塞)帕莱
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. a wooden strip forming part of a fence
                                                                                                                    2. turn pale, as if in fear
                                                                                                                    3. very light colored; highly diluted with white
                                                                                                                    4. (of light) lacking in intensity or brightness; dim or feeble
                                                                                                                    5. lacking in vitality or interest or effectiveness

                                                                                                                      59

                                                                                                                      penetrate

                                                                                                                      vt. 渗透;穿透;洞察
                                                                                                                      vi. 渗透;刺入;看透
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance
                                                                                                                      2. come to understand
                                                                                                                      3. become clear or enter one's consciousness or emotions
                                                                                                                      4. enter a group or organization in order to spy on the members
                                                                                                                      5. make one's way deeper into or through

                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                        prominent

                                                                                                                        adj. 突出的,显著的;杰出的;卓越的
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. having a quality that thrusts itself into attention
                                                                                                                        2. conspicuous in position or importance

                                                                                                                          61

                                                                                                                          proposal

                                                                                                                          n. 提议,建议;求婚
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. something proposed (such as a plan or assumption)
                                                                                                                          2. an offer of marriage
                                                                                                                          3. the act of making a proposal

                                                                                                                            62

                                                                                                                            qualify

                                                                                                                            vt. 限制;使具有资格;证明…合格
                                                                                                                            vi. 取得资格,有资格
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. prove capable or fit; meet requirements
                                                                                                                            2. pronounce fit or able
                                                                                                                            3. make more specific
                                                                                                                            4. make fit or prepared
                                                                                                                            5. specify as a condition or requirement in a contract or agreement; make an express demand or provision in an agreement

                                                                                                                              63

                                                                                                                              realm

                                                                                                                              n. 领域,范围;王国
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. a domain in which something is dominant
                                                                                                                              2. a knowledge domain that you are interested in or are communicating about
                                                                                                                              3. the domain ruled by a king or queen

                                                                                                                                64

                                                                                                                                rug

                                                                                                                                n. 小地毯;毛皮地毯;男子假发
                                                                                                                                n. (Rug)人名;(塞)鲁格
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. floor covering consisting of a piece of thick heavy fabric (usually with nap or pile)

                                                                                                                                  65

                                                                                                                                  sac

                                                                                                                                  n. [生物] 囊;液囊
                                                                                                                                  n. (Sac)人名;(西)萨克
                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                  1. an enclosed space
                                                                                                                                  2. a case or sheath especially a pollen sac or moss capsule
                                                                                                                                  3. a member of the Algonquian people formerly living in Wisconsin in the Fox River valley and on the shores of Green Bay
                                                                                                                                  4. a structure resembling a bag in an animal

                                                                                                                                    66

                                                                                                                                    satiric

                                                                                                                                    adj. 讽刺的;挖苦的
                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                    1. exposing human folly to ridicule

                                                                                                                                      67

                                                                                                                                      separate

                                                                                                                                      vt. 使分离;使分开;使分居
                                                                                                                                      vi. 分开;隔开;分居
                                                                                                                                      adj. 单独的;分开的;不同的;各自的;
                                                                                                                                      n. .分开;抽印本
                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                      1. a separately printed article that originally appeared in a larger publication
                                                                                                                                      2. a garment that can be purchased separately and worn in combinations with other garments
                                                                                                                                      3. act as a barrier between; stand between
                                                                                                                                      4. force, take, or pull apart
                                                                                                                                      5. mark as different

                                                                                                                                        68

                                                                                                                                        shed

                                                                                                                                        vt. 流出;摆脱;散发;倾吐
                                                                                                                                        vi. 流出;脱落;散布
                                                                                                                                        n. 小屋,棚;分水岭
                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                        1. an outbuilding with a single story; used for shelter or storage
                                                                                                                                        2. get rid of
                                                                                                                                        3. pour out in drops or small quantities or as if in drops or small quantities
                                                                                                                                        4. cause or allow (a solid substance) to flow or run out or over
                                                                                                                                        5. cast off hair, skin, horn, or feathers

                                                                                                                                          69

                                                                                                                                          smother

                                                                                                                                          vt. 使窒息;抑制;(用灰等)闷熄;忍住
                                                                                                                                          vi. 窒息;被抑制;闷死
                                                                                                                                          n. 窒息状态;令人窒息的浓烟
                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                          1. a confused multitude of things
                                                                                                                                          2. a stifling cloud of smoke
                                                                                                                                          3. envelop completely
                                                                                                                                          4. deprive of oxygen and prevent from breathing
                                                                                                                                          5. conceal or hide

                                                                                                                                            70

                                                                                                                                            so-called

                                                                                                                                            adj. 所谓的;号称的
                                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                            1. doubtful or suspect

                                                                                                                                              71

                                                                                                                                              sore

                                                                                                                                              adj. 疼痛的,痛心的;剧烈的,极度的;恼火的,发怒的;厉害的,迫切的
                                                                                                                                              n. 溃疡,痛处;恨事,伤心事
                                                                                                                                              n. (Sore)人名;(法)索尔;(意)索雷
                                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                              1. an open skin infection
                                                                                                                                              2. hurting
                                                                                                                                              3. causing misery or pain or distress
                                                                                                                                              4. roused to anger

                                                                                                                                                72

                                                                                                                                                suspend

                                                                                                                                                vt. 延缓,推迟;使暂停;使悬浮
                                                                                                                                                vi. 悬浮;禁赛
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                                                                                                                                                1. hang freely
                                                                                                                                                2. cause to be held in suspension in a fluid
                                                                                                                                                3. bar temporarily; from school, office, etc.
                                                                                                                                                4. stop a process or a habit by imposing a freeze on it
                                                                                                                                                5. make inoperative or stop

                                                                                                                                                  73

                                                                                                                                                  swarm

                                                                                                                                                  vi. 挤满;成群浮游;云集
                                                                                                                                                  n. 蜂群;一大群
                                                                                                                                                  vt. 挤满;爬
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                                                                                                                                                  1. a moving crowd
                                                                                                                                                  2. a group of many insects
                                                                                                                                                  3. be teeming, be abuzz
                                                                                                                                                  4. move in large numbers

                                                                                                                                                    74

                                                                                                                                                    sweat

                                                                                                                                                    vt. 使出汗;流出;使干苦活;剥削;藉出汗减轻;焦急地期待
                                                                                                                                                    n. 汗;水珠;焦急;苦差使
                                                                                                                                                    vi. 出汗;辛苦工作;懊恼;结水珠
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                                                                                                                                                    1. salty fluid secreted by sweat glands
                                                                                                                                                    2. agitation resulting from active worry
                                                                                                                                                    3. condensation of moisture on a cold surface
                                                                                                                                                    4. use of physical or mental energy; hard work
                                                                                                                                                    5. excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin

                                                                                                                                                      75

                                                                                                                                                      through

                                                                                                                                                      prep. 通过;穿过;凭借
                                                                                                                                                      adv. 彻底;从头至尾
                                                                                                                                                      adj. 直达的;过境的;完结的
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                                                                                                                                                      1. having finished or arrived at completion
                                                                                                                                                      2. (of a route or journey etc.) continuing without requiring stops or changes
                                                                                                                                                      3. from beginning to end
                                                                                                                                                      4. over the whole distance
                                                                                                                                                      5. to completion

                                                                                                                                                        76

                                                                                                                                                        translucent

                                                                                                                                                        adj. 透明的;半透明的
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                                                                                                                                                        1. almost transparent; allowing light to pass through diffusely

                                                                                                                                                          77

                                                                                                                                                          untamed

                                                                                                                                                          adj. 不能抑制的;难控驭的;未驯服的
                                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                          1. in a natural state; not tamed or domesticated or cultivated

                                                                                                                                                            78

                                                                                                                                                            X-ray

                                                                                                                                                            vt. 用X光线检查
                                                                                                                                                            vi. 使用X光
                                                                                                                                                            n. 射线;射线照片
                                                                                                                                                            adj. X光的;与X射线有关的
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                                                                                                                                                            1. electromagnetic radiation of short wavelength produced when high-speed electrons strike a solid target
                                                                                                                                                            2. a radiogram made by exposing photographic film to X rays; used in medical diagnosis
                                                                                                                                                            3. examine by taking x-rays
                                                                                                                                                            4. take an x-ray of something or somebody