List-39 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in List-39 Deck (79):
1

aluminum

n. 铝
-------------------------------------------

  1. a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite

    2

    anticipate

    vt. 预期,期望;占先,抢先;提前使用
    -------------------------------------------

    1. regard something as probable or likely
    2. act in advance of; deal with ahead of time
    3. realize beforehand
    4. make a prediction about; tell in advance
    5. be excited or anxious about

      3

      assortment

      n. 分类;混合物
      -------------------------------------------

      1. a collection containing a variety of sorts of things
      2. the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type

        4

        assume

        vt. 承担;假定;采取;呈现
        vi. 装腔作势;多管闲事
        -------------------------------------------

        1. take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof
        2. take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities
        3. take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect
        4. take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
        5. occupy or take on

          5

          automobile

          n. 汽车
          vt. 驾驶汽车
          [ 过去式 automobiled 过去分词 automobiled 现在分词 automobiling
          -------------------------------------------

          1. a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine
          2. travel in an automobile

            6

            beaver

            n. 海狸;海狸皮毛
            n. (Beaver)人名;(英)比弗
            -------------------------------------------

            1. the soft brown fur of the beaver
            2. a native or resident of Oregon
            3. a full beard
            4. a man's hat with a tall crown; usually covered with silk or with beaver fur
            5. a movable piece of armor on a medieval helmet used to protect the lower face

              7

              blizzard

              n. 暴风雪,大风雪;大打击
              vi. 下暴风雪
              n. (Blizzard)人名;(英)布利泽德
              -------------------------------------------

              1. a storm with widespread snowfall accompanied by strong winds
              2. a series of unexpected and unpleasant occurrences

                8

                blues

                n. 忧郁布鲁斯歌曲;蓝色物(blue的复数)
                v. 把…染成蓝色(blue的第三人称单数)
                -------------------------------------------

                1. a type of folksong that originated among Black Americans at the beginning of the 20th century; has a melancholy sound from repeated use of blue notes
                2. a state of depression

                  9

                  brush

                  n. 刷子;画笔;毛笔;争吵;与某人有效冲突;灌木丛地带;矮树丛;狐狸尾巴
                  vt. 刷;画;
                  vi. 刷;擦过;掠过;(经过时)轻触
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. a dense growth of bushes
                  2. an implement that has hairs or bristles firmly set into a handle
                  3. momentary contact
                  4. conducts current between rotating and stationary parts of a generator or motor
                  5. a minor short-term fight

                    10

                    by-product

                    n. 副产品;附带产生的结果;意外收获
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. a secondary and sometimes unexpected consequence
                    2. a product made during the manufacture of something else

                      11

                      cabinet

                      n. 内阁;橱柜;展览艺术品的小陈列室
                      adj. 内阁的;私下的,秘密的
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. a piece of furniture resembling a cupboard with doors and shelves and drawers; for storage or display
                      2. persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers
                      3. a storage compartment for clothes and valuables; usually it has a lock
                      4. housing for electronic instruments, as radio or television

                        12

                        chapel

                        n. 小礼拜堂,小教堂;礼拜
                        adj. 非国教的
                        n. (Chapel)人名;(法)沙佩尔;(英)查普尔
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. a place of worship that has its own altar
                        2. a service conducted in a place of worship that has its own altar

                          13

                          comedy

                          n. 喜剧;喜剧性;有趣的事情
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. light and humorous drama with a happy ending
                          2. a comic incident or series of incidents

                            14

                            completion

                            n. 完成,结束;实现
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. (American football) a successful forward pass in football
                            2. a concluding action

                              15

                              coral

                              n. 珊瑚;珊瑚虫
                              adj. 珊瑚的;珊瑚色的
                              n. (Coral)人名;(英、法、西、葡)科拉尔
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. a variable color averaging a deep pink
                              2. the hard stony skeleton of a Mediterranean coral that has a delicate red or pink color and is used for jewelry
                              3. unfertilized lobster roe; reddens in cooking; used as garnish or to color sauces
                              4. marine colonial polyp characterized by a calcareous skeleton; masses in a variety of shapes often forming reefs
                              5. of a strong pink to yellowish-pink color

                                16

                                declare

                                vt. 宣布,声明;断言,宣称
                                vi. 声明,宣布
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. state emphatically and authoritatively
                                2. announce publicly or officially
                                3. state firmly
                                4. declare to be
                                5. authorize payments of

                                  17

                                  demobilize

                                  vt. 遣散;使复员;使退伍(demobilise)
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. release from military service or remove from the active list of military service
                                  2. retire from military service

                                    18

                                    devoid

                                    adj. 缺乏的;全无的
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. completely lacking
                                    2. completely wanting or lacking

                                      19

                                      dilemma

                                      n. 困境;进退两难;两刀论法
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. state of uncertainty or perplexity especially as requiring a choice between equally unfavorable options

                                        20

                                        dwarf

                                        vi. 变矮小
                                        n. 侏儒,矮子
                                        vt. 使矮小
                                        adj. 矮小的
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. a person who is markedly small
                                        2. a legendary creature resembling a tiny old man; lives in the depths of the earth and guards buried treasure
                                        3. make appear small by comparison
                                        4. check the growth of

                                          21

                                          elevate

                                          vt. 提升;举起;振奋情绪等;提升…的职位
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. give a promotion to or assign to a higher position
                                          2. raise from a lower to a higher position
                                          3. raise in rank or condition

                                            22

                                            emerge

                                            vi. 浮现;摆脱;暴露
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. come out into view, as from concealment
                                            2. come out of
                                            3. become known or apparent
                                            4. come up to the surface of or rise
                                            5. happen or occur as a result of something

                                              23

                                              encase

                                              vt. 包住;围绕;包装
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. enclose in, or as if in, a case

                                                24

                                                encompass

                                                vt. 包含;包围,环绕;完成
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. include in scope; include as part of something broader; have as one's sphere or territory

                                                  25

                                                  epoch

                                                  n. [地质] 世;新纪元;新时代;时间上的一点
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. a period marked by distinctive character or reckoned from a fixed point or event
                                                  2. (astronomy) the precise date that is the point of reference for which information (as coordinates of a celestial body) is referred
                                                  3. a unit of geological time

                                                    26

                                                    essence

                                                    n. 本质,实质;精华;香精
                                                    n. (Essence)人名;(英)埃森丝
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
                                                    2. any substance possessing to a high degree the predominant properties of a plant or drug or other natural product from which it is extracted
                                                    3. the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
                                                    4. a toiletry that emits and diffuses a fragrant odor

                                                      27

                                                      exact

                                                      adj. 准确的,精密的;精确的
                                                      vt. 要求;强求;急需
                                                      vi. 勒索钱财
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. claim as due or just
                                                      2. take as an undesirable consequence of some event or state of affairs
                                                      3. marked by strict and particular and complete accordance with fact
                                                      4. (of ideas, images, representations, expressions) characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth ; strictly correct

                                                        28

                                                        exempt

                                                        vt. 免除;豁免
                                                        adj. 被免除的;被豁免的
                                                        n. 免税者;被免除义务者
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to
                                                        2. grant exemption or release to
                                                        3. (of persons) freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability (as e.g. taxes) to which others or other things are subject
                                                        4. (of goods or funds) not subject to taxation

                                                          29

                                                          fountain

                                                          n. 喷泉,泉水;源泉
                                                          n. (Fountain)人名;(英)方丹
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. a structure from which an artificially produced jet of water arises
                                                          2. a natural flow of ground water
                                                          3. an artificially produced flow of water
                                                          4. a plumbing fixture that provides a flow of water

                                                            30

                                                            generate

                                                            vt. 使形成;发生;生殖
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. bring into existence
                                                            2. give or supply
                                                            3. produce (energy)
                                                            4. make children

                                                              31

                                                              glamorous

                                                              adj. 迷人的,富有魅力的
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. having an air of allure, romance and excitement

                                                                32

                                                                glare

                                                                n. 刺眼;耀眼的光;受公众注目
                                                                vi. 瞪眼表示
                                                                vt. 瞪视;发眩光
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. great brightness
                                                                2. an angry stare
                                                                3. a focus of public attention
                                                                4. look at with a fixed gaze
                                                                5. be sharply reflected

                                                                  33

                                                                  gross

                                                                  adj. 总共的;粗野的;恶劣的;显而易见的
                                                                  vt. 总共收入
                                                                  n. 总额,总数
                                                                  n. (Gross)人名;(英、法、德、意、葡、西、俄、芬、罗、捷、匈)格罗斯
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. twelve dozen
                                                                  2. the entire amount of income before any deductions are made
                                                                  3. earn before taxes, expenses, etc.
                                                                  4. before any deductions
                                                                  5. visible to the naked eye (especially of rocks and anatomical features)

                                                                    34

                                                                    hinder

                                                                    vi. 成为阻碍
                                                                    vt. 阻碍;打扰
                                                                    adj. 后面的
                                                                    n. (Hinder)人名;(芬)欣德
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. be a hindrance or obstacle to
                                                                    2. hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of
                                                                    3. put at a disadvantage
                                                                    4. located at or near the back of an animal

                                                                      35

                                                                      immediate

                                                                      adj. 立即的;直接的;最接近的
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. very close or connected in space or time
                                                                      2. having no intervening medium
                                                                      3. immediately before or after as in a chain of cause and effect
                                                                      4. of the present time and place
                                                                      5. performed with little or no delay

                                                                        36

                                                                        incorporate

                                                                        vt. 包含,吸收;体现;把……合并
                                                                        vi. 合并;混合;组成公司
                                                                        adj. 合并的;一体化的;组成公司的
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. make into a whole or make part of a whole
                                                                        2. include or contain; have as a component
                                                                        3. form a corporation
                                                                        4. unite or merge with something already in existence
                                                                        5. formed or united into a whole

                                                                          37

                                                                          insulation

                                                                          n. 绝缘;隔离,孤立
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                          1. the state of being isolated or detached
                                                                          2. a material that reduces or prevents the transmission of heat or sound or electricity
                                                                          3. the act of protecting something by surrounding it with material that reduces or prevents the transmission of sound or heat or electricity

                                                                            38

                                                                            intrusion

                                                                            n. 侵入;闯入
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. any entry into an area not previously occupied
                                                                            2. entrance by force or without permission or welcome
                                                                            3. the forcing of molten rock into fissures or between strata of an earlier rock formation
                                                                            4. rock produced by an intrusive process
                                                                            5. entry to another's property without right or permission

                                                                              39

                                                                              irony

                                                                              n. 讽刺;反语;具有讽刺意味的事
                                                                              adj. 铁的;似铁的
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. witty language used to convey insults or scorn
                                                                              2. incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
                                                                              3. a trope that involves incongruity between what is expected and what occurs

                                                                                40

                                                                                issue

                                                                                n. 问题;流出;期号;发行物
                                                                                vt. 发行,发布;发给;放出,排出
                                                                                vi. 发行;流出;造成…结果;传下
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. an important question that is in dispute and must be settled
                                                                                2. one of a series published periodically
                                                                                3. the act of providing an item for general use or for official purposes (usually in quantity)
                                                                                4. some situation or event that is thought about
                                                                                5. supplies (as food or clothing or ammunition) issued by the government

                                                                                  41

                                                                                  kerosene

                                                                                  n. 煤油,火油
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. a flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters

                                                                                    42

                                                                                    lava

                                                                                    n. 火山岩浆;火山所喷出的熔岩
                                                                                    n. (Lava)人名;(西、意)拉瓦
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. rock that in its molten form (as magma) issues from volcanos; lava is what magma is called when it reaches the surface

                                                                                      43

                                                                                      limitation

                                                                                      n. 限制;限度;极限;追诉时效;有效期限;缺陷
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                      1. a principle that limits the extent of something
                                                                                      2. the quality of being limited or restricted
                                                                                      3. the greatest amount of something that is possible or allowed
                                                                                      4. (law) a time period after which suits cannot be brought
                                                                                      5. an act of limiting or restricting (as by regulation)

                                                                                        44

                                                                                        linen

                                                                                        n. 亚麻布,亚麻线;亚麻制品
                                                                                        adj. 亚麻的;亚麻布制的
                                                                                        n. (Linen)人名;(英)利嫩
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. a fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant
                                                                                        2. a high-quality paper made of linen fibers or with a linen finish
                                                                                        3. white goods or clothing made with linen cloth

                                                                                          45

                                                                                          mannerism

                                                                                          n. 特殊习惯;矫揉造作;怪癖
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
                                                                                          2. a deliberate pretense or exaggerated display

                                                                                            46

                                                                                            mere

                                                                                            adj. 仅仅的;只不过的
                                                                                            n. 小湖;池塘
                                                                                            n. (Mere)人名;(日)目连(姓);(西)梅雷
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. a small pond of standing water
                                                                                            2. being nothing more than specified
                                                                                            3. apart from anything else; without additions or modifications

                                                                                              47

                                                                                              migrate

                                                                                              vi. 移动;随季节而移居;移往
                                                                                              vt. 使移居;使移植
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. move from one country or region to another and settle there
                                                                                              2. move periodically or seasonally

                                                                                                48

                                                                                                neutral

                                                                                                adj. 中立的,中性的;中立国的;非彩色的
                                                                                                n. 中立国;中立者;非彩色;齿轮的空档
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. one who does not side with any party in a war or dispute
                                                                                                2. neither moral nor immoral; neither good nor evil, right nor wrong
                                                                                                3. having no personal preference
                                                                                                4. having only a limited ability to react chemically; chemically inactive
                                                                                                5. not supporting or favoring either side in a war, dispute, or contest

                                                                                                  49

                                                                                                  output

                                                                                                  n. 输出,输出量;产量;出产
                                                                                                  vt. 输出
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. final product; the things produced
                                                                                                  2. production of a certain amount
                                                                                                  3. signal that comes out of an electronic system
                                                                                                  4. the quantity of something (as a commodity) that is created (usually within a given period of time)
                                                                                                  5. what is produced in a given time period

                                                                                                    50

                                                                                                    overseas

                                                                                                    adv. 在海外,海外
                                                                                                    adj. 海外的,国外的
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                    1. in a foreign country
                                                                                                    2. being or passing over or across the sea
                                                                                                    3. beyond or across the sea
                                                                                                    4. in a place across an ocean

                                                                                                      51

                                                                                                      panic

                                                                                                      n. 恐慌,惊慌;大恐慌
                                                                                                      adj. 恐慌的;没有理由的
                                                                                                      vt. 使恐慌
                                                                                                      vi. 十分惊慌
                                                                                                      n. (Panic)人名;(罗)帕尼克
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety
                                                                                                      2. sudden mass fear and anxiety over anticipated events
                                                                                                      3. be overcome by a sudden fear
                                                                                                      4. cause sudden fear in or fill with sudden panic

                                                                                                        52

                                                                                                        passion

                                                                                                        n. 激情;热情;酷爱;盛怒
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. strong feeling or emotion
                                                                                                        2. the trait of being intensely emotional
                                                                                                        3. something that is desired intensely
                                                                                                        4. an irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action
                                                                                                        5. a feeling of strong sexual desire

                                                                                                          53

                                                                                                          pervasive

                                                                                                          adj. 普遍的;到处渗透的;流行的
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. spreading or spread throughout

                                                                                                            54

                                                                                                            photosynthesis

                                                                                                            n. 光合作用
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. synthesis of compounds with the aid of radiant energy (especially in plants)

                                                                                                              55

                                                                                                              press

                                                                                                              vt. 压;按;逼迫;紧抱
                                                                                                              vi. 压;逼;重压
                                                                                                              n. 压;按;新闻;出版社;[印刷] 印刷机
                                                                                                              n. (Press)人名;(英、德、俄、西、瑞典)普雷斯
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. newspaper writers and photographers
                                                                                                              2. the state of demanding notice or attention
                                                                                                              3. the gathering and publishing of news in the form of newspapers or magazines
                                                                                                              4. a machine used for printing
                                                                                                              5. a dense crowd of people

                                                                                                                56

                                                                                                                pressure

                                                                                                                n. 压力;压迫,[物] 压强
                                                                                                                vt. 迫使;密封;使……增压
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. the force applied to a unit area of surface; measured in pascals (SI unit) or in dynes (cgs unit)
                                                                                                                2. a force that compels
                                                                                                                3. the act of pressing; the exertion of pressure
                                                                                                                4. the state of demanding notice or attention
                                                                                                                5. the somatic sensation that results from applying force to an area of skin

                                                                                                                  57

                                                                                                                  proliferation

                                                                                                                  n. 增殖,扩散;分芽繁殖
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. growth by the rapid multiplication of parts
                                                                                                                  2. a rapid increase in number (especially a rapid increase in the number of deadly weapons)

                                                                                                                    58

                                                                                                                    prospect

                                                                                                                    n. 前途;预期;景色
                                                                                                                    vi. 勘探,找矿
                                                                                                                    vt. 勘探,勘察
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. the possibility of future success
                                                                                                                    2. belief about (or mental picture of) the future
                                                                                                                    3. someone who is considered for something (for an office or prize or honor etc.)
                                                                                                                    4. the visual percept of a region
                                                                                                                    5. a prediction of the course of a disease

                                                                                                                      59

                                                                                                                      questionnaire

                                                                                                                      n. 问卷;调查表
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. a form containing a set of questions; submitted to people to gain statistical information

                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                        ray

                                                                                                                        n. 射线;光线;【鱼类】鳐形目(Rajiformes)鱼
                                                                                                                        vt. 放射;显出
                                                                                                                        vi. 放射光线;浮现
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. a column of light (as from a beacon)
                                                                                                                        2. a branch of an umbel or an umbelliform inflorescence
                                                                                                                        3. (mathematics) a straight line extending from a point
                                                                                                                        4. a group of nearly parallel lines of electromagnetic radiation
                                                                                                                        5. the syllable naming the second (supertonic) note of any major scale in solmization

                                                                                                                          61

                                                                                                                          reflection

                                                                                                                          n. 反射;沉思;映象
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. a calm lengthy intent consideration
                                                                                                                          2. the phenomenon of a propagating wave (light or sound) being thrown back from a surface
                                                                                                                          3. expression without words
                                                                                                                          4. the image of something as reflected by a mirror (or other reflective material)
                                                                                                                          5. a likeness in which left and right are reversed

                                                                                                                            62

                                                                                                                            resolve

                                                                                                                            vt. 决定;溶解;使…分解;决心要做…
                                                                                                                            vi. 解决;决心;分解
                                                                                                                            n. 坚决;决定要做的事
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. the trait of being resolute
                                                                                                                            2. a formal expression by a meeting; agreed to by a vote
                                                                                                                            3. bring to an end; settle conclusively
                                                                                                                            4. reach a conclusion after a discussion or deliberation
                                                                                                                            5. reach a decision

                                                                                                                              63

                                                                                                                              rival

                                                                                                                              n. 对手;竞争者
                                                                                                                              vt. 与…竞争;比得上某人
                                                                                                                              vi. 竞争
                                                                                                                              adj. 竞争的
                                                                                                                              n. (Rival)人名;(英、法、西)里瓦尔
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. the contestant you hope to defeat
                                                                                                                              2. be equal to in quality or ability
                                                                                                                              3. be the rival of, be in competition with

                                                                                                                                64

                                                                                                                                rotation

                                                                                                                                n. 旋转;循环,轮流
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. the act of rotating as if on an axis
                                                                                                                                2. (mathematics) a transformation in which the coordinate axes are rotated by a fixed angle about the origin
                                                                                                                                3. a single complete turn (axial or orbital)
                                                                                                                                4. a planned recurrent sequence (of crops or personnel etc.)

                                                                                                                                  65

                                                                                                                                  salient

                                                                                                                                  adj. 显著的;突出的;跳跃的
                                                                                                                                  n. 凸角;突出部分
                                                                                                                                  n. (Salient)人名;(西)萨连特
                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                  1. (military) the part of the line of battle that projects closest to the enemy
                                                                                                                                  2. having a quality that thrusts itself into attention
                                                                                                                                  3. (of angles) pointing outward at an angle of less than 180 degrees
                                                                                                                                  4. represented as leaping (rampant but leaning forward)

                                                                                                                                    66

                                                                                                                                    scavenger

                                                                                                                                    n. 食腐动物;清道夫;[助剂] 清除剂;拾荒者
                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                    1. a chemical agent that is added to a chemical mixture to counteract the effects of impurities
                                                                                                                                    2. someone who collects things that have been discarded by others
                                                                                                                                    3. any animal that feeds on refuse and other decaying organic matter

                                                                                                                                      67

                                                                                                                                      soybean

                                                                                                                                      n. 大豆;黄豆
                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                      1. a source of oil; used for forage and soil improvement and as food
                                                                                                                                      2. erect bushy hairy annual herb having trifoliate leaves and purple to pink flowers; extensively cultivated for food and forage and soil improvement but especially for its nutritious oil-rich seeds; native to Asia
                                                                                                                                      3. most highly proteinaceous vegetable crop known

                                                                                                                                        68

                                                                                                                                        spaghetti

                                                                                                                                        n. 意大利式细面条
                                                                                                                                        n. (Spaghetti)人名;(意)斯帕盖蒂
                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                        1. spaghetti served with a tomato sauce
                                                                                                                                        2. pasta in the form of long strings

                                                                                                                                          69

                                                                                                                                          sum

                                                                                                                                          n. 金额;总数
                                                                                                                                          vi. 概括
                                                                                                                                          vt. 总结;合计
                                                                                                                                          n. (Sum)人名;(英)萨姆;(柬)孙;(俄、德、捷)苏姆;(越)森
                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                          1. a quantity of money
                                                                                                                                          2. a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers
                                                                                                                                          3. the final aggregate
                                                                                                                                          4. the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
                                                                                                                                          5. the whole amount

                                                                                                                                            70

                                                                                                                                            terminate

                                                                                                                                            vt. 使终止;使结束;解雇
                                                                                                                                            vi. 结束,终止;结果
                                                                                                                                            adj. 结束的
                                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                            1. bring to an end or halt
                                                                                                                                            2. have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical
                                                                                                                                            3. be the end of; be the last or concluding part of
                                                                                                                                            4. terminate the employment of

                                                                                                                                              71

                                                                                                                                              terrestrial

                                                                                                                                              adj. 地球的;陆地的,[生物] 陆生的;人间的
                                                                                                                                              n. 陆地生物;地球上的人
                                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                              1. of or relating to or inhabiting the land as opposed to the sea or air
                                                                                                                                              2. of or relating to or characteristic of the planet Earth or its inhabitants
                                                                                                                                              3. operating or living or growing on land
                                                                                                                                              4. concerned with the world or worldly matters
                                                                                                                                              5. of this earth

                                                                                                                                                72

                                                                                                                                                tract

                                                                                                                                                n. 束;大片土地,地带;小册子
                                                                                                                                                n. (Tract)人名;(英)特拉克特
                                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                1. an extended area of land
                                                                                                                                                2. a system of body parts that together serve some particular purpose
                                                                                                                                                3. a brief treatise on a subject of interest; published in the form of a booklet
                                                                                                                                                4. a bundle of myelinated nerve fibers following a path through the brain

                                                                                                                                                  73

                                                                                                                                                  twig

                                                                                                                                                  vi. 理解
                                                                                                                                                  vt. 理解
                                                                                                                                                  n. 小枝;嫩枝;末梢
                                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                  1. a small branch or division of a branch (especially a terminal division); usually applied to branches of the current or preceding year
                                                                                                                                                  2. branch out in a twiglike manner
                                                                                                                                                  3. understand, usually after some initial difficulty

                                                                                                                                                    74

                                                                                                                                                    uniform

                                                                                                                                                    adj. 统一的;一致的;相同的;均衡的;始终如一的
                                                                                                                                                    n. 制服
                                                                                                                                                    vt. 使穿制服;使成一样
                                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                    1. clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a particular group as a means of identification
                                                                                                                                                    2. provide with uniforms
                                                                                                                                                    3. always the same; showing a single form or character in all occurrences
                                                                                                                                                    4. the same throughout in structure or composition
                                                                                                                                                    5. not differentiated

                                                                                                                                                      75

                                                                                                                                                      uniformity

                                                                                                                                                      n. 均匀性;一致;同样
                                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                      1. a condition in which everything is regular and unvarying
                                                                                                                                                      2. the quality of lacking diversity or variation (even to the point of boredom)

                                                                                                                                                        76

                                                                                                                                                        vacuum

                                                                                                                                                        n. 真空;空间;真空吸尘器
                                                                                                                                                        adj. 真空的;利用真空的;产生真空的
                                                                                                                                                        vt. 用真空吸尘器清扫
                                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                        1. the absence of matter
                                                                                                                                                        2. an empty area or space
                                                                                                                                                        3. a region that is devoid of matter
                                                                                                                                                        4. an electrical home appliance that cleans by suction
                                                                                                                                                        5. clean with a vacuum cleaner

                                                                                                                                                          77

                                                                                                                                                          vibrate

                                                                                                                                                          vi. 振动;颤动;摇摆;踌躇
                                                                                                                                                          vt. 使振动;使颤动
                                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                          1. shake, quiver, or throb; move back and forth rapidly, usually in an uncontrolled manner
                                                                                                                                                          2. move or swing from side to side regularly
                                                                                                                                                          3. be undecided about something; waver between conflicting positions or courses of action
                                                                                                                                                          4. sound with resonance
                                                                                                                                                          5. feel sudden intense sensation or emotion

                                                                                                                                                            78

                                                                                                                                                            vocation

                                                                                                                                                            n. 职业;天职;天命;神召
                                                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                            1. the particular occupation for which you are trained
                                                                                                                                                            2. a body of people doing the same kind of work

                                                                                                                                                              79

                                                                                                                                                              wrinkle

                                                                                                                                                              n. 皱纹
                                                                                                                                                              vi. 起皱
                                                                                                                                                              vt. 使起皱纹
                                                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                              1. a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface
                                                                                                                                                              2. a minor difficulty
                                                                                                                                                              3. a clever method of doing something (especially something new and different)
                                                                                                                                                              4. gather or contract into wrinkles or folds; pucker
                                                                                                                                                              5. make wrinkles or creases into a smooth surface