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Flashcards in List-28 Deck (77)
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1

absolute

adj. 绝对的;完全的;专制的
n. 绝对;绝对事物
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  1. something that is conceived to be absolute; something that does not depends on anything else and is beyond human control
  2. perfect or complete or pure
  3. complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers
  4. not limited by law
  5. expressing finality with no implication of possible change

    2

    air

    n. 空气,大气;天空;样子;曲调
    vt. 使通风,晾干;夸耀
    vi. 通风
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    1. a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of
    2. travel via aircraft
    3. the region above the ground
    4. medium for radio and television broadcasting
    5. a slight wind (usually refreshing)

      3

      atrophy

      n. 萎缩,萎缩症;发育停止
      vi. 萎缩;虚脱
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      1. a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
      2. any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use)
      3. undergo atrophy

        4

        awkward

        adj. 尴尬的;笨拙的;棘手的;不合适的
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        1. causing inconvenience
        2. lacking grace or skill in manner or movement or performance
        3. difficult to handle or manage especially because of shape
        4. not elegant or graceful in expression
        5. hard to deal with; especially causing pain or embarrassment

          5

          backlighting

          n. 逆光
          v. 从后面照射;由逆光照明(backlight的ing形式)
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          1. lighting from behind

            6

            benign

            adj. 良性的;和蔼的,亲切的;吉利的
            n. (Benign)人名;(俄)贝尼根
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            1. not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
            2. pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence
            3. kindness of disposition or manner

              7

              bog

              n. 沼泽;泥塘
              vt. 使陷于泥沼;使动弹不得
              vi. 陷于泥沼;动弹不得
              n. (Bog)人名;(德、挪)博格
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              1. wet spongy ground of decomposing vegetation; has poorer drainage than a swamp; soil is unfit for cultivation but can be cut and dried and used for fuel
              2. cause to slow down or get stuck
              3. get stuck while doing something

                8

                celebrated

                adj. 著名的;有名望的
                v. 庆祝(celebrate的过去式和过去分词)
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                1. widely known and esteemed
                2. having an illustrious past

                  9

                  centre

                  vi. 以…为中心
                  vt. 集中;将…放在中央
                  n. 中心
                  adj. 中央的
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                  1. a low-lying region in central France
                  2. an area that is approximately central within some larger region
                  3. a point equidistant from the ends of a line or the extremities of a figure
                  4. a place where some particular activity is concentrated
                  5. the sweet central portion of a piece of candy that is enclosed in chocolate or some other covering

                    10

                    challenge

                    n. 挑战;怀疑
                    vt. 向…挑战
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                    1. a demanding or stimulating situation
                    2. a call to engage in a contest or fight
                    3. questioning a statement and demanding an explanation
                    4. a formal objection to the selection of a particular person as a juror
                    5. a demand by a sentry for a password or identification

                      11

                      chew

                      n. 咀嚼;咀嚼物
                      vt. 嚼碎,咀嚼
                      vi. 细想,深思
                      n. (Chew)人名;(英)丘
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                      1. a wad of something chewable as tobacco
                      2. biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow
                      3. chew (food)

                        12

                        circuit

                        n. [电子] 电路,回路;巡回;一圈;环道
                        vi. 环行
                        vt. 绕回…环行
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                        1. an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow
                        2. a journey or route all the way around a particular place or area
                        3. an established itinerary of venues or events that a particular group of people travel to
                        4. (law) a judicial division of a state or the United States (so-called because originally judges traveled and held court in different locations); one of the twelve groups of states in the United States that is covered by a particular circuit court of appeals
                        5. a racetrack for automobile races

                          13

                          circumstance

                          n. 环境,情况;事件;境遇
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a condition that accompanies or influences some event or activity
                          2. the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event
                          3. information that should be kept in mind when making a decision
                          4. formal ceremony about important occasions

                            14

                            collect

                            vt. 收集;募捐
                            vi. 收集;聚集;募捐
                            adv. 由收件人付款地
                            adj. 由收件人付款的
                            n. (Collect)人名;(英)科莱克特
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                            1. a short prayer generally preceding the lesson in the Church of Rome or the Church of England
                            2. get or gather together
                            3. call for and obtain payment of
                            4. assemble or get together
                            5. get or bring together

                              15

                              constitution

                              n. 宪法;体质;章程;构造;建立,组成;体格
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                              1. law determining the fundamental political principles of a government
                              2. the act of forming something
                              3. the way in which someone or something is composed
                              4. United States 44-gun frigate that was one of the first three naval ships built by the United States; it won brilliant victories over British frigates during the War of 1812 and is without doubt the most famous ship in the history of the United States Navy; it has been rebuilt and is anchored in the Charlestown Navy Yard in Boston

                                16

                                conventional

                                adj. 符合习俗的,传统的;常见的;惯例的
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                                1. following accepted customs and proprieties
                                2. conforming with accepted standards
                                3. (weapons) using energy for propulsion or destruction that is not nuclear energy
                                4. unimaginative and conformist
                                5. represented in simplified or symbolic form

                                  17

                                  cram

                                  adj. 填鸭式学的
                                  vi. 狼吞虎咽地吃东西;死记硬背功课
                                  vt. 填满,塞满;死记硬背;猛吃
                                  n. 死记硬背;极度拥挤
                                  n. (Cram)人名;(英、德)克拉姆
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                                  1. crowd or pack to capacity
                                  2. put something somewhere so that the space is completely filled
                                  3. study intensively, as before an exam
                                  4. prepare (students) hastily for an impending exam

                                    18

                                    date

                                    n. 日期;约会;年代;枣椰子
                                    vi. 过时;注明日期;始于(某一历史时期)
                                    vt. 确定…年代;和…约会
                                    n. (Date)人名;(日)伊达 (姓);(英)戴特
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                                    1. the specified day of the month
                                    2. a particular day specified as the time something happens
                                    3. a meeting arranged in advance
                                    4. a particular but unspecified point in time
                                    5. the present

                                      19

                                      dentist

                                      n. 牙科医生
                                      牙医诊所
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                                      1. a person qualified to practice dentistry

                                        20

                                        diffuse

                                        adj. 弥漫的;散开的
                                        vt. 扩散;传播;漫射
                                        vi. 传播;四散
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                                        1. move outward
                                        2. spread or diffuse through
                                        3. cause to become widely known
                                        4. spread out; not concentrated in one place
                                        5. (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected

                                          21

                                          disappoint

                                          vt. 使失望
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                                          1. fail to meet the hopes or expectations of

                                            22

                                            disease

                                            n. 病,[医] 疾病;弊病
                                            vt. 传染;使…有病
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                                            1. an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning

                                              23

                                              embody

                                              vt. 体现,使具体化;具体表达
                                              n. (Embody)人名;(英)恩博迪
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                                              1. represent in bodily form
                                              2. represent, as of a character on stage
                                              3. represent or express something abstract in tangible form

                                                24

                                                even

                                                adj. [数] 偶数的;平坦的;相等的
                                                adv. 甚至;即使;还;实际上
                                                vt. 使平坦;使相等
                                                vi. 变平;变得可比较;成为相等
                                                n. (Even)人名;(法)埃旺;(德)埃文;(英)埃文
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                                                1. the latter part of the day (the period of decreasing daylight from late afternoon until nightfall)
                                                2. make level or straight
                                                3. become even or more even
                                                4. make even or more even
                                                5. divisible by two

                                                  25

                                                  fabricate

                                                  vt. 制造;伪造;装配
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. put together out of components or parts
                                                  2. make up something artificial or untrue

                                                    26

                                                    foment

                                                    vt. 煽动;挑起;热敷
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                                                    1. try to stir up public opinion
                                                    2. bathe with warm water or medicated lotions

                                                      27

                                                      geometry

                                                      n. 几何学
                                                      几何结构
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                                                      1. the pure mathematics of points and lines and curves and surfaces

                                                        28

                                                        gilding

                                                        n. 镀金;虚饰的外观
                                                        v. 镀金;虚饰(gild的现在分词)
                                                        n. (Gilding)人名;(英、塞)吉尔丁
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. a coating of gold or of something that looks like gold

                                                          29

                                                          gonna

                                                          abbr. (美)将要(等于going to)
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                                                            30

                                                            hydrothermal

                                                            adj. [地质] 热液的;热水的
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