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Flashcards in List-28 Deck (77):
1

absolute

adj. 绝对的;完全的;专制的
n. 绝对;绝对事物
-------------------------------------------

  1. something that is conceived to be absolute; something that does not depends on anything else and is beyond human control
  2. perfect or complete or pure
  3. complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers
  4. not limited by law
  5. expressing finality with no implication of possible change

    2

    air

    n. 空气,大气;天空;样子;曲调
    vt. 使通风,晾干;夸耀
    vi. 通风
    -------------------------------------------

    1. a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of
    2. travel via aircraft
    3. the region above the ground
    4. medium for radio and television broadcasting
    5. a slight wind (usually refreshing)

      3

      atrophy

      n. 萎缩,萎缩症;发育停止
      vi. 萎缩;虚脱
      -------------------------------------------

      1. a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
      2. any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use)
      3. undergo atrophy

        4

        awkward

        adj. 尴尬的;笨拙的;棘手的;不合适的
        -------------------------------------------

        1. causing inconvenience
        2. lacking grace or skill in manner or movement or performance
        3. difficult to handle or manage especially because of shape
        4. not elegant or graceful in expression
        5. hard to deal with; especially causing pain or embarrassment

          5

          backlighting

          n. 逆光
          v. 从后面照射;由逆光照明(backlight的ing形式)
          -------------------------------------------

          1. lighting from behind

            6

            benign

            adj. 良性的;和蔼的,亲切的;吉利的
            n. (Benign)人名;(俄)贝尼根
            -------------------------------------------

            1. not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
            2. pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence
            3. kindness of disposition or manner

              7

              bog

              n. 沼泽;泥塘
              vt. 使陷于泥沼;使动弹不得
              vi. 陷于泥沼;动弹不得
              n. (Bog)人名;(德、挪)博格
              -------------------------------------------

              1. wet spongy ground of decomposing vegetation; has poorer drainage than a swamp; soil is unfit for cultivation but can be cut and dried and used for fuel
              2. cause to slow down or get stuck
              3. get stuck while doing something

                8

                celebrated

                adj. 著名的;有名望的
                v. 庆祝(celebrate的过去式和过去分词)
                -------------------------------------------

                1. widely known and esteemed
                2. having an illustrious past

                  9

                  centre

                  vi. 以…为中心
                  vt. 集中;将…放在中央
                  n. 中心
                  adj. 中央的
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. a low-lying region in central France
                  2. an area that is approximately central within some larger region
                  3. a point equidistant from the ends of a line or the extremities of a figure
                  4. a place where some particular activity is concentrated
                  5. the sweet central portion of a piece of candy that is enclosed in chocolate or some other covering

                    10

                    challenge

                    n. 挑战;怀疑
                    vt. 向…挑战
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. a demanding or stimulating situation
                    2. a call to engage in a contest or fight
                    3. questioning a statement and demanding an explanation
                    4. a formal objection to the selection of a particular person as a juror
                    5. a demand by a sentry for a password or identification

                      11

                      chew

                      n. 咀嚼;咀嚼物
                      vt. 嚼碎,咀嚼
                      vi. 细想,深思
                      n. (Chew)人名;(英)丘
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. a wad of something chewable as tobacco
                      2. biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow
                      3. chew (food)

                        12

                        circuit

                        n. [电子] 电路,回路;巡回;一圈;环道
                        vi. 环行
                        vt. 绕回…环行
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow
                        2. a journey or route all the way around a particular place or area
                        3. an established itinerary of venues or events that a particular group of people travel to
                        4. (law) a judicial division of a state or the United States (so-called because originally judges traveled and held court in different locations); one of the twelve groups of states in the United States that is covered by a particular circuit court of appeals
                        5. a racetrack for automobile races

                          13

                          circumstance

                          n. 环境,情况;事件;境遇
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a condition that accompanies or influences some event or activity
                          2. the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event
                          3. information that should be kept in mind when making a decision
                          4. formal ceremony about important occasions

                            14

                            collect

                            vt. 收集;募捐
                            vi. 收集;聚集;募捐
                            adv. 由收件人付款地
                            adj. 由收件人付款的
                            n. (Collect)人名;(英)科莱克特
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. a short prayer generally preceding the lesson in the Church of Rome or the Church of England
                            2. get or gather together
                            3. call for and obtain payment of
                            4. assemble or get together
                            5. get or bring together

                              15

                              constitution

                              n. 宪法;体质;章程;构造;建立,组成;体格
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. law determining the fundamental political principles of a government
                              2. the act of forming something
                              3. the way in which someone or something is composed
                              4. United States 44-gun frigate that was one of the first three naval ships built by the United States; it won brilliant victories over British frigates during the War of 1812 and is without doubt the most famous ship in the history of the United States Navy; it has been rebuilt and is anchored in the Charlestown Navy Yard in Boston

                                16

                                conventional

                                adj. 符合习俗的,传统的;常见的;惯例的
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. following accepted customs and proprieties
                                2. conforming with accepted standards
                                3. (weapons) using energy for propulsion or destruction that is not nuclear energy
                                4. unimaginative and conformist
                                5. represented in simplified or symbolic form

                                  17

                                  cram

                                  adj. 填鸭式学的
                                  vi. 狼吞虎咽地吃东西;死记硬背功课
                                  vt. 填满,塞满;死记硬背;猛吃
                                  n. 死记硬背;极度拥挤
                                  n. (Cram)人名;(英、德)克拉姆
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. crowd or pack to capacity
                                  2. put something somewhere so that the space is completely filled
                                  3. study intensively, as before an exam
                                  4. prepare (students) hastily for an impending exam

                                    18

                                    date

                                    n. 日期;约会;年代;枣椰子
                                    vi. 过时;注明日期;始于(某一历史时期)
                                    vt. 确定…年代;和…约会
                                    n. (Date)人名;(日)伊达 (姓);(英)戴特
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. the specified day of the month
                                    2. a particular day specified as the time something happens
                                    3. a meeting arranged in advance
                                    4. a particular but unspecified point in time
                                    5. the present

                                      19

                                      dentist

                                      n. 牙科医生
                                      牙医诊所
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. a person qualified to practice dentistry

                                        20

                                        diffuse

                                        adj. 弥漫的;散开的
                                        vt. 扩散;传播;漫射
                                        vi. 传播;四散
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. move outward
                                        2. spread or diffuse through
                                        3. cause to become widely known
                                        4. spread out; not concentrated in one place
                                        5. (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected

                                          21

                                          disappoint

                                          vt. 使失望
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. fail to meet the hopes or expectations of

                                            22

                                            disease

                                            n. 病,[医] 疾病;弊病
                                            vt. 传染;使…有病
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning

                                              23

                                              embody

                                              vt. 体现,使具体化;具体表达
                                              n. (Embody)人名;(英)恩博迪
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. represent in bodily form
                                              2. represent, as of a character on stage
                                              3. represent or express something abstract in tangible form

                                                24

                                                even

                                                adj. [数] 偶数的;平坦的;相等的
                                                adv. 甚至;即使;还;实际上
                                                vt. 使平坦;使相等
                                                vi. 变平;变得可比较;成为相等
                                                n. (Even)人名;(法)埃旺;(德)埃文;(英)埃文
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. the latter part of the day (the period of decreasing daylight from late afternoon until nightfall)
                                                2. make level or straight
                                                3. become even or more even
                                                4. make even or more even
                                                5. divisible by two

                                                  25

                                                  fabricate

                                                  vt. 制造;伪造;装配
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. put together out of components or parts
                                                  2. make up something artificial or untrue

                                                    26

                                                    foment

                                                    vt. 煽动;挑起;热敷
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. try to stir up public opinion
                                                    2. bathe with warm water or medicated lotions

                                                      27

                                                      geometry

                                                      n. 几何学
                                                      几何结构
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. the pure mathematics of points and lines and curves and surfaces

                                                        28

                                                        gilding

                                                        n. 镀金;虚饰的外观
                                                        v. 镀金;虚饰(gild的现在分词)
                                                        n. (Gilding)人名;(英、塞)吉尔丁
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. a coating of gold or of something that looks like gold

                                                          29

                                                          gonna

                                                          abbr. (美)将要(等于going to)
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                            30

                                                            hydrothermal

                                                            adj. [地质] 热液的;热水的
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                              31

                                                              immunity

                                                              n. 免疫力;豁免权;免除
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. the state of not being susceptible
                                                              2. (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
                                                              3. the quality of being unaffected by something
                                                              4. an act exempting someone

                                                                32

                                                                initial

                                                                adj. 最初的;字首的
                                                                vt. 用姓名的首字母签名
                                                                n. 词首大写字母
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. the first letter of a word (especially a person's name)
                                                                2. mark with one's initials
                                                                3. occurring at the beginning

                                                                  33

                                                                  innate

                                                                  adj. 先天的;固有的;与生俱来的
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. not established by conditioning or learning
                                                                  2. being talented through inherited qualities
                                                                  3. present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development

                                                                    34

                                                                    insufficient

                                                                    adj. 不足的,不充足的
                                                                    n. 不足
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement

                                                                      35

                                                                      intrude

                                                                      vt. 把…强加;把…硬挤
                                                                      vi. 闯入;侵入;侵扰
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. enter uninvited
                                                                      2. enter unlawfully on someone's property
                                                                      3. search or inquire in a meddlesome way
                                                                      4. thrust oneself in as if by force

                                                                        36

                                                                        Jupiter

                                                                        n. [天] 木星;朱庇特(罗马神话中的宙斯神)
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. the largest planet and the 5th from the sun; has many satellites and is one of the brightest objects in the night sky
                                                                        2. (Roman mythology) supreme god of Romans; counterpart of Greek Zeus

                                                                          37

                                                                          league

                                                                          n. 联盟;社团;范畴
                                                                          vt. 使…结盟;与…联合
                                                                          vi. 团结;结盟
                                                                          n. (League)人名;(英)利格
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                          1. an association of sports teams that organizes matches for its members
                                                                          2. an association of states or organizations or individuals for common action
                                                                          3. an obsolete unit of distance of variable length (usually 3 miles)
                                                                          4. unite to form a league

                                                                            38

                                                                            lunar

                                                                            adj. 月亮的,月球的;阴历的;银的;微亮的
                                                                            n. (Lunar)人名;(西)卢纳尔
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. of or relating to or associated with the moon

                                                                              39

                                                                              mechanism

                                                                              n. 机制;原理,途径;进程;机械装置;技巧
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reaction
                                                                              2. the technical aspects of doing something
                                                                              3. a natural object resembling a machine in structure or function
                                                                              4. (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes
                                                                              5. device consisting of a piece of machinery; has moving parts that perform some function

                                                                                40

                                                                                mesmerize

                                                                                vt. 施催眠术;迷住;以魅力迫使
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. attract strongly, as if with a magnet
                                                                                2. induce hypnosis in

                                                                                  41

                                                                                  metropolis

                                                                                  n. 大都市;首府;重要中心
                                                                                  n. (Metropolis)人名;(英)梅特罗波利斯
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. a large and densely populated urban area; may include several independent administrative districts
                                                                                  2. people living in a large densely populated municipality

                                                                                    42

                                                                                    mobile

                                                                                    adj. 机动的;易变的,;非固定的
                                                                                    n. 运动物体
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. a river in southwestern Alabama; flows into Mobile Bay
                                                                                    2. a port in southwestern Alabama on Mobile Bay
                                                                                    3. sculpture suspended in midair whose delicately balanced parts can be set in motion by air currents
                                                                                    4. moving or capable of moving readily (especially from place to place)
                                                                                    5. (of groups of people) tending to travel and change settlements frequently

                                                                                      43

                                                                                      nest

                                                                                      n. 巢,窝;安乐窝;温床
                                                                                      vt. 筑巢;嵌套
                                                                                      vi. 筑巢;找鸟巢
                                                                                      n. (Nest)人名;(德)内丝特;(英)内丝特(女子教名 Agnes 威尔士语的昵称)
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                      1. a structure in which animals lay eggs or give birth to their young
                                                                                      2. a kind of gun emplacement
                                                                                      3. a cosy or secluded retreat
                                                                                      4. a gang of people (criminals or spies or terrorists) assembled in one locality
                                                                                      5. furniture pieces made to fit close together

                                                                                        44

                                                                                        nonverbal

                                                                                        adj. 不用语言的;不用动词的
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. being other than verbal communication
                                                                                        2. concerned with numbers rather than words
                                                                                        3. lacking verbal skill
                                                                                        4. involving little use of language

                                                                                          45

                                                                                          obsess

                                                                                          vt. 迷住,缠住;使…着迷;使…困扰
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. haunt like a ghost; pursue
                                                                                          2. be preoccupied with something

                                                                                            46

                                                                                            overview

                                                                                            n. [图情] 综述;概观
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. a general summary of a subject

                                                                                              47

                                                                                              perfume

                                                                                              n. 香水;香味
                                                                                              vt. 洒香水于…;使…带香味
                                                                                              vi. 散发香气
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. a toiletry that emits and diffuses a fragrant odor
                                                                                              2. a distinctive odor that is pleasant
                                                                                              3. fill or impregnate with an odor
                                                                                              4. apply perfume to

                                                                                                48

                                                                                                pique

                                                                                                vt. 刺激;伤害…自尊心;激怒
                                                                                                n. 生气;愠怒;呕气
                                                                                                n. (Pique)人名;(西、意)皮克
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. tightly woven fabric with raised cords
                                                                                                2. a sudden outburst of anger
                                                                                                3. cause to feel resentment or indignation

                                                                                                  49

                                                                                                  plaque

                                                                                                  n. 匾;血小板;饰板
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. (pathology) a small abnormal patch on or inside the body
                                                                                                  2. a memorial made of brass

                                                                                                    50

                                                                                                    playwright

                                                                                                    n. 剧作家
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                    1. someone who writes plays

                                                                                                      51

                                                                                                      proficient

                                                                                                      adj. 熟练的,精通的
                                                                                                      n. 精通;专家,能手
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

                                                                                                        52

                                                                                                        prolonged

                                                                                                        adj. 延长的;拖延的;持续很久的
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. relatively long in duration; tediously protracted
                                                                                                        2. drawn out or made longer spatially
                                                                                                        3. (of illness) developing slowly or of long duration

                                                                                                          53

                                                                                                          property

                                                                                                          n. 性质,性能;财产;所有权
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. any area set aside for a particular purpose
                                                                                                          2. something owned; any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone
                                                                                                          3. a basic or essential attribute shared by all members of a class
                                                                                                          4. a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished
                                                                                                          5. any movable articles or objects used on the set of a play or movie

                                                                                                            54

                                                                                                            prudent

                                                                                                            adj. 谨慎的;精明的;节俭的
                                                                                                            n. (Prudent)人名;(法)普吕当
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. careful and sensible; marked by sound judgment

                                                                                                              55

                                                                                                              pulp

                                                                                                              n. 纸浆;果肉;黏浆状物质
                                                                                                              vt. 使…化成纸浆;除去…的果肉
                                                                                                              vi. 变成纸浆;成为浆状
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. any soft or soggy mass
                                                                                                              2. a soft moist part of a fruit
                                                                                                              3. a mixture of cellulose fibers
                                                                                                              4. an inexpensive magazine printed on poor quality paper
                                                                                                              5. the soft inner part of a tooth

                                                                                                                56

                                                                                                                purchase

                                                                                                                n. 购买;紧握;起重装置
                                                                                                                vt. 购买;赢得
                                                                                                                vi. 购买东西
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. the acquisition of something for payment
                                                                                                                2. something acquired by purchase
                                                                                                                3. a means of exerting influence or gaining advantage
                                                                                                                4. the mechanical advantage gained by being in a position to use a lever
                                                                                                                5. obtain by purchase; acquire by means of a financial transaction

                                                                                                                  57

                                                                                                                  register

                                                                                                                  vt. 登记;注册;记录;挂号邮寄;把…挂号;正式提出
                                                                                                                  vi. 登记;注册;挂号
                                                                                                                  n. 登记;注册;记录;寄存器;登记簿
                                                                                                                  n. (Register)人名;(英)雷吉斯特
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. an official written record of names or events or transactions
                                                                                                                  2. (music) the timbre that is characteristic of a certain range and manner of production of the human voice or of different pipe organ stops or of different musical instruments
                                                                                                                  3. a book in which names and transactions are listed
                                                                                                                  4. (computer science) memory device that is the part of computer memory that has a specific address and that is used to hold information of a specific kind
                                                                                                                  5. an air passage (usually in the floor or a wall of a room) for admitting or excluding heated air from the room

                                                                                                                    58

                                                                                                                    republic

                                                                                                                    n. 共和国;共和政体
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
                                                                                                                    2. a form of government whose head of state is not a monarch

                                                                                                                      59

                                                                                                                      reside

                                                                                                                      vi. 住,居住;属于
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. make one's home in a particular place or community
                                                                                                                      2. live (in a certain place)
                                                                                                                      3. be inherent or innate in

                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                        respect

                                                                                                                        n. 尊敬,尊重;方面;敬意
                                                                                                                        vt. 尊敬,尊重;遵守
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. (usually preceded by `in') a detail or point
                                                                                                                        2. the condition of being honored (esteemed or respected or well regarded)
                                                                                                                        3. an attitude of admiration or esteem
                                                                                                                        4. a courteous expression (by word or deed) of esteem or regard
                                                                                                                        5. behavior intended to please your parents

                                                                                                                          61

                                                                                                                          simultaneous

                                                                                                                          adj. 同时的;联立的;同时发生的
                                                                                                                          n. 同时译员
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. occurring or operating at the same time

                                                                                                                            62

                                                                                                                            snowflake

                                                                                                                            n. 雪花;雪片莲;雪巫
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. a crystal of snow
                                                                                                                            2. white arctic bunting

                                                                                                                              63

                                                                                                                              solder

                                                                                                                              vi. 焊接
                                                                                                                              vt. 焊接;使联接在一起
                                                                                                                              n. 焊料;接合物
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. an alloy (usually of lead and tin) used when melted to join two metal surfaces
                                                                                                                              2. join or fuse with solder

                                                                                                                                64

                                                                                                                                stage

                                                                                                                                n. 阶段;舞台;戏剧;驿站
                                                                                                                                vt. 举行;上演;筹划
                                                                                                                                vi. 举行;适于上演;乘驿车旅行
                                                                                                                                n. (Stage)人名;(英)斯特奇
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. any distinct time period in a sequence of events
                                                                                                                                2. a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process
                                                                                                                                3. a large platform on which people can stand and can be seen by an audience
                                                                                                                                4. the theater as a profession (usually `the stage')
                                                                                                                                5. any scene regarded as a setting for exhibiting or doing something

                                                                                                                                  65

                                                                                                                                  stimulation

                                                                                                                                  n. 刺激;激励,鼓舞
                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                  1. the act of arousing an organism to action
                                                                                                                                  2. any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action
                                                                                                                                  3. (physiology) the effect of a stimulus (on nerves or organs etc.)
                                                                                                                                  4. mutual sexual fondling prior to sexual intercourse

                                                                                                                                    66

                                                                                                                                    subliminal

                                                                                                                                    adj. [生理] 阈下的;潜在意识的;微小得难以察觉的
                                                                                                                                    n. 潜意识;阈下意识
                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                    1. below the threshold of conscious perception

                                                                                                                                      67

                                                                                                                                      subsidize

                                                                                                                                      vt. 资助;给与奖助金;向…行贿
                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                      1. support through subsidies
                                                                                                                                      2. secure the assistance of by granting a subsidy, as of nations or military forces

                                                                                                                                        68

                                                                                                                                        surgery

                                                                                                                                        n. 外科;外科手术;手术室;诊疗室
                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                        1. the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures
                                                                                                                                        2. a room where a doctor or dentist can be consulted
                                                                                                                                        3. a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations
                                                                                                                                        4. a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body

                                                                                                                                          69

                                                                                                                                          swamp

                                                                                                                                          n. 沼泽;湿地
                                                                                                                                          vt. 使陷于沼泽;使沉没;使陷入困境
                                                                                                                                          vi. 下沉;陷入沼泽;陷入困境;不知所措(过去式swamped,过去分词swamped,现在分词swamping,第三人称单数swamps,名词swampiness,形容词swampy)
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                                                                                                                                          1. low land that is seasonally flooded; has more woody plants than a marsh and better drainage than a bog
                                                                                                                                          2. a situation fraught with difficulties and imponderables
                                                                                                                                          3. drench or submerge or be drenched or submerged
                                                                                                                                          4. fill quickly beyond capacity; as with a liquid

                                                                                                                                            70

                                                                                                                                            swing

                                                                                                                                            n. 摇摆;摆动;秋千;音律;涨落
                                                                                                                                            vi. 摇摆;转向;悬挂;大摇大摆地行走
                                                                                                                                            vt. 使旋转;挥舞;悬挂
                                                                                                                                            adj. 旋转的;悬挂的;强节奏爵士音乐的
                                                                                                                                            n. (Swing)人名;(英、瑞典)斯温
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                                                                                                                                            1. a state of steady vigorous action that is characteristic of an activity
                                                                                                                                            2. mechanical device used as a plaything to support someone swinging back and forth
                                                                                                                                            3. a sweeping blow or stroke
                                                                                                                                            4. changing location by moving back and forth
                                                                                                                                            5. a style of jazz played by big bands popular in the 1930s; flowing rhythms but less complex than later styles of jazz

                                                                                                                                              71

                                                                                                                                              texture

                                                                                                                                              n. 质地;纹理;结构;本质,实质
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                                                                                                                                              1. the feel of a surface or a fabric
                                                                                                                                              2. the essential quality of something
                                                                                                                                              3. the musical pattern created by parts being played or sung together
                                                                                                                                              4. the characteristic appearance of a surface having a tactile quality

                                                                                                                                                72

                                                                                                                                                upheaval

                                                                                                                                                n. 剧变;隆起;举起
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                                                                                                                                                1. a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally)
                                                                                                                                                2. a violent disturbance
                                                                                                                                                3. (geology) a rise of land to a higher elevation (as in the process of mountain building)
                                                                                                                                                4. disturbance usually in protest

                                                                                                                                                  73

                                                                                                                                                  upset

                                                                                                                                                  vt. 使心烦;颠覆;扰乱
                                                                                                                                                  vi. 翻倒
                                                                                                                                                  adj. 心烦的;混乱的;弄翻的
                                                                                                                                                  n. 混乱;翻倒
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                                                                                                                                                  1. an unhappy and worried mental state
                                                                                                                                                  2. the act of disturbing the mind or body
                                                                                                                                                  3. condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning
                                                                                                                                                  4. a tool used to thicken or spread metal (the end of a bar or a rivet etc.) by forging or hammering or swaging
                                                                                                                                                  5. the act of upsetting something

                                                                                                                                                    74

                                                                                                                                                    utilitarian

                                                                                                                                                    adj. 功利的;功利主义的;实利的
                                                                                                                                                    n. 功利主义者
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                                                                                                                                                    1. someone who believes that the value of a thing depends on its utility
                                                                                                                                                    2. having a useful function
                                                                                                                                                    3. having utility often to the exclusion of values

                                                                                                                                                      75

                                                                                                                                                      vacation

                                                                                                                                                      n. 假期;(房屋)搬出
                                                                                                                                                      vi. 休假,度假
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                                                                                                                                                      1. leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure
                                                                                                                                                      2. the act of making something legally void
                                                                                                                                                      3. spend or take a vacation

                                                                                                                                                        76

                                                                                                                                                        validate

                                                                                                                                                        vt. 证实,验证;确认;使生效
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                                                                                                                                                        1. declare or make legally valid
                                                                                                                                                        2. prove valid; show or confirm the validity of something
                                                                                                                                                        3. give evidence for
                                                                                                                                                        4. make valid or confirm the validity of

                                                                                                                                                          77

                                                                                                                                                          weird

                                                                                                                                                          adj. 怪异的;不可思议的;超自然的
                                                                                                                                                          n. (苏格兰)命运;预言
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                                                                                                                                                          1. Fate personified; one of the three Weird Sisters
                                                                                                                                                          2. suggesting the operation of supernatural influences
                                                                                                                                                          3. strikingly odd or unusual