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Flashcards in List-19 Deck (77):
1

accessory

n. 配件;附件;[法] 从犯
adj. 副的;同谋的;附属的
-------------------------------------------

  1. clothing that is worn or carried, but not part of your main clothing
  2. a supplementary component that improves capability
  3. someone who helps another person commit a crime
  4. furnishing added support

    2

    accuse

    vt. 控告,指控;谴责;归咎于
    vi. 指责;控告
    -------------------------------------------

    1. bring an accusation against; level a charge against
    2. blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against

      3

      aggressive

      adj. 侵略性的;好斗的;有进取心的;有闯劲的
      -------------------------------------------

      1. having or showing determination and energetic pursuit of your ends
      2. tending to spread quickly
      3. characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight

        4

        alphabet

        n. 字母表,字母系统;入门,初步
        -------------------------------------------

        1. a character set that includes letters and is used to write a language
        2. the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural)

          5

          antibiotic

          adj. 抗生的;抗菌的
          n. 抗生素,抗菌素
          -------------------------------------------

          1. a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections
          2. of or relating to antibiotic drugs

            6

            avoid

            vt. 避免;避开,躲避;消除
            -------------------------------------------

            1. stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or something
            2. prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening
            3. refrain from doing something
            4. refrain from certain foods or beverages
            5. declare invalid

              7

              behavior

              n. 行为,举止;态度;反应
              -------------------------------------------

              1. manner of acting or controlling yourself
              2. the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances
              3. (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
              4. (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation

                8

                beneficial

                adj. 有益的,有利的;可享利益的
                -------------------------------------------

                1. promoting or enhancing well-being
                2. tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health

                  9

                  bet

                  n. 打赌,赌注;被打赌的事物
                  vt. 打赌;敢断定,确信
                  vi. 打赌
                  n. (Bet)人名;(意、以、瑞典、英)贝特
                  -------------------------------------------

                  1. the money risked on a gamble
                  2. the act of gambling
                  3. maintain with or as if with a bet
                  4. stake on the outcome of an issue
                  5. have faith or confidence in

                    10

                    bond

                    n. 债券;结合;约定;粘合剂
                    vi. 结合,团结在一起
                    vt. 使结合;以…作保
                    n. (Bond)人名;(英、德、西、刚(金)、瑞典)邦德
                    -------------------------------------------

                    1. an electrical force linking atoms
                    2. a certificate of debt (usually interest-bearing or discounted) that is issued by a government or corporation in order to raise money; the issuer is required to pay a fixed sum annually until maturity and then a fixed sum to repay the principal
                    3. a connection based on kinship or marriage or common interest
                    4. (criminal law) money that must be forfeited by the bondsman if an accused person fails to appear in court for trial
                    5. a restraint that confines or restricts freedom (especially something used to tie down or restrain a prisoner)

                      11

                      cafeteria

                      n. 自助餐厅
                      -------------------------------------------

                      1. a restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashier

                        12

                        compete

                        vi. 竞争;比赛;对抗
                        -------------------------------------------

                        1. compete for something; engage in a contest; measure oneself against others

                          13

                          compromise

                          vt. 妥协;危害
                          vi. 妥协;让步
                          n. 妥协,和解;折衷
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a middle way between two extremes
                          2. an accommodation in which both sides make concessions
                          3. make a compromise; arrive at a compromise
                          4. settle by concession
                          5. expose or make liable to danger, suspicion, or disrepute

                            14

                            confusion

                            n. 混淆,混乱;困惑
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
                            2. a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior
                            3. a feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused
                            4. an act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended
                            5. a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another

                              15

                              consequently

                              adv. 因此;结果;所以
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. (sentence connectors) because of the reason given
                              2. as a consequence

                                16

                                constricted

                                adj. 收缩的;狭隘的;受限制的
                                v. 使…收缩;抑制(constrict的过去分词)
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. especially tense; especially in some dialects
                                2. drawn together or squeezed physically or by extension psychologically
                                3. inhibited

                                  17

                                  cultivated

                                  adj. 耕种的;有教养的
                                  v. 发展(cultivate的过去分词);耕作;教化
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. (of land or fields) prepared for raising crops by plowing or fertilizing
                                  2. no longer in the natural state; developed by human care and for human use
                                  3. marked by refinement in taste and manners

                                    18

                                    daisy

                                    n. 雏菊;菊科植物;极好的东西
                                    adj. 极好的;上等的
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. any of numerous composite plants having flower heads with well-developed ray flowers usually arranged in a single whorl

                                      19

                                      devote

                                      vt. 致力于;奉献
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause
                                      2. dedicate
                                      3. set aside or apart for a specific purpose or use

                                        20

                                        dioxide

                                        n. 二氧化物
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule

                                          21

                                          discern

                                          vt. 识别;领悟,认识
                                          vi. 看清楚,辨别
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. detect with the senses

                                            22

                                            discrimination

                                            n. 歧视;区别,辨别;识别力
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
                                            2. the cognitive process whereby two or more stimuli are distinguished

                                              23

                                              documentary

                                              adj. 记录的;文件的;记实的
                                              n. 纪录片
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. a film or TV program presenting the facts about a person or event
                                              2. relating to or consisting of or derived from documents
                                              3. emphasizing or expressing things as perceived without distortion of personal feelings, insertion of fictional matter, or interpretation

                                                24

                                                domestic

                                                adj. 国内的;家庭的;驯养的;一心只管家务的
                                                n. 国货;佣人
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. a servant who is paid to perform menial tasks around the household
                                                2. of concern to or concerning the internal affairs of a nation
                                                3. of or relating to the home
                                                4. of or involving the home or family
                                                5. converted or adapted to domestic use

                                                  25

                                                  draft

                                                  n. 汇票;草稿;选派;(尤指房间、烟囱、炉子等供暖系统中的)(小股)气流
                                                  vt. 起草;制定;征募
                                                  vi. 拟稿;绘样;作草图
                                                  adj. 初步画出或(写出)的;(设计、草图、提纲或版本)正在起草中的,草拟的;以草稿形式的;草图的
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. a document ordering the payment of money; drawn by one person or bank on another
                                                  2. a current of air (usually coming into a room or vehicle)
                                                  3. a preliminary sketch of a design or picture
                                                  4. a serving of drink (usually alcoholic) drawn from a keg
                                                  5. preliminary version of a written work

                                                    26

                                                    elective

                                                    adj. 选修的;选举的;选任的
                                                    n. 选修课程
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. a course that the student can select from among alternatives
                                                    2. subject to popular election
                                                    3. not compulsory

                                                      27

                                                      element

                                                      n. 元素;要素;原理;成分;自然环境
                                                      n. (Element)人名;(德)埃勒门特;(英)埃利门特
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. an abstract part of something
                                                      2. any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
                                                      3. an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system
                                                      4. one of four substances thought in ancient and medieval cosmology to constitute the physical universe
                                                      5. the most favorable environment for a plant or animal

                                                        28

                                                        enlightenment

                                                        n. 启迪;启蒙运动;教化
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. education that results in understanding and the spread of knowledge
                                                        2. (Hinduism and Buddhism) the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation; characterized by the extinction of desire and suffering and individual consciousness
                                                        3. a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions

                                                          29

                                                          equitable

                                                          adj. 公平的,公正的;平衡法的
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. implying justice dictated by reason, conscience, and a natural sense of what is fair to all

                                                            30

                                                            estate

                                                            n. 房地产;财产;身份
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. everything you own; all of your assets (whether real property or personal property) and liabilities
                                                            2. extensive landed property (especially in the country) retained by the owner for his own use
                                                            3. a major social class or order of persons regarded collectively as part of the body politic of the country and formerly possessing distinct political rights

                                                              31

                                                              ethics

                                                              n. 伦理学;伦理观;道德标准
                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                              1. motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
                                                              2. the philosophical study of moral values and rules

                                                                32

                                                                federal

                                                                adj. 联邦的;同盟的
                                                                n. 北部联邦同盟盟员;北京连邦软件产业发展公司,国内主要的正版软件经销商
                                                                n. (Federal)人名;(英)费德勒尔
                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                1. a member of the Union Army during the American Civil War
                                                                2. any federal law-enforcement officer
                                                                3. national; especially in reference to the government of the United States as distinct from that of its member units
                                                                4. of or relating to the central government of a federation
                                                                5. being of or having to do with the northern United States and those loyal to the Union during the American Civil War

                                                                  33

                                                                  finance

                                                                  n. 财政,财政学;金融
                                                                  vt. 负担经费,供给…经费
                                                                  vi. 筹措资金
                                                                  n. (Finance)人名;(法)菲南斯
                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                  1. the commercial activity of providing funds and capital
                                                                  2. the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets
                                                                  3. the management of money and credit and banking and investments
                                                                  4. obtain or provide money for
                                                                  5. sell or provide on credit

                                                                    34

                                                                    fossil

                                                                    n. 化石;僵化的事物;顽固不化的人
                                                                    adj. 化石的;陈腐的,守旧的
                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                    1. someone whose style is out of fashion
                                                                    2. the remains (or an impression) of a plant or animal that existed in a past geological age and that has been excavated from the soil
                                                                    3. characteristic of a fossil

                                                                      35

                                                                      fresco

                                                                      n. 壁画
                                                                      n. (Fresco)人名;(英、意、西、葡)弗雷斯科
                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                      1. a mural done with watercolors on wet plaster
                                                                      2. a durable method of painting on a wall by using watercolors on wet plaster
                                                                      3. paint onto wet plaster on a wall

                                                                        36

                                                                        frivolity

                                                                        n. 轻浮;轻薄;轻率
                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                        1. the trait of being frivolous; not serious or sensible
                                                                        2. something of little value or significance
                                                                        3. acting like a clown or buffoon

                                                                          37

                                                                          fruitless

                                                                          adj. 不成功的,徒劳的;不结果实的
                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                          1. unproductive of success

                                                                            38

                                                                            fuel

                                                                            vi. 得到燃料
                                                                            vt. 供以燃料,加燃料
                                                                            n. 燃料;刺激因素
                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                            1. a substance that can be consumed to produce energy
                                                                            2. provide with a combustible substance that provides energy
                                                                            3. provide with fuel
                                                                            4. take in fuel, as of a ship
                                                                            5. stimulate

                                                                              39

                                                                              gradient

                                                                              n. [数][物] 梯度;坡度;倾斜度
                                                                              adj. 倾斜的;步行的
                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                              1. a graded change in the magnitude of some physical quantity or dimension
                                                                              2. the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the horizontal

                                                                                40

                                                                                hazel

                                                                                n. 淡褐色;榛子
                                                                                adj. 淡褐色的;榛树的
                                                                                n. (Hazel)人名;(英)黑兹尔
                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                1. Australian tree grown especially for ornament and its fine-grained wood and bearing edible nuts
                                                                                2. the fine-grained wood of a hazelnut tree (genus Corylus) and the hazel tree (Australian genus Pomaderris)
                                                                                3. any of several shrubs or small trees of the genus Corylus bearing edible nuts enclosed in a leafy husk
                                                                                4. of a light brown or yellowish brown color

                                                                                  41

                                                                                  herb

                                                                                  n. 香草,药草
                                                                                  n. (Herb)人名;(德、英、瑞典)赫布
                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                  1. a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
                                                                                  2. aromatic potherb used in cookery for its savory qualities

                                                                                    42

                                                                                    huddle

                                                                                    vt. 把...挤在一起;使缩成一团;草率了事
                                                                                    vi. 蜷缩;挤作一团
                                                                                    n. 拥挤;混乱;杂乱一团
                                                                                    n. (Huddle)人名;(英)赫德尔
                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                    1. (informal) a quick private conference
                                                                                    2. a disorganized and densely packed crowd
                                                                                    3. crowd or draw together
                                                                                    4. crouch or curl up

                                                                                      43

                                                                                      hue

                                                                                      n. 色彩;色度;叫声
                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                      1. the quality of a color as determined by its dominant wavelength
                                                                                      2. take on color or become colored
                                                                                      3. suffuse with color

                                                                                        44

                                                                                        inflation

                                                                                        n. 膨胀;通货膨胀;夸张;自命不凡
                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                        1. a general and progressive increase in prices
                                                                                        2. (cosmology) a brief exponential expansion of the universe (faster than the speed of light) postulated to have occurred shortly after the big bang
                                                                                        3. lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and puffed up with vanity
                                                                                        4. the act of filling something with air

                                                                                          45

                                                                                          inspire

                                                                                          vt. 激发;鼓舞;启示;产生;使生灵感
                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                          1. heighten or intensify
                                                                                          2. supply the inspiration for
                                                                                          3. serve as the inciting cause of
                                                                                          4. urge on or encourage especially by shouts
                                                                                          5. fill with revolutionary ideas

                                                                                            46

                                                                                            instructor

                                                                                            n. 指导书;教员;指导者
                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                            1. a person whose occupation is teaching

                                                                                              47

                                                                                              intrinsic

                                                                                              adj. 本质的,固有的
                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                              1. belonging to a thing by its very nature
                                                                                              2. situated within or belonging solely to the organ or body part on which it acts

                                                                                                48

                                                                                                jogging

                                                                                                n. 慢跑
                                                                                                v. 慢跑(jog的ing形式);轻推;唤起
                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                1. running at a jog trot as a form of cardiopulmonary exercise

                                                                                                  49

                                                                                                  kernel

                                                                                                  n. 核心,要点;[计] 内核;仁;麦粒,谷粒;精髓
                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                  1. the inner and usually edible part of a seed or grain or nut or fruit stone
                                                                                                  2. a single whole grain of a cereal
                                                                                                  3. the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

                                                                                                    50

                                                                                                    leather

                                                                                                    n. 皮革;皮革制品
                                                                                                    vt. 用皮革包盖;抽打
                                                                                                    adj. 皮的;皮革制的
                                                                                                    n. (Leather)人名;(英)莱瑟
                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                    1. an animal skin made smooth and flexible by removing the hair and then tanning
                                                                                                    2. beat with a lather strap

                                                                                                      51

                                                                                                      liberate

                                                                                                      vt. 解放;放出;释放
                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                      1. give equal rights to; of women and minorities
                                                                                                      2. grant freedom to; free from confinement
                                                                                                      3. grant freedom to

                                                                                                        52

                                                                                                        mansion

                                                                                                        n. 大厦;宅邸
                                                                                                        n. (Mansion)人名;(法)芒雄
                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                        1. (astrology) one of 12 equal areas into which the zodiac is divided
                                                                                                        2. a large and imposing house

                                                                                                          53

                                                                                                          mottled

                                                                                                          adj. 斑驳的,杂色的
                                                                                                          v. 使成杂色(mottle的过去分词)
                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          1. having spots or patches of color

                                                                                                            54

                                                                                                            nail

                                                                                                            vt. 钉;使固定;揭露
                                                                                                            n. [解剖] 指甲;钉子
                                                                                                            n. (Nail)人名;(法)纳伊;(土、阿拉伯、罗)纳伊尔
                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                            1. horny plate covering and protecting part of the dorsal surface of the digits
                                                                                                            2. a thin pointed piece of metal that is hammered into materials as a fastener
                                                                                                            3. a former unit of length for cloth equal to 1/16 of a yard
                                                                                                            4. attach something somewhere by means of nails
                                                                                                            5. take into custody

                                                                                                              55

                                                                                                              noted

                                                                                                              adj. 著名的;显著的;附有乐谱的
                                                                                                              v. 注意;记下(note的过去式和过去分词)
                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                              1. widely known and esteemed
                                                                                                              2. worthy of notice or attention

                                                                                                                56

                                                                                                                oceanographer

                                                                                                                n. 海洋学家;海洋研究者
                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                1. a scientist who studies physical and biological aspects of the seas

                                                                                                                  57

                                                                                                                  paralyze

                                                                                                                  vt. 使麻痹;使瘫痪
                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                  1. make powerless and unable to function
                                                                                                                  2. cause to be paralyzed and immobile

                                                                                                                    58

                                                                                                                    parasite

                                                                                                                    n. 寄生虫;食客
                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                    1. an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal or plant); it obtains nourishment from the host without benefiting or killing the host
                                                                                                                    2. a follower who hangs around a host (without benefit to the host) in hope of gain or advantage

                                                                                                                      59

                                                                                                                      prescribe

                                                                                                                      vi. 规定;开药方
                                                                                                                      vt. 规定;开处方
                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                      1. issue commands or orders for

                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                        regenerate

                                                                                                                        vt. 使再生;革新
                                                                                                                        vi. 再生;革新
                                                                                                                        adj. 再生的;革新的
                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                        1. reestablish on a new, usually improved, basis or make new or like new
                                                                                                                        2. amplify (an electron current) by causing part of the power in the output circuit to act upon the input circuit
                                                                                                                        3. bring, lead, or force to abandon a wrong or evil course of life, conduct, and adopt a right one
                                                                                                                        4. return to life; get or give new life or energy
                                                                                                                        5. replace (tissue or a body part) through the formation of new tissue

                                                                                                                          61

                                                                                                                          release

                                                                                                                          vt. 释放;发射;让与;允许发表
                                                                                                                          n. 释放;发布;让与
                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                          1. merchandise issued for sale or public showing (especially a record or film)
                                                                                                                          2. the act of liberating someone or something
                                                                                                                          3. a process that liberates or discharges something
                                                                                                                          4. an announcement distributed to members of the press in order to supplement or replace an oral presentation
                                                                                                                          5. the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart)

                                                                                                                            62

                                                                                                                            request

                                                                                                                            n. 请求;需要
                                                                                                                            vt. 要求,请求
                                                                                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                            1. a formal message requesting something that is submitted to an authority
                                                                                                                            2. the verbal act of requesting
                                                                                                                            3. express the need or desire for; ask for
                                                                                                                            4. ask (a person) to do something
                                                                                                                            5. inquire for (information)

                                                                                                                              63

                                                                                                                              resilience

                                                                                                                              n. 恢复力;弹力;顺应力
                                                                                                                              -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                              1. the physical property of a material that can return to its original shape or position after deformation that does not exceed its elastic limit
                                                                                                                              2. an occurrence of rebounding or springing back

                                                                                                                                64

                                                                                                                                scale

                                                                                                                                n. 规模;比例;鳞;刻度;天平;数值范围
                                                                                                                                vi. 衡量;攀登;剥落;生水垢
                                                                                                                                vt. 测量;攀登;刮鳞;依比例决定
                                                                                                                                n. (Scale)人名;(意)斯卡莱
                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                1. an ordered reference standard
                                                                                                                                2. relative magnitude
                                                                                                                                3. the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it
                                                                                                                                4. an indicator having a graduated sequence of marks
                                                                                                                                5. a specialized leaf or bract that protects a bud or catkin

                                                                                                                                  65

                                                                                                                                  shade

                                                                                                                                  n. 树荫;阴影;阴凉处;遮阳物;(照片等的)明暗度;少量、些微;细微的差别
                                                                                                                                  vt. 使阴暗;使渐变;为…遮阳;使阴郁;掩盖
                                                                                                                                  vi. (颜色、色彩等)渐变
                                                                                                                                  n. (Shade)人名;(英、德)谢德
                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                  1. relative darkness caused by light rays being intercepted by an opaque body
                                                                                                                                  2. a quality of a given color that differs slightly from a primary color
                                                                                                                                  3. protective covering that protects something from direct sunlight
                                                                                                                                  4. a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude
                                                                                                                                  5. a position of relative inferiority

                                                                                                                                    66

                                                                                                                                    sort

                                                                                                                                    n. 种类;方式;品质
                                                                                                                                    vi. 分类;协调;交往
                                                                                                                                    vt. 将…分类;将…排序;挑选出某物
                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                    1. a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality
                                                                                                                                    2. an approximate definition or example
                                                                                                                                    3. a person of a particular character or nature
                                                                                                                                    4. an operation that segregates items into groups according to a specified criterion
                                                                                                                                    5. examine in order to test suitability

                                                                                                                                      67

                                                                                                                                      sow

                                                                                                                                      vt. 播种;散布;使密布
                                                                                                                                      vi. 播种
                                                                                                                                      n. 母猪
                                                                                                                                      n. (Sow)人名;(几、马里、乍、毛里塔、塞内)索乌
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                                                                                                                                      1. an adult female hog
                                                                                                                                      2. place (seeds) in or on the ground for future growth
                                                                                                                                      3. introduce into an environment
                                                                                                                                      4. place seeds in or on (the ground)

                                                                                                                                        68

                                                                                                                                        splash

                                                                                                                                        vt. 溅,泼;用...使液体飞溅
                                                                                                                                        n. 飞溅的水;污点;卖弄
                                                                                                                                        vi. 溅湿;溅开
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                                                                                                                                        1. the sound like water splashing
                                                                                                                                        2. a prominent or sensational but short-lived news event
                                                                                                                                        3. a small quantity of something moist or liquid
                                                                                                                                        4. a patch of bright color
                                                                                                                                        5. the act of splashing a (liquid) substance on a surface

                                                                                                                                          69

                                                                                                                                          sponsor

                                                                                                                                          n. 赞助者;主办者;保证人
                                                                                                                                          vt. 赞助;发起
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                                                                                                                                          1. someone who supports or champions something
                                                                                                                                          2. an advocate who presents a person (as for an award or a degree or an introduction etc.)
                                                                                                                                          3. assume sponsorship of
                                                                                                                                          4. assume responsibility for or leadership of
                                                                                                                                          5. do one's shopping at; do business with; be a customer or client of

                                                                                                                                            70

                                                                                                                                            substitute

                                                                                                                                            n. 代用品;代替者
                                                                                                                                            vi. 替代
                                                                                                                                            vt. 代替
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                                                                                                                                            1. a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another
                                                                                                                                            2. an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced
                                                                                                                                            3. someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult)
                                                                                                                                            4. put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items
                                                                                                                                            5. be a substitute

                                                                                                                                              71

                                                                                                                                              taste

                                                                                                                                              n. 味道;品味;审美
                                                                                                                                              vt. 尝;体验
                                                                                                                                              vi. 尝起来;有…的味道
                                                                                                                                              n. (Taste)人名;(法)塔斯特
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                                                                                                                                              1. the sensation that results when taste buds in the tongue and throat convey information about the chemical composition of a soluble stimulus
                                                                                                                                              2. a strong liking
                                                                                                                                              3. delicate discrimination (especially of aesthetic values)
                                                                                                                                              4. a brief experience of something
                                                                                                                                              5. a small amount eaten or drunk

                                                                                                                                                72

                                                                                                                                                traditional

                                                                                                                                                adj. 传统的;惯例的
                                                                                                                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                1. consisting of or derived from tradition
                                                                                                                                                2. pertaining to time-honored orthodox doctrines

                                                                                                                                                  73

                                                                                                                                                  tundra

                                                                                                                                                  n. [生态] 苔原;[地理] 冻原;冻土地带
                                                                                                                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                  1. a vast treeless plain in the arctic regions between the ice cap and the tree line

                                                                                                                                                    74

                                                                                                                                                    underground

                                                                                                                                                    adv. 在地下;秘密地
                                                                                                                                                    adj. 地下的;秘密的;先锋派的
                                                                                                                                                    n. 地下;地铁;地道;地下组织;秘密活动;先锋派团体
                                                                                                                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                    1. a secret group organized to overthrow a government or occupation force
                                                                                                                                                    2. an electric railway operating below the surface of the ground (usually in a city)
                                                                                                                                                    3. under the level of the ground
                                                                                                                                                    4. conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods
                                                                                                                                                    5. in or into hiding or secret operation

                                                                                                                                                      75

                                                                                                                                                      universe

                                                                                                                                                      n. 宇宙;世界;领域
                                                                                                                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                      1. everything that exists anywhere
                                                                                                                                                      2. (statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which samples can be drawn
                                                                                                                                                      3. everything stated or assumed in a given discussion

                                                                                                                                                        76

                                                                                                                                                        vessel

                                                                                                                                                        n. 船,舰;[组织] 脉管,血管;容器,器皿
                                                                                                                                                        n. (Vessel)人名;(荷)费塞尔;(俄、意、捷)韦塞尔
                                                                                                                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                        1. a tube in which a body fluid circulates
                                                                                                                                                        2. a craft designed for water transportation
                                                                                                                                                        3. an object used as a container (especially for liquids)

                                                                                                                                                          77

                                                                                                                                                          voracious

                                                                                                                                                          adj. 贪婪的;贪吃的;狼吞虎咽的
                                                                                                                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                                                                                                                          1. excessively greedy and grasping
                                                                                                                                                          2. devouring or craving food in great quantities