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Flashcards in List-19 Deck (77)
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1

accessory

n. 配件;附件;[法] 从犯
adj. 副的;同谋的;附属的
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  1. clothing that is worn or carried, but not part of your main clothing
  2. a supplementary component that improves capability
  3. someone who helps another person commit a crime
  4. furnishing added support

    2

    accuse

    vt. 控告,指控;谴责;归咎于
    vi. 指责;控告
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    1. bring an accusation against; level a charge against
    2. blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against

      3

      aggressive

      adj. 侵略性的;好斗的;有进取心的;有闯劲的
      -------------------------------------------

      1. having or showing determination and energetic pursuit of your ends
      2. tending to spread quickly
      3. characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight

        4

        alphabet

        n. 字母表,字母系统;入门,初步
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        1. a character set that includes letters and is used to write a language
        2. the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural)

          5

          antibiotic

          adj. 抗生的;抗菌的
          n. 抗生素,抗菌素
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          1. a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections
          2. of or relating to antibiotic drugs

            6

            avoid

            vt. 避免;避开,躲避;消除
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            1. stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or something
            2. prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening
            3. refrain from doing something
            4. refrain from certain foods or beverages
            5. declare invalid

              7

              behavior

              n. 行为,举止;态度;反应
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              1. manner of acting or controlling yourself
              2. the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances
              3. (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
              4. (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation

                8

                beneficial

                adj. 有益的,有利的;可享利益的
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                1. promoting or enhancing well-being
                2. tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health

                  9

                  bet

                  n. 打赌,赌注;被打赌的事物
                  vt. 打赌;敢断定,确信
                  vi. 打赌
                  n. (Bet)人名;(意、以、瑞典、英)贝特
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                  1. the money risked on a gamble
                  2. the act of gambling
                  3. maintain with or as if with a bet
                  4. stake on the outcome of an issue
                  5. have faith or confidence in

                    10

                    bond

                    n. 债券;结合;约定;粘合剂
                    vi. 结合,团结在一起
                    vt. 使结合;以…作保
                    n. (Bond)人名;(英、德、西、刚(金)、瑞典)邦德
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                    1. an electrical force linking atoms
                    2. a certificate of debt (usually interest-bearing or discounted) that is issued by a government or corporation in order to raise money; the issuer is required to pay a fixed sum annually until maturity and then a fixed sum to repay the principal
                    3. a connection based on kinship or marriage or common interest
                    4. (criminal law) money that must be forfeited by the bondsman if an accused person fails to appear in court for trial
                    5. a restraint that confines or restricts freedom (especially something used to tie down or restrain a prisoner)

                      11

                      cafeteria

                      n. 自助餐厅
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                      1. a restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashier

                        12

                        compete

                        vi. 竞争;比赛;对抗
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                        1. compete for something; engage in a contest; measure oneself against others

                          13

                          compromise

                          vt. 妥协;危害
                          vi. 妥协;让步
                          n. 妥协,和解;折衷
                          -------------------------------------------

                          1. a middle way between two extremes
                          2. an accommodation in which both sides make concessions
                          3. make a compromise; arrive at a compromise
                          4. settle by concession
                          5. expose or make liable to danger, suspicion, or disrepute

                            14

                            confusion

                            n. 混淆,混乱;困惑
                            -------------------------------------------

                            1. disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
                            2. a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior
                            3. a feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused
                            4. an act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended
                            5. a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another

                              15

                              consequently

                              adv. 因此;结果;所以
                              -------------------------------------------

                              1. (sentence connectors) because of the reason given
                              2. as a consequence

                                16

                                constricted

                                adj. 收缩的;狭隘的;受限制的
                                v. 使…收缩;抑制(constrict的过去分词)
                                -------------------------------------------

                                1. especially tense; especially in some dialects
                                2. drawn together or squeezed physically or by extension psychologically
                                3. inhibited

                                  17

                                  cultivated

                                  adj. 耕种的;有教养的
                                  v. 发展(cultivate的过去分词);耕作;教化
                                  -------------------------------------------

                                  1. (of land or fields) prepared for raising crops by plowing or fertilizing
                                  2. no longer in the natural state; developed by human care and for human use
                                  3. marked by refinement in taste and manners

                                    18

                                    daisy

                                    n. 雏菊;菊科植物;极好的东西
                                    adj. 极好的;上等的
                                    -------------------------------------------

                                    1. any of numerous composite plants having flower heads with well-developed ray flowers usually arranged in a single whorl

                                      19

                                      devote

                                      vt. 致力于;奉献
                                      -------------------------------------------

                                      1. give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause
                                      2. dedicate
                                      3. set aside or apart for a specific purpose or use

                                        20

                                        dioxide

                                        n. 二氧化物
                                        -------------------------------------------

                                        1. an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule

                                          21

                                          discern

                                          vt. 识别;领悟,认识
                                          vi. 看清楚,辨别
                                          -------------------------------------------

                                          1. detect with the senses

                                            22

                                            discrimination

                                            n. 歧视;区别,辨别;识别力
                                            -------------------------------------------

                                            1. unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
                                            2. the cognitive process whereby two or more stimuli are distinguished

                                              23

                                              documentary

                                              adj. 记录的;文件的;记实的
                                              n. 纪录片
                                              -------------------------------------------

                                              1. a film or TV program presenting the facts about a person or event
                                              2. relating to or consisting of or derived from documents
                                              3. emphasizing or expressing things as perceived without distortion of personal feelings, insertion of fictional matter, or interpretation

                                                24

                                                domestic

                                                adj. 国内的;家庭的;驯养的;一心只管家务的
                                                n. 国货;佣人
                                                -------------------------------------------

                                                1. a servant who is paid to perform menial tasks around the household
                                                2. of concern to or concerning the internal affairs of a nation
                                                3. of or relating to the home
                                                4. of or involving the home or family
                                                5. converted or adapted to domestic use

                                                  25

                                                  draft

                                                  n. 汇票;草稿;选派;(尤指房间、烟囱、炉子等供暖系统中的)(小股)气流
                                                  vt. 起草;制定;征募
                                                  vi. 拟稿;绘样;作草图
                                                  adj. 初步画出或(写出)的;(设计、草图、提纲或版本)正在起草中的,草拟的;以草稿形式的;草图的
                                                  -------------------------------------------

                                                  1. a document ordering the payment of money; drawn by one person or bank on another
                                                  2. a current of air (usually coming into a room or vehicle)
                                                  3. a preliminary sketch of a design or picture
                                                  4. a serving of drink (usually alcoholic) drawn from a keg
                                                  5. preliminary version of a written work

                                                    26

                                                    elective

                                                    adj. 选修的;选举的;选任的
                                                    n. 选修课程
                                                    -------------------------------------------

                                                    1. a course that the student can select from among alternatives
                                                    2. subject to popular election
                                                    3. not compulsory

                                                      27

                                                      element

                                                      n. 元素;要素;原理;成分;自然环境
                                                      n. (Element)人名;(德)埃勒门特;(英)埃利门特
                                                      -------------------------------------------

                                                      1. an abstract part of something
                                                      2. any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
                                                      3. an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system
                                                      4. one of four substances thought in ancient and medieval cosmology to constitute the physical universe
                                                      5. the most favorable environment for a plant or animal

                                                        28

                                                        enlightenment

                                                        n. 启迪;启蒙运动;教化
                                                        -------------------------------------------

                                                        1. education that results in understanding and the spread of knowledge
                                                        2. (Hinduism and Buddhism) the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation; characterized by the extinction of desire and suffering and individual consciousness
                                                        3. a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions

                                                          29

                                                          equitable

                                                          adj. 公平的,公正的;平衡法的
                                                          -------------------------------------------

                                                          1. implying justice dictated by reason, conscience, and a natural sense of what is fair to all

                                                            30

                                                            estate

                                                            n. 房地产;财产;身份
                                                            -------------------------------------------

                                                            1. everything you own; all of your assets (whether real property or personal property) and liabilities
                                                            2. extensive landed property (especially in the country) retained by the owner for his own use
                                                            3. a major social class or order of persons regarded collectively as part of the body politic of the country and formerly possessing distinct political rights