Set 1 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 1 Deck (199):
2

satyr

half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; ex: faun; ex: goat: lecherous man

3

dupe

someone easily fooled or deceived; v. deceive

4

ravine

narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; ex: gully, canyon

5

jab

poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows

6

doze

sleep lightly; nap

7

distend

expand; swell out

8

sleeper

one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable

9

foible

small weakness of character; slight fault; ex: feeble

10

prance

move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)

11

fluctuate

waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly

12

asylum

place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)

13

inclement

stormy; unkind; unmerciful; ex: clement

14

masquerade

wear a mask or disguise; pretend; n. costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise

15

convert

one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; v. change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief

16

nepotism

favoritism (to a relative); ex: nephew

17

hypnosis

induced sleeping state; adj. hypnotic; v. hypnotize

18

romp

play or frolic boisterously; gambol; n.

19

hedonist

one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life; ex: hedonism: practice of living one's life purely for pleasure

20

unctuous

oily; bland; insincerely suave

21

fuddle

make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; n. in a fuddle: confused

22

fortitude

bravery; courage; strength of mind

23

nourish

provide with food necessary for life and growth

24

primordial

existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary

25

voluptuous

sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; ex. voluptuous lines; ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; n. voluptuary: voluptuous person

26

jostle

shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; ex. jostled by the crowds

27

theocracy

government run by religious leaders

28

scenario

plot outline; screenplay(script for a movie); opera libretto; outline of possible future events

29

embellish

adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)

30

graduate

arrange into categories or grades; divide into marked intervals (for use in measurement); ex. graduated ruler

31

patronize

support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; n. patron: one that supports; regular customer; n. patronage; ex: boycott

32

synthetic

not natural; artificial; resulting from synthesis; ex. synthetic fiber; n.

33

braggart

boaster; bragger

34

overturn

turn over; capsize; topple

35

pastoral

rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor

36

meter

arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)

37

peroration

conclusion of an oration; perorating; v. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length

38

itinerant

wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); ex. itinerant preacher

39

ecclesiastic

ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; n. minister; priest; cleric; clergyman

40

uproar

noisy confusion

41

calumny

malicious misrepresentation; slander

42

deadlock

standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate

43

remediable

reparable

44

ken

range of knowledge; ex. beyond one's ken

45

avocation

secondary or minor occupation

46

stint

set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; adj. stinting, unstinting; ex: stint:savings

47

cynical

skeptical or distrustful of human motives; n. cynicism; ex: cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness

48

accelerate

move faster

49

deliberate

consider; ponder; adj. done on purpose; slow

50

repel

drive away; disgust; ex. repel the attack/moisture; ex. repelled by the dirty room; ex: repulsion

51

drone

idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee

52

mayhem

injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; ex. mayhem in the zoo; ex: maim

53

simulate

feign; imitate

54

pore

study industriously; ponder; scrutinize; ex. pore over the book; n.

55

prod

poke (with a pointed object); stir up; urge; goad to action; n. pointed object used to prod; prodding

56

occlude

shut; close; obstruct; ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.

57

cabal

small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests

58

odyssey

long, eventful, adventurous journey

59

lewd

lustful

60

restive

impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; ex. restive horses because of wolves; ex: not a general synonym for `restless'

61

heinous

atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; ex. heinous crime

62

vignette

small drawing placed at the beginning or end of a chapter; picture; short literary sketch; short written description of a character or scene

63

bait

harass; tease; torment; ex. badger baiting; n. food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals

64

derivation

deriving; origin or source of something; ex. the derivation of the word

65

tautological

needlessly repetitious; ex. ``It was visible to the eye''; n. tautology: needless repetition of the same sense; statement that is always true

66

probe

explore with a probe or tools; investigate; n. slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; ex. space probe

67

mural

wall painting

68

ferment

agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); v. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)

69

lucid

easily understood; clear; intelligible; n. lucidity

70

ewe

female sheep

71

junta

group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)

72

rift

narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation

73

natal

connected with birth; ex: prenatal; ex: postnatal

74

ruthless

pitiless; merciless; cruel

75

trenchant

cutting; incisive; keen

76

treatise

article treating a subject systematically and thoroughly

77

drudgery

hard unpleasant work; menial work

78

malcontent

person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs; discontented person; adj. discontented

79

artisan

a manually skilled worker

80

abrogate

abolish

81

rhapsodize

speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery

82

slovenly

untidy; careless in work habits; slipshod; n. sloven: one who is habitually untidy or careless

83

pharisaical

pertaining to the Pharisees, who paid scrupulous attention to tradition; self-righteous; hypocritical

84

linger

loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; ex. The smell lingered for days.

85

hygiene

science and practice of the promotion and preservation of health; adj. hygienic: showing careful attention to cleanness (to prevent disease); ex. hygienic condition

86

brittle

hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; ex. brittle situation

87

cohorts

group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)

88

ovoid

egg-shaped; ex: ovum; ex: ovulate

89

prevail

be widespread; triumph over; gain victory; prevail on: persuade; induce; ex. Justice has prevailed; ex. prevail on someone to do something

90

misogamy

hatred of marriage

91

linguistic

pertaining to language

92

hypothetical

based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; n. hypothesis

93

low

moo; make the sound of a cow

94

contest

dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; ex. contest the election results; ex. contest a seat in Parliament; n.

95

cadence

rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm

96

ego

one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem

97

erotic

pertaining to passionate love or sexual love

98

eugenic

pertaining to the improvement of race; n. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race

99

canto

division of a long poem

100

prate

talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly

101

nurture

nourish; feed; educate; rear; care for while it is growing or developing; foster; cultivate; n. something that nourishes; rearing

102

merger

combination (of two business corporations); act of merging

103

tension

stretching; condition of being stretched; mental strain; strained relationship between groups or people

104

stem

stop or check (the flow of); ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; n. main axis of a plant; stalk

105

heedless

not noticing; disregarding

106

orthography

correct spelling; ex: ortho-: straight; correct; ex. orthodontics

107

stoop

bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; ex. stoop to lying

108

collateral

security given for loan; adj. secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters

109

remorse

deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach

110

incapacitate

disable; n. incapacity: lack of capacity

111

whim

sudden capricious idea; fancy

112

fallible

liable to err

113

maneuver(manoeuver)

strategic military or naval movement (done for training purposes); carefully planned process; stratagem; v. carry out a military maneuver; use maneuvers in gaining an end

114

animadversion

critical remark; v. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval

115

commune

small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; v. exchange thoughts or feelings; ex. commune with nature

116

onus

burden; responsibility

117

scapegoat

someone who bears the blame for others; whipping boy; ex: escape+goat

118

commemorative

remembering; honoring the memory of; ex. commemorative stamp

119

suborn

persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury); n. subornation

120

tan

convert (hide) into leather; make brown by exposure to the sun

121

febrile

feverish

122

communal

held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune

123

clemency

disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; adj. clement

124

facade(fa\c{c}ade)

front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance

125

slapdash

hasty and careless; haphazard; sloppy(carelessly done)

126

imperceptible

unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable

127

floe

flat mass of floating ice

128

reverend

deserving reverence; n. priest

129

dilute

make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; ex. dilute the influence of the president

130

virile

manly; having masculine spirit or strength; full of strength

131

azure

sky blue

132

deft

neat; skillful

133

nefarious

very wicked

134

persist

continue in existence; last; continue in a course of action in spite of opposition; ex. persist in/with something; adj. persistent

135

inverse

opposite

136

hackneyed

commonplace; trite

137

wisp

small bunch (of hair); faint streak (of smoke)

138

retrench

cut down; cut down expenses; economize

139

don

put on; OP. doff

140

polygamist

one who has more than one spouse at a time; ex: bigamy; ex: polyandry

141

behemoth

huge creature; something of monstrous size or power

142

deterrent

something that discourages or deters

143

ingrate

ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)

144

gibberish

nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling

145

crossbreed

hybridize; n. hybrid; ex: interbreed; ex: inbreed

146

plasticity

ability to be molded; adj. plastic: capable of being shaped or molded; ex. plastic material such as clay

147

amoral

nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong

148

mendicant

beggar; adj. living as a beggar

149

wretch

miserable person; bad or despicable person; adj. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile

150

abeyance

suspended action

151

pulpit

raised platform used in preaching (in a church)

152

instigate

start; urge; provoke; incite; ex. instigate a search/quarrel

153

wax

increase gradually (as the moon); grow

154

ostracize

banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; ex. His friends ostracized him. n. ostracism

155

speechless

unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); ex. speechless with anger

156

acclaim

applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; n. strong expression of approval and praise

157

virus

disease communicator

158

inerrancy

infallibility

159

parlance

language; manner of speaking; idiom; ex. in legal/common parlance

160

avenge

take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; ex. He swore to avenge his brother; ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.

161

integrity

honesty; uprightness; wholeness; state of being whole and undivided; completeness

162

brood

sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; n. the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time

163

equinox

period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; adj. equinoctial

164

ultimatum

last demand; last warning; last statement of conditions that must be met; ex. They have ignored our ultimatum.

165

gradation

series of gradual stages; degree in such a progression

166

ramify

branch out; divide into branches or subdivisions

167

gangrene

decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); adj. gangrenous

168

disconcert

confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb

169

abdicate

renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)

170

atone

make amends for; pay for; ex. atone for

171

slur

slander; insult to one's character or reputation; v.

172

vitriolic

causing sharp pain to the mind; caustic; corrosive; sarcastic; of vitriol; n. vitriol: sulphuric acid (which burns flesh deeply); bitterly abusive expression; caustic expression; ex: glass

173

apropos

with reference to; regarding; ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; adj. ADv.

174

fatalism

belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; adj. fatalistic; ex: fatal: causing death

175

sere

sear; parched; dry

176

leeway

room to move; margin; latitude; ex. leeway for the deadline

177

lap

take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; ex. waves lapping the shore; n. front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person

178

flout

reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; ex. flout the rules

179

patina

green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting

180

perimeter

outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference

181

mercantile

concerning trade or merchants

182

objective

not influenced by emotions; fair; n. goal; aim

183

palate

roof of the mouth; sense of the taste

184

timbre

quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument (which distinguishes it from others of the same pitch)

185

peevish

bad-tempered; irritable; v. peeve: make angry

186

uncanny

strange; mysterious; ex. uncanny knack

187

indices

signs; indications; ex. indices of a student's potential; ex: index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; ex. cost-of-living index

188

annuity

yearly allowance

189

acoustics

science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in

190

foppish

vain about dress and appearance; n. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance

191

disinter

dig up; unearth; OP. inter

192

decomposition

decay; v. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts

193

minatory

menacing; threatening

194

fraught

filled (with something unpleasant); full; ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; ex: freight

195

scurvy

contemptible; despicable; n. disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C

196

wrench

twist; pull; strain; ex. He wrenched the gun out of her hands.

197

disabuse

correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief

198

sentinel

sentry; lookout

199

gingerly

very carefully; adj.

200

subpoena

writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; v. summon with a subpoena