Set 11 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 11 Deck (199):
2

prostrate

stretch out full on ground; make prostrate; enervate; ex. prostrating illness; adj. lying face down; having lost all strength

3

gerontology

study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age

4

trite

hackneyed; commonplace

5

chaperon

older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman

6

unilateral

one-sided; involving or affecting only one side; ex. unilateral declaration

7

swerve

deviate; turn aside sharply from a straight course; ex. swerve from the principle; ex. The car swerved to the right.

8

artful

exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; ex: artifice

9

notch

V-shaped cut in a surface; v.

10

overthrow

topple; n.

11

monetary

pertaining to money

12

inequity

unfairness; adj. inequitable

13

urge

drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; ex. urge horses; n. impulse that prompts action

14

sojourn

temporary stay; v. stay for a time

15

ejaculation

exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); v. ejaculate

16

embark

commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey

17

reparable

capable of being repaired

18

dote

be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline

19

blighted

suffering from a disease; destroyed

20

wake

trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war

21

spoof

parody

22

resort

turn to for help; ex. resort to violence; n.

23

foliage

masses of leaves; ex: defoliate

24

draught

current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time

25

junket

trip especially one taken for pleasure by an official at public expense

26

historic

important in history; ex. historic battle

27

billowing

swelling out in waves; surging

28

chastise

punish as by beating; criticize severely

29

momentous

very important; n. moment; ex: momentary

30

universal

characterizing or affecting all; general; present everywhere; of the universe; cosmic; ex. universal agreement; ex. a subject of universal interest

31

fauna

animals of a period or region; ex: flora

32

endemic

prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; ex: pandemic

33

benison

blessing

34

hail

frozen rain drop; v. salute or greet; precipitate hail

35

torpedo

underwater explosive apparatus; v.

36

demean

disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave

37

thematic

of a theme; relating to a unifying motif or idea

38

swelter

(of a person) suffer from oppressive heat; be oppressed by heat

39

hubris

arrogance; excessive self-conceit

40

fawning

courting favor by cringing and flattering; v. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness

41

magnitude

greatness (in size or extent); extent

42

rococo

ornate; highly decorated; n. ex: 18th century

43

valor

bravery; adj. valiant: possessing valor; brave

44

necromancy

black magic; sorcery; dealings with the dead; art that professes to communicate with the spirits of the dead so as to predict the future; ex: necromancer; ex: necro+divination; ex: necro-: death; ex. necropolis

45

galley

low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)

46

provenance

place of origin; origin or source of something; ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; ex: come

47

unobtrusive

inconspicuous; not blatant

48

sodden

thoroughly soaked; dull or stupid as if from drink

49

transient

staying for a short time; momentary; temporary; n. one that is transient

50

dinghy

small boat (often ship's boat)

51

incarnation

act of assuming a human body and human nature; one who personifies something; personification; ex. previous incarnation/reincarnation

52

rendition

rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song, etc

53

abortive

unsuccessful; fruitless

54

putrid

decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; n. putridity

55

vicissitude

change (esp. from good to bad); change of fortune; ex: the last emperor of China

56

cameo

shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film

57

maritime

bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; ex. Maritime Provinces

58

flag

droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; adj. flagging; ex: unflagging

59

malignant

tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; ex. malignant tumor

60

servitude

slavery; compulsory labor imposed as a punishment

61

accessory

additional object; useful but not essential thing

62

vilify

slander; speak evil of; n. vilification

63

querulous

given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining

64

chronic

long established as a disease

65

embed(imbed)

enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass

66

compromise

adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; ex. compromise one's principle; n.

67

kudos

honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement

68

acute

(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain

69

worldly

engrossed in matters of this earth; not spiritual; of the material world

70

anchor

secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; n. anchorage

71

pigment

coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)

72

pass\'e

old-fashioned; past the prime

73

concede

admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; ex. concede a goal

74

constituency

voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)

75

alleviate

relieve (pain)

76

husband

use sparingly; conserve; save; ex. husband one's energy; ex: house holder

77

precipitate

hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; adj. hasty; rash; premature; sudden

78

congruence

correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; ex: congruity

79

reprehensible

deserving blame; blameworthy; v. reprehend: blame

80

aerie

nest of a large bird of prey

81

primogeniture

seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)

82

nubile

marriageable; of marriageable age; ex: connubial

83

predator

predatory animal or bird; predatory person; creature that seizes and devours another animal; person who robs or exploits others; adj. predatory: living by preying on other organisms; plundering; n. predation

84

imminent

impending; near at hand

85

dogged

determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean

86

cessation

stoppage

87

orgy

wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; ex. orgy of shopping

88

epitome

perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; ex. epitome of good manners; v. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody

89

blunt

having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; v. make or become blunt

90

outstrip

outrun; surpass; outdo

91

martyr

one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause; great sufferer; ex. martyr to his rheumatism

92

severity

harshness; intensity; sternness; austerity; adj. severe: harsh; strict; extremely violent or intense

93

cordon

extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; (?”±œÀÁ?? ¡†µŒ¦ž ?¯Ëüáë ¡ƒ€Á«å) ËŒ?€ ü¨¼È; v.

94

reputed

supposed; ex. reputed father of the child; v. repute: consider; n. repute: reputation; esteem

95

bland

soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence

96

prolong

lengthen; extend; draw out

97

scrap

small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; v. break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel

98

dawdle

loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing

99

filch

steal (things of small value)

100

connivance

pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; v. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire

101

homily

sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; adj. homiletic

102

vouchsafe

grant condescendingly; guarantee; ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment

103

plenary

(of power) complete; full; fully attended by all qualified members; ex. plenary power

104

prurient

having or causing lustful desires and thoughts; arousing immoderate sexual desire

105

tirade

long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation

106

pedagogue

teacher; ex: child leader

107

inclined

tending or leaning toward; bent; v. incline: slant; dispose; be disposed; tend

108

vital

full of life; animated; vibrant and lively; critical; of great importance; necessary to stay alive; of life; living; breathing; n. vitality; v. vitalize

109

ensue

follow (as a result)

110

warp

twist out of shape; n.

111

compulsive

resulting from compulsion

112

centrifugal

radiating; departing from the center

113

incentive

spur; motive; something which encourages one to greater activity

114

milieu

social environment; means of expression; ex. feel out of one's milieu; ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.

115

culinary

relating to cooking or kitchen

116

weird

eerie; strange; unnatural

117

unearthly

not earthly; supernatural; weird; ghostly

118

cuisine

style of cooking; ex. French cuisine

119

determination

resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision

120

vanguard

forerunners; foremost position of an army; advance forces; foremost position in a trend or movement; ex: rearguard

121

emasculate

weaken; castrate

122

impropriety

improperness; unsuitableness

123

chauvinist

blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; adj. chauvinistic; ex: chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin

124

pseudonym

pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; adj. pseudonymous

125

schematic

of a schema or scheme; relating to an outline or diagram; using a system of symbols; n. schema: diagrammatic representation; outline

126

colossal

huge

127

accolade

award of merit; strong praise and approval

128

screech

unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; v.

129

slag

glassy residue from smelting metal; dross; waste matter

130

memorialize

commemorate

131

advent

arrival

132

rag

scrap of cloth; adj. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; ex. ragged debut/performance

133

voluble

fluent; talkative; glib; n. volubility

134

audit

examination of accounts of a business; official examination; v.

135

flutter

(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; n.

136

buffoonery

clowning

137

pernicious

very harmful; deadly; very destructive; ex. pernicious effect/anemia

138

lackluster

lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull

139

elevation

elevated position; altitude; height; flat upright side of a building; angle made by pointing a gun; ex. The elevation of her style is much admired; ex. front elevation of the house

140

slough

(of a snake) shed or cast off (dead outer skin); n. outer layer that is shed

141

gnarl

protruding knot on a tree; v.

142

noncommittal

neutral; refusing commitment to a particular opinion; unpledged; undecided

143

puissant

powerful; strong; potent; n. puissance: power

144

congeal

freeze; coagulate

145

restraint

moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction

146

prodigy

highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder

147

philanthropist

lover of mankind; doer of good; n. philanthropy

148

importune

beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)

149

incontrovertible

indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable

150

snicker

half-stifled(suppressed) laugh; v.

151

infinitesimal

very small

152

rank

offensive in odor or flavor

153

hindrance

block; obstacle; v. hinder

154

duration

length of time something lasts

155

totem

animal, plant, or natural object serving as a symbol of a clan or family; representation of this; ex. totem pole

156

sober

serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; v. make or become sober

157

unaccountable

unexplicable; impossible to account for; unreasonable or mysterious

158

fret

be annoyed or vexed; ex. fret over your poor grades; n. irritation of mind; adj. fretful

159

engaging

charming; attractive

160

agility

nimbleness; ability to move quickly

161

botch

mismanage; blow

162

airy

of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal

163

pall

become boring; grow tiresome

164

verbalize

put into words; adj. verbal: of words; spoken rather than written; oral; of a verb

165

icon(ikon)

religious image; idol; image or representation

166

bastard

illegitimate child

167

discredit

defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; n. ex: discreditable: causing discredit; shameful

168

halcyon

calm; peaceful; ex. halcyon days

169

crochet

make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; n. ex: crotchet

170

incinerate

burn to ashes

171

hilarity

boisterous mirth(merriment; laughter); adj. hilarious: full of laughter

172

jaundice

medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; v. affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias

173

novelty

something new; newness; adj. novel: new; original

174

nib

beak(bill); pen point

175

topple

become unsteady and fall down

176

prot\'eg\'e

person receiving protection and support from a patron

177

marshal

put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; ex. marshal the children into the museum; n. military officer; official

178

oligarchy

government by a privileged few

179

gossamer

sheer; very light; like cobwebs; n. soft and sheer fabric; cobweb

180

permeable

that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; v. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge

181

impuissance

powerlessness; feebleness

182

implicate

incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); ex. implicate someone in the crime

183

coquette

flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; v.

184

bugaboo

bugbear; object of baseless terror

185

alimony

payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce

186

lancet

small surgical tool for making incisions

187

regal

royal; of a monarch; ex. regal manner

188

hermetic

sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight

189

sanguine

optimistic; cheerful; hopeful; of the color of blood; red

190

defalcate

embezzle

191

bludgeon

club; heavy-headed weapon; v.

192

chaplain

clergyman attached to a chapel

193

gyroscope

apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.

194

coalition

partnership; league; union of separate political parties

195

recourse

resorting to help when in trouble; ex. without recourse to

196

contravene

contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); n. contravention

197

bargain

agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; v. negotiate; trade; ex. bargaining power

198

blemish

mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; n. flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); ex. blemishes in the crystal; ex: unblemished

199

blush

become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; n.

200

numismatist

person who collects coins; n. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals