Set 8 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 8 Deck (199):
2

strangle

kill by choking or suffocating; suppress

3

fugitive

fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; n. one who flees; ex. fugitives at large

4

arboreal

of or living in trees

5

cornucopia

horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty

6

fledgling(fledgeling)

inexperienced; n. young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person

7

opulence

extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; adj. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant

8

faze

disconcert; dismay; embarrass

9

headfirst

moving with the head leading; headlong

10

petulant

touchy; peevish; ill-tempered

11

depredation

plundering; destruction

12

swill

drink greedily

13

typhoon

tropical hurricane or cyclone

14

candor

frankness; open honesty; adj. candid

15

solicit

entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; ex. solicit votes; ex: solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer

16

amicable

peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; ex. amicable settlement

17

conventional

ordinary; typical; not nuclear; ex. conventional weapons

18

predicament

difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma

19

prosperity

good fortune and financial success; physical well-being

20

acne

skin disease (on the face)

21

overbearing

bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; ex. overbearing manner/importance; v. overbear: dominate

22

disarray

state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; ex. with her clothes in disarray

23

arboretum

place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited

24

cornice

projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); Ì?ü¦ ËŒ?€

25

coma

deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow

26

tipple

drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; n. alcoholic drink

27

despondent

without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; n. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection

28

indulge

yield to; gratify; allow oneself a special pleasure; ex. indulge one's every whim/a child/in a big cigarette; n. indulgence

29

extrovert

person interested mostly in external objects and actions

30

approbation

approval

31

philatelist

stamp-collector; n. philately: stamp collecting

32

fracas

brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee

33

erroneous

mistaken; wrong; incorrect

34

mortician

undertaker; ex: death

35

ruddy

reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking

36

percussion

striking one object against another sharply; ex. percussion instrument; n. striking together of two bodies; sound caused by percussion

37

exasperate

vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)

38

inasmuch_as

since; owing to the fact that

39

trek

travel; journey; v. make a long difficult journey

40

sonorous

resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound

41

rabble

mob; noisy crowd

42

amiable

agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly

43

presume

take for granted; assume; act overconfidently; take liberties; presume on/upon: take unfair advantage of (someone's kindness or connection); n. presumption

44

badinage

teasing conversation; banter; joking talk

45

hostility

unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; adj. hostile

46

salient

prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; ex. salient features

47

impassable

not able to be traveled or crossed

48

deranged

insane

49

metamorphosis

change of form; ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; v. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis

50

effervescence

inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; adj. effervescent; v. effervesce

51

entreat

plead; ask earnestly

52

solemnity

seriousness; gravity

53

diorama

life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background

54

blandishment

flattery

55

bereft

deprived of (something valuable); lacking

56

resentment

indignation; bitterness; displeasure; v. resent: feel anger about

57

supplicant

one who supplicates; adj.

58

vicar

parish priest; representative

59

slight

insult to one's dignity; snub; v. treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; adj. small in size; of small importance

60

axiom

self-evident truth requiring no proof

61

demoniac(demoniacal)

fiendish; cruel; n. demon: evil supernatural being; devil

62

hallowed

blessed; consecrated; ex. hallowed ground; v. hallow: set apart as holy

63

migrant

changing its habitat; wandering; ex. migrant birds/workers; n. one that migrates

64

trample

step heavily with the feet; crush under the feet

65

outcast

one that has been excluded from a society; adj.

66

meticulous

excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous

67

tenant

one that pays rent to use property owned by another

68

diatribe

bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse

69

materialism

preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)

70

maleficient

doing evil; n. maleficience

71

lavish

liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; ex. decorated lavishly; v. give in abundance

72

renown

fame; adj. renowned

73

anarchy

absence of governing body; state of disorder

74

repine

fret; complain; be annoyed; ex. repine over the undone work

75

carillon

a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played

76

certitude

certainty

77

obloquy

slander; disgrace; infamy

78

reprieve

postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; v. postpone or cancel the punishment of

79

flit

fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower

80

synthesis

combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed; PL. syntheses; v. synthesize

81

grate

make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; ex. grated cheese n. framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace

82

voracious

ravenous; eating large quantities of food; exceedingly eager; insatiable; ex. voracious animal/reader

83

transcendent

exceeding ordinary limits; superior; surpassing; v. transcend: go beyond; exceed; surpass; n. transcendancy

84

temperament

characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; adj. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; ex. temperamental dislike of sports; ex. temperamental actress

85

execrate

curse; express abhorrence for; detest

86

inviolable

secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; ex. inviolable oath/rights; n. inviolability

87

arid

(of land) dry; barren; unproductive

88

decelerate

slow down

89

decant

pour off gently (wine or liquid)

90

commandeer

take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes

91

derelict

negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; n. abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person

92

legend

explanatory list of symbols on a map

93

elucidate

explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; ex: lucid

94

scrupulous

conscientious; extremely thorough; ex. scrupulous worker

95

protean

able to take on many forms; versatile; ex: Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will

96

demented

insane; wacky

97

delirium

mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; adj. delirious

98

exonerate

acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt

99

provision

act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; ex. According to the provisions of the agreement

100

metaphysical

pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; n. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality

101

withstand

stand up against; resist successfully

102

florid

ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; ex: rose

103

spatial

relating to space

104

sylvan

pertaining to the woods or the country

105

pandemic

widespread; affecting the majority of people; n. pandemic disease; ex: all people

106

divest

strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; n. divestiture(divestment)

107

defrock

strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock

108

spendthrift

someone who wastes money; ex: thrift: accumulated wealth

109

animosity

active enmity

110

dereliction

neglect of duty; abandonment

111

pillage

plunder

112

burgeon

grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; ex. burgeoning computer industry; ex: bludgeon

113

myopic

nearsighted; lacking foresight; n. myopia

114

belligerent

quarrelsome

115

elaboration

addition of details; intricacy

116

collaborate

work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy

117

trance

hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); ex: transition

118

saline

salty

119

merit

deserve; adj. meritorious: deserving reward or praise

120

permissive

allowing much freedom; lenient; ex. permissive society

121

reproach

blame (not angrily but sadly); express disapproval or disappointment; n. adj. reproachful

122

leniency

mildness; permissiveness; adj. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment

123

longevity

long life; long duration

124

scintilla

trace; minute amount; shred; least bit; ex. There is not a scintilla of truth; ex: spark

125

clandestine

secret

126

actuate

motivate; activate; cause to act

127

flail

beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; n. threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle

128

apiarist

person who keeps bees

129

sadistic

inclined to cruelty; n. sadism: delight in cruelty

130

quagmire

bog; marsh; soft, wet, boggy land; predicament; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself

131

unguent

ointment

132

nourishment

something that nourishes; food

133

motley

multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; ex: jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)

134

avid

greedy; extremely eager for; ex. avid learner; n. avidity

135

swipe

hit with a sweeping motion; n.

136

statute

law enacted by the legislature

137

palimpsest

parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased

138

mulct

defraud a person of something; swindle; ex. mulct the boy of his legacy

139

sullen

silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy

140

artery

blood-vessel; ex: vein

141

liability

drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; adj. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)

142

dazzle

make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder

143

discordant

not harmonious; conflicting

144

valid

logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; effective; ex. valid reasoning/passport

145

promontory

headland

146

atrocity

brutal deed; adj. atrocious

147

leave-taking

farewell or departure

148

menagerie

collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo

149

nectar

drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees

150

base

contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; ex. base motives/conduct; ex. base metal such as iron

151

sentimental

swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments

152

tribute

tax levied by a ruler; payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission; mark of respect (such as praise or gift); ex. pay tribute to

153

nuptial

related to marriage or the wedding ceremony; n. nuptials: wedding ceremony

154

inquisitive

eager for knowledge; unduly curious

155

morbid

given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; ex. morbid curiosity; n. morbidity; ex: disease

156

dispatch

speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; v. send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill

157

expose

public revelation of something discreditable

158

immutable

unchangeable

159

propinquity

nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship

160

excerpt

selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; v.

161

obtuse

blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding

162

pulmonary

pertaining to the lungs

163

mishap

unfortunate accident

164

emanate

issue forth; come out

165

indemnify

make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; ex: make uninjured

166

prehensile

capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); ex. prehensile tails

167

prey

target of a hunt; victim; v. hunt and eat as prey; victimize; ex. Cats prey on mice.

168

dynamic

energetic; vigorously active

169

talisman

charm; object believed to give supernatural powers to or protect its bearer

170

cursive

(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined

171

impregnable

invulnerable; impossible to capture or enter by force; ex. impregnable fort/argument; ex: take

172

opprobrium

infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; ex. opprobrium hurled against him; adj. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous

173

germinal

pertaining to a germ; creative; ex. germinal idea

174

corroborate

confirm; support; strengthen

175

sycophant

servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; adj. sycophantic

176

inquisitor

questioner (especially harsh); investigator; person making an inquisition

177

commonplace

ordinary; n. something ordinary or common; trite remark

178

hoard

stockpile; accumulate for future use; n. supply stored for future use

179

propellant(propellent)

substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)

180

hypochondriac

person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; adj. ex: hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; ex: abdomen

181

confidant(confidante)

trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)

182

correlate

either of the correlated things; v.

183

bravado

swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery

184

proscenium

part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage

185

fresco

painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)

186

agrarian

pertaining to land or its cultivation; ex. agrarian reform

187

premonition

forewarning; presentiment; foreboding

188

iota

very small quantity

189

motility

ability to move spontaneously; adj. motile: moving spontaneously

190

replete

fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; ex. report replete with errors

191

headstrong

willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; ex: no 'excessive'

192

precursor

forerunner; predecessor

193

flick

light stroke as with a whip; v. move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); ex. flick the switch

194

suspend

cause to stop for a period; interrupt; hold in abeyance; defer; hang from above; exclude for a period from a position; ex. suspended state; ex. suspend judgment; ex. suspended from the team; n. suspension

195

tycoon

wealthy and powerful businessperson; wealthy leader; magnate; ex. business tycoon

196

turncoat

traitor

197

relapse

return to a former state (esp. after improvement); n.

198

unprepossessing

unattractive

199

suspense

state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty

200

authenticate

prove genuine