Set 20 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 20 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 20 Deck (199):
2

xenophobia

fear or hatred of foreigners; n. xenophobe

3

conduit

aqueduct; passageway for fluids

4

dotage

senility; feeblemindedness of old age; ex. In one's dotage

5

mitigate

appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity

6

quiver

case for arrows

7

accede

agree

8

dilatory

delaying; tending to delay

9

disconsolate

hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)

10

sophomoric

immature; half-baked; like a sophomore

11

vainglorious

boastful; excessively conceited; n. vainglory: great vanity

12

vulpine

like a fox; crafty

13

spoonerism

accidental transposition of sounds in successive words; ex. ``Let me sew you to your sheet'' for ``Let me show you to your seat''; ex: William Spooner

14

peerless

having no equal; incomparable

15

turbulence

state of violent agitation; adj. turbulent: violently agitated or disturbed

16

ceremonious

marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; ex: ceremony: conventional social courtesy

17

epoch

period of time

18

desperate

having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort

19

epithet

word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)

20

groom

man employed to take care of horses; v. make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)

21

tacit

understood (without actually being expressed); not put into words; ex. tacit agreement

22

swarm

large group of insects moving in a mass; crowd of people or animals; v. move in a crowd or mass

23

exigency

urgent situation; adj. exigent

24

averse

reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; ex. averse to cats/doing the house work

25

estranged

separated; alienated; v. estrange: alienate (people in a family); n. estrangement

26

aphasia

loss of speech due to injury or illness

27

subterfuge

stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge

28

retract

withdraw; take back; draw back; ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; n. retraction; ex: retractile

29

comestible

something fit to be eaten

30

seminal

related to seed or semen; germinal; creative; providing a basis for further development; influencing future developments; ex. seminal research in a new field

31

vagary

capricious happening; caprice; whim; ex: wander

32

squander

waste; spend foolishly

33

bookish

fond of books and reading

34

disheveled

untidy (of hair or clothing); v. dishevel

35

ingenuous

naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid

36

sunder

separate; part; ex: asunder

37

obelisk

tall column tapering(becoming gradually narrower toward the end) and ending in a pyramid

38

quaff

drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment); ?†?©?†?© ü¦?Ì«ô; ex: sip

39

incumbent

obligatory; imposed as an obligation; currently holding an office; n. person who holds an office

40

whorl

ring of leaves around stem; ring; circular arrangement;

41

volley

simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; v.

42

piquant

pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help

43

jaunty

cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; ex. jaunty person/hat

44

millennium

thousand-year period (as in the New Testament); hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity

45

antiquated

obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated

46

nautical

pertaining to ships or navigation

47

mutinous

unruly; rebellious; ex. mutinous teenagers; n. mutiny: open rebellion; ex: mutineer

48

rationale

fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action

49

glutinous

sticky; viscous; gluey

50

exchequer

treasury; ex. Chancellor of the exchequer

51

imperil

put in danger

52

requiem

mass for the dead; dirge

53

bluster

blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; ex: breeze, gust, gale

54

pastry

paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)

55

polarize

split into opposite extremes or camps

56

finery

beautiful clothes for a special occasion

57

corpuscle

red or white cell in the blood

58

blight

plant disease; v. infect with blight; ruin; destroy

59

mass

Christian religious ceremony; ex: Mass: ceremony of the Eucharist

60

annex

attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); n. building added to a large one

61

admonish

warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove

62

dissipate

squander; waste foolishly; scatter

63

narcissist

conceited person; n. narcissism; ex: narcissus

64

incarcerate

imprison

65

stint

supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; ex. two-year stint in the army; ex. without stint

66

drone

talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; n.

67

tureen

deep dish for serving soup

68

deputize

work or appoint as a deputy; n. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away

69

resilient

elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)

70

testy

irritable; impatient and bad-tempered; short-tempered; n. testiness

71

discriminating

able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; n. discrimination

72

conscript

draftee; person forced into military service; v.

73

germinate

cause to sprout; sprout

74

excise

cut away; cut out; n. government tax on good produced and used inside a country; n. excision

75

punitive

punishing; ex. punitive measures

76

deadpan

wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face

77

validate

make valid; confirm; ratify

78

aseptic

preventing infection; having a cleansing effect

79

hone

sharpen (a tool); n. whetstone for sharpening a tool

80

hummock

small hill; hillock

81

mundane

worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; ex. mundane existence; ex: world

82

facilitate

help bring about; make less difficult

83

mobile

movable; not fixed; n. mobility

84

loft

room or space under the roof; attic

85

expropriate

take possession of (often for public use and without payment)

86

brocade

rich, figured(patterned) fabric

87

repartee

quick clever reply

88

ventriloquist

someone who can make his or her voice seem to come from another person or thing (without moving lips or jaws); n. ventriloquism, ventriloquy

89

anthem

song of praise or patriotism; ex. national anthem

90

scoff

laugh (at); mock; ridicule; ex. scoff at their threats

91

hostage

person who is kept as a prisoner by an enemy so that the other side will do what the enemy demands

92

repress

hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; ex. repressed child; ex. repress a laugh/rebellion

93

droll

queer and amusing

94

asunder

into parts; apart; v. sunder

95

inimical

(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; ex: enemy

96

conciliatory

reconciling; soothing; v. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)

97

bully

one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; v.

98

controvert

oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; adj. controversial; n. controversy

99

incendiary

arsonist; adj. causing fire; of arson; ex. incendiary bomb

100

vouch

give a personal guarantee; ex. I can vouch for his integrity; n. voucher

101

fulminate

thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation

102

quicksilver

mercury

103

shoot

new growth from a plant

104

phenomena

observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; ex: phenomenons; adj. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; ex. phenomenal strength

105

repertoire

list of works of music, drama, etc., a performer is prepared to present; ex: repertory

106

summation

act of finding the total; summing-up; summary (esp. one given by the judge at the end of a trial)

107

wheedle

deceive, persuade, or obtain by flattery; cajole; coax; ex. wheedle a promise out of her

108

cadet

student at a military school

109

renegade

deserter; traitor; adj.

110

tutelary

protective; pertaining to a guardianship; ex. tutelary deities

111

cistern

reservoir or water tank

112

reverberate

echo repeatedly; resound; ex. The thunder reverberated across the valley.

113

incline

slope; slant; ex. steep incline

114

gall

bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; «‹ç—(bile); ex: gall bladder

115

minutiae

petty or trivial details; ex: minutia

116

ambulatory

able to walk

117

brindled

tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)

118

reverent

respectful; worshipful; v. revere: regard with reverence; n. reverence: profound respect

119

forgo(forego)

give up; do without

120

parable

short simple story teaching a moral

121

negate

cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; n. negation

122

titanic

gigantic; n. titan

123

importunate

urging; always demanding; troublesomely urgent or persistent

124

deport

send out of the country; behave; n. deportation, deportment

125

smear

spread or cover with a sticky substance; n. mark made by smearing

126

girth

distance around something; circumference

127

wastrel

waster; profligate

128

rapt

engrossed; absorbed; enchanted; ex. rapt listener

129

epaulet(epaulette)

ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)

130

creed

system of religious or ethical belief

131

lumber

move heavily or clumsily; ex. The bear lumbered through the woods; n. timber

132

glimmer

shine erratically; twinkle; n. dim or unsteady light; faint indication; ex. glimmer of hope

133

unwonted

unaccustomed; unusual; ex. He arrived with unwonted punctuality.

134

dour

sullen; gloomy; stubborn

135

jettison

throw overboard (from a ship or plane)

136

gale

windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); ex. gale of laughter

137

feud

bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); v. ex: Romeo and Juliet; ex: feudal, feudalism

138

shrivel

make or become shrunken and wrinkled (often by drying)

139

trickle

flow in drops or in a thin stream; n.

140

intelligentsia

intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)

141

tiller

handle used to move boat's rudder (to steer)

142

negligence

neglect; failure to take reasonable care; adj. negligent: neglectful; lax; not taking enough care

143

anomalous

abnormal; irregular

144

entourage

group of attendants; retinue; ex: surround

145

annul

make void

146

insolence

impudent disrespect; haughtiness; adj. insolent; ex: haughty + rude

147

inflated

exaggerated; pompous; enlarged (with air or gas)

148

warranted

justified; authorized

149

languid

lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless

150

premise

assumption; postulate; proposition upon which an argument is based

151

contempt

scorn; disdain; adj. contemptuous; ex: contemptible

152

relent

become less severe; give in(surrender); adj. relentless: unyielding; continuously severe

153

cunning

clever in deceiving; sly; n. cleverness in deceiving; deceit

154

warranty

guarantee; assurance by seller

155

explicit

totally clear; definite; outspoken

156

gazette

official periodical publication; newspaper

157

garner

gather; store up; amass

158

discursive

(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)

159

lucrative

profitable; producing wealth

160

prefatory

introductory; of a preface

161

acidulous

slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic

162

cryptic

mysterious; hidden; secret

163

veritable

being truly so; real or genuine; actual; not false or imaginary

164

reinstate

restore to a previous condition or position

165

sherbet

flavored dessert ice

166

blare

loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light

167

eddy

swirling current of water, air, etc.; v.

168

cataract

great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)

169

innovation

change; something newly introduced; introduction of something new; v. innovate: begin or introduce (something new); be creative; adj. innovative

170

fertile

producing many young, fruits, or seeds; (of land) producing good crops; v. fertilize

171

suitor

man who is courting a woman

172

shyster

lawyer using questionable methods; unscrupulous practioner

173

ascribe

refer; attribute; assign

174

hortatory

encouraging; exhortive; marked by exhortation; ex: exhort

175

vestige

trace; remains; ex. vestiges of some ancient religion

176

reckon

count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose

177

vaunted

boasted; bragged; highly publicized; v. vaunt: boast; brag

178

sloth

slow moving tree-dwelling mammal; laziness; adj. slothful: lazy; indolent

179

dowse

use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals

180

fructify

bear fruit; produce fruit

181

acerbity

bitterness of speech and temper; adj. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)

182

malapropism

comic misuse of a word; ex: Mrs. Malaprop

183

unseemly

unbecoming; not proper in behavior; indecent; ex. leave with unseemly haste

184

unintimating

unfrightening

185

apathy

lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; adj. apathetic

186

murmur

low, indistinct, continuous sound; v. ex: mumble

187

gesticulation

motion; gesture; v. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)

188

phalanx

formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)

189

flighty

(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive

190

cerebral

pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; ex: cerebrum

191

stupor

state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness

192

resurrect

revive

193

profusion

great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; ex. profusion of choices; adj. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant

194

steadfast

steadily loyal; unswerving; steady

195

disgorge

surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge

196

vernal

pertaining to spring

197

noose

loop formed in a rope

198

clapper

striker (tongue) of a bell

199

confine

shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; n. confinement

200

forestall

prevent by taking action in advance