Set 5 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 5 Deck (199):
2

incur

bring upon oneself

3

puny

tiny; weak; insignificant

4

alcove

nook; recess

5

behoove(behove)

be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; ex. It behooves one to do.

6

unconscionable

unscrupulous; not guided by conscience; excessive; beyond reason; ex. unconscionable demand

7

couple

join; unite; OP. uncouple

8

extrapolation

projection; conjecture; v. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information

9

credo

creed

10

ineluctable

irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable

11

gamely

in a spirited manner; with courage; ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; adj. game

12

variegated

(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored

13

devoid

empty; lacking

14

jabber

chatter rapidly or unintelligibly

15

forensic

suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; ex. forensic science/medicine

16

impartial

not biased; fair; n. impartiality

17

preeminent

outstanding; superior

18

irresolute

uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; n. irresolution

19

mace

ceremonial staff used as a symbol of authority; clublike medieval weapon

20

bicameral

two-chambered as a legislative body

21

disseminate

distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)

22

reprove

censure; rebuke; n. reproof

23

weather

pass safely through (a storm or difficult period); endure the effects of weather or other forces

24

burnish

make shiny by rubbing; polish

25

loathe

detest; adj. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; ex. loathsome smell

26

disinterested

unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective

27

languor

lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression

28

silt

sediment deposited by running water (at the entrance to a harbor or by a bend in a river)

29

increment

increase

30

hue

outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; ex. hue and cry against the new rule

31

effective

effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; ex. effective speech/photograph

32

shove

push forward; push roughly; ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; n.

33

augment

increase; add to

34

optician

maker and seller of eyeglasses

35

peccadillo

slight offense or fault; ex: sin

36

frenetic(phrenetic)

frenzied; frantic

37

winnow

sift; separate the chaff from grain by blowing; separate good parts from bad; ex: wind

38

ignite

kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to

39

resolve

decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; n. resolution

40

callow

youthful; immature; inexperienced

41

ingratiate

become popular with; bring (oneself) in favor of another; ex. ingratiate himself with the boss

42

discompose

disturb the composure of; confuse

43

clout

great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist

44

rake

immoral or dissolute person

45

quip

taunt; clever sarcastic remark; v.

46

aggregate

sum; total; adj. v. gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; ex. aggregate 100 dollars

47

sepulcher

tomb; v. place in a sepulcher; adj. sepulchral

48

glamor

compelling charm; adj. glamorous

49

reconnaissance

survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering; v. reconnoiter: make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information)

50

viscous

(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; ex: consistency

51

unsavory

distasteful; disagreeable; morally offensive; ex. unsavory activity/reputation

52

horde

crowd; swarm

53

compliance

conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; v. comply

54

inveigle

deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); ex. inveigle her into joining the club; ex: interest dishonestly

55

bound

leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; ex. bounded by Canada; n. leap or jumping; boundary; adj. certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; ex. We are bound to be late; ex. I am bound to say my opin

56

mortar

vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle

57

episodic

(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; n. episode: incident in the course of an experience

58

tantrum

fit of bad temper; fit of petulance; caprice; ex. The child went into tantrums.

59

ostentatious

showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; n. ostentation: showy display

60

penchant

strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); ex. penchant for fast cars

61

raiment

clothing; garments; ex. I have no raiment fit to wear.

62

despise

look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; adj. despicable: contemptible

63

heed

pay attention to; n. close attention

64

omnipresent

universally present; ubiquitous

65

rejuvenate

make young again

66

truncate

cut the top off; shorten

67

foil

defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; ex: fail

68

seasoned

experienced

69

speck

small piece or mark; ex. speck of dust in the eye

70

cow

terrorize; intimidate

71

navigable

(of a body of water) wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; (of a ship or aircraft) able to be steered

72

shard

fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)

73

crux

essential or main point; ex. the crux of the problem; adj. crucial: of deciding importance

74

enunciate

announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.

75

maverick

rebel; nonconformist (in a group)

76

rig

fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; ex. rig the election

77

idle

not working; not employed or busy; lazy; without purpose; useless; lacking substance; baseless; not based on truth; ex. idle worker; ex. talk idly; v.

78

docile

obedient; easily managed; submissive

79

shift

change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; ex. shift the stolen goods; n. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group

80

pen

fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; ex. sheep pen; v. confine in a pen; enclose

81

gaffe

social blunder

82

lull

moment of calm; period of reduced activity; ex. a lull in the rain; v. cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; ex: lullaby

83

palliate

ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)

84

pretension

pretentiousness; claim (without foundation); ex. I make no pretensions to skill as an artist.

85

lunar

pertaining to the moon

86

flotsam

drifting wreckage

87

recluse

hermit; loner; adj. reclusive

88

fissure

crevice; crack

89

consonance

harmony; agreement

90

blackball

vote against (an applicant); ostracize; n. negative vote

91

agape

openmouthed

92

pantomime

acting without dialogue; v.

93

madrigal

pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments

94

languish

lose animation or strength

95

automaton

mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself

96

dossier

file of documents on a subject or person; file; ex: bundle of papers labeled on the back

97

censure

blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; n. severe criticism; strong disapproval

98

ecliptic

path of the sun and the planets

99

graphite

black form of carbon used in lead pencils

100

vain

full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; n. vanity

101

lush

(of a plant or grass) growing very well

102

fundamental

basic; primary; essential

103

glacial

like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; ex. glacial epoch; ex: iceberg

104

inept

unsuited; inappropriate; lacking skill; incompetent; ex: inapt: (of statements or ideas) inappropriate

105

equilibrium

balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity

106

nuance

shade of slight difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction

107

cantata

story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)

108

unbridled

violent; uncontrolled; ex. unbridled rage/greed

109

fractious

unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; ex. fractious horse

110

bode

foreshadow; portend

111

unassuaged

unsatisfied; not soothed

112

gravity

seriousness; adj. grave

113

ration

fixed portion; v. distribute as rations

114

paucity

scarcity; dearth

115

bombastic

pompous; using inflated language

116

herbivorous

grain-eating; ex: herbivore

117

contiguous

adjacent to; touching upon

118

ironic

expressing irony; occurring in an unexpected and contrary manner

119

wrest

obtain by pulling violently; pull away; take by violence; ex. wrest victory from their grasp

120

inebriate

make drunk; intoxicate; n. intoxicated person

121

exposure

risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; ex. exposure of governmental corruption

122

detraction

slandering; aspersion; detracting; ex: detractor

123

soar

rise or fly high in the air; ex. The rocket soared into the sky.

124

malingerer

one who feigns illness to escape duty; v. malinger: feign illness to avoid work

125

bombast

grandiloquent, pompous speech

126

ulterior

intentionally hidden; beyond what is evident; situated beyond; unstated and often questionable; ex. ulterior motive

127

torpor

lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; adj. torpid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating

128

pallid

pale; wan; ex. pallid complexion

129

ribald

marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; n. ribaldry: ribald language or joke

130

creep

move with body close to the ground; move stealthily or slowly; n.

131

savor

enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; n. taste or smell; distinctive quality

132

quarry

person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey

133

arcane

esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; ex. arcane ritual; ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener

134

hive

box for bees; v. cause to go in a hive

135

retaliate

repay in kind (usually for bad treatment); v. retaliate

136

hybrid

mongrel; mixed breed; v. hybridize

137

progenitor

ancestor

138

listless

lacking in spirit or energy; languid

139

exceptionable

objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; ex: unexceptionable: entirely acceptable

140

dishearten

discourage

141

bout

match; short period of great activity; ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu

142

marred

damaged; disfigured; v. mar: spoil; disfigure

143

geriatrics

medical treatment and care of old age

144

impinge

infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.

145

abscond

depart secretly and hide

146

macabre

gruesome; grisly; ghastly; ex: of death

147

vituperative

abusive; scolding; v. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively

148

enact

make (a bill) into law

149

retribution

deserved punishment for wrongdoing; punishment for offenses; compensation; vengeance; ex: pay back

150

ruffian

violent scoundrel; bully

151

endorse

approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; n. endorsement; ex: dorsal

152

impertinent

insolent; rude; not pertinent; n. impertinence

153

receptive

quick or willing to receive (ideas, suggestions, etc.); ex. receptive to the proposal

154

vindicate

clear from blame; free from blame or accusation (with supporting proof); exonerate; substantiate; justify or support; avenge; ex. vindicate one's client; ex. vindicate one's claim; ex: vindicator

155

forerunner

predecessor; one that comes before and indicates the approach of another

156

assent

agree; accept; n. assessment

157

catholic

(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; ex. catholic opinions/tastes

158

parry

ward off a blow; deflect; ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; n. ex: üá«å«ô«å ¡??ŠËí ?®«ï

159

cardinal

chief; most important; n. priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order

160

delude

deceive

161

imbue

saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; ex. imbue someone with feelings

162

condole

express condolences; n. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow

163

lechery

gross lewdness; lustfulness; adj. lecherous; n. lecher: lecherous man

164

tarry

linger; delay in starting or going; dawdle

165

assay

analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)

166

lateral

of or coming from the side

167

palatial

of or suitable for a palace; magnificent

168

repulse

reject with rudeness or coldness (an offer or friendship); drive back (an enemy attack); ex: repulse $\neq$ cause repulsion

169

proclivity

inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)

170

incubate

hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; n. incubation; ex: incubation:disease

171

filibuster

block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter

172

wrinkle

small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); v.

173

scorch

sear; n.

174

propound

put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth; ex. propound a problem/theory

175

wring

twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)

176

myriad

very large number; adj. ex: ten thousand

177

sagacious

wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; n. sagacity

178

oatmeal

crushed oats used for making porridge

179

imperious

domineering; too commanding; haughty; ex: imperial/emperor

180

surly

bad-tempered; rude; cross

181

clipper

sailing vessel built for great speed

182

misconstrue

interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge

183

irrelevant

not applicable; unrelated

184

disburse

pay out (as from a fund); n. disbursement; ex: purse

185

fetid(foetid)

malodorous; foul

186

bemused

confused; lost in thought; preoccupied

187

referendum

direct vote by all the people

188

compound

combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; ex. compound an error; adj. consisting of two or more parts; n. combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; ex. fact

189

broil

cook by direct heat; n.

190

cauterize

burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection

191

fulsome

disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire

192

horticultural

pertaining to cultivation of gardens; n. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; ex: agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops

193

circumspect

prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought

194

jurisprudence

science of law

195

redress

remedy; compensation; ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; v. put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for

196

decapitate

behead

197

d\'ebris

rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed

198

foray

raid; sudden raid or military advance; v.

199

imperial

like an emperor; related to an empire; ex: imperialism

200

isotope

varying from of an element