Set 25 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 25 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 25 Deck (199):
2

factotum

handyman; person who does all kinds of work; ex: do everything

3

impediment

hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; ex. speech impediment

4

clap

strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; ex. clap the thief in jail; n. clapping; loud or explosive sound; ex: applause

5

irreparable

not able to be corrected or repaired; impossible to repair

6

venturesome

(of a person) bold; adventurous; daring; (of an action) risky

7

arbiter

person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware

8

dogmatic

opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal

9

anecdote

short story of an amusing or interesting event

10

flair

talent

11

inveterate

deep-rooted; habitual; ex: grow old

12

wanderlust

strong longing to travel

13

besiege

surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually

14

sheathe

place into a case; insert into or provide with a sheath; ex. He sheathed his dagger; n. sheath: case for a blade

15

ineffable

unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; ex. ineffable name/joy

16

flamboyant

ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; ex: flame

17

whiff

puff or gust (of air, scent, etc.); short-lasting smell; hint; ex. whiff of perfume/scandal

18

rakish

jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.

19

expound

explain

20

escapade

prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules

21

accord

agreement

22

malign

speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; adj. harmful; ex. malign influence

23

obstreperous

boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable

24

olfactory

concerning the sense of smell

25

recuperate

recover; return to health; regain; ex. recuperate losses

26

nurse

suckle; take care of (as a nurse); bear in mind; ex. nursing mother; ex. nurse a hope/grudge against someone

27

recalcitrant

disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; ex. recalcitrant child

28

laborious

demanding much work or care; tedious

29

precocious

advanced in development; n. precocity

30

ovation

enthusiastic applause

31

panegyric

formal praise; encomium; ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.

32

remittance

remitting of money; amount of money remitted

33

predetermine

determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly

34

denigrate

blacken; defame

35

indolent

lazy

36

composure

mental calmness

37

ornate

excessively or elaborately decorated

38

ligneous

like wood

39

impenitent

not repentant

40

diminution

lessening; reduction in size; v. diminish

41

diverse

differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; n. diversity:

42

psychosis

mental disorder; adj. n. psychotic

43

exhilarating

invigorating and refreshing; cheering; v. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car

44

venom

poison (of an animal); hatred; ex. remarks full of venom; adj. venomous

45

queue

line (of waiting people or vehicles)

46

insatiable

not easily satisfied; unquenchable; ex. insatiable appetite

47

militant

combative; bellicose; n.

48

quibble

minor objection or complaint; v. raise minor objections; carp; cavil

49

nuptial

of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony

50

economy

efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources

51

disparity

difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity

52

rubric

title or heading (in red print); directions for religious ceremony; protocol

53

evocative

tending to call up (emotions, memories)

54

illicit

illegal

55

brawl

noisy quarrel

56

ultimate

final; not susceptible to further analysis; fundamental; ex. The sun is the ultimate source of energy.

57

consternation

great shock; dismay

58

nemesis

someone seeking revenge; source of downfall or ruin; ex: Nemesis

59

flowery

full of flowers; full of ornate expressions

60

transport

strong emotion; rapture; ex. in a transport/transports of; v. move to strong emotion; enrapture

61

impiety

irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety

62

chorus

phrase repeated throughout a song or poem

63

opaque

dark; not transparent; n. opacity

64

citadel

fortress

65

Occident

the West

66

overwhelm

(of water) cover completely; defeat completely by much greater force; ex. overwhelmed by grief

67

depravity

extreme corruption; wickedness; v. deprave

68

construe

explain; interpret; ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; ex: misconstrue

69

preclude

make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate

70

flora

plants of a region or era

71

demotic

of or pertaining to the people

72

entity

real being

73

posterity

descendants; future generations; ex. go down to posterity; ex: posterior, anterior

74

perigee

point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; ex: apogee

75

acuity

sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)

76

tenure

holding of an office or real estate; time during which such an office is held

77

conflagration

great fire

78

clairvoyant

having foresight; fortuneteller; n. clairvoyance

79

handsome

large in quantity; generous; ex. handsome reward

80

avow

declare openly; n. avowal

81

pacifist

one opposed to force; antimilitarist; adj. n. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes

82

healthful

conducive to good health; ex. healthful mountain air

83

supernumerary

person or thing excess of what is necessary; extra; adj. additional to the usual or necessary number

84

rectitude

moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment

85

menace

threat; v. threaten

86

disparage

belittle

87

forfeit

something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; v. lose as a forfeit; n. forfeiture

88

shimmer

shine with a flickering light; glimmer intermittently; ex. The moonlight shimmered on the water; n.

89

rail

complain bitterly; scold; rant; ex. the weaker railing against injustices

90

distant

reserved or aloof; cold in manner; ex. distant greeting; ADv. distantly

91

concur

agree; coincide; happen at the same time

92

distrait

absentminded; distracted

93

modulate

tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; ex. modulate from E to G

94

sift

put through a sieve to separate fine from coarse particles; sort or examine carefully

95

subsidy

direct financial aid by government, etc.; v. subsidize: assist with a subsidy

96

preempt

prevent in advance; head off(forestall); forestall by acting first; appropriate for oneself before others; supplant; take the place of; displace; ex. preempt any attempts; adj. preemptive

97

frock

long loose garment (worn by monks)

98

psychic

of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers

99

perdition

damnation; complete ruin; hell

100

habituate

accustom or familiarize; addict

101

retentive

holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory

102

canter

slow gallop; v. ex: trot

103

threat

sign or warning (of coming danger); ex. threat of rain; v. express a threat; give warning of (something bad); ex. The cloud threatens rain.

104

interstice

narrow space between things

105

cathartic

purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; adj.

106

incrustation

hard coating or crust; v. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust

107

smelt

melt (ore) for separating and removing the metal; melt or blend ores changing their chemical composition

108

eccentricity

oddity; idiosyncrasy

109

amok(amuck)

in a state of rage; ex. run amok

110

vibrant

full of vigor or energy; vibrating

111

alias

an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADv. alias

112

obstinate

stubborn; hard to control or treat; ex. obstinate cough; n. obstinacy

113

outspoken

candid; blunt

114

misapprehension

error; misunderstanding; v. misapprehend

115

altercation

noisy quarrel

116

enumerate

list; mention one by one

117

litany

supplicatory prayer; prayer in which the priest calls out and the people replies in the same words

118

manifest

evident; visible; obvious; v. show plainly

119

repository

storehouse

120

humus

substance or rich soil formed by decaying vegetable matter; ex: soil

121

fervent

ardent; zealous; hot

122

gruff

rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse

123

tedium

boredom; weariness; adj. tedious

124

edify

instruct; correct morally

125

strut

supporting bar; ex: airplane wingËí?» building µ”ËÈ support

126

betray

be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.

127

contagion

infection (by contact); adj. contagious; ex: infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air

128

dissension

disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group

129

swagger

walk or behave with an over-confident manner

130

venerable

deserving high respect; commanding respect; ex: command: deserve and get

131

disproportion

lack of proportion (between the parts); adj. disproportionate

132

untoward

unexpected and adverse; unfortunate or unlucky; ex. untoward encounter

133

supposititious

assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical

134

rubble

fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)

135

patriarch

father and ruler of a family or tribe

136

headlong

hasty; rash; headfirst; ADv.

137

reconcile

make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs

138

arrogance

pride; haughtiness; adj. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)

139

armada

fleet of warships

140

castigation

punishment; severe criticism or disapproval

141

melee

fight

142

consolidation

unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; v. consolidate: merge; strengthen

143

puzzle

baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; ex. puzzle out the answer; n.

144

drudge

do drudgery; n. person who drudges

145

vitiate

spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally

146

capacious

spacious

147

ruminate

chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)

148

leash

restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal (to control it); ex. a dog on a leash

149

strew

spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter; ex. flower girl strewing rose petals

150

grueling

exhausting; ex. grueling marathon race

151

harping

tiresome dwelling on a subject; v. harp: dwell on(think or speak a lot about) tediously

152

lament

grieve; express sorrow; n. lamentation

153

addle

make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)

154

yeoman

man or farmer owning small estate; middle-class farmer

155

boost

lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; n. push upward; increase

156

gouge

tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); ex. gouge his eyes out; n. chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood

157

quisling

traitor who aids invaders; ex: Vidkun Quisling

158

colloquy

informal discussion; conversation

159

carapace

shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)

160

complementary

serving to complete something

161

anomaly

irregularity

162

exiguous

small in amount; minute

163

crone

hag; ugly old woman

164

tenacity

firmness; persistence

165

benevolent

generous; charitable; having a wish to do good

166

whine

complain (in a sad voice); make a high sad sound (as in pain or supplication)

167

dummy

imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy

168

gnome

dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards

169

figurine

small ornamental statuette(very small statue)

170

stammer

speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions

171

remnant

remainder

172

waive

give up temporarily; yield; n. waiver: waiving a right or claim; document that waives a right or claim

173

shackle

chain; fetter; confine with shackles; n.

174

nutritious

providing nourishment

175

compliant

readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements

176

viable

capable of maintaining life; feasible; practical or workable; ex. viable scheme

177

leaven

add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; n. agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens

178

conifer

pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; adj. coniferous; ex: deciduous; ex: evergreen

179

haggle

argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)

180

retrograde

go backwards; recede; degenerate; deteriorate; adj.

181

fruition

bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; ex. come to/be brought to fruition

182

cohabit

live together

183

dominate

control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height; ?Èáç«ô¼ü«ô

184

indigenous

native; ex. plant indigenous to the New World

185

circuitous

roundabout

186

indelible

not able to be erased

187

purse

pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; n. wallet

188

replica

copy

189

tribulation

suffering; ordeal; distress; trial

190

cardiologist

doctor specializing in ailments of the heart

191

predilection

preference; partiality

192

felicitous

(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen

193

farce

broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; adj. farcical

194

gourmet

connoisseur of food and drink; epicure

195

sectarian

of a sect; narrow-minded; parochial; n. member of a sect; narrow-minded person

196

sanction

approve; ratify; n. permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance

197

finale

conclusion; concluding part

198

parasite

animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; ex: para-: beside

199

frieze

ornamental horizontal band on a wall

200

saga

Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative