Set 17 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 17 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 17 Deck (199):
2

transitory

transient; impermanent; fleeting; n. transitoriness

3

hothead

person who does things too quickly without thinking; adj. hotheaded

4

interdict

prohibit; forbid; n.

5

punctilious

minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form; n. punctilio, punctiliousness: careful attention payed to every small exact detail

6

shaving

very thin piece, usually of wood (cut from a surface with a sharp blade)

7

concoct

prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; n. concoction

8

expedient

suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); n. something expedient

9

subdue

less intense; quieter; ex. subdued lighting; ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; ex. subdue one's anger

10

compilation

listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling

11

ornithologist

scientific student of birds; n. ornithology: scientific study of birds

12

cartographer

map-maker

13

nadir

lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith

14

mimicry

imitation

15

deploy

spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically

16

tender

offer formally; extend; ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; n. formal offer; money; ex. legal tender; adj. young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; ex. child of tender years; ex. tender wound

17

reminiscent

suggestive of something (in the past); of reminiscence

18

anachronism

an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; adj. anachronistic

19

genuflect

bend the knee as in worship

20

vigilante

one who without authority assumes law enforcement powers

21

tawny

brownish yellow

22

centaur

mythical figure, half man and half horse

23

pathological

pertaining to disease; n. pathology: study of disease

24

egotistical

egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited

25

jibe

agree; be in harmony with; gibe

26

graduated

arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.)

27

luxuriant

abundant; growing healthily and in large amounts; excessively ornate; rich and splendid; fertile; ex. luxuriant forests/prose; ex: luxurious, luxuriate

28

juggernaut

irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path

29

coy

shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; ex: job offerü? ???ñËÈ ¦¤

30

verisimilitude

appearance of truth; quality of appearing to be true or real; likelihood; ex. verisimilitude of her performance as Lady Macbeth

31

nebulous

vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; ex. nebulous proposal

32

sophisticated

worldly wise and urbane; refined; complex; n. sophistication; v. sophisticate

33

calamity

disaster; misery

34

despot

tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; ex: despotism

35

poise

good judgment with composure; balance; v. place in a carefully balanced position

36

dissertation

formal essay; treatise

37

dais

raised platform for speakers or other important people

38

palette

board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)

39

impregnate

make pregnant; fill thoroughly; saturate

40

conservatory(conservatoire)

school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; ex: conservancy

41

lumen

unit of light energy (one candle's worth)

42

steep

soak; saturate; ex. steep the fabric in the dye bath; adj. precipitous

43

pecuniary

pertaining to money

44

lagoon

shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs

45

futile

useless; hopeless; ineffectual

46

supercilious

haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; ex: eyebrow, cilium

47

mettle

courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; adj. mettlesome

48

succinct

brief, terse, compact

49

flounder

struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion

50

mar

spoil the appearance of

51

affiliation

joining; associating with

52

embitter

make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.

53

apocryphal

(of a story) widely believed but untrue

54

perspicuity

clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity

55

stalemate

deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked

56

decorum

propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct

57

shear

remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; n. shears; pair of scissors

58

singular

being only one; individual; unique; extraordinary; odd; ex. singular beauty/behavior

59

irreproachable

beyond reproach; blameless; impeccable; ex. irreproachable conduct

60

poignancy

quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; adj. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; ex. poignant memory/anxiety; ex: prick

61

demagogue

person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; ex: demagoguery

62

persevere

continue steadily in spite of difficulties

63

penology

study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation

64

dross

waste matter; worthless impurities

65

awful

terrible; very bad

66

levity

lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner

67

entrance

put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight

68

intolerant

not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; ex: tolerant; ex: tolerate

69

catastrophe

calamity ; disaster

70

paraphrase

restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; n. restatement of a text in other words

71

choleric

hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; ex: cholera

72

tact

skill or sensitivity in dealing with people without causing offence

73

gargantuan

huge; enormous; gigantic; ex: the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel

74

partiality

state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference

75

sumptuous

grand suggesting great expense; lavish; rich; ex. sumptuous feast

76

cite

quote; commend; ex. cited for bravery in an official record

77

brawny

muscular; having well-developed muscles

78

paleontology

study of prehistoric life or fossils; ex: paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents

79

far-fetched

too improbable to be believed; implausible; ex. far-fetched story

80

illusory

illusive; deceptive; not real

81

factious

inclined to form factions; causing dissension

82

penitent

repentant; n.

83

verdigris

green coating or patina on copper which has been exposed to the weather

84

carping

petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble

85

plummet

fall sharply; fall straight down; ex. Stock prices plummeted.

86

prolixity

tedious wordiness; verbosity; adj. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse

87

alluvial

pertaining to soil deposits left by running water

88

refulgent

effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; ex. refulgent moon

89

blas\'e

bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored

90

trim

make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); ex. trim the cost; ex. jacket trimmed with fur; n. adj. tidy; in good order

91

decorous

proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)

92

replenish

fill up again

93

obsidian

black volcanic rock

94

musty

stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; ex: moist

95

pessimism

belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess; tendency to take the gloomiest possible view of a situation; adj. pessimistic

96

interrogate

question closely; cross-examine; cross-question

97

animus

hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition

98

glow

shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; n. light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color

99

hoodwink

deceive; delude

100

bullion

gold and silver in the form of bars

101

compulsion

compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse

102

fuss:

trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; n. needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; ex. make a fuss over the baby

103

generality

vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; ex. generality of people

104

invalid

one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; adj. incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; v. allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health

105

allegory

story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable

106

infest

inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; ex. Mice infested the house; ex. shark-infested waters

107

eventual

happening at last as a result; ex. eventual victory

108

allude

refer indirectly; n. allusion: indirect reference

109

violate

break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; ex. violate graves

110

porous

full of pores; like a sieve

111

diligence

steadiness of effort; persistent hard work

112

embody

give a bodily form to; incorporate; include

113

luminary

celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)

114

caldron(cauldron)

large kettle

115

postmortem

autopsy; adj. occurring after death; of a postmortem

116

indignation

anger at an injustice; ex. righteous indignation; adj. indignant

117

impalpable

imperceptible(not easily understood); intangible; OP. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible

118

remote

distant in manner; aloof

119

celibate

abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; n. celibacy

120

pedestrian

ordinary; dull; unimaginative(lacking in imagination); going on foot; ex. pedestrian prose; n.

121

affront

insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; v. insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally

122

disband

dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; ex. The club has disbanded.

123

polarity

state of having two opposite qualities

124

sallow

(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice

125

congruent

in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; ex: congruous

126

ephemeral

short-lived; fleeting

127

articulate

effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; ex. articulate speech; v. express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints

128

strut

pompous walk; v. walk in a self-important manner

129

dank

damp; unpleasantly wet

130

furrow

long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; v.

131

muster

gather; assemble (troops); ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; n.

132

vogue

popular fashion; ex. Jeans became the vogue.

133

raucous

(of voice) harsh and unpleasant; (of people) disorderly and boisterous; ex. raucous shouts

134

ordinance

decree; authoritative order

135

penury

extreme poverty; stinginess; adj. penurious: very poor; stingy

136

rotunda

circular building or hall covered with a dome

137

odium

detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)

138

underlying

lying below; fundamental

139

legacy

gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor

140

wary

very cautious; watchful

141

waffle

speak equivocally about an issue; n.

142

histrionic

theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; n. histrionics: histrionic behavior

143

carcinogenic

causing cancer; n. carcinogen

144

maelstrom

violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; ex: stream

145

precipitant

something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; €¤ËŸç?; OP. solvent

146

outwit

outsmart; defeat by behaving more cleverly

147

compact

agreement; contract; adj. tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; ex. compact statement

148

infraction

violation (of a rule or regulation); breach

149

lectern

reading desk or stand for a public speaker

150

metaphor

implied comparison; ex: simile

151

earthly

of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; ex. no earthly reason

152

disengage

uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage

153

clich\'e

phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; adj. clich\'ed

154

desultory

aimless; haphazard; digressing at random

155

asperity

sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); ex. asperities of a Russian winter

156

haggard

wasted away; gaunt; ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners

157

rectify

set right; correct; ex: rect-: right

158

litter

waste material thrown away (as bits of paper scattered untidily); v. cover untidily with scattered litter

159

enjoin

command; order; forbid

160

recidivism

habitual return to crime (even after being punished); n. recidivist

161

embrace

hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; ex. embrace the cause/socialism; ex. all-embracing; ex: brace; ex: bracelet

162

sybarite

lover of luxury; person devoted to pleasure and luxury; ex: Sybaris: an ancient Greek city in Italy

163

eulogistic

praising; full of eulogy

164

hierarchy

arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority

165

aegis

shield; protection; defense

166

allege

state without proof

167

imbibe

drink in

168

obeisance

bow (to show respect and obedience)

169

comprehensive

broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive

170

prop

support placed under or against something; v.

171

bulge

protruding part; swelling of a surface; ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; v. swell outward; protrude

172

quail

cower; shrink back in fear; lose heart

173

plaintive

expressing sorrow; mournful; ex. plaintive song

174

subsequent

following in time or order; later

175

vendetta

blood feud (esp. between two families); ex: Nina Williams

176

stellar

pertaining to the stars; of a star performer; outstanding; ex. stellar attraction of the entire performance

177

undertaker

funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials

178

disjunction

act or state of separation; disunity; ex: disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; ex: conjunction; ex: conjunctive

179

cadaver

corpse; dead human body

180

solecism

nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette

181

propagate

increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; ex. Most plants propagate by seed; ex. newspaper propagating their ideas

182

historical

connected with history; based on events in history (whether regarded as important or not)

183

stilted

bombastic; stiffly pompous; ex. stilted rhetoric; ex: stiff: formal

184

equivocal

(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal

185

mutter

utter (complaining words) indistinctly in low tones

186

intractable

unruly; difficult to manage; ex. intractable problem/child

187

contrite

penitent; repentant; n. contrition

188

abash

embarrass

189

stickler

perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right

190

factitious

artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; ex. factitious tears

191

obsolete

outmoded; no longer used

192

gargoyle

waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building

193

toga

Roman outer robe

194

filth

dirty matter; adj. filthy

195

brusque

blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice

196

roil

make liquids murky by stirring up sediment; disturb

197

taut

tight; strained; tense; ready; OP. slack

198

pervert

corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; n. person whose sexual behavior is not natural

199

impotent

weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power

200

velocity

speed