Set 14 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 14 Deck (199):
2

whit

small amount; smallest speck;

3

consecrate

dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor

4

annotate

comment; make explanatory notes

5

executive

person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; adj. relating to executing

6

foil

contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another

7

garnish

decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; n.

8

paradox

something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct

9

blurt

utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement

10

divulge

reveal

11

improvise

compose on the spur of the moment

12

ursine

bearlike; pertaining to a bear

13

embezzlement

taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)

14

nocturnal

done or active at night; ex. nocturnal animals/raids; ex: nocturne

15

secular

worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal

16

inimitable

matchless; not able to be imitated

17

notable

conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted

18

lopsided

heavier or larger on one side than the other; ex. lopsided way of walking

19

addendum

addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)

20

iridescent

exhibiting rainbowlike colors; ex. iridescent oil slick; n. iridescence

21

trappings

outward decorations; ornaments (as an outward sign of rank)

22

jumble

mix in a confused way

23

acumen

mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; ex. business acumen

24

concatenate

link as in a chain

25

prescience

ability to foretell the future; knowledge of actions before they occur; adj. prescient

26

corollary

natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)

27

bogus

counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; ex. bogus interview

28

transgression

violation of a law; sin; v. transgress: go beyond (a limit); violate; do wrong

29

shambles

(place or scene of) complete disorder or ruin; wreck; mess; ex. After the hurricane, the coast was a shambles.

30

solvent

substance that dissolves another; adj. capable of dissolving another substance

31

pinnacle

peak; highest point; acme; ex. pinnacle of fame

32

transparent

permitting light to pass through freely; easily detected; obvious; clear; ex. transparent lie

33

haunt

(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; ex. haunted house; ex. haunted by his last words; n. place much frequented

34

migratory

wandering; v. migrate: move from one region and settle in another; move periodically from one region to another

35

crave

desire; want intensely

36

ascetic

practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; n. asceticism

37

officious

meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services; overly eager in offering unwanted services or advices; ex. officious bellboy

38

stereotype

one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; ex. stereotype of the happy slave; v. make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; ex. It is wrong to stereotype

39

seclusion

isolation; solitude; v. seclude: set apart from others; isolate

40

decry

express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; ex. decry the violence of modern films

41

paranoia

psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; n. adj. paranoid, paranoiac

42

gouge

overcharge (with high price); extort from; ex. gouge the public; ex: usury

43

healthy

possessing good health; healthful

44

prone

inclined to; likely to (suffer); prostrate; lying with the front downward; ex. prone to disease/make mistakes; ex. accident-prone

45

maxim

proverb; truth pithily stated

46

invulnerable

incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure

47

laud

praise; n. adj. laudable: praiseworthy; adj. laudatory: expressing praise

48

squash

crush; quash; suppress

49

puerile

childish; immature; ex: puer: boy

50

prime

period of ideal or peak condition; earliest or beginning stage; ex. in the prime of life; ex. prime of the year(spring); adj. first in importance or rank; first; v. make ready; prepare

51

bemoan

lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of

52

mawkish

mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental

53

glower

scowl; glare; look or stare angrily

54

rebate

return of part of a payment; discount; v.

55

trilogy

group of three related works (connected by a shared subject but each complete in itself)

56

barrage

barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; ex. a barrage of criticism

57

susceptible

impressionable; easily influenced; sensitive; having little resistance as to a disease; likely to suffer; receptive to; capable of accepting; ex. susceptible to persuasion/colds; ex. The agreement is not susceptible of alteration; n. susceptibility

58

disjointed

disconnected; lacking coherence; v. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin

59

dexterous

skillful; skill in using hands or mind; n. dexterity

60

mediate

settle a dispute through the services of an outsider; act as an intermediary; produce by mediating; ex. mediate a cease-fire

61

laconic

brief and to the point; using few words; terse

62

abridge

condense or shorten

63

tangible

able to be touched; real; concrete; palpable; possible to realize or understand; ex. tangible proof

64

florescence

condition or period of flowering

65

foresight

ability to foresee future happenings; prudence in providing for the future

66

ape

imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)

67

tinge

give a slight degree of a color or quality to; n. slight degree of a color or quality; ex. tinged with grey/jealousy

68

biennial

every two years

69

caste

one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige

70

rankle

irritate; fester; annoy

71

skeptic

sceptic; doubter; person who suspends judgment until he has examined the evidence supporting a point of view; adj. skeptical; n. skepticism; scepticism

72

fringe

decorative edge of hanging threads; edge

73

layman

man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional

74

disparate

basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated

75

codify

arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; n. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs

76

avalanche

great mass of falling snow and ice

77

wizened

shriveled; withered; ex. wizened apple/old lady

78

epilogue

short speech at conclusion of dramatic work

79

condiments

seasonings; spices

80

mores

conventions; moral standards; moral customs

81

insuperable

insurmountable; unbeatable; ex. insuperable difficulties

82

criteria

standards used in judging; ex: criterion

83

loquacious

talkative; n. loquacity

84

purgatory

place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins

85

rapport

close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony

86

supple

flexible; limber; pliant

87

forge

counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; ex. forged ahead in the last two years; n. furnace where metals are heated

88

psychosomatic

of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)

89

superannuated

retired or disqualified because of age; outmoded; obsolete

90

effusion

pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; v. effuse: pour out; adj. effusive: pouring forth; gushing

91

monolithic

solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; n. monolith: large block of stone

92

monarchy

government under a single ruler

93

unfledged

immature; not having the feathers necessary to fly; ex: fledgling

94

leonine

like a lion

95

shrewd

clever; astute

96

enhance

increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve

97

betoken

signify; indicate; be a sign of

98

unwarranted

unjustified; having no justification; groundless; baseless; undeserved

99

archaic

antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; n.

100

knoll

little round hill; hillock

101

temperate

moderate; restrained; self-controlled; moderate in respect to temperature; ex: temperance: moderation and self-restraint; abstinence of alcoholic drinks; ex. temperance society

102

secession

withdrawal; v. secede: withdraw formally from membership

103

halting

hesitant; faltering; not fluent; ex. halting steps/voice; v. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop

104

tepid

lukewarm; slightly warm; ?íçš±ô‚„; half-hearted; not eager; ex. tepid reaction to the new film; ex. tepid supporter

105

ameliorate

improve

106

connubial

pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state

107

giddy

light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; ex. giddy youth; ex. giddy climb/height

108

lachrymose

producing tears; tearful

109

recital

act of reciting publicly; detailed account; performance of music or dance (by a solo performer)

110

connotation

suggested or implied meaning of an expression; v. connote

111

frisk

move about playfully; froric; adj. frisky: playful

112

miserly

stingy; mean

113

congenital

existing at birth

114

succor

assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; n.

115

archives

public records; place where public records are kept

116

illusion

misleading vision or visual image; false idea or belief; ex: delusion

117

lackadaisical

lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid

118

amalgam

combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth

119

conglomerate

corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; v.

120

itinerary

plan of a trip; record of a trip

121

impute

attribute; ascribe; charge; n. imputation

122

foul

very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; n. act against the rules; v. make or become foul; commit a foul

123

effete

having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted

124

opiate

medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction; sleep-producing drug containing opium

125

arrhythmic

lacking rhythm or regularity; n. arrhythmia

126

destitute

extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; ex. destitute of any experience

127

alms

money or goods given to the poor

128

gratify

please; satisfy; ex. gratify a desire

129

imponderable

weightless; that cannot undergo precise evaluation; ex: pound

130

bust

piece of sculpture showing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest; v. break up; arrest; ex. crimebuster

131

exquisite

delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; ex. exquisite piece of jewelry

132

subversive

tending to overthrow or ruin; v. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; ex: undermine ?

133

rabid

of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; ex: rabies: hydrophobia

134

vertex

summit; highest point; PL. vertices

135

beatific

giving or showing bliss; blissful

136

vintner

wine merchant; winemaker; seller of wine

137

wry

(esp. of an expression of the face) twisted; with a humorous twist (expressing displeasure)

138

pugnacity

combativeness; disposition to fight; adj. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature

139

surge

powerful movement of or like a wave; v.

140

debunk

expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule

141

sleight

dexterity; ex: sleight of hand: legerdemain; quickness of the hands in doing tricks

142

feebleminded

deficient in intelligence; very stupid

143

allocate

assign; set apart for a particular purpose

144

wrangle

quarrel noisily; obtain through arguing; herd cattle; n.

145

denotation

meaning; distinguishing by name; v. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; ex: connotation

146

immune

resistant to; free or exempt from; n. immunity

147

turbid

(of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick

148

kleptomaniac

person who has a compulsive desire to steal

149

bountiful

generous; graciously generous; showing bounty

150

rig

arrangement of masts and sails; v. equip (a ship) with rigging; adj. rigging: ropes that hold up a ship's sails

151

obtrude

push (oneself or one's ideas) forward or intrude; impose (oneself or one's ideas) on others; butt in; stick out or extrude; thrust out; ex. obtrude A on B; adj. obtrusive; n. obtrusion; ex: unobtrusive

152

limn

draw; outline; describe; ex: line ?

153

bask

luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth

154

overblown

inflated; exaggerated

155

hermitage

home of a hermit

156

centrifuge

machine that separates substances by whirling them

157

precedent

preceding (in time, rank, etc.)

158

flux

flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; ex. in a state of flux

159

retain

keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); n. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor

160

bigotry

stubborn intolerance

161

opportune

timely; well-chosen

162

carrion

rotting flesh of a dead body; ex: vulture

163

venal

capable of being bribed; corrupt; ex: vernal

164

menial

suitable for servants; lowly; mean; n. someone who does menial work (esp. servant in a house)

165

nimble

quick in movement; agile; quick in understanding; ex. nimble climber/mind

166

foment

stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)

167

recess

pause; temporary cessation; alcove; secret inner place; ex. parliament in recess; v. ex: recessive

168

interim

meantime; ex. in the interim; adj. taking place during an interim; ex. interim paper

169

mime

pantomime(act without dialogue); mimicry; mimer; v. mimic; pantomime

170

invective

abuse

171

unequivocal

plain; clear; obvious

172

amputate

cut off part of body; prune (a limb)

173

figment

invention; something invented; imaginary thing; ex. figment of your imagination

174

solder

repair or make whole by using a metal alloy; n. metal alloy (usually tin and lead) used in the molten state to join metallic parts

175

stink

stench; v. emit a strong foul odor

176

petrify

turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze

177

hubbub

confused uproar; loud noise; din

178

distinct

clearly different; clearly noticed

179

bacchanalian

drunken

180

scavenge

hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; n. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion

181

refraction

bending of a ray of light

182

abject

(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; ex. abject apology

183

savant

scholar; learned person; ex: savoir: know

184

incubus

burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; ex: succubus

185

abyss

enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit

186

conjecture

surmise; guess; v.

187

purge

remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin, guilt, or defilement); n.

188

amass

collect (gradually, in a very large amount)

189

comity

courtesy; civility; ex. comity of nations

190

meretricious

flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; ex. metericious argument/jewel; ex: prostitute

191

adventitious

accidental; casual; happening by chance

192

insularity

narrow-mindedness; isolation; adj. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; ex: peninsula

193

sublimate

refine; purify; replace (natural urges) with socially acceptable activities; change between a solid state and a gaseous state

194

trough

long narrow container for feeding farm animals; lowest point (of a wave, business cycle, etc.); long narrow depression as between waves

195

discretion

prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; adj. discreet; ex: discretionary

196

vertigo

severe dizziness; giddiness

197

overture

musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); ex. overtures for peace

198

implausible

unlikely (to be true); unbelievable; ex. implausible alibi

199

supine

lying on back; passive; inactive; ex. The defeated pugilist lay supine; ex. supine acceptance of the decision

200

belittle

disparage; depreciate