Set 3 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 3 Deck (199):
2

kernel

central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)

3

start

move suddenly or involuntarily; ex. start at the sight of a snake

4

rancid

having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank

5

stench

strong foul odor; reek; stink

6

lust

intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; v.

7

swindler

cheater

8

acclivity

sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity

9

misanthrope

one who hates mankind; misanthropist

10

casual

happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; ex. casual reader/labor/remark

11

miscellaneous

made up of a variety of parts

12

theoretical

based on theory; not practical or applied; hypothetical

13

invincible

unconquerable

14

brisk

quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor

15

confluence

flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together

16

engross

occupy fully; absorb

17

impair

injure; hurt; damage

18

apposite

appropriate; fitting

19

glutton

someone who eats too much; adj. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; ex: gluttony: habit of eating too much

20

phylum

major classification second to kingdom of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division

21

induce

persuade; lead to do something; bring about; n. inducement

22

unexceptionable

entirely acceptable; not offering any basis for criticism

23

exact

demand and obtain by force; ex. exact a promise from him; n. exaction

24

carafe

glass water bottle; decanter

25

evanescent

fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; v. evanesce

26

pang

sudden sharp feeling of pain

27

curator

superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)

28

satellite

small body revolving around a larger one

29

cajole

persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle

30

virtue

goodness; moral excellence; good quality; advantage; ex. by virtue of; ex. make a virtue of necessity

31

elicit

draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)

32

pauper

very poor person

33

pulse

rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; v. pulsate

34

authoritarian

subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; ex. authoritarian regime/father

35

mange

skin disease (esp. of domestic animals) marked by loss of hair

36

hallucination

delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived; v. hallucinate; adj. hallucinatory

37

emolument

salary; payment for an office; compensation

38

serpentine

winding; twisting; of or like a serpent; ex. serpentine course of the river; n. serpent: snake

39

liaison

contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; v. liaise: keep a connection

40

chasten

discipline; punish in order to correct; ex: castigate

41

whet

sharpen; stimulate;

42

adulation

flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved

43

portly

stout; corpulent

44

flush

redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; n. reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; ex. flush of pride; adj. having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing

45

detain

keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; n. detention

46

indignity

treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.

47

palm

conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir

48

lugubrious

mournful; sorrowful

49

espionage

spying

50

grisly

ghastly; horrifying; ex. grisly remains of the bodies

51

diurnal

daily; occurring during the daytime

52

indoctrinate

cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism

53

transcendental

going beyond common thought or ideas; impossible to understand by practical experiences or practices; known only by studying thoughts or intuition; OP. empirical; ex: transcendentalism

54

corpulent

very fat; n. corpulence

55

defoliate

destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); n. defoliant

56

mogul

powerful person; ex. oil moguls; ex: Mogol Moghul; ex: Mongolian

57

exodus

departure (of a large number of people)

58

intrepid

fearless

59

gruesome

grisly; horrible

60

dregs

sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue

61

mercurial

capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; ex. mercurial temper; ex: mood

62

illuminate

brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten; enable to understand; ex. illuminating remarks

63

random

without definite purpose plan or aim; haphazard; ex. random shots; ex. chosen at random

64

tundra

rolling treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America

65

mirth

merriment; laughter

66

trepidation

fear; nervous apprehension

67

Elysium

place or condition of bliss

68

jargon

language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk

69

pr\'ecis

abstract; concise summing up of main points; concise summary of a text

70

condone

overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse

71

contingent

dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; n. a group of soldiers ships to a larger force; ex: contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; ex. prepare for every contingency

72

confound

confuse; puzzle

73

imbalance

lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion

74

bellicose

warlike

75

resign

give up (a position right or claim); submit (oneself) passively

76

fluted

having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); v. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; n. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column

77

plenitude

abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; ex: plenary plenty

78

sedulous

diligent; assiduous; paying attention; n. sedulity

79

fanciful

whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; ex. fanciful scheme

80

annihilate

destroy

81

stamina

power of endurance; strength; staying power

82

subsistence

existence; means of subsisting; means of support; livelihood; v. subsist: exist; maintain life (at a meager level)

83

sarcasm

cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; adj. sarcastic

84

inkling

hint; slight indication

85

choreography

art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances

86

phoenix

symbol of immortality or rebirth; ex. phoenix rising from its ashes

87

aboriginal

being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; n. aborigine

88

fleece

wool coat of a sheep; v. shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder

89

motif

theme; recurrent thematic element in a musical or literary work; single or repeated pattern; figure

90

euphoria

feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); adj. euphoriaric

91

pushy

disagreeably aggressive

92

attest

testify; bear witness

93

hiatus

gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break

94

minion

servile dependent; obsequious follower

95

incident

event; event that causes a crisis

96

vise

vice; tool for holding work in place; clamping device

97

grudging

unwilling; reluctant; stingy(giving reluctantly)

98

expletive

meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word

99

euphony

sweet sound; adj. euphonious

100

incidental

not essential; minor; n. something incidental

101

amnesia

loss of memory

102

cohesion

tendency to keep together

103

pry

inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; n. pries: tool for prying

104

overt

open to view; public; not secret; ex: covert

105

sibling

brother or sister

106

acclimate

adjust to climate or environment; adapt

107

exult

rejoice

108

rile

irritate; vex; muddy

109

amity

friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations

110

bruise

injure without breaking the skin; n.

111

sidetrack

switch (a railroad car) to a siding; divert from a main issue; n. ex: siding: short section of railroad track connected by switches with a main track

112

procurement

obtaining; v. procure: obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another

113

stump

base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; v. walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle

114

forum

public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law

115

interregnum

period between two successive reigns or governments

116

realm

kingdom; field or sphere; ex. not within the realms of possibility

117

rhetoric

art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; ex. political rhetoric; adj. rhetorical; ex: rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who kn

118

sterile

incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; v. sterilize

119

mortify

humiliate by embarassing excessively; shame; punish the flesh; discipline (one's body) by self-denial; ex. mortified by her blunder; ex. mortify the flesh; ex: cause to die

120

credulity

belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; adj. credulous

121

brunt

main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); ex. brunt of the argument

122

perpetual

everlasting

123

connoisseur

person competent to act as a judge of art etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art

124

impolitic

not wise; not expedient; not politic

125

cogent

convincing

126

maraud

move in search of plunder; ex. marauding army

127

prefigure

be a sign of; foreshadow

128

char

make or become black by burning; reduce or be reduced to carbon or charcoal(black substance made by burning wood) by incomplete combustion

129

distinction

honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; ex. graduated with distinction; ex. a writer of real distinction

130

seep

pass slowly through small openings; ooze; trickle; n. seepage

131

contend

struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly

132

appall

dismay; shock deeply

133

seismic

pertaining to earthquakes

134

bestow

confer

135

maudlin

effusively sentimental

136

disclaim

disown; renounce claim to; deny; ex: disclaimer

137

novice

beginner

138

stygian

unpleasantly dark; gloomy; hellish; deathly; ex: Styx: the chief river in the subterranean land of the dead

139

victuals

food; provisions; v. victual: provide with food

140

countermand

cancel; revoke (an order)

141

enervate

weaken; take away energy from

142

jaunt

trip; short journey

143

parched

extremely dry; very thirsty; v. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)

144

endear

make beloved; ex. endear her to everyone; adj. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced

145

aviary

enclosure for birds; large cage

146

commensurate

equal in extent; of the same size

147

hovel

shack; small wretched house

148

skinflint

miser; stingy person

149

traverse

go through or across

150

grandiose

affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; ex. grandiose ideas

151

foster

rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); ex. help foster friendly relations; adj. giving parental care although not related by blood; ex. foster parents

152

indisputable

too certain to be disputed; beyond doubt

153

rapacious

voracious; ravenous; taking everything one can; excessively grasping; plundering; subsisting on live prey; ex. rapacious birds

154

impoverish

make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; ex. impoverished soil

155

recline

lie down

156

rip

tear or be torn quickly and violently; ex. The sail ripped under the force of the wind; n.

157

compost

mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; v. put or make compost

158

urchin

mischievous child (usually a boy); ex: urchin: hedgehog; ex: porcupine: pig with spikes ?; ex: sea urchin

159

lineage

descent; ancestry

160

parish

area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church

161

maladroit

clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling

162

snub

ignore or behave coldly toward; ex. I made a suggestion but she snubbed me; n.

163

functionary

official (who performs a particular function)

164

stringent

(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money; ex. stringent economic conditions

165

dire

warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; ex. dire prediction/need of food

166

diffuse

wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); v. spread out in all directions; disperse; n. diffusion; ex: suffuse

167

helm

steering wheel of a ship; position of control

168

unction

the act of anointing with oil; ex. extreme unction

169

humility

humbleness of spirit

170

blotch

spot; blot; ex: blot+botch

171

fecundity

fertility; fruitfulness; adj. fecund: very productive of crops or young

172

buccaneer

pirate

173

tyro

beginner; novice

174

inductive

pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general

175

magniloquent

boastful; pompous

176

commemorate

honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war

177

sluggard

lazy person

178

tertiary

third in order or rank

179

wag

shake repeatedly from side to side; ex. The dog wagged its tail; n. humorous person; wit

180

unprecedented

having no previous example; novel; unparalleled

181

missive

letter; written statement; ex: sent

182

skirmish

minor fight; minor battle in war; v.

183

deface

mar; disfigure

184

swarthy

(of a skin or complexion) dark; dusky; ex. swarthy Italian ?

185

reverie

daydream; abstracted musing

186

knave

untrustworthy person; rogue; scoundrel; jack; n. knavery

187

verity

quality of being true; lasting truth or principle; ex. the verity of his testimony; ex. one of the eternal verities

188

regime

method of system or government

189

rent

tear made by rending; rip; split

190

niggle

spend too much time on minor points (esp. when finding fault); find fault; ex. niggle over details; adj. niggling

191

abstain

refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote; ±‰±‚‚ì«ô

192

betroth

become engaged to marry

193

matrix

point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die; ex. the matrix of Western civilization

194

comatose

in a coma; extremely sleepy

195

wizardry

sorcery; magic

196

remission

temporary moderation (of disease symptoms); remitting of a debt or punishment; cancelation of a debt; pardon; ex. The disease went into remission; ex. Christians pray for the remission of sins.

197

gory

bloody; n. gore: blood (from a wound)

198

diverge

vary; go in different directions from the same point; adj. divergent: differing; deviating

199

breach

breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; v.

200

ambience

environment; atmosphere; ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; adj. ambient: completely surrounding; ex. ambient temperature