Set 19 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 19 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 19 Deck (199):
2

forestall

prevent by taking action in advance

3

impetuous

violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; ex. impetuous decision

4

ambrosia

food of the gods

5

taper

very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object; v. make or become gradually narrower toward one end

6

resplendent

brilliant; splendid in appearance; dazzling; glorious

7

delta

flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river

8

equipoise

balance; balancing force; equilibrium

9

aspersion

slanderous remark; ex. cast aspersions on

10

downcast

disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward

11

therapeutic

curative; n. therapy

12

appurtenances

subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing

13

plausible

conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious

14

prude

excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); n. prudery; adj. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety

15

perceptive

insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception

16

solicitor

lawyer in the lower court of law

17

debase

degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; n. debasement

18

carefree

free from worries; having no problems

19

eerie

weird; causing fear because strange

20

uniformity

sameness; monotony; adj. uniform: the same all over

21

abstinence

restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; ex: abstention: act of abstaining from vote

22

defiance

refusal to yield; resistance; v. defy; adj. defiant

23

misadventure

mischance; ill luck; ex. death by misadventure

24

brim

uppermost edge of a cup; projecting rim (as on a hat); ex. The glass was full to the brim; v. be full to the brim

25

relish

enjoy; savor; n. enjoyment; zest

26

adversity

great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event

27

inveigh

denounce; utter censure or invective; ex. inveigh against the evils of drink

28

contortions

twistings; distortions; v. contort: twist violently out of shape; ex: contortionist

29

antiseptic

substance that prevents infection in a wound; adj.

30

internecine

mutually destructive

31

profound

deep; not superficial; complete; ex. profound thinker/remark/silence/deafness; n. profundity

32

foist

insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; ex: fist

33

beguile

deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; ex. beguiling smile

34

redoubtable

formidable; causing fear

35

credence

belief

36

intangible

not able to be perceived by touch; vague

37

tether

tie (an animal) with a rope or tether; n. rope or chain to which an animal is tied; limit of one's endurance; ex. the end of one's tether

38

resonant

(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; ex. resonant voice; n. resonance

39

errant

wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; ex. knight-errant

40

toll

sound (a large bell) slowly at regular intervals; n. sound of a bell; fixed tax or charge

41

elope

run away secretly with the intention of getting married

42

unruly

disobedient; lawless; difficult to control

43

seemly

(of behavior) proper; appropriate

44

decrepit

weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; ex. decrepit old chair/man

45

afterlife

life after death; later part of one's life

46

erode

eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; ex. The sea erodes the rocks.

47

beware

be cautious (of)

48

orifice

mouthlike opening; small opening (esp. to a cavern or passage of the body); ex: mouth

49

throb

(of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; n. ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart

50

pendant(pendent)

hanging down from something; pending; n. ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)

51

hinterlands

back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland

52

dainty

delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; ex. dainty movement/dress

53

manifold

many in number or kind; numerous; varied

54

altruistic

unselfishly generous; concerned for others; n. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism

55

cerebration

thought; working of the brain

56

attenuate

make thin; weaken

57

cognizance

knowledge; adj. cognizant; having knowledge; aware

58

ogle

look at amorously; make eyes at; ex. old men ogling young girls

59

anoint

consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)

60

dappled

spotted

61

disquisition

formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report

62

drama

prose or verse composition to be performed by actors; play; exciting and unusual situation

63

devious

roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; ex. devious route

64

ecstasy

rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; adj. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy

65

felicity

happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous

66

ratiocination

reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; v. ratiocinate: reason logically

67

pillory

punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; n.

68

slander

defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements; v. adj. slanderous

69

gracious

kind in a generous way (to someone less important)

70

berate

scold strongly

71

prophylactic

used to prevent disease; n. something prophylactic; condom; n. prophylaxis: prevention of disease

72

resurge

rise again; flow to and fro; n. resurgence; adj. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again

73

probity

uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility

74

categorical

without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute

75

resuscitate

revive; bring back to life or consciousness; ex. resuscitate the drowned child

76

concise

brief and compact

77

stoke

stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully

78

abut

border upon; adjoin

79

obliterate

destroy completely; wipe out; ex. obliterate the village

80

polyglot

speaking several languages; multilingual; ex. polyglot person/society; n.

81

vacillate

waver (in opinion); fluctuate; sway to and fro; n. vacillation

82

hazard

venture; put in danger; risk; ex. hazard a guess; n. possible source of danger

83

deducible

derived by reasoning; v. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning

84

compress

force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; n. thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.

85

imposture

assuming a false identity; masquerade; ex: impostor

86

reciprocal

mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; ex. reciprocal trade agreement

87

expedite

hasten; make go faster

88

prerogative

privilege; unquestionable right; ex: ask before

89

decoy

lure or bait; v.

90

chaffing

bantering; joking

91

sap

diminish; weaken; undermine the foundations of (a fortification); ex. The element kryptonite sapped his strength.

92

thrash

beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.

93

hieroglyphic

picture writing; adj.

94

bard

poet

95

missile

object to be thrown or projected

96

bulk

size or volume (esp. when very large); main part; ex. The bulk of the work has already been done; adj. bulky: having great size

97

morose

ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy

98

touching

causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; v. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; adj. touched

99

reactionary

strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; n. OP. radical

100

evoke

call forth (memory or feeling); ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; n. evocation

101

bloated

(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air

102

pivotal

of a pivot; central; critical; crucial

103

commiserate

feel or express pity or sympathy for

104

residue

remainder; balance

105

depose

dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify

106

billow

large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); v. surge, swell, roll in billows

107

offhand

casual; done without prior thought or preparation

108

contrivance

something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme

109

incursion

temporary invasion; ex: excursion: short journey

110

torrent

rushing stream; flood; ex. The rain fell in torrents.

111

demure

(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure

112

apiculture

bee-keeping

113

ordain

decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; n. ordainment; ex: ordination

114

bolster

support; reinforce

115

quorum

minimal number of members necessary to conduct a meeting

116

insensible

unconscious; unresponsive; insensitive; unaware; imperceptible; ex. insensible of his danger/to pain; ex. insensible change; ex: not the opposite of sensible

117

visionary

produced by imagination; fanciful; mystical; showing foresight; n. one having foresight; one given to speculative impractical ideas

118

pediatrician

physician specializing in children's diseases; n. pediatrics

119

tyranny

oppression; cruel government; adj. tyrannical: of a tyrant or tyranny; despotic; v. tyrannize: treat tyrannically; oppress

120

dull

(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; v.

121

dormant

sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent

122

verbose

wordy; n. verbosity

123

barefaced

shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; ex. barefaced lie

124

scaffold

temporary platform for workers (to work at heights above the ground); bracing framework; platform for execution

125

slither

slip or slide

126

suffuse

spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.

127

sibylline

prophetic; oracular; n. sibyl: woman prophet (in the ancient world)

128

efficacy

power to produce desired effect; adj. efficacious: effectual

129

quash

crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court

130

collusion

conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; v. collude

131

analogy

similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things

132

interloper

intruder; one who interferes

133

flicker

burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; n. flickering movement or light; brief sensation; ex. flicker of excitement

134

paean

song of praise or joy; ex. paeans celebrating the victory

135

insalubrious

unwholesome; not healthful; ex. insalubrious place

136

elaborate

work out carefully; add more detail or information; adj.

137

checkered(chequered)

marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; ex: checked: having a pattern of squares

138

perforate

pierce; put a hole through

139

imprudent

lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious

140

acquiesce

assent; agree passively; comply without protest

141

catalyst

agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; ex: catalysis

142

effectuate

effect; produce; achieve; ex. effectuate a reconciliation

143

didactic

(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; n. didacticism

144

counterpart

thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system

145

discombobulated

discomposed; confused

146

touchy

oversensitive; easily offended; irasible; delicate; needing delicate handling; ex. touchy situation

147

sundry

miscellaneous; various; several; n. sundries: small miscellaneous items

148

disperse

scatter; ex. disperse the cloud/crowd

149

pithy

concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty

150

dyslexia

word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read

151

ruminant

animal that ruminates; adj.

152

gobble

eat very quickly

153

thesis

opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments

154

arsenal

storage place for military equipment

155

inundate

flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; ex. inundated with work

156

pallet

small poor bed; ex. straw pallet

157

gait

manner of walking or running; speed

158

egotism

tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance

159

anodyne

drug that relieves pain or trouble; 翁‘ç?; opiate; adj. ex. anodyne statement

160

mediocre

ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad

161

profligate

wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; n. profligate person; n. profligacy

162

amulet

charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck

163

eccentric

irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric

164

distraught

upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; ex. distraught with grief/worry

165

remonstrate

protest; objection; v. remonstrate: say in protest

166

benediction

blessing

167

ciliated

having minute hairs; ex: cilium; ex: cilia: eyelash

168

assumption

something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; ex. her assumption of power; v. assume

169

arbitrate

act as judge (at the request of both sides)

170

malicious

hateful; spiteful; expressing malice; n. malice: desire to harm others; spite

171

masticate

chew

172

caulk(calk)

make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)

173

resignation

patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; adj. resigned: acquiescent

174

fluke

unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; adj. fluky

175

sham

pretend; feign; adj. not genuine; fake; ex. sham jewelry; n. something that is not what it appears; impostor; pretense; ex. The agreement was a sham.

176

prototype

original work used as a model by others

177

infernal

pertaining to hell; devilish; n. inferno: place of fiery heat or destruction

178

begrudge

envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.

179

spontaneity

lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; adj. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned

180

interminable

endless

181

unassuming

modest; ex. the champion's unassuming manner

182

osseous

made of bone; bony

183

unfetter

liberate; free from chains; v. unfetter

184

conviction

judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief

185

inaugurate

begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; n. inauguration; adj. inaugural

186

brandish

wave around (a weapon); flourish

187

sensual

devoted to the pleasures of the sense; carnal; voluptuous; ex. sensual woman/curves/lips

188

comport

bear one's self; behave; ex. comport oneself; n. comportment

189

trinket

knickknack; bauble; cheap jewelry

190

pestilential(pestilent)

causing plague; tending to cause death; baneful; n. pestilence: fatal epidemic disease (esp. bubonic plague)

191

unfeigned

genuine; real

192

parvenu

upstart; newly rich person

193

isthmus

narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land

194

prestige

respect or admiration; impression produced by achievements or reputation; adj. causing admiration; adj. prestigious: having prestige

195

visceral

felt in one's inner organs; n. viscera: internal body organs; ex: eviscerate

196

arroyo

gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater

197

falsify

make (something written) false by changing

198

effrontery

rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek

199

hue

color; aspect; ex. opinions of every hue

200

holocaust

destruction by fire; ex: burnt whole; ex: Holocaust