Set 6 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 6 Deck (199):
2

tenacious

holding fast (as to a belief); persistent

3

cosmic

pertaining to the universe; vast

4

skimp

provide or use scantily; live very economically; ex. skimp on necessities; adj. skimpy: inadequate in amount; scanty; stingy; niggardly

5

adamant

hard; inflexible

6

influx

flowing into

7

veto

vested power to reject a bill; exercise of this right; v. prevent or forbid by exercising the power of veto

8

balm

something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees

9

chasm

abyss; very deep crack

10

decimate

kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of

11

vitreous

of glass; pertaining to or resembling glass; v. vitrify: change into glass; ex: petrify

12

wade

walk through a substance, such as water, that impedes movement

13

brevity

conciseness; shortness of duration

14

conspire

take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.

15

corporeal

bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible

16

acetic

vinegary

17

dally

trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time

18

variegate

change the appearance of (by marking with different colors)

19

effulgent

shining brightly; brilliant

20

slacken

slow up; loosen; make or become slack

21

gambol

romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; n.

22

impugn

dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; ex: fight

23

meteoric

like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; ex. meteoric rise to fame; n. meteor

24

babble

chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; n.

25

equitable

fair; impartial; OP. inequitable

26

holster

leather pistol case (that hangs on a belt around the waist)

27

reprise

musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; ex. reprise in the finale; ex. constant reprises

28

turpitude

depravity; baseness; ex. moral turpitude

29

provisional

tentative; temporary

30

synoptic

providing a general overview; summary; n. synopsis

31

choice

delicate; of very fine quality

32

distill

refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; ex. distill fresh water from sea water; ex: brew

33

tremor

trembling; slight quiver (as of the earth or from nervous agitation)

34

stately

formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic

35

responsiveness

state of reacting readily to appeals, orders, etc.; adj. responsive: readily reacting; ex. responsive to treatment

36

waver

move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; ex. wavering between accepting and refusing

37

nomadic

wandering; n. nomad: tribe who migrates from place to place

38

septic

of or causing sepsis; putrid; producing putrefaction; n. sepsis: poisoning of part of the body (producing pus)

39

frolicsome

prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky

40

noxious

harmful; ex: obnoxious

41

perverse

purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; ex. perverse satisfaction; ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; n. perversity

42

placate

pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease

43

confide

tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about

44

minuscule(miniscule)

extremely small

45

hydrophobia

fear of water; rabies

46

elegy

poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); adj. elegiacal, elegiac

47

plebeian

common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; n. common people in ancient Rome; ex: patrician

48

germane

pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate

49

scale

climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; n. flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones

50

canker

any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; ex: cancer

51

immaculate

spotless; flawless; absolutely clean

52

sovereign

ruler in a monarchy; adj. (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent

53

sidereal

relating to stars; ex. sidereal day

54

lustrous

shining; brilliant; ex. lustrous hair

55

fruitful

producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance

56

palpable

tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; ex. palpable blunder

57

chicanery

trickery; deception

58

heckler

person who verbally harasses others; v. heckle: verbally harass as with gibes (by interrupting a speaker or speech)

59

pulchritude

beauty; comeliness; adj. pulchritudinous

60

rendezvous

meeting place; meeting at a set time or place; v.

61

marital

pertaining to marriage

62

aureole

sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light

63

wanton

unrestrained; gratuitously cruel; willfully malicious; unchaste; sexually improper; promiscuous; ex. wanton spending/killing; ex: having no just cause

64

garish

overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy

65

casualty

serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle

66

tortuous

winding; full of curves; ex. tortuous mountain road

67

smolder

smoulder; burn slowly without flame; be liable to break out at any moment; exist in a suppressed state; ex. smoldering anger

68

dynamo

generator for producing electricity; energetic person

69

dissuade

persuade not to do; discourage; n. dissuasion

70

insolvent

bankrupt; lacking money to pay; n. insolvency

71

discomfit

frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb

72

induct

place formally in office; install; admit as a member; initiate; n. induction: inducting; process of deriving general principles from particular facts

73

fraudulent

cheating; deceitful; ex. fraudulent means; n. fraud: deception; swindle

74

imprecation

curse; swearword

75

rooster

cock; adult male chicken

76

saturnine

morose; gloomy; ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.

77

parody

humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; v.

78

withhold

refuse to give; hold back; ex. withholding tax

79

complacency

self-satisfaction; smugness; adj. complacent

80

detonation

explosion

81

anthology

book of literary selections by various authors; ex: omnibus

82

parallel

similar; analogous; corresponding; n. parallel line; person or thing that is parallel (to another); similarity; ex. know of no parallel to the case; ex. without parallel; v. be similar to; make parallel; ex. Your experience parallels mine; ex: unparallele

83

rant

speak violently or excitedly; rave; talk excitedly showing anger; scold; make a grandiloquent speech; ex. The priest ranted about the devil.

84

insubstantial

lacking substance; insignificant; frail; immaterial

85

bog

soft wet land; v. hinder or be hindered; ex. bogged down in the mud

86

malediction

curse

87

cater

provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)

88

allay

calm; pacify

89

aberration

deviation from the normal; mental disorder

90

definitive

most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; ex. definitive decision by the supreme court

91

flourish

grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; ex. The trees flourished in the sun. n. showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)

92

antithesis

contrast; direct opposite of or to; adj. antithetic or antithetical

93

discrepancy

lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; ex. discrepancy between two descriptions

94

labyrinth

maze

95

irrefutable

indisputable; incontrovertible; undeniable

96

artifacts

object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced

97

bedraggle

wet thoroughly; adj. bedraggled: draggled

98

perfidious

treacherous; disloyal; n. perfidy: treachery

99

titular

of a title; in name only; nominal; having the title of an office without the obligations; ex. titular head of the company

100

spectrum

colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism; broad and continuous range; ex. whole spectrum of modern thoughts

101

hirsute

hairy; having a lot of hair

102

parochial

narrow in scope or outlook; provincial; related to parishes

103

reparation

compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; ex. make reparation for the damage; ex: repair

104

crinkle

wrinkle

105

melancholy

gloomy; morose; blue; n. adj. melancholic; ex: melancholia

106

evasive

not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; v. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit

107

exacting

extremely demanding; ex. exacting standard of safety

108

gawk

stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe

109

contaminate

pollute

110

lascivious

lustful

111

uxorious

excessively submissive or devoted to one's wife; ex: uxor: wife

112

exempt

not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; v.

113

noisome

foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome

114

concave

hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex

115

timidity

lack of self-confidence or courage

116

fictitious

imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; ex: fictional

117

glossary

brief explanation of words used in the text

118

hap

chance; luck

119

valediction

saying farewell; expression of leave-taking

120

slack

moving slowly; sluggish; inactive; (of a rope) loose; negligent; lax; ex. slack season; ex. slack in one's work; n. v.

121

dingy

(of things and place) dirty and dull; ex. dingy street/curtain

122

censorious

severely critical

123

pensive

dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; ex: think over

124

agitate

stir up; disturb

125

bourgeois

middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions

126

lookout

act of keeping watch; high place commanding a wide view; person who keeps watch

127

margin

border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; ex. margin of safety

128

pose

assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); ex. pose a threat; n.

129

affected

artificial; pretended

130

dirge

funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)

131

relic

surviving remnant (from an extinct culture); memento; keepsake; relics: corpse; ex. ancient relics; ex. relics of his travel; ex. His relics are buried at X.

132

munificent

very generous in giving; ex. munificent benefactor; n. munificience

133

fodder

coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; ex: food

134

verdant

green; covered with green plants or grass; lush in vegetation; ex. verdant meadows

135

chide

scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)

136

laceration

torn ragged wound; v. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound

137

anesthetic

substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; n. anesthesia

138

transcribe

copy; write a copy of; n. transcription

139

esteem

respect; value; judge; n.

140

luxuriate

take pleasure in great comfort

141

chase

ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch

142

bucolic

rustic; pastoral

143

gush

(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); ex. Blood gushed from the wound.

144

equivocate

use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; n. equivocation

145

spurious

false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; ex. spurious arguments

146

amend

correct; change ; generally for the better

147

berserk

mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited

148

insurgent

rebellious; n.

149

scrimmage

disorderly fight between two or more people

150

pious

devout; religious; n. piety

151

alienate

make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of

152

predispose

give an inclination toward (in advance); make susceptible to; ex. predispose people to certain cancer; n. predisposition

153

platitude

trite remark; commonplace statement; adj. platitudinous

154

turmoil

extreme confusion; great commotion and confusion; ex. throw the country into turmoil

155

benefit

advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; ex. unemployment benefit; v. receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits

156

advocacy

support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something

157

hazy

slightly obscure; misty; unclear; n. haze: light mist or smoke; confused state of mind

158

panache

flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); ex. with great panache; ex: ˆ ?®áÁáë ̵ËÈ È©?È«å ?¯??

159

amnesty

pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)

160

egress

exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress

161

virulent

(of a disease or poison) extremely harmful or poisonous; (of a feeling) hostile; bitter; n. virulence; ex: virus; ex: venom

162

authoritative

having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; ex: definitive

163

residual

remaining; left over; of a residue; n. residue

164

bedizen

dress with vulgar finery

165

canard

unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report

166

inopportune

untimely; inappropriate or ill-timed; poorly chosen

167

ingrained

deeply established; firmly rooted; ex. ingrained dirt/prejudice

168

luscious

pleasing to taste or smell; delicious

169

ravel

fall apart into tangles; entangle; unravel or untwist

170

affirmation

positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; v. affirm; adj. affirmative; ex: affirmative action: positive discrimination

171

lottery

contest in which winners are selected in a drawing of lots

172

unregenerate

making no attempt to change one's bad practices

173

lope

gallop slowly

174

vehement

forceful; intensely emotional; with marked vigor; strong; n. vehemence

175

mutilate

maim; injure lastingly; deprive of a limb or an essential part

176

arcade

a covered passageway usually lined with shops

177

sultry

(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous

178

remit

transmit (money) in payment; free someone from a debt or punishment

179

igneous

produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; ex. igneous meteorite

180

curtail

shorten; reduce

181

accomplice

partner in crime

182

recrimination

countercharges; v. recriminate

183

lace

cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; v. draw together by tying a lace

184

intimate

hint; suggest; imply; adj. marked by close relationship; familiar; private; personal; ex. intimate knowledge/thoughts in the diary; n. close friend or confidant; ex: intimacy

185

ponderous

having great weight; weighty; unwieldy; lacking lightness; dull; ex. ponderous body/style of writing

186

insurmountable

overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable

187

sedate

composed (with no excitement); grave; v. administer a sedative to; ex: sedative

188

perfunctory

done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; ex. perfunctory kiss

189

reek

emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; ex. reeking chimney; n. unpleasant odor; stench

190

libido

psychic and emotional energy or urges behind human activity; sexual desire

191

dorsal

relating to the back of an animal; ex. dorsal fin

192

odds

chances; probability; disagreement; ex. The odds are that it will rain. ex. at odds with

193

subsume

include (as a member of a group); encompass

194

phlegmatic

calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; ex: phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract

195

reticent

inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; ex. He was reticent about the reasons; n. reticence

196

mollify

soothe an angry person

197

stanza

division of a poem (composed of two or more lines)

198

rife

(of something bad) widespread; abundant; current

199

aloof

apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADv.

200

incur

bring upon oneself