Set 9 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 9 Deck (199):
2

browbeat

bully; intimidate

3

incorrigible

uncorrectable

4

homespun

domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; ex. homespun philosophy

5

subtlety

perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; adj. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning

6

quarantine

isolation of a person, place, or ship to prevent spread of infection; v. isolate in quarantine

7

copious

plentiful

8

befuddle

confuse thoroughly

9

venue

location; place (of a crime, trial, gathering, etc.); ex: come

10

runic

mysterious; set down in an ancient alphabet; n. rune: one of the letters of an alphabet used by ancient Germanic peoples (cut on stone or wood); magic charm

11

juxtapose

place side by side; ex: next

12

ungainly

(of someone) awkward in movement; clumsy; (of something) unwieldy; ex. ungainly dancer/instrument

13

impending

nearing; approaching; about to happen

14

grumble

complain; mutter discontentedly; grouch; n.

15

delineate

portray; depict; sketch; describe; n. delineation

16

polar

of a pole; characterized by opposite extremes; ex. polar opposites

17

uproarious

marked by commotion or uproar; very noisy (esp. with laughter); hilarious; causing loud laughter; extremely funny

18

condign

adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved

19

aspire

seek to attain (position or status); long for; ex. aspire to become president; ex. aspire to/after the leadership

20

granulate

form into grains or granules; n. granule: grain or particle

21

bristling

rising like bristles; showing irritation

22

drip

fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; n. action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops

23

consensus

general agreement; opinion reached by a group

24

throes

violent anguish

25

resolution

determination; resoluteness; adj. resolute: firm or determined in purpose

26

vaporize

turn into vapor (steam, gas, fog, etc.)

27

comely

attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance

28

dys-

abnormal; impaired

29

suture

stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision; material used in sewing; v. sew together a wound

30

outmoded

no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned

31

gerrymander

change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; n. ex: Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander

32

fester

rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.

33

inert

inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act; ex. chemically inert; n. inertia: state of being inert; force which keeps a thing in the position or state

34

arch-

chief; first; ex. archbishop

35

nicety

precision; accuracy; minute distinction or difference; ex. to a nicety: exactly; precisely; ex. distinguish between niceties

36

decipher

decode; ex: indecipherable

37

accessible

easy to approach; obtainable

38

disquietude

uneasiness; anxiety; v. disquiet: make anxious

39

dissolution

disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; adj. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life

40

rebuff

reject bluntly; snub; beat back; ex. She rebuffed his invitation; n.

41

chivalrous

courteous; faithful; brave; n. chivalry

42

deprecate

express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; adj. deprecatory

43

dissident

dissenting (with an opinion, a group, or a government); rebellious; n.

44

jollity

gaiety; cheerfulness; adj. jolly: merry; gay

45

hideous

repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; ex. hideous face/scream

46

disingenuous

not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous

47

requisition

formal demand or request; ex. requisition for more computing equipment; v.

48

distract

take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; adj. distracted

49

brooch

ornamental clasp; pin

50

regicide

murder of a king or queen

51

natation

swimming

52

larder

pantry; place where food is kept

53

amplify

increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph

54

detrimental

harmful; damaging; n. detriment

55

grouch

bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; v. complain; grumble

56

wispy

thin; slight; barely discernible

57

aloft

upward; high up in the air

58

amenable

obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; ex. He is very amenable; ex. amenable to the usual tests

59

wistful

sadly thoughtful (because of desires or memories); sadly pensive; vaguely longing

60

sustain

suffer (harm or loss); experience; support; prop; maintain; keep in existence; nourish (to maintain life); ex. sustain the family/the trapped miners

61

colloquial

pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; n. colloquialism: colloquial expression

62

scion

detached plant shoot used in grafting; descendant

63

substantiate

support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify

64

anemia

condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; adj. anemic

65

intermediary

intermediate; acting as a mediator; n. mediator; go-between

66

encumber

burden; n. encumbrance

67

hamper

obstruct; prevent the free movement of; n. ?€á‡‚¡Ëí?» Ë‚¼? µ”ËÈ «‹«å ?ô±ü«ì

68

simian

monkeylike; n. ape or monkey

69

impromptu

without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment

70

pomposity

self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); adj. pompous: self-important

71

apostate

one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; n. apostasy

72

primate

group of mammals including humans

73

superfluous

excessive; overabundant; unnecessary; n. superfluity

74

negligible

so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded

75

finished

properly made and complete; ex. finished product/performance

76

forsake

desert; abandon; renounce

77

litigation

lawsuit; n. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; v. litigate

78

vernacular

living language (as compared to the official language); language spoken in a country or region; natural style; ex. lapse into the vernacular

79

desecrate

profane; violate the sanctity of

80

dilate

expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)

81

elastic

able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; ex. elastic plans; n. elastic material

82

wrath

anger; fury

83

tantamount

equivalent in effect or value; ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; ex: amount

84

check

stop motion; curb or restrain

85

guise

outward appearance; costume; ex. in a new guise

86

paraphernalia

equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; ex. photographic paraphernalia; ex: married woman's property exclusive of her dowry

87

tendentious

promoting a particular point of view; biased; having an aim; designed to further a cause; ex. tendentious rather than truth-seeking; ex: tend: move in a certain direction

88

mausoleum

monumental tomb; large stately tomb; ex: Mausolos

89

outfit

clothing or equipment for a special purpose; ex. cowboy outfit

90

jocose

given to(having a tendency of) joking

91

succulent

juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; n. succulent plant such as a cactus

92

prize

pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; ex. his most prized possession; n. something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)

93

forbearance

patience; forgiveness; v. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; ex. forbear to send him to prison

94

unwieldy

awkward (to carry or move); cumbersome; unmanageable

95

witticism

witty saying; wisecrack(clever joking remark)

96

entail

make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; ex. entail A on/upon B

97

squalor

condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; adj. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; ex. squalid story

98

dignitary

person of high rank or position

99

lout

clumsy person; adj. loutish; ex: from countrysides ?

100

pass_off

present falsely; represent falsely to be

101

prepossessing

attractive; ex: preoccupying ?

102

mercenary

motivated solely by money or gain; n.

103

quandary

dilemma; state of uncertainty; ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.

104

facsimile

copy

105

relevant

having importance; pertinent; referring to the case in hand; n. relevance, relevancy

106

boorish

rude; insensitive

107

freebooter

pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich

108

capsize

(of a boat) turn over

109

shuffle

mix together; jumble; move (something) from one place to another; slide (the feet) along the ground while walking; ex. shuffle papers from one pile to another; n.

110

unearth

dig up; discover (facts) by careful searching; ex. He unearthed some secrets about her; OP. conceal

111

pilfer

steal things of small value; filch; snitch

112

abjure

renounce upon oath

113

welter

wallow (as in mud or high seas); lie soaked (as in blood);

114

industrious

diligent; hard-working; n. industry

115

writhe

twist in coils; contort in pain

116

reprimand

reprove severely; rebuke; n.

117

abhor

detest; hate

118

petty

trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded

119

obituary

death notice (esp. in a newspaper); adj.

120

adversary

opponent; enemy

121

defunct

dead; no longer in use or existence

122

obese

excessively fat; n. obesity

123

eon(aeon)

long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras

124

shunt

move (a railway train) from one track to another; turn aside; divert; sidetrack; ex. shunt traffic around an accident; n.

125

insipid

lacking in flavor; lacking interest; dull; ex. insipid food/character

126

friction

clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against

127

larceny

theft; ex. petit larceny

128

knotty

intricate; difficult; tangled; ex: knot

129

beholden

obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude

130

privy

secret; hidden; not public; made a participant in something secret; ex. privy chamber government; ex. be privy to a discussion; ex: private

131

plait

braid; interwine; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; ex. plaited hair; n. braided length as of hair o fabric; ex: pigtail, ponytail

132

ostensible

apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition

133

implement

put into effect; enforce; carry out; supply with tools; ex. implement the plan/suggestion; n. tool or instrument

134

niggardly

meanly stingy; parsimonious; n. niggard: stingy person

135

harbor

give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind (thoughts or feelings); ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; n. place of shelter; refuge

136

pedigree

ancestry; lineage

137

fanfare

call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display

138

guileless

without deceit

139

antidote

remedy to counteract a poison or disease; ex. antidote to the economic troubles

140

aggrandize

make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; n. aggrandizement

141

sate

satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy

142

bridle

harness fitted about a horse's head (used to restrain); curb; check; v. put a bridle on; control or restrain; show anger

143

dubious

questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; n. dubiety

144

upbraid

reprimand; severely scold

145

figurative

not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech

146

forward

presumptuous or bold

147

tempo

speed of music

148

pristine

unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; ex. an old book in pristine condition

149

debilitate

weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble

150

retrieve

recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; ex. retrieve the situation

151

remiss

negligent; careless about a duty

152

mire

entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; n. bog; deep mud; ex. sucked deeper into the mire

153

embroil

throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; ex: imbroglio

154

meek

submissive; patient and long-suffering

155

assert

state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); ex. assert one's independence

156

amorphous

formless; lacking shape or definition

157

quadruped

four-footed animal; adj. ex: biped

158

epitaph

inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)

159

libertine

debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou\'e; ex: free

160

castrate

remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)

161

aversion

firm dislike

162

occult

mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; ex: mysterious to human ?; OP. bare

163

physiognomy

face (as showing the character and the mind); art of judging human character from facial features

164

mangy

shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance

165

progeny

children; offspring; descendants

166

quixotic

idealistic but impractical; ex: Don Quixote

167

luster

shine; gloss (of a polished surface)

168

mirage

unreal reflection; optical illusion

169

knead

mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); ex. knead dough

170

explicate

explain in detail; interpret; clarify; ex: explicable

171

medium

element that is a creature's natural environment; nutrient setting in which microorganisms are cultivated; appropriate occupation or means of expression; channel of communication; compromise; middle position between extremes; intervening substance through

172

exotic

not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; ex. exotic flower/dress

173

seedy

run-down; decrepit; disreputable; having many seeds; ex. seedy downtown hotel

174

impudence

impertinence; insolence

175

crabbed

sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting

176

charm

quality of pleasing; amulet; action or formula thought to have magical power; spell; v. attract; cast a spell on; bewitch

177

matrimony

state of being married

178

chant

tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; v. sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant

179

analogous

comparable; similar

180

nova

star that suddenly becomes much brighter and then returns to its original brightness

181

pulverize

crush or grind into very small particles

182

spasmodic

fitful; periodic; of or like a spasm; n. spasm: sudden involuntary muscular contraction; sudden burst of energy or emotion

183

institutionalize

make into an institution; put or confine in an institution

184

grapple

wrestle; come to grips with; take hold of and struggle with; ex. grapple with the burglar

185

legerdemain

sleight(dexterity) of hand; ex: light of hand

186

comprise

include; consist of

187

mammoth

gigantic; enormous

188

vantage

position giving an advantage (such as a strategic point); ex: vantagepoint

189

fanaticism

excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; n. fanatic; adj. fanatic

190

abusive

coarsely insulting; physically harmful

191

tablet

small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; ex. stone tablet on the wall

192

uninhibited

unrepressed; free in behavior and feelings

193

tickle

touch (the body) lightly so as to cause laughter; please

194

sully

defile; soil; tarnish; ex. sully one's hands in menial labor

195

ravage

devastate; plunder; despoil; ex. crops ravaged by storms

196

wreak

inflict; ex. wreak one's vengeance on

197

wince

move back suddenly; shrink back; flinch; ex. She winced as she touched the cold body.

198

prognosis

forecasted course of a disease; prediction; ex: prognostic

199

absolve

pardon (an offense)

200

strangle

kill by choking or suffocating; suppress