Set 22 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 22 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 22 Deck (199):
2

mason

one who builds or works with stone or brick; n. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork

3

perspicacious

(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute

4

compulsory

obligatory; that must be done

5

premonitory

serving to warn

6

hatch

deck opening; lid covering a deck opening; v. emerge from an egg; produce (young) from an egg

7

unsightly

ugly; unpleasant to look at

8

reiterate

repeat

9

smart

intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; ex. smart pace/restaurant; v. cause or feel a sharp pain; n. smarting pain

10

incontinent

lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious

11

fiend

evil spirit; devil

12

monochromatic

having only one color

13

expansive

(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size

14

lode

metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)

15

carnivorous

meat-eating; n. carnivore; ex: herbivore

16

disinclination

unwillingness

17

stipulate

state as a necessary condition (of an agreement); make express conditions; specify; ex. He stipulated payment in advance

18

exploit

brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; ex: crossing the Atlantic ocean

19

gentry

people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility

20

odoriferous

giving off an odor

21

cynosure

object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; ex: Ursa Minor

22

rostrum

raised platform for speech-making; pulpit

23

peripheral

of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; ex. peripheral nerve/interest

24

vagabond

wanderer (without a permanent home); tramp

25

beeline

direct quick route

26

fleet

fast; rapid; n. adj. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral

27

emaciated

thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)

28

pare

cut away the outer covering or skin of (with a knife); trim; ex. pare apples/expenses

29

aristocracy

hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; n. aristocrat

30

obsessive

related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; n. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; v. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively

31

orthodox

traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine

32

soporific

sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy

33

urgent

compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; ex. urgent in his demands

34

sprightly

lively

35

clasp

hold firmly within arms

36

blatant

extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; ex. blatant lie; n. blatancy

37

implore

beg

38

coeval

living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age

39

compartment

one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided

40

platonic

purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire

41

jetsam

things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)

42

enfranchise

admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); ex: franchise

43

feasible

practical; able to be carried out; practicable

44

dulcet

sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious

45

meager

scanty; inadequate

46

senility

old age; feeblemindedness of old age; adj. senile: resulting from old age; showing the weakness of body or mind from old age; ex. senile dementia

47

placid

peaceful; calm; ex. placid child/lake

48

tart

sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; ex. tart apple/reply

49

perversion

corruption; turning from right to wrong

50

list

tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)

51

lank

long and thin; ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln

52

spoilsport

one who spoils the pleasure of others

53

invoke

call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); ex. invoke the veto power; ex. invoke one's advisor/God

54

ambivalence

the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions

55

weary

tired after long work; v.

56

lethal

deadly

57

reprobate

morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; ex: disapproved by God ?

58

outskirts

fringes; outer borders (as of a city); ex. outskirts of Boston

59

sow

plant or scatter seed

60

inordinate

beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive; ex. inordinate demands

61

gratis

free; without charge; adj.

62

temporal

of time; not lasting forever; limited by time; temporary; secular; worldly

63

culprit

one guilty of a crime

64

egregious

notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking

65

pathos

tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings; ex. pathos that runs through the novel

66

tardy

slow; sluggish; not on time; late; ex. tardy arrival

67

beneficent

kindly; doing good

68

diversion

act of turning aside; pastime; v. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse

69

refrain

abstain from; resist; forbear; n. chorus

70

volition

act of using one's will; act of making a conscious choice; ex. She selected this dress of her own volition.

71

thermal

pertaining to heat; producing heat; warm; ex. thermal bath; n. rising current of warm air

72

tract

propaganda pamphlet (esp. by a religious or political group); expanse of land; region of indefinite size; system of related organs; ex. digestive tract

73

moribund

dying; at the point of death; ex: death

74

rigid

hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; ex. rigid rule

75

sophist

teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; n. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument

76

amiss

wrong; faulty; ex. something amiss; ADv.

77

centigrade

denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)

78

presumptuous

going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties

79

idiosyncrasy

individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; adj. idiosyncratic

80

lance

pierce with a lance; cut into; n. spearlike weapon

81

lineaments

features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; ex: line

82

pied

piebald; variegated(many-colored); multicolored

83

repeal

revoke; annul

84

volatile

changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; ex. volatile character/situation in the street

85

incidence

rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; ex. high incidence of infant mortality

86

venture

risk; expose to risk; dare; undertake a risk; n.

87

potable

suitable for drinking; drinkable

88

bestial

beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel

89

orient

get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate

90

proviso

stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision

91

queasy

experiencing nausea; nauseated; easily nauseated; squeamish; ex. feel a little queasy

92

ubiquitous

being everywhere; omnipresent; n. ubiquity

93

travail

strenuous work; toil; painful labor; labor of childbirth

94

righteous

morally upright; just

95

address

direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; n. formal speech

96

feign

pretend

97

quietude

tranquillity; calmness

98

urbane

suave; refined in manner; elegant

99

capacity

mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; ex. in my capacity as president

100

thresh

beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw

101

problematic

causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.

102

stun

make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound

103

mite

very small object or insect-like creature; small coin

104

crotchety

(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; n. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion

105

torrid

(of weather) hot or scorching; passionate; ex. torrid love affairs

106

humor

indulge; comply with the wishes of; n. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; ex. in a bad humor; ex. out of humor

107

contrived

unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; ex. The ending was rather contrived.

108

requisite

necessary requirement; something required; adj. required; necessary

109

mendacious

lying; habitually dishonest; n. mendacity

110

execute

put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; n. execution

111

supersede

replace; cause to be set aside; make obsolete; n. supersession

112

resolve

determination; resolution; firmness of purpose

113

humanitarian

one devoted to the promotion of human welfare; ex: humanism

114

restitution

returning something (lost or stolen) to the rightful owner; reparation; indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury

115

torque

twisting force; force producing rotation

116

clique

small exclusive group of people

117

mock

ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision

118

propitiate

appease; conciliate; make peaceful; adj. propitiatory

119

feline

of a member of the cat family; n.

120

swathe

swath; wrap around; bandage; ex. one's head swathed in bandages

121

espouse

adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; n. espousal

122

epistemologist

philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; n. epistemology

123

raconteur

story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill

124

personable

attractive (in personality or appearance)

125

bristle

short stiff hair; v. (hair or fur) stand up stiffly

126

compensatory

making up for; repaying

127

coiffure

hairstyle

128

haughtiness

pride; arrogance; adj. haughty

129

vulnerable

susceptible to wounds or attack; n. vulnerability

130

philology

study of language or words

131

tramp

walk with a heavy step; travel on foot; n. vagrant; one who travels aimlessly about; long walk; sound of heavy walking

132

terrestrial

on or relating to the earth

133

genus

division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species

134

pragmatist

practical person; n. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things

135

ward

administrative division of a city; division in a hospital or prison; incompetent person placed under the protection of a guardian; v. guard; ward off: avert

136

flaccid

flabby; lacking firmness; weak; ex. flaccid muscles

137

convoke

call together; ex. convoke Parliament; n. convocation

138

misdemeanor

minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing

139

libretto

text of an opera or oratorio; ex: book

140

lithe

flexible; supple; ex: limber

141

analgesia

condition of being unable to feel pain

142

fetish(fetich)

object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; ex: fetishism

143

pundit

authority on a subject; expert; learned person

144

skim

read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid

145

oculist

physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes

146

nondescript

undistinctive; ordinary; ordinary-looking; ex. nondescript fellow in a crowd

147

asinine

stupid; ex. asinine remarks

148

zenith

point directly overhead in the sky; summit; acme; highest point

149

vagrant

wandering from place to place; roving; stray; moving in a random fashion; ex. vagrant thoughts; n. vagrancy

150

immolate

offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)

151

hackles

hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; ex. make someone's hackles rise

152

rapture

great joy and delight; ecstasy; adj. rapturous

153

marrow

soft fatty tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of blood cells

154

dint

means; effort; ex. by dint of hard work

155

aquiline

curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; ex. aquiline nose

156

exorbitant

(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds

157

monotheism

belief in one God

158

purported

alleged; claimed; reputed or rumored; ex. purported Satanists

159

duplicity

double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; adj. duplicitous

160

hazardous

dangerous

161

purchase

secure grasp or hold; firm grasp or footing

162

fitful

spasmodic; intermittent; irregular

163

consign

send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); n. consignment; ex: consignor, consignee

164

skittish

inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; ex. charming but skittish young woman; ex: skit

165

regimen

prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; ex. daily regimen of a dancer

166

contraband

illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; adj.

167

lax

careless; negligent; not paying enough attention; ex. lax service

168

antecede

precede

169

kaleidoscope

tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; ex. kaleidoscope of European history; ex: beautiful

170

natty

neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; ex. natty dresser

171

dormer

window projecting upright from roof; ex: sleeping room

172

protocol

diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.

173

modicum

limited quantity; small amount; ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; ex: moderate

174

matinee(matinee)

dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon

175

transmute

transform; change; convert to something different

176

stout

rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; ex. stout stick/supporter

177

apologist

one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; n. apologia

178

despoil

plunder; sack; ex. despoil the village

179

potentate

monarch; sovereign

180

glean

gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty

181

quay

dock; wharf; pier; landing place (for boats)

182

trifle

something of little importance or value; small amount; ex. a trifle; v. treat without seriousness; flirt

183

pejorative

(of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression, because it patronized them.

184

ascertain

find out for certain; make certain

185

tempestuous

stormy; violent; impassioned; n. tempest: violent storm

186

ancestry

family descent; adj. ancestral

187

autonomous

self-governing; n. autonomy

188

tantalize

tease; excite by exposing something desirable while keeping it out of reach; torture with disappointment; ex: Tantalus: Greek mythological figure

189

sheer

pure; thin and transparent; very steep

190

sartorial

pertaining to tailors or tailoring; ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; ex: sartor: tailor

191

agog

highly excited; intensely curious

192

default

failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; v.

193

archaeology

study of artifacts and relics of early mankind

194

foreshadow

give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure

195

harass

annoy by repeated attacks

196

exegesis

explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages

197

studied

carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; ex. studied remark

198

chameleon

lizard that changes color in different situations

199

wangle

achieve by cleverness or trick; wiggle out; fake; ex. She tried to wangle an invitation to the party.

200

solvent

able to pay all depths; n. solvency