Set 2 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 2 Deck (199):
2

ambience

environment; atmosphere; ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; adj. ambient: completely surrounding; ex. ambient temperature

3

quiescent

dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; n. quiescence

4

sear

burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither

5

dispense

distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); n. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule

6

gape

open widely; slack-jawed in wonder ; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; ex: agape

7

nonchalance

indifference; lack of concern; composure; adj. nonchalant: unconcerned; cool; indifferent; ex. nonchalant attitude to his debts

8

germ

earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe

9

primal

first in rank or importance; being first in time; original; ex. man's primal innocence

10

doggerel

poor verse

11

mnemonic

pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; n. device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid

12

sledge

large sled drawn by work animals

13

chagrin

annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)

14

memoir

memoirs; autobiography; biography

15

polity

(particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; ex. student polity

16

mentor

counselor; teacher

17

levy

impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); ex. levy a tax on tobacco

18

prowess

extraordinary ability; military bravery; ex. prowess in battle

19

generate

cause; produce; create

20

environ

enclose; surround; n. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)

21

recurrent

occurring again and again

22

malfeasance

wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)

23

robust

strong; vigorous

24

impermeable

impervious; not permitting passage through its substance; impossible to permeate

25

expository

explanatory; serving to explain; n. exposition: explaining; exhibition

26

sporadic

occurring irregularly; intermittent

27

rend

split; tear apart; n. rent; ex: heartrending: causing deep sorrow

28

corpus

collection (of writings or information); ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse

29

imbecility

weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; n. imbecile: stupid person; fool

30

idyllic

charmingly carefree; simple and happy; ex. idyllic scene

31

condescend

(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior

32

overweening

arrogant; presumptuous

33

thrive

prosper; flourish

34

prudent

cautious; careful; prudential

35

nauseate

cause to become sick; fill with disgust; fill nausea

36

dart

move or throw suddenly and quickly

37

insouciant

without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent

38

droop

bend or hang downward; become weakened; ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; n.

39

jocund

merry

40

rumble

make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)

41

pungent

stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; n. pungency

42

gust

strong abrupt rush of wind; v. ex: bluster

43

repudiate

disown; disavow; deny

44

edifice

building (of imposing size)

45

galaxy

large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities

46

onslaught

vicious assault; fierce attack; ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy

47

heterogeneous

dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants

48

superimpose

place over something else

49

suavity

urbanity; polish; adj. suave: smooth and courteous

50

provincial

pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated

51

gaudy

flashy; showy

52

slavish

of or like a slave; servile; showing no originality; copied very closely; ex. slavish devotion/copy of the original

53

prelate

church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)

54

beset

harass or trouble from all directions; hem in

55

astringent

binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; ex. astringent criticism

56

generic

characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus

57

pertinent

suitable; to the point; relevant

58

dapper

neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry

59

ratify

approve formally; confirm; verify

60

patois

local or provincial dialect

61

beget

father; become the father of; produce; give rise to

62

manifesto

public declaration of principles; statement of policy

63

belie

contradict; give a false impression; disguise; ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.

64

practical

based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; ex. practical man

65

rehabilitate

restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of

66

parley

conference (between opponents); ex: speak

67

appropriate

acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; ex: misappropriate

68

invalidate

weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify

69

fusillade

simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)

70

temper

moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling

71

dyspeptic

suffering from indigestion; n. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food

72

emissary

agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger

73

teetotalism

practice of abstaining totally from alcoholic drinks; n. teetotaler;; adj. teetotal; ex: T + total

74

paste

smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); v. cause to adhere by applying paste

75

convention

social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement

76

geniality

cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; adj. genial: cheerful and good-tempered

77

delusion

false belief; hallucination; deluding; ex. delusions of grandeur; ex. under the delusion that

78

fidelity

loyalty; accuracy

79

excoriate

scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off

80

terse

concise; abrupt; pithy

81

traduce

expose to slander

82

adulterate

make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances

83

derision

ridicule; adj. derisive; ex: derisory

84

anarchist

person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority

85

veracity

truthfulness; adherence to the truth

86

epicure

connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; adj. epicurean; ex: Epicurus

87

promulgate

announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication

88

elliptical

elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out

89

sanguinary

bloody; with much bloodshed

90

elusive

evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; v. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; ex. elude the hunter; ex. His name eludes me.

91

indiscriminate

choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions

92

combustible

easily burned; n. ex: combustion

93

consummate

complete; v.

94

judiciary

judicial branch of government

95

inevitable

unavoidable

96

gamut

entire range

97

indict

charge; n. indictment

98

disdain

treat with scorn or contempt

99

truculence

aggressiveness; ferocity; adj. truculent: aggressive; pugnacious; fierce

100

laggard

slow; sluggish; n. one who lags; straggler

101

beatitude

blessedness; state of great happiness

102

breed

produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); n. kind or sort of animal or plant

103

indecisive

marked by indecision; inconclusive; ex. indecisive battle

104

sprout

begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; n. new growth on a plant; shoot

105

submerge

place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); ex. submerged in work

106

vassal

in feudalism, one who held land of a superior lord; subordinate or dependent

107

cremate

incinerate (a corpse); n. crematory, crematorium

108

stalwart

physically strong; brawny; steadfast; strong in mind or determination; ex. stalwart supporter; n. stalwart follower

109

assurance

firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; ex. assurance of his loyalty; ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; v. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; adj. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty

110

asymmetric

not identical on both sides of a dividing central line

111

refurbish

renovate; make clean, bright, or fresh (make new) again; make bright by polishing; ex. refurbish an old theater; ex: furbish: polish

112

concurrent

happening at the same time; in agreement

113

implode

burst inward; ex: vaccum tube

114

enliven

make lively or spirited; animate

115

parameter

limit; independent variable; ex. parameters of the problem; ex. within the parameters of the budget

116

executioner

person administering capital punishment

117

quizzical

curious; suggesting puzzlement (without saying); questioning; teasing; mocking; bantering; ex. quizzical glance

118

poultice

soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body

119

mesmerize

hypnotize; n. mesmerism; ex: Franz Mesmer

120

wane

decrease in size or strength (after being full); grow gradually to an end; ex. The moon waxes and wanes every month; n.

121

seduce

lead away from proper conduct; entice; adj. seductive

122

parity

equality; close resemblance; ex: disparate

123

collected

composed; calm; self-possessed

124

prelude

introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner

125

innocuous

harmless

126

rummage

ransack; thoroughly search

127

scrappy

quarrelsome

128

chalice

goblet; consecrated cup

129

elixir

cure-all; panacea; something invigorating

130

promiscuous

mixed indiscriminately; indiscriminate; not choosing carefully; indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners; irregular, particularly sexually; ex. promiscuous life/girl; n. promiscuity

131

dissent

disagree

132

damn

condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; n. damnation

133

peruse

read through with care; n. perusal

134

varnish

paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; ex. nail varnish; v.

135

degenerate

become worse in quality; deteriorate; adj. having become worse; ex. a degenerate species; n. depraved or corrupt person

136

posthumous

after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; ex. posthumous fame/novel

137

hapless

unfortunate; luckless

138

expeditious

done with speed; quick; n. expedition

139

exculpate

clear from blame or guilt

140

pedagogy

teaching; art of education

141

mountebank

charlatan; boastful pretender

142

vicarious

experienced as if one were taking part in the experience of another; done by a deputy for other people; acting as a substitute; ex. vicarious thrill at the movies; ex. the vicarious sufferings of Christ

143

appellation

name; title

144

bowdlerize

expurgate; ex: Thomas Bowdler

145

recant

disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; ex. recant one's faith/a statement

146

dabble

work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid

147

clavicle

collarbone

148

jubilation

rejoicing; great joy

149

execrable

very bad; detestable

150

countenance

approve; support; tolerate; ex. countenance his rude behavior; n. face; appearance

151

facile

easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; ex. facile solution to a complex problem; ex. facile speaker; n. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; ex. with great facility

152

meander

wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly

153

pedigree

line of ancestors; ancestry; lineage; adj. (of an animal) descended from of a chosen family; ex. pedigree dog; ex: crane's foot

154

padre

chaplain (in the armed forces)

155

prevalent

widespread; generally accepted

156

bluff

pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; adj. rough but good-natured

157

plaster

paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; v.

158

eschew

avoid habitually; ex. eschew alcoholic drinks

159

zealot

one who is zealous; fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal

160

lionize

treat (a person) as a celebrity

161

onerous

burdensome

162

endue

provide with some quality; endow

163

ludicrous

laughable; ridiculous; trifling

164

sacrilegious

desecrating; profane; n. sacrilege: desecration, misuse, or theft of something sacred

165

reprisal

retaliation

166

bereavement

state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft

167

scabbard

case for a sword blade; sheath

168

prodigious

enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; ex. prodigious amount/memory

169

shudder

shake uncontrollably; tremble; v.

170

championship

position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion

171

malaise

uneasiness; vague feeling of ill health (without any particular pain or appearance of disease)

172

docket

program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; v. describe in a docket

173

skulk

move furtively and secretly; ex. He skulked through the less fashionable sections of the city.

174

conglomeration

mass of material sticking together

175

qualified

limited; restricted; v. qualify: limit the meaning of; modify

176

savory

pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; ex. savory reputation

177

chip

lose a small piece from the surface or edge; n. small piece broken off something; ex: French fry; Potato chip/crisp

178

plumage

feathers of a bird;

179

indite

write; compose

180

circumvent

outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around

181

rousing

lively; inducing excitement; stirring; v. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up

182

outrage

act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; v. commit an outrage on; produce anger in; adj. outrageous: offensive

183

vertebrate

having a backbone or spinal column; n. group of animals having a segmented spinal column

184

incognito

with identity concealed; using an assumed name; adj.

185

slake

satisfy (thirst); quench; sate

186

introspective

looking within oneself; n. introspection: self-examination

187

exhale

breathe out; OP. inhale

188

welt

raised mark from a beating or whipping

189

voluminous

having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large

190

partial

incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something

191

impunity

freedom from punishment or harm; ex: punish

192

diabolical

diabolic; devilish; fiendish

193

sect

separate religious body; faction; group of people with common beliefs within a larger group

194

patrimony

property inherited from a father

195

bearing

deportment; connection

196

scurrilous

abusive; obscene; indecent; ex. scurrilous remark

197

infidel

unbeliever (with respect to a particular religion)

198

optimum

most favorable; optimal; n. most favorable condition

199

illimitable

infinite; limitless

200

mason

one who builds or works with stone or brick; n. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork