Set 13 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 13 Deck (199):
2

belittle

disparage; depreciate

3

proselytize

(induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; n. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion

4

provident

providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident

5

buoyant

able to float; cheerful and optimistic; n. buoyancy; ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market

6

stamp

step on heavily (so as to crush or extinguish); put an end to; imprint or impress with a mark, design, or seal; shape with a die; characterize; ex. machine stamping out car bodies; ex. newspaper stamping him as a liar; n. stamping; implement used to stamp

7

grandeur

impressiveness; stateliness; majesty

8

talon

claw of bird

9

alloy

mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; v. mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; ex: unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; ex. unalloyed happiness

10

fallow

(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated

11

furor

frenzy; great anger and excitement; ex: fury

12

compatible

harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together

13

subordinate

occupying a lower rank; inferior; submissive; n. v. put in a lower rank or class

14

unison

unity of pitch (in musical performance); complete accord; ex. The choir sang in unison.

15

totter

shake or move unsteadily; sway as if about to fall

16

camaraderie

good-fellowship; ex: comrade

17

sovereignty

complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern

18

brave

face courageously; ex. brave the storm

19

supposition

assumption; hypothesis; surmise; v. suppose

20

extemporaneous

not planned; impromptu; extempore

21

hibernal

wintry; wintery; of or like winter

22

marked

noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; ex. marked improvement/man

23

effeminate

having womanly traits

24

stratified

divided into classes; arranged into strata; v. stratify

25

versatile

having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; n. versatility

26

efface

rub out; remove the surface of

27

gnarled

twisted

28

irreconcilable

impossible to reconcile; incompatible; not able to be resolved

29

prank

mischievous trick

30

apex

tip; summit; climax; highest point

31

infirmity

weakness

32

concentric

having a common center

33

static

having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; n. stasis: stable state

34

obnoxious

offensive; disagreeable; ex. obnoxious smell

35

gusto

eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm

36

apparition

ghost; phantom

37

deplete

reduce; exhaust

38

sedition

conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; adj. seditious

39

marginal

of a margin; barely within a limit; ex. marginal effect/writing ability

40

scuttle

sink (a ship) by cutting holes in the hull; scrap; discard; n. small hatch in a ship's deck or hull

41

contentious

quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments

42

gloss_over

explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults

43

refectory

dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)

44

anvil

iron block used in hammering out metals

45

extrinsic

external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic

46

omnivorous

eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything

47

pedantic

bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; n. pedantry

48

extraneous

not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject

49

neophyte

recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; ex: plant

50

cloying

distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; v. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess

51

podiatrist

doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; n. podiatrics

52

commodious

spacious and comfortable

53

gustatory

affecting or relating to the sense of taste

54

panoramic

denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; n. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area

55

appreciate

be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; adj. appreciable: enough to be felt; ex. appreciable difference

56

disbar

make (a lawyer) leave the bar or the legal profession

57

devout

pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; ex. my devout hope

58

latch

fastening or lock consisting of a movable bar that fits into a notch; v. close with a latch

59

libidinous

lustful

60

enamored

in love; ex. enamored of his own beauty; v. enamor: inspire with love

61

paramount

foremost in importance; supreme; ex: para-: beyond; above; ex. paranormal

62

coddle

treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; ex. coddled eggs

63

gastronomy

art and science of preparing and serving good food; ex: gastronome

64

winsome

charming (in a childlike way); agreeable; gracious; engaging

65

vendor

seller

66

plight

difficult condition; condition or state (esp. a bad state or condition); predicament

67

dumbfound(dumfound)

astonish (making dumb); adj. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck

68

spartan

without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; ex. spartan living condition/life

69

odious

arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile

70

astronomical

enormously large or extensive

71

forthcoming

happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; ex. No answer was forthcoming.

72

doctrinaire

unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties

73

gambit

opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage

74

torso

trunk of statue with head and limbs missing; human trunk

75

tint

slight degree of color; v. give a tint to

76

blowhard

talkative boaster; braggart

77

habitat

natural home of a plant or animal; ex: habitation

78

accrue

come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; ex. interest accruing in a bank account; n. accrual

79

cemetery

place for burying the dead

80

uninhibited

having no inhibitions; free in behavior and feelings

81

quirk

sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; ex. by a quirk of fate

82

innate

inborn

83

pestle

tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar

84

requite

make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; n. requittal

85

suckle

give or take milk at the breast or udder

86

nihilist

one who considers traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic; revolutionary terrorist; ex: nihilism: belief that nothing has meaning or value; belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is ne

87

civil

having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; ex. married in a civil ceremony; ex. civil strife/disorder/law; n. civility; ex: civic

88

superficial

of the surface; not deep; shallow; not thorough; trivial; ex. superficial analysis/knowledge

89

foolhardy

rash; reckless; foolishly daring

90

tread

walk; trample; n. grooved face of a tire; horizontal part of a step

91

seethe

be violently disturbed; boil; (of a liquid) move about wildly as if boiling; ex. The nation was seething with discontent.

92

spruce

neat and trim in appearance; smart; ex. Be spruce for your job interview; v.

93

preen

make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; ex. preen oneself on; ex: prune

94

blanch

bleach; whiten; make white or pale

95

gloss

brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; v.

96

yokel

rustic; country bumpkin; Ìí??

97

desperado

reckless, desperate outlaw

98

archipelago

group of closely located islands

99

collage

work of art put together from fragments

100

chortle

chuckle with delight; n.

101

dismiss

eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; adj. dismissive; n. dismissal

102

hem

surround tightly so that movement is impossible; ex. hem in; n.

103

presage

foretell; be a warning or sign of; n. presentiment; foreboding; omen

104

favoritism

display of partiality toward a favored person

105

synchronous

similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; v. synchronize

106

immobility

state of being immovable

107

odorous

having an odor

108

gallows

framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)

109

irony

hidden sarcasm or satire; use of words that seem to mean the opposite of what they actually mean; use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning

110

reprobation

severe disapproval; ex: approbation

111

inconsistency

state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; adj. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible

112

sparse

not thick; thinly scattered; scanty

113

flippant

lacking proper seriousness; ex. flippant remarks about death; n. flippancy

114

placebo

harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill

115

stifle

suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate

116

retort

quick sharp reply; v.

117

august

impressive; majestic

118

memorial

something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; adj. commemorative

119

squeamish

easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.

120

fell

cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)

121

beleaguer

besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset

122

tanner

person who turns animal hides into leather

123

entomology

study of insects

124

usurp

seize another's power or rank (without legal authority); supplant; appropriate; n. usurpation; ex: take for one's own use

125

vile

despicable; unpleasant; disgusting; ex. vile slander

126

mash

crush into mash; convert into mash; n. mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl

127

gruel

thin liquid porridge

128

diva

operatic singer; prima donna

129

rare

(of air) thin in density; rarefied; ex. rare air of the mountains

130

anonymity

state of being nameless; anonymousness; adj. anonymous

131

loll

lounge about

132

franchise

right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory

133

covenant

binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; v. enter into a covenant; promise

134

hypocritical

pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; n. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; ex: hypocrite

135

mandatory

obligatory; compulsory; of a mandate

136

peon

landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; n. peonage

137

cower

shrink quivering as from fear; cringe

138

hireling

one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; ex. hireling politician

139

dislodge

remove (forcibly); force out of a position; ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; ex: lodge

140

aspirant

seeker after position or status

141

attire

clothe; n. clothing; array; apparel

142

euphemism

mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; adj. euphemistic

143

cursory

casual; hastily done with little attention to detail

144

impale

pierce (with a sharp point); ex. impaled by the spear

145

mute

silent; without speech; not pronounced; unable to speak; n. one who is incapable of speech; v. soften the sound, color, shade of

146

abstemious

sparing in eating and drinking; temperate

147

surveillance

close observation of a person (esp. one under suspicion); watching; guarding

148

marsupial

one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); ex: kangaroo, opossum, wombat

149

legislature

legislating branch of government; ex: legislate: make laws

150

welter

confusion; turmoil; confused mass; bewildering jumble;

151

medley

mixture

152

baleful

evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; ex. baleful look

153

obligatory

binding; required; compulsory; v. oblige: constrain; make grateful; do a favor; accommodate

154

salacious

lascivious; lustful; ex. salacious monk

155

attrition

rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; ex. a war of attrition

156

apprehend

arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; n. apprehension

157

secrete

conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; ex: secretive

158

terminology

terms used in a science or art; study of nomenclature

159

plane

carpenter's tool for smoothing and leveling wood; v. ex: flat

160

horoscope

diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers

161

extricate

free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle

162

rigor

severity; ex. rigors of the Russian winter

163

rote

repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; ex. learn poetry by rote

164

gerontocracy

government ruled by old people

165

festive

joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival

166

surpass

exceed

167

spawn

lay eggs (in large numbers); produce offspring (in large numbers); n. eggs of aquatic animals

168

alchemy

medieval chemistry

169

apoplexy

stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain

170

impecunious

without money

171

jaded

tired or uninterested by surfeit; fatigued; surfeited; worn out; wearied; ex. jaded appetite

172

aver

state confidently; declare as true

173

pronounced

distinct; very noticeable; ex. pronounced limp

174

carnage

destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals

175

seasonable

occurring at the proper time or season; opportune; ex. seasonable intervention in the dispute

176

cubicle

small chamber used for sleeping or work

177

rasp

(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.

178

erratic

odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable

179

Epicurean

believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; n.

180

piecemeal

one part at a time; gradually; in stages; ex. read a novel piecemeal

181

physiological

pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms; n. physiology

182

doddering

shaky; infirm from old age; v. dodder

183

incite

arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion

184

prominent

protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent

185

unimpeachable

that cannot be impeached; beyond doubt or question; blameless and exemplary

186

audacious

daring; bold; n. audacity

187

palpitate

throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; ex. Her heart began to palpitate.

188

filing

particle removed by a file

189

spat

squabble; minor dispute; minor quarrel

190

evenhanded

impartial; fair

191

pedestal

support or base as for a pillar or statue

192

redolent

odorous; fragrant; suggestive (of an odor); ex. redolent of onions/mystery

193

recite

repeat aloud (something learned); describe; ex. recite his complaints; n. recitation

194

coup

highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; ex: coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills

195

serenity

calmness; placidity; adj. serene

196

chaff

worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; ex. separate the wheat from the chaff

197

improvident

thriftless; not providing for the future

198

terminal

part that forms the end; railroad or bus station; adj. forming an end; ending in death; fatal; ex. terminal cancer

199

shed

small roofed structure for storage and shelter; v. pour forth; lose by natural process; repel without allowing penetration; radiate; cast; ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves

200

factotum

handyman; person who does all kinds of work; ex: do everything