Set 15 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 15 Deck (199):
2

fiasco

total failure; ex: bottle

3

founder

person who establishes (an organization or business)

4

nexus

connection

5

juncture

crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining

6

conducive

helpful; contributive; v. conduce; ex. conduce to/towards

7

cavalcade

procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; ex: cavalry

8

irremediable

incurable; uncorrectable; impossible to remedy

9

taint

contaminate; cause to lose purity; modify with a trace of something bad; ex. tainted reputation; n. stain; touch of decay or bad influence; ex: touch

10

molecule

the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance

11

careen

lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger

12

disavowal

denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; v. disavow; ex: disclaim

13

purveyor

furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; v. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; ex: provide

14

ambiguous

unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation

15

mode

prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; ex. in the latest mode; ex. simple mode of life

16

assail

assault

17

incredulity

tendency to disbelief

18

travesty

copy or example of something that completely misrepresents the true nature of the real thing; comical parody or imitation; treatment aimed at making something appear ridiculous; ex. travesty of justice; OP. paragon

19

striated

marked with parallel bands; striped; grooved; ex. striated rocks; v. striate; n. stria: thin groove or line

20

malodorous

foul-smelling

21

commonwealth

nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation

22

draw

choosing of a lot or card

23

delete

erase; strike out

24

lunatic

insane; ex. lunatic asylum

25

atheistic

denying the existence of God; n. atheism

26

perspicuous

(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; ex. perspicuous comments

27

virtuoso

highly skilled artist (esp. in music); ex. piano virtuoso

28

avert

prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.

29

canvass

determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; n.

30

discernible

distinguishable; perceivable; ex. discernible improvement

31

heterodox

(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional

32

regeneration

spiritual rebirth; ex. regeneration of the prisoners; v. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually

33

frantic

wild; distraught as from fear or worry; ex. frantic with fear

34

champion

support militantly; fight for; n. person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)

35

taciturn

habitually silent; talking little

36

sententious

pithy; terse; concise; aphoristic

37

cumbersome

heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform

38

spare

give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; ex. spare me 5 minutes; ex. Take this money and spare my life; ex. The emperor was spared the onus; adj. kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; ex. spare time

39

amble

walking at an easy unhurried pace; v. walk slowly and aimlessly

40

recondite

abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret

41

infallible

unerring; never making mistakes

42

cumulative

growing by addition; accumulative

43

ductile

malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled

44

askance

with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); ex. look askance at

45

veer

change in direction; swerve

46

auroral

pertaining to the aurora borealis; ex: aurora australis

47

lubricate

apply a lubricant to; n. lubricant: substance that reduces friction

48

naivet\'e(naivety)

quality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility; adj. naive(na\"ive): ingenuous; lacking worldliness; simple; credulous

49

astute

wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage

50

clangor

loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging

51

incredulous

withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief

52

luminous

shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; ex. luminous paint/road signs

53

zany

comic; crazy; n. clown; comical person (given to outlandish behavior)

54

knell

tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; v.

55

whittle

pare; cut away thin bits (from wood); fashion in this way; reduce gradually; trim

56

exhume

dig out of the ground; remove from a grave

57

homage

honor; tribute; great respect; ex. pay/do homage to

58

graphic

pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described

59

derogatory

expressing a low opinion; disparaging; v. derogate: detract; disparage

60

apothecary

druggist; pharmacist

61

caucus

private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; ex: the Caucus club of Boston

62

rickety

(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; ex: rickets; ex: vitamin D

63

sphinx-like

enigmatic; mysterious

64

tarantula

venomous spider

65

charisma

divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism

66

alacrity

cheerful promptness without reluctance

67

felon

person convicted of a grave crime; ex: felony: serious crime

68

descry

catch sight of (something distant)

69

militia

army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers

70

groove

long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; ex. groove of the record

71

unfrock

defrock; strip a priest or minister of church authority

72

iconoclastic

attacking cherished traditions; n. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional ideas; one who destroys sacred images

73

understate

state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; n. understatement; OP. overstate

74

staid

serious and sedate; sober; ex. staid during the funeral ceremony

75

pliant

flexible; easily influenced

76

erudite

(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; n. erudition

77

matriculate

enroll (in college or graduate school); ex: matrix

78

cadaverous

like a corpse; pale

79

irretrievable

impossible to recover or regain; ex: retrieve

80

atavism

resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; adj. atavistic

81

homely

not good-looking; unattractive

82

spatula

broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing

83

modish

fashionable; conforming to the current fashion

84

emollient

soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); adj.

85

advocate

speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for

86

run-down

(of a place) dilapidated; in a bad condition; (of a person) weak or exhausted

87

reduce

diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; ex. reduced to the ranks; ex. reduce the house to rubble; n. reduction

88

ecosystem

ecological community together with its environment

89

chancellor

legal official of high rank; ex: chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor

90

debonair

(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; ex: of good disposition

91

procrastinate

postpone; delay or put off

92

astigmatism

eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism

93

stoic

stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; n. ex: stoicism

94

inanimate

lifeless; not animate

95

indigent

poor; destitute

96

vampire

ghostly being that sucks the blood of the living

97

sobriety

moderation (especially regarding indulgence in alcohol); seriousness

98

disputatious

argumentative; fond of argument

99

abide

dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; ex. abide by the rules; ex. I can't abide rude people.

100

deposition

testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning

101

coax

persuade by flattery

102

bastion

stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism

103

ethos

underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; ex. the company ethos

104

conundrum

riddle; difficult problem

105

compute

reckon; calculate

106

spangle

small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation

107

dismember

cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb

108

reciprocate

do or give something in return; repay in kind; give or take mutually; interchange; move backwards and forwards; ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; n. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; ex. reciprocity in trading rights

109

implicit

understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; ex. implicit trust

110

rustle

make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together

111

document

provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; n.

112

crescendo

increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; ex: crescent

113

renounce

abandon; give up (by formal announcement); disown; repudiate; ex. renounce one's claim to the property/one's religion; n. renunciation

114

agglomeration

collection; heap; v. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; n. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap

115

gloat

express evil satisfaction; look at or think about with evil satisfaction; view malevolently; ex. The thief gloated over the stolen jewels.

116

standstill

condition of no movement or activity; stop

117

genesis

beginning; origin

118

derivative

unoriginal; obtained from another source; ex. derivative prose style; n.

119

waylay

ambush; lie in wait for and attack

120

mingle

mix together in close association

121

litotes

understatement for emphasis; ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''

122

incoherent

unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent

123

pinch

squeeze between the thumb and a finger, or other edges; ex. I had to pinch myself to make sure I wasn't dreaming. n. amount that can be held between the thumb and a finger

124

flirt

behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; n. one (or woman) given to flirting; adj. flirtatious

125

abolish

cancel; put an end to

126

inculcate

teach (ideas or principles); instill

127

din

continued loud noise; v. make a din; instill by wearying repetition

128

reputable

respectable; having a good reputation

129

culvert

artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road

130

ooze

(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; n. mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river

131

coin

make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); n. coinage: word or phrase recently invented

132

sordid

filthy; foul; base; vile; ex. sordid bed/story

133

promote

advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; ex. Milk promotes health; ex. promote a match/bill; ex. promote a new product

134

loom

appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. n. apparatus for making thread into cloth

135

succumb

yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; ex. succumb to the illness

136

balmy

soft and mild (of air); fragrant

137

vulgar

of the common people; deficient in refinement; not refined; coarse; ex. vulgar display of wealth; n. vulgarism: vulgarity; crudely indecent word; ex: vulgarian: vulgar person; boor; lout

138

infringe

violate (a law); encroach (the right of another person)

139

hardy

(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather

140

fancy

imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; v. imagine; be fond of; adj. decorative; elaborate

141

fervor

glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat

142

anguish

acute pain; extreme suffering

143

humdrum

dull; monotonous

144

siren

apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature

145

serendipity

gift for finding valuable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck; ex: The Three Princes of Serendip

146

monogram

design composed of one or more initials of a name; v.

147

manumit

emancipate; free from slavery or bondage

148

wallow

roll in mud; indulge in; (of a ship) roll in a rough sea; become helpless; ex. wallow in the mud/luxury

149

rotund

(of a person) fat and round

150

concomitant

that which accompanies; ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; adj. existing or happening together with something else

151

enrapture

please intensely; fill with rapture and delight

152

halfhearted

exhibiting little interest or enthusiasm

153

yield

amount produced; crop; income on investment; profit obtained from an investment; v. produce; give in; surrender

154

presentiment

premonition; foreboding; feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear

155

unwitting

not knowing; unaware; unintentional; ex. She was their unwitting accomplice; ex. unwitting insult; ex: wit: know

156

asteroid

small planet

157

vigil

keeping watch (during normal sleeping hours); ex. all-night vigil

158

hibernate

sleep throughout the winter; n. hibernation

159

impetus

moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse

160

avuncular

of or like an uncle

161

livid

lead-colored; black and blue (as from a bruise); ashen; enraged; extremely angry

162

ford

place where a river can be crossed on foot; v.

163

draconian

extremely severe; ex. draconian punishment; ex: Draco: Athenian politician

164

integral

complete; necessary for completeness; ex. integral part

165

saturate

soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity

166

snivel

complain or whine tearfully; run at the nose; snuffle; ex. Don't come back sniveling to me.

167

rotundity

roundness; sonorousness of speech

168

precise

exact

169

faction

party; clique (within a large group); dissension

170

philanderer

faithless lover; flirt

171

consistency

absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; ex. consistency of thick cream; ex: viscous

172

revulsion

sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture

173

capitulate

surrender; give up all resistance

174

suppress

put an end to forcibly; subdue; stifle; overwhelm; inhibit the expression of; check; prevent from being published or made public; ex. suppress a smile; ex. suppress the magazine/truth

175

daze

stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb; n.

176

awl

pointed tool used for piercing

177

ascendancy

controlling influence; position of controlling influence; ex: in the ascendant

178

confiscate

seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer

179

fake

not genuine; n. one that is not genuine; impostor; sham; v. counterfeit; ex. fake the results of the experiment/the signature

180

catechism

book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; v. catechize

181

nugatory

worthless; futile

182

lurid

wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome; horrible; ex. lurid details of the murder

183

amphibian

able to live both on land and in water; n.

184

crass

very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; ex. crass behavior

185

dissonance

discord

186

rancor

long-lasting hatred; bitterness; ex. negotiation without rancor; adj. rancorous

187

supplant

take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace

188

taunt

deride or provoke; challenge in derision; n.

189

touchstone

stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; criterion; standard

190

corrosive

eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce

191

mollycoddle

pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively

192

ram

male sheep; v. strike or drive against with a heavy impact

193

repugnance

disgust; strong dislike; loathing; adj. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive

194

martial

warlike; of war; ex. martial art/law

195

abet

assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage

196

formidable

menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; ex. formidable foe/question

197

license

official or legal permission; latitude of action or speech; excessive freedom that causes harm or damage; v.

198

veracious

(of a person) truthful

199

discerning

mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; v. discern: perceive

200

whit

small amount; smallest speck;