Set 24 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 24 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 24 Deck (199):
2

saga

Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative

3

stanch

stop or check flow of blood; ex. stanch the gushing wound

4

vivisection

act of dissecting living animals

5

analgesic

causing insensitivity to pain; n.

6

expatriate

exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; v. exile; banish; leave one's country

7

havoc

widespread damage; disorder; chaos

8

elated

filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; ex. elated crowd; v. elate; n. elation

9

prophetic

of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; n. prophecy; v. prophesy; n. prophet

10

blue

gloomy; depressed

11

ramification

branching out; subdivision; one branch of a system; one of the results following from an action or decision; ex. ramifications of a business/the decision

12

ferocious

fierce; violent; n. ferocity

13

avarice

greediness for wealth

14

retroactive

taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future

15

ideology

system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture

16

assuage

mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)

17

wrongheaded

stubbornly wrong

18

apprehensive

fearful; discerning

19

granary

storehouse for grain

20

unkempt

disheveled; uncared for in appearance; not combed; ex: comb

21

chaste

morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere

22

attribute

essential quality; v. ascribe; explain

23

backslide

revert (to bad habits); n. reverter

24

eclipse

darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse

25

methodical

systematic; n. method: systematic method of procedure

26

apparent

evident; easily seen or understood; appearing as such; ex. apparent improvement

27

bacchanal

noisy party with a lot of drinking

28

oblivion

obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness

29

equity

fairness; justice; OP. inequity

30

malady

illness

31

lambaste

beat; thrash verbally or physically

32

levee

earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; ex: raise

33

vivacious

lively or animated; sprightly

34

specious

seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)

35

etymology

study of word parts; study of the origins of words

36

oratorio

dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; ex: cantata

37

entree(entr\'ee)

entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; ex. entree into the exclusive circle

38

takeoff

burlesque; act of leaving the ground

39

imperative

absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; ex. It is imperative that; n. something that must be done

40

flagrant

conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous

41

privation

lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life; hardship; want; ex: deprive

42

frustrate

thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose

43

aromatic

fragrant; having a sweet smell; n. aroma: strong pleasant smell

44

ellipsis

omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses

45

magistrate

official with power to administer the law

46

cohere

stick together

47

manipulate

operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; adj. manipulative

48

multifarious

varied; greatly diversified; ex. multifarious activities

49

usury

lending money at illegal high rates of interest

50

patrician

noble; aristocratic; n. person of high rank; aristocrat; ex: member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; ex: plebian

51

faculty

mental or bodily powers; teaching staff

52

daunt

intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten

53

pander

cater to (the low desires of others)

54

boor

rude, insensitive person

55

impede

hide; retard or obstruct the progress of; block

56

illusive

deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive

57

swamp

wetland; marsh; v. flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid

58

recapitulate

summarize

59

denomination

religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; ex: denominator: common trait or characteristic

60

limbo

region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); ex. Purgatory and Limbo

61

fastidious

difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky

62

pastiche

imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists

63

sedentary

requiring sitting; done while sitting; not moving from one place to another; settled; ex. sedentary job/population

64

reminiscence

recollection; v. reminisce: recollect the past

65

demise

death

66

qualify

reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated

67

barterer

trader; v. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money

68

grandiloquent

(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic

69

pretentious

ostentatious; showy; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious; ex. pretentious films that claim to be art

70

ramble

wander aimlessly (physically or mentally); digress

71

filigree

delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork

72

pacify

soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to

73

debut

d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society

74

fluency

smoothness of speech; adj. fluent

75

parallelism

state of being parallel; similarity; analogy

76

motto

brief statement used to express a principle

77

consort

associate with; keep company; n. husband or wife (or a ruler)

78

assimilate

absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)

79

vociferous

clamorous; noisy; v. vociferate: cry out loudly (when complaining)

80

sanctimonious

displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; n. sanctimony: hypocritical piety

81

fit

sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy

82

potential

expressing possibility; latent; n. capacity for growth

83

mete

measure; distribute; administer; ex. mete out justice/punishment

84

codicil

supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will

85

vivid

(of light or color) bright and distinct; evoking lifelike mental images; ex. vivid red hair/description

86

potion

dose (of liquids); liquid dose

87

amalgamate

(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body

88

proliferate

grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; n. proliferation

89

continence

self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; adj. continent

90

invocation

prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking

91

mottled

blotched in coloring; spotted; ex. mottled face; v. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors

92

matriarch

woman who rules a family or larger social group

93

fermentation

chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation

94

scrutinize

examine closely and critically; n. scrutiny

95

incense

enrage; infuriate(make furious); make extremely angry; outrage; n. aromatic substance burned to produce a pleasant odor

96

frivolous

lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial

97

solstice

point or time at which the sun is farthest from the equator

98

humble

of low rank or position; modest; having a low opinion of oneself and a high opinion of others; unassuming; not proud; v. humiliate: make humble; cause to feel ashamed or to lose the respect of others

99

extrude

force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die

100

deserts

what someone deserves

101

adherent

supporter; follower

102

catharsis

purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art

103

whimsical

capricious; fanciful; amusingly strange

104

endearment

fond word or act; expression of affection

105

virtual

in essence; existing in essence though not in actual form; for practical purposes; ex. virtual ruler/space

106

embryonic

undeveloped; rudimentary; n. embryo: organism in the early stage of development

107

vigilant

watchful; on the alert; watchfully awake; alert to spot danger; n. vigilance

108

prong

pointed projecting part

109

determinate

having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final

110

homeostasis

tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; ex: homeo-: constant; ex. homeotherm

111

forlorn

sad and lonely; wretched; desolate

112

empathy

ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc.; identification with and understanding of another's feelings; v. empathize; ex: sympathy

113

functional

made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; ex. functional modern furniture; ex: functionalism

114

irksome

annoying; tedious; v. irk: annoy

115

deluge

flood; rush; v.

116

bilk

swindle; cheat

117

personify

represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; ex. She is evil/patience personified; n. personification

118

bureaucracy

overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; adj. bureaucratic

119

metropolis

large city

120

frolic

play and jump about happily; frisk; ex. frolicking young lambs

121

inarticulate

speechless; producing indistinct speech; not articulate; not expressing oneself clearly

122

shrew

scolding woman; very small mouselike animal

123

coterie

group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests

124

cache

hiding place; v.

125

mantle

loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core

126

detached

emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; n. detachment; ex: attachment

127

stampede

sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); v. participate in or cause stampede; ex. stampede before the price rises

128

frail

weak; n. frailty

129

thwart

block or hinder; baffle; frustrate

130

prologue

introduction (to a poem or play)

131

portend

foretell; presage; be a sign or warning of; n. portent: sign; omen; forewarning

132

snip

short quick cut with scissors; v. cut with scissors

133

barrister

counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; ex: bar

134

psychiatrist

doctor who treats mental diseases

135

astral

relating to the stars

136

dowdy

untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; ex: unattractive woman

137

peddle

travel about selling (wares); ex: foot

138

provocative

arousing anger or sexual interest; annoying; ex. provocative in tight jeans; v. provoke: incite to anger; cause (an unpleasant action or feeling); n. provocation

139

exemplary

serving as a model; outstanding; ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; n. exemplar: typical example; model

140

unerringly

infallibly; adj. unerring: making no mistakes

141

ramshackle

(of a building or vehicle) poorly constructed; rickety; falling apart

142

skulduggery

dishonest behavior or action; ex. skulduggery in the election

143

dermatologist

one who studies the skin and its diseases

144

truism

self-evident truth

145

opus

work (esp. musical composition); ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; ex: opera

146

rolling

(of land) rising and falling in long gentle slopes; happening continuously by stages; ex. rolling devolution of power to local governments

147

eclectic

selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; n. eclecticism

148

venerate

revere; treat with great respect

149

stodgy

dull; stuffy; boringly conservative; ex. stodgy book

150

douse

plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse

151

encircle

surround

152

waggish

humorous; mischievous; tricky

153

brook

tolerate; endure; ex. brook no interference; n. small stream

154

bivouac

temporary encampment; camp without tents; v.

155

Bacchanalia

the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus

156

deleterious

harmful

157

artifice

deception; trickery

158

bid

command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; n. offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; ex. bid for freedom

159

lurk

stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived

160

paroxysm

fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst

161

incriminate

accuse of or implicate in a crime; serve as evidence against; cause to seem or make guilty of a crime; ex. incriminating evidence

162

encroachment

gradual intrusion; ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; v. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; ex. encroach on/upon

163

raffle

lottery; v. award as a prize in a raffle; ex. raffle off a new car

164

stricture

severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction

165

tensile

capable of being stretched; of tension; ex. tensile rubber

166

nauseous

causing nausea; feeling nausea

167

cognate

having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; ex. cognate languages; n.

168

high-flown

highly pretentious or inflated

169

practicable

feasible

170

hover

hang about; (of birds or aircraft) stay in the air in one place; (of people) wait nearby; stay around one place; waver; be in an uncertain state

171

fabricate

build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; ex. fabricate the whole story; ex: fabric: underlying structure; ex. fabric of society

172

imply

suggest a meaning not expressed; signify

173

outgoing

sociable; eager to mix socially with others

174

defection

desertion

175

piety

devoutness; reverence for God; adj. pious

176

tremulous

trembling; wavering

177

convene

come together; assemble; call to meet; ex. convene the council

178

sustenance

sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food

179

frond

fern leaf; palm or banana leaf

180

caricature

distortion; burlesque

181

draft

first rough form; conscription; draught; v. make a draft of; conscript

182

moratorium

legal delay of payment or action; ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses

183

dispel

scatter; drive away; cause to vanish

184

sacrosanct

invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable

185

nutrient

nourishing substance; adj. providing nourishment

186

sextant

navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)

187

temerity

boldness; nerve; rashness; ex. temerity to ask for a pay increase after only three day's work

188

carat(karat)

unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold

189

compendium

brief, comprehensive summary; adj. compendious

190

bane

posion; cause of ruin; adj. baneful: harmful; poisonous

191

wage

begin and continue (a war)

192

irascible

irritable; easily angered

193

fatuous

smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; n. fatuity, fatuousness

194

ruse

trick to deceive; stratagem

195

conveyance

vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; ex. public conveyance

196

impassive

without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; ex. impassive face

197

coagulate

congeal; thicken; clot; n. coagulant

198

plumb

exactly vertical; n. weight on the end of a line; v. examine very carefully or critically in order to understand; measure depth (by sounding); ex. plumb the depth of

199

somber

dark; gloomy; melancholy; depressing; ex: shadow

200

constraint

restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; v. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison