Set 18 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 18 Deck (199):
2

holocaust

destruction by fire; ex: burnt whole; ex: Holocaust

3

atrophy

wasting away; v. weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)

4

impeccable

faultless

5

climactic

relating to the highest point; n. climax; ex: climatic

6

manacle

restrain; handcuff; n.

7

narrative

related to telling a story; n. narrated account; story; v. narrate: tell (a story); ex: narration

8

exclaim

cry out suddenly; n. exclamation; adj. exclamatory

9

glib

fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick

10

throng

crowd (of people or things); v.

11

infamous

notoriously bad; notorious; well known for being bad; ex. infamous behavior; n. infamy: infamous act; evil fame or reputation

12

insinuate

hint; imply; suggest indirectly; creep in; introduce or insert (oneself) by artful means; ex. insinuate himself into the boss's favor; ex: ingratiate

13

defer

give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; n. deferment; ex: show respect, comply with, courteous

14

skiff

small light sailboat or rowboat

15

formality

ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; ex. mere formality

16

finicky

too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; ex. finicky about her food

17

aesthetic

artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); ex: aesthete; ex: aesthetics

18

chuckle

laugh quietly

19

exacerbate

worsen; aggravate; embitter

20

alimentary

supplying nourishment

21

fritter

waste (time or money on unimportant things)

22

disaffected

disloyal; lacking loyality; v. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty

23

psychopathic

pertaining to mental dearrangement; n. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder

24

enterprising

full of initiative; showing enterprise

25

equable

tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform

26

threadbare

worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor; hackneyed; ex. threadbare excuses

27

braid

plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; n. braided segment (as of hair)

28

stem_from

arise from; originate from

29

resumption

taking up again; recommencement; v. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; ex. Kindly resume your seats.

30

bouillon

clear beef (or meat) soup

31

stultify

make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; ex. stultify free expression

32

exhort

urge (by strong argument or advice); ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; n. exhortation

33

misnomer

wrong or improper name; incorrect designation

34

cleave

split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; n. cleavage; adj. cloven

35

cog

tooth projecting from a wheel

36

mosaic

picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles; adj.

37

vision

eyesight; foresight; mental image produced by the imagination; experience of seeing the supernatural

38

repellent

driving away; disgusting; offensive; repulsive; unattractive; n.

39

avantgarde

group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; ex: vanguard

40

battalion

army unit made up of four or more companies

41

plumber

one who installs and repairs pipes and plumbing(pipes)

42

pusillanimous

cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted

43

oust

expel; drive out; force out; n. ouster: ousting

44

abode

dwelling place; home

45

callus

area of thick hard skin

46

institution

instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; ex. institution of marriage

47

expurgate

clean; remove offensive parts of a book

48

bank

heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); v. pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning

49

angular

sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner

50

pinion

restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; n. bird's wing

51

guy

cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; ex: guide

52

unfaltering

steadfast; firm; not changing

53

inebriated

habitually intoxicated; drunk; n. inebriety

54

insightful

discerning; perceptive

55

riddle

pierce with holes; permeate or spread throughout; ex. The gunman riddled the car with bullets; ex. The whole report is riddled with errors; n. large sieve (separating earth from stone)

56

doff

take off; OP. don

57

discriminate

distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference

58

wither

(of a plant) dry up from loss of moisture; lose freshness; shrivel; decay

59

monotony

sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; adj. monotonous; ex: monotone

60

jocular

said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking

61

tonsure

shaving of the head especially by person entering religious orders; v.

62

component

element; ingredient

63

roseate

rosy; optimistic; ex. roseate views

64

prohibitive

so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; ex. prohibitive tax

65

enmity

ill will; hatred; hostility

66

conjugal

pertaining to marriage

67

cavalier

casual and offhand; arrogant; n. knight

68

umbrage

resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult; ex. take umbrage at his rudeness

69

ensconce

settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)

70

repercussion

rebound; reaction; reverberation; ex. serious repercussion

71

enlist

(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)

72

clown

act stupidly; play the fool; n.

73

disfigure

mar the appearance of; spoil

74

strident

loud and harsh; insistent; n. stridency

75

manifestation

outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent

76

vie

contend; compete

77

defame

harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; n. defamation; adj. defamatory

78

ichthyology

study of fish; ex: ichthyo-: fish

79

mutablility

ability to change in form; fickleness; adj. mutable: able to change; fickle; ex: mutate; ex: mutant

80

vortex

whirlwind; whirlpool; center of turbulence; predicament into which one is inexorably plunged

81

emend

correct (usually a text); n. emendation: correction of errors; improvement

82

canine

related to dogs; doglike

83

scintillate

sparkle; flash; be animated; be full of life; ex. scintillating conversation

84

piebald

of different colors; mottled; spotted in different colors (esp. in black and white); ex. piebald horse; ex: pie+bald

85

implacable

incapable of being pacified; impossible to appease; ex. implacable enemy

86

doctrine

teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; adj. doctrinal

87

chassis

framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached

88

multilingual

having many languages; fluent in several languages

89

tryst

meeting arranged by lovers; arrangement between lovers to meet

90

precedent

something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; v. precede; ex: unprecedented

91

arduous

hard; strenuous; ex. arduous work

92

stagnant

(of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; ex. stagnant industrial output

93

flaunt

display ostentatiously; ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''

94

esoteric

hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; n. esoterica

95

irate

angry; ex: ire: anger; wrath

96

depict

portray

97

offensive

attacking; insulting; distasteful; v. offend: violate; hurt the feelings of; n. offense: offending; violating of a moral or social code; crime; attack; ex. first offense

98

muggy

(of weather) warm and damp

99

academic

related to a school; not practical or directly useful

100

thespian

pertaining to drama; n. actor or actress

101

obviate

make unnecessary; get rid of; ex. obviate the need

102

whelp

young animal (esp. of the dog or cat family); young wolf, dog, tiger, etc.

103

concession

an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; ex. oil concessions in the North sea; ex: concessionaire

104

whinny

neigh like a horse; ex: neigh: make the sound which horses make

105

perpetuate

make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; n. perpetuity

106

mandate

order; charge; authoritative command; power to govern another country; power to given to a government; region under administration; v. give a mandate to; place under a mandate; ex. mandated territory

107

aberrant

abnormal or deviant

108

optimist

person who looks on the bright side; n. optimism

109

rebuttal

refutation; response with contrary evidence; v. rebut: refute; disprove

110

consonant

harmonious; in agreement; n.

111

prodigal

wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; n. prodigality

112

animated

lively; spirited

113

stockade

wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier

114

cacophonous

discordant; inharmonious; n. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds

115

putative

supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; ex. putative father of the child

116

curmudgeon

churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person

117

plagiarize

steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; n. plagiarism; ex: kidnap

118

outlook

point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; ex. outlook on life; ex. pleasing outlook; ex. weather outlook

119

fallacious

false; based on a fallacy; misleading; n. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; ex. popular fallacy; ex. fallacy of the argument

120

domineer

rule over tyrannically

121

bate

let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; ex. with bated breath; ex: abate

122

toady

servile flatterer; yes man; sycophant; v. be a toady to; fawn

123

vagrant

homeless wanderer

124

quiver

tremble; shake; n.

125

malapropos

inappropriate; ADv.

126

decadence

decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); adj. decadent

127

innuendo

indirect or subtle (derogatory) hint; insinuation; ex. sexual innuendo

128

rivulet

small stream; ex: rill < rivulet < river

129

debauch

corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; n. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)

130

peer

one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; v. look intently; n. peerage; ex: peeress

131

bandy

discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; ex. bandy words with

132

accost

approach and speak first to a person

133

molten

melted; ex. molten lava

134

refuse

anything discarded or rejected as worthless; trash

135

pragmatic

practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; ex. pragmatic test of the skill

136

resourceful

clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); n. resource, resourcefulness

137

clot

half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); v.

138

misgivings

doubts

139

evince

show clearly

140

pudding

hot sweet dish

141

retard

delay (in development); adj. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development

142

submissive

willing to obey orders; yielding; timid

143

intrude

put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; ex: thrust in

144

hurtle

crash; rush; move with great speed; ex. hurtling runaway train

145

braggadocio

boasting

146

extant

(of something written or painted) still in existence

147

convulsion

violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); v. convulse; adj. convulsive

148

vulture

carrion-eating birds

149

visage

face; appearance

150

fervid

ardent; zealous; hot

151

aptitude

fitness; talent

152

misconduct

immoral behavior; bad management; v.

153

inane

silly; senseless; ex. inane remarks; n. inanity

154

consanguineous(consanguine)

having a common ancestor

155

kneel

go down on one's knee(s)

156

grouse

complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; n. plump chickenlike game bird

157

insensate

without feeling; lacking sense; foolish

158

unsullied

untarnished; ex: sully

159

vapid

lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; ex. vapid lecture

160

voodoo

religion practiced chiefly in Haiti

161

adorn

decorate

162

pluck

courage; v. pull off or out; pull out the hair or feathers of; adj. plucky: courageous; brave

163

augury

omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; v. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)

164

rout

put to rout; stampede; drive out; n. complete defeat and disorderly retreat

165

expenditure

payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; ex. receipt for the expenditure; ex. expenditure of all the energy

166

omnipotent

all-powerful; having unlimited power

167

benign

kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); ex. benign tumor

168

adhere

stick fast; be a devotd follower; n. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality

169

postulate

self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; v. assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)

170

titter

nervous giggle; nervous laugh; v.

171

vacuous

empty; lacking in ideas; inane; stupid; ex. vacuous expression; n. vacuity

172

gall

annoy; exasperate; chafe; n. skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation

173

integrate

make whole; combine; make into one unit

174

ravenous

extremely hungry; voracious

175

hew

cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; n.

176

gadfly

animal-biting fly; irritating person

177

unravel

disentangle; solve

178

subliminal

below the threshold of conscious perception; ex. subliminal advertisement

179

trunk

main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant

180

wilt

loose freshness; droop

181

bovine

cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm

182

dearth

scarcity

183

dilapidated

falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; ex. dilapidated old car/castle; n. dilapidation

184

slur

pronounce indistinctly; speak indistinctly; mumble

185

irreverence

lack of proper respect or reverence; adj. irreverent

186

subside

sink to a lower level; settle down; sink to the bottom (as a sediment); descend; grow quiet; become less; moderate; abate

187

forthright

straightforward; direct; frank

188

militate

work against; ex. militate against the chances of promotion; ex: serve as a soldier

189

pellucid

transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand

190

circlet

small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)

191

renege

break a promise; deny; go back on; ex. renege on the contract/paying off the debt

192

accommodate

oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; adj. accommodative; ex: accomodating: helpful and obliging

193

limber

flexible; supple; pliable; v.

194

epic

long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); adj. (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand

195

inalienable

not to be taken away; nontransferable; ex. inalienable rights

196

mischief

behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; ex. mischief to the crops; adj. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome

197

arrears

being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done

198

relinquish

give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm

199

magnanimity

generosity; adj. magnanimous: generous

200

transitory

transient; impermanent; fleeting; n. transitoriness