Set 4 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 4 Deck (199):
2

isotope

varying from of an element

3

discord

conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)

4

bereaved

deprived of (someone beloved through death)

5

recreant

disloyal; cowardly; n. disloyal and cowardly person

6

mangle

tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; ex. badly mangled bodies

7

austere

forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; ex. a monk's austere life; ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; n. austerity

8

pine

long for; yearn; languish from longing or grief; decline

9

calculated

deliberately planned; likely

10

cogitate

think over; ponder

11

beseech

beg; plead with

12

adage

wise saying; proverb

13

relegate

put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; ex. relegated to the second division

14

hoary

white with age

15

incompatible

inharmonious; n. incompatibility

16

jeopardize

endanger; imperil; put at risk; n. jeopardy: danger

17

tentative

not fully worked out or developed; provisional; experimental; uncertain; hesitant; not definite or positive; ex. tentative agreement/reply

18

irrepressible

unable to be restrained or held back; impossible to hold back

19

cupidity

greed (for wealth); ex: cupid; ex: Cupid

20

toxic

poisonous; n. toxicity

21

sleigh

large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice

22

heresy

opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion; adj. heretical; ex: heretic

23

season

enhance the flavor of by adding a spice, etc.; inure; harden; n. seasoning: something used in seasoning

24

frigid

intensely cold; cold in manner; ex. frigid zone

25

agnostic

one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality

26

imperturbable

unshakably calm; placid

27

demeanor

behavior; bearing

28

dowry

money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage

29

arable

fit for growing crops; ex. arable land

30

extradition

surrender of prisoner by one state to another; ex. extradition treaty; v. extradite

31

gusty

windy

32

intrinsic

essential; inherent; built-in

33

squelch

produce a splashing sound (when stepping through mud); crush; squash; ex: ç¿é‘ËÈ Ë¤ÀÁ?? ?‰ËÈ ¦¤

34

ventral

abdominal

35

legato

(of music) played smoothly

36

compassion

sympathy for the suffering of others; adj. compassionate

37

annals

records arranged in yearly parts; history

38

iniquitous

wicked; immoral; unrighteous; n. iniquity; ex. den of iniquity

39

demolition

destruction; v. demolish

40

ample

enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; ex. ample opportunity/garden; n. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space

41

chapel

small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)

42

fiat

command; arbitrary order; ex. presidential fiat; ex: let it be done

43

parchment

writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat

44

studious

given to diligent study

45

yore

time long past; ex. in the days of yore

46

forte

strong point or special talent in a person's character

47

oracular

of an oracle; prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous; hard to understand; n. oracle: wiser person; prophecy made by an oracle

48

simplistic

oversimplified

49

paltry

insignificant; petty; trifling; contemptible; ex. paltry sum; ex: trash

50

conspiracy

treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)

51

adjuration

solemn urging; v. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly

52

transition

going from one state of action to another

53

coercion

use of force to get someone to object; compelling; v. coerce

54

zephyr

gentle breeze; west wind

55

potent

powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential

56

catapult

slingshot; hurling machine; v. fire from catapult

57

prattle

talk idly; babble; n. ex: prate

58

lien

legal claim or right on a property

59

anticlimax

letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting

60

optometrist

one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects

61

masochist

person who enjoys his own pain; ex: masochism

62

doldrums

blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; ex. in the doldrums

63

putrefy

make or become putrid; n. putrefaction

64

indissoluble

permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate

65

waif

homeless child or animal; ex. waifs and strays

66

seasonal

of a particular season; ex. seasonal rise in employment

67

tranquillity

calmness; peace

68

extenuate

weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)

69

knit

contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; ex. knit the brow; ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.

70

pulsate

throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly

71

stigma

token of disgrace; brand; v. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful

72

genre

particular variety of art or literature

73

magnate

person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); ex. oil magnate

74

shoddy

made of inferior material; sham; not genuine; inferior; dishonest; ex. shoddy goods/trick

75

prognosticate

predict (according to present indications)

76

fete(f\^ete)

honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; n. (outdoor) festival or feast; ex: feast

77

substantive

substantial; essential; pertaining to the substance; substantial; considerable; ex. substantive issues

78

amorous

moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; ex. amorous advances

79

jurisdiction

right and power to apply the law; authority

80

garrulous

loquacious; wordy; talkative; n. garrulity

81

rescind

repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)

82

thrall

slave; bondage; slavery; ex. Her beauty held him in thrall; ex: enthrall

83

insidious

treacherous; stealthy; sly; working or spreading harmfully in a stealthy manner; ex. insidious spreading of dry rot

84

oblivious

inattentive or unmindful; unaware; wholly absorbed; forgetful(having the habit of forgetting)

85

edict

decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command

86

application

diligent attention; diligence; v. apply oneself

87

salvage

rescue (goods or property) from loss; n. saving; property saved

88

scurry

move hastily; hurry; move briskly

89

flashy

showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance

90

plutocracy

society ruled by the wealthy

91

lofty

very high

92

reaper

one who harvests grain; ex. the Grim Reaper; v. reap: cut and gather (crop); harvest a crop

93

kismet

fate; destiny; ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.

94

engulf

surround and swallow up

95

facetious

joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous

96

corrugated

wrinkled; ridged

97

taxonomist

specialist in classifying (animals, etc.); ex: taxonomy: science of classification

98

microcosm

small representative world; world in miniature; ex. microcosm of English society

99

brink

edge (at the top of a cliff); ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon

100

optional

not compulsory; left to one's choice; n. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; ex. have no option; ex. two options

101

pretext

excuse

102

sanctuary

place of refuge; shelter; shrine; holy place; ex. The outlaw was granted sanctuary in the church.

103

fumble

move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; n.

104

forebears(forbears)

ancestors

105

implication

something hinted at or suggested; implying; implicating

106

quell

suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; ex. ``Army Quells Rebellion'' in newspaper; ex: kill

107

pummel

pommel; beat or pound with fists

108

sardonic

scornfully mocking; disdainful; sarcastic; cynical; ex. sardonic smile

109

grovel

crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner

110

chore

daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task

111

intervene

come between; interfere; ex. intervened to prevent a fight; n. intervention

112

snuffle

sniffle; sniff repeatedly (in order to keep liquid from running out of the nose)

113

rusticate

banish to the country; dwell in the country

114

riveting

holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing

115

raze

destroy completely; ex. raze the city to the ground

116

pervasive

spread throughout; v. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate

117

sluice

artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of water (with a gate to regulate the flow)

118

caliber

ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; ex. work of very high caliber

119

gibe

mock; make jeering remarks; n. jeering remarks

120

unceremonious

not done politely without due formalities

121

neologism

new or newly coined word or phrase

122

adverse

going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile

123

bleak

cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing

124

amazon

female warrior

125

humid

damp; n. humidity

126

desolate

make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert

127

deference

courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); adj. deferential; OP. effrontery

128

comeback

retort; quick clever reply; return to former status

129

heyday

time of greatest success or power; prime

130

bigot

one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)

131

aplomb

poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence

132

spurn

reject disdainfully; scorn; ex. She spurned all offers of help.

133

trifling

trivial; unimportant

134

thrifty

careful about money; economical; n. thrift

135

jingoist

extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; n. jingoism: extreme nationalism

136

equestrian

rider on horseback; adj.

137

pugilist

boxer; ex: pugilism: boxing

138

phobia

morbid fear

139

apiary

a place where bees are kept

140

pique

irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); v. provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; ex. pique her curiosity

141

disenfranchise

disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise

142

indifferent

unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad

143

spate

sudden flood or rush; ex. spate of accidents

144

harrowing

agonizing; distressing; traumatic; v. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; n. farming machine to break up the earth

145

desiccate

dry up

146

remunerative

(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; v. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble

147

constitution

constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; ex. men with strong constitutions

148

bar

railing in a courtroom; legal profession; vertical line dividing a staff into equal measures; ex. prisoner at the bar; v. shut in or out with bars; forbid; exclude; ex: barrister

149

vegetate

live in a monotonous way (without interests or activity); ex: vegetation: plants of an area; ex: vegetarian; ex: vegan

150

dwindle

shrink; reduce gradually

151

scruple

hesitate for ethical reasons; fret about; ex. She did not scruple to read his diary; n. uneasy feeling arising from conscience; conscience

152

tome

large volume; book

153

carousal

drunken revel; v. carouse

154

allure

entice; attract; tempt

155

sonnet

14-line poetic verse form with a fixed rhyme pattern

156

miscreant

wretch; wrongdoer; villain; ex. kindness to the miscreant; ex: believe

157

surfeit

satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; n. surfeiting; excessive amount; ex. surfeit of food

158

invert

turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of

159

scuffle

struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry; n. ex: scuffling twins ?

160

respite

time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve

161

gentility

those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel

162

wholesome

conducive to mental or physical health; healthful

163

boisterous

violent; rough; noisy

164

galvanic

of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; ex: Luigi Galvani

165

satiate

satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; n. satiety: condition of being satiated

166

indigence

poverty

167

pedant

scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities

168

swell

long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; v.

169

expostulation

protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; v. expostulate

170

grotesque

fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)

171

nether

lower; ex. nether garments/regions

172

agenda

items of business at a meeting

173

pontifical

pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious; ex: pontiff: pope; bishop

174

passive

not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance

175

witless

lacking intelligence or wit; foolish; idiotic

176

traumatic

(of an experience) deeply shocking; pertaining to an injury caused by violence; n. trauma: serious wound; emotional shock that causes lasting psychological damage

177

deflect

turn aside; turn away from a straight course

178

viand

food; ex: live

179

extort

wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; ex: extortionate: exorbitant

180

bromide

platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement

181

circuit

closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place

182

cull

pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); n.

183

verge

border; edge, rim, or margin; ex. on the verge of: very near to; v. border on

184

ransack

search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.

185

drastic

strong; violent and severe; ex. drastic changes/measures

186

buxom

full-bosomed; plump; jolly

187

brand

trademark; mark burned on the hide of an animal; mark burned into the flesh of criminals; mark of disgrace; v. mark with a brand; give a lasting bad name; stigmatize; ex. The press branded him a liar.

188

stealth

action of moving secretly or unseen; slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness; adj. stealthy

189

retiring

shy and reserved (of a person); modest; ex. her retiring personality

190

consanguinity

kinship; relationship by birth

191

exuberance

overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; adj. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly

192

acrophobia

fear of heights

193

mannered

affected; not natural; ex. mannered way of speech

194

dispirited

lacking in spirit

195

squabble

minor quarrel; bickering; v. engage in a minor quarrel; ex. squabbling children

196

absolute

complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; ex. absolute honesty/ruler; ex: absolutism

197

caprice

whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause

198

glitter

shine brightly with flashing points of light; ex. glittering diamond ring; n. sparkling light; attractiveness; glamor; ex. glitter of the sun on the waves

199

autopsy

examination of a dead body; postmortem; v.

200

kernel

central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)