Set 12 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 12 Deck (199):
2

subpoena

writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; v. summon with a subpoena

3

indentation

notch; deep recess; v. indent; ex: tooth

4

penumbra

partial shadow (in an eclipse); ex: almost shadow

5

propitious

favorable; auspicious; advantageous; fortunate; ex. propitious day/sign

6

respiration

breathing; exhalation; adj. respiratory

7

artless

without guile; open and honest

8

deify

turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; ex. Kings were deified; ex: deity

9

smattering

slight knowledge; small scattered number or amount; ex. smattering of German

10

prompt

cause; urge; provoke; provide a cue (for an actor); adj. done without delay; done at the right time; punctual; on time; n. reminder or cue

11

exemplify

show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.

12

tout

promote or publicize (one's goods or service); praise excessively (as a form of advertisement); ex: advertise

13

ethnic

relating to races

14

incommodious

not spacious; inconvenient

15

scraps

leftover food

16

unscathed

unharmed; ex. escape the accident unscathed

17

surreptitious

done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden

18

pachyderm

thick-skinned animal

19

woe

great sorrow; deep inconsolable grief; affliction; suffering; ex. financial woes

20

facet

small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side

21

tribune

official of ancient Rome elected by the plebians to protect their rights; protector of the people

22

converge

approach; tend to meet; come together

23

comeuppance

deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke

24

wan

having a pale or sickly color; pallid

25

proximity

nearness; adj. proximate

26

inter

bury; n. interment

27

potpourri

heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)

28

soliloquy

talking to oneself (esp. in a play); ex: monologue: soliloquy; long speech by one person (often monopolizing a conversation)

29

quaint

odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque

30

indeterminate

uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite

31

enigma

puzzle; mystery; adj. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling

32

grudge

deep feeling of dislike; ex. grudge fight; v.

33

machinations

evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; v. machinate

34

dichotomy

division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)

35

capricious

unpredictable; fickle

36

effectual

able to produce a desired effect; valid

37

covert

secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt

38

saunter

stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; n.

39

diadem

crown

40

churlish

boorish; rude; n. churl: boor; yahoo

41

mincing

affectedly dainty(delicate); v. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; ex. The actor minced across the stage; ex: mincemeat; ex: mincer

42

scowl

frown angrily; n. angry frown

43

complement

complete; consummate; make perfect; n.

44

gist

essence; main point; substance

45

catcall

shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; v.

46

corrode

destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)

47

demur

object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday

48

abstruse

obscure; profound; difficult to understand

49

tumid

(of a part of the body) swollen; distended; bombastic; pompous

50

ambidextrous

capable of using either hand with equal ease

51

paradigm

model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word

52

ignominy

deep disgrace; shame or dishonor; adj. ignominious; ex. ignominous defeat

53

ethereal

like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; ex. She has an ethereal beauty; ex: ether: upper air

54

maniacal

raging mad; insane; n. maniac: insane person; ex: mania: disorder of the mind; intense enthusiasm

55

largess

generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)

56

emulate

imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)

57

incongruity

lack of harmony; absurdity; adj. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate

58

fussy

fastidious; finicky; easily upset

59

swear

vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words

60

maculated

spotted; stained; ex: immaculate

61

impeach

charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; ex. impeach a witness's credibility

62

figure

written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; ex. figure of speech; v. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; ex. My name did not figure in the list.

63

concerted

mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; ex. concerted effort; ex: in concert: working together

64

blithe(blithesome)

gay; joyous

65

lounge

stand, sit, or lie in a lazy, relaxed way

66

suffragist

advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); ex: suffrage

67

sturdy

strong and firm (in the body)

68

fashion

give shape to; make; ex. fashion the pot out of clay

69

affidavit

written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)

70

fulcrum

support on which a lever rests or pivots

71

cross

bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry

72

conceit

vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)

73

exalt

raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; ex. exalt the imagination; adj. exalted; n. exaltation

74

willful

wilful; intentional; headstrong

75

ploy

strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; ex. management ploy

76

Shangri-la

imaginary remote paradise on earth; ex: Lost Horizon

77

propulsive

driving forward; n. propulsion

78

craft

skill (esp. with one's hands); skill in deceiving people; guile; adj. crafty: cleverly deceitful; cunning

79

timorous

fearful; timid; demonstrating fear

80

conjure

cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.

81

sleek

smooth and shining (as from good health); v.

82

tangential

only slightly connected; not central; peripheral; digressing; showing divergence; ex: tangent

83

glaze

cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; n. thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); ex. unglazed pottery

84

cozen

cheat; hoodwink; swindle

85

fickle

changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless

86

oaf

stupid awkward person; ex: elf

87

tessellated

mosaic; inlaid; ex. tessellated pattern

88

vigor

active strength; energy; enthusiasm; adj. vigorous

89

misogynist

hater of woman; ex: misogyny

90

engender

cause; produce; give rise to

91

onomatopoeia

words formed in imitation of natural sounds

92

nostalgia

homesickness; longing for the past; ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; adj. nostalgic

93

ramp

slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)

94

sentient

capable of sensation and conscious; aware; sensitive; ex. sentient creature; n. sentience

95

eloquence

expressiveness; persuasive speech; adj. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced

96

lucre

money; profit; ex. filthy lucre

97

refractory

unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; ex. refractory horse

98

exertion

effort; expenditure of much physical work; v. exert oneself: make a great effort

99

meditation

reflection; thought; v. meditate

100

dehydrate

remove water from; dry out

101

usage

act or manner of using; accepted practice; way in which words are actually used

102

encipher

encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher

103

rake

angle of a slope; v. slant from the perpendicular

104

glut

overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; n. oversupply

105

salubrious

healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; ex. salubrious area; ex: health

106

warble

(of a bird) sing; babble; n.

107

makeshift

temporary expedient or substitute (in the case of urgent need); ex. makeshift shelter

108

buffoon

stupid person; clown

109

slink

move furtively; adj. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)

110

compile

assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; ex. compile a dictionary

111

renovate

restore to good condition; renew

112

jug

pitcher; container for holding liquids

113

intuition

immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; adj. intuitive; v. intuit: know by intuition

114

propriety

fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; ex: proprietor, proprietary

115

engage

attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; n. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle

116

rabies

disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)

117

growl

low, guttural, menacing sound (as of a dog)

118

ingenious

marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; n. ingenuity

119

preposterous

absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous

120

inclusive

tending to include all; all-inclusive; ex. inclusive charge

121

orientation

act of finding oneself in society; orienting

122

peregrination

journey; v. peregrinate

123

dialectical

relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; ex. dialectical situation; n. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments

124

adjutant

staff officer assisting the commander; assistant

125

frenzied

madly excited; n. frenzy: violent wild excitement

126

hegemony

dominance especially of one nation over others

127

nominal

in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; ex: nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint

128

obsequy

funeral ceremony

129

devotee

enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; ex. devotee of Bach

130

dissection

analysis; cutting apart in order to examine

131

replicate

reproduce; duplicate

132

nostrum

questionable medicine; quack medicine; ex: our (remedy)

133

censor

(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; v.

134

concordat

formal agreement

135

enduring

lasting; surviving; v. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive

136

unmitigated

(of something bad) not moderated; unrelieved or immoderate; without qualification; absolute; ex. unmitigated disaster

137

antecedents

preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background

138

deride

ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect

139

mystic

of hidden meaning and spiritual power; ex. mystic ceremonies; n. ex: mysticism

140

intrigue

make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; n. secret scheme; plot; secret love affair

141

array

marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; n. fine clothes; ordered group; ex. in battle array

142

centripetal

tending toward the center

143

insubordination

disobedience; rebelliousness; adj. insubordinate

144

perquisite(perk)

any gain above stipulated salary; ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car

145

furtive

stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; ex. furtive glance

146

abstract

theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational

147

satire

form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly

148

mealymouthed

indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive

149

courier

messenger

150

inchoate

(of desire, wish, plan) recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary; elementary; ex. inchoate mass

151

nonplus

put at a loss; bring to a halt by confusion; perplex; ex: no more

152

subjective

influenced by personal feelings; occurring or taking place within the mind; unreal; ex. subjective sensation of the ghostly presence

153

prosody

art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse

154

ferret

drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; ex. ferret out the secret; n. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes

155

collation

a light meal; collating

156

seminary

school for training future ministers; secondary school, especially for young women

157

flip

send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; ex. flip over

158

ethnology

study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; ex: anthropology

159

sublime

causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter

160

discount

disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost

161

staccato

played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound; ex. staccato applause

162

porridge

soft food made by boiling oatmeal

163

bicker

quarrel

164

homogeneous

of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout

165

throttle

strangle; regulate the speed of with a throttle; n. valve that regulates the flow; ex: throat ?

166

politic

prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised

167

stupefy

stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze

168

captious

faultfinding; too critical

169

symbiosis

interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; adj. symbiotic; ex: together + life

170

confidence

self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; ex. confidence in your ability; ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; adj. confident

171

upshot

outcome; final result

172

argot

slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people

173

append

attach

174

blunder

error; stupid mistake

175

sinewy

(of meat) tough; strong and firm; muscular; n. sinew: tendon; strong cord connecting a muscle to a bone

176

provender

dry food for livestock; fodder

177

intellect

higher mental powers; person of great intellectual ability

178

trajectory

path taken by a projectile; ex. trajectory of a bullet

179

whimsy

whim; tendency to behave amusingly strangely; ex. story full of whimsy

180

terminus

last stop of railroad; end

181

mellifluous

(of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune

182

clime

climate

183

sinecure

well-paid position with little responsibility; ex: sine cure: without care; ex: San Serif

184

underscore

underline; emphasize

185

monumental

massive; impressively large; built as a monument

186

rationalize

make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; n. rationalization

187

feral

(of an animal) not domestic; wild

188

auxiliary

offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; n. helper; assistant

189

tithe

tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church); v. pay a tithe

190

equine

resembling a horse; ex. equine face

191

libel

defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; v. adj. libelous

192

stipple

paint or draw with dots or short strokes

193

feint

trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; v.

194

enclave

territory enclosed within an alien land

195

bewitch

cast a spell over; captivate completely

196

oscillate

vibrate pendulumlike; waver

197

gregarious

sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group

198

wily

crafty; cunning; artful; n. wile: deceitful stratagem

199

fluster

confuse; make nervous and confused; n.

200

prostrate

stretch out full on ground; make prostrate; enervate; ex. prostrating illness; adj. lying face down; having lost all strength