Set 7 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 7 Deck (199):
2

authenticate

prove genuine

3

transpose

reverse the order or position of

4

acme

peak; pinnacle; highest point

5

slick

make smooth or glossy; n. smooth surface; ex. oil slick; adj. smooth; glossy; deftly executed; adroit; glib

6

insomnia

wakefulness; inability to sleep

7

latent

present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; n. latency; ex: potential

8

utopia

ideal place, state, or society; adj. utopian

9

institute

organization for a special purpose; v. establish

10

contention

assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition

11

papyrus

ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant

12

bliss

complete happiness; adj. blissful

13

complaisant

trying to please; obliging; willing to please others

14

partition

divide into parts

15

bump

hit or knock against with force; n.

16

invidious

designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; ex. invidious comparison

17

warrant

justification; written order that serves as authorization (esp. a judicial writ); ex. search/death warrant; v. justify; guarantee

18

constituent

supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component

19

score

number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; ex. full/vocal score; ex. Don't worry on that score; v. mark with lines or notches; ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold

20

bent

determined; ex. bent on advancing in the business; n. natural talent or inclination

21

apolitical

having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs

22

garbled

mixed up; jumbled; distorted; v. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible

23

gauche

clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth

24

tightwad

miser; excessively frugal person

25

obsequious

slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic

26

consequential

self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; ex. consequential air; ex: subsequent

27

recount

narrate or tell (a story); count over again

28

fathom

comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; n. unit of measurement for the depth of water

29

compunction

remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt

30

latitude

freedom from narrow limitations

31

aghast

filled with great surprise or fear; horrified

32

undermine

weaken gradually; sap; dig a mine beneath

33

toss

throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something

34

bilious

suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated

35

grotto

small cavern

36

malleable

(of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable

37

providence

quality of being provident; divine care; god's care; Providence: god; ex. It seemed like providence that the doctor happened to be there; adj. providential: of divine providence; fortunate

38

balk

stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate

39

coalesce

combine; fuse; n. coalescence

40

mongrel

plant or animal (esp. a dog) of mixed breed; adj.

41

molt(moult)

periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)

42

convex

curving outward

43

miscellany

mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items

44

solace

comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; v. comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble

45

hull

husk; dry outer covering of a seed; frame or body of a ship

46

effluvium

noxious(harmful) smell

47

ebb

(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; n. OP. flow: rise of tide

48

surrogate

substitute; person or thing used in place of another; ex. surrogate mother; adj.

49

rebuke

scold harshly; criticize severely

50

cataclysm

deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change

51

d\'eb\^acle

sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster

52

loath

reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.

53

polemical(polemic)

aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious (rather than simply expressing opinions)

54

diaphanous

sheer; transparent

55

anthropologist

student of the history and science of humankind

56

dysentery

inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract

57

seine

seine net; net for catching fish

58

circumlocution

indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)

59

adapt

make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; n. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.

60

incandescent

strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; ex. incandescent light bulb; ex: candle

61

rational

(of a person) having reason; (of ideas) based on reason; logical

62

mat

not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; n. flat piece of material used as a floor covering; v.

63

beneficial

helpful; useful; advantageous

64

compelling

overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; ex. a compelling adventure story; v. compel

65

obdurate

stubborn; refusing to change one's belief

66

minute

extremely small; ex: minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting

67

covetous

avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); v. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)

68

firebrand

piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble

69

finesse

delicate skill; v. handle with finesse

70

incessant

uninterrupted; unceasing

71

brackish

somewhat saline

72

plethora

excess; overabundance; ex. a plethora of excuses

73

exorcise

drive out evil spirits

74

glare

shine intensely and blindingly; stare fixedly and angrily; n.

75

muted

silent; muffled; toned down; ex. muted traffic noise

76

premeditate

plan in advance; ex. premeditated murder

77

assiduous

diligent

78

insurrection

rebellion; uprising

79

musky

having the odor of musk; n. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer

80

chronicle

report; record (in chronological order)

81

rudimentary

elementary; not developed; crude; n. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; ex. rudiments of the language

82

adjacent

adjoining; neighboring; close by

83

woeful

sad; (of something bad) deplorable; deplorably bad; ex. woeful housing conditions

84

suffocate

die or kill from lack of air; suppress

85

yoke

join together; unite; n. crossbar used to joining two draft animals

86

queer

strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal

87

deign

condescend; stoop

88

quotidian

daily; commonplace; customary; ex. quotidian routine

89

indubitable

unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable

90

dissemble

disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend

91

diffidence

shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; adj. diffident

92

bungle

mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior

93

idolatry

worship of idols; excessive admiration or devotion; adj. idolatrous

94

awe

solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; v. fill with awe; adj. awesome

95

saboteur

one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; n. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)

96

pathetic

causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching

97

glaring

(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly

98

ablution

washing

99

slew

large quantity or number; ex. slew of errands left

100

embroider

decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish

101

coincidence

the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; v. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; ex: coincident; ex: coincidental

102

impassioned

(of speech) filled with passion; fervent

103

dominant

exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive

104

abase

lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect

105

shirk

avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger

106

mammal

vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young

107

humane

marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian

108

sensitization

process of being made sensitive or acutely responsive to an external agent or substance; v. sensitize: make or become sensitive

109

apprise

inform

110

immure

imprison; shut up in confinement; ex: wall

111

rampant

growing or spreading uncontrollably; growing in profusion; unrestrained; ex. rampant lawlessness/weed

112

foreboding

premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; v. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)

113

culmination

highest point; climax; v. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war

114

verve

enthusiasm (as in artistic performance or composition); liveliness; vigor

115

bantering

joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; n.v. banter

116

intimidate

frighten; n. intimidation

117

caption

title; chapter heading; text under illustration

118

infiltrate

pass into or through; penetrate or enter (an organization) sneakily; ex. infiltrate the troops into enemy territory; ex: infiltrator

119

pan

criticize harshly

120

nettle

irritate; annoy; vex; adj. nettlesome

121

frugality

thrift; economy; adj. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive

122

haven

place of safety; refuge; harbor; ex. tax haven

123

shun

keep away from; avoid deliberately; ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.

124

buttress

support; prop up; n. stationary structure to support wall; ex. flying buttress

125

slaughter

killing of animals for food; massacre; v. butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers

126

preamble

introductory statement

127

wont

(the stated person's) habit or custom; habitual procedure; adj. wonted: customary

128

repose

resting; state of being at rest; calmness; v. lie at rest; relax; put or place; ex. repose our hopes in a single man

129

pendulous

hanging; suspended

130

disport

amuse; ex. disport oneself; ex: divert

131

apocalyptic

prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; n. apocalypse

132

memento

token; reminder of the past; keepsake; ex. memento of your visit

133

bolt

door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; v. dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down

134

conclusive

decisive; ending all debate

135

enterprise

willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat

136

auspicious

favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices

137

abrasive

rubbing away; tending to grind down

138

nebula

diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas; galaxy

139

symmetry

arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity; adj. symmetrical

140

withdrawn

introverted; retiring; remote

141

deviate

turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; n. deviation; ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism

142

unassailable

not open to attack; impregnable; not subject to question

143

voyeur

Peeping Tom; person who derives sexual gratification from observing the sexual acts of others

144

retinue

following; attendants

145

venison

meat of a deer; ex: cow: beef; ex: pig: pork, ham, bacon; ex: calf: veal; ex: sheep: mutton; ex: lamb: lamb

146

pell-mell

in confusion; disorderly; ex. dash pell-mell

147

gorge

narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)

148

primp

groom oneself with care; adorn oneself

149

affliction

state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; v. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on

150

render

give; deliver; provide; represent in verbal or artistic form; depict; perform; make; translate; ex. render the song beautifully

151

incantation

singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; (the saying of) words used in magic; ex: enchant

152

verisimilar

having the appearance of truth or reality; probable or likely to be true; plausible

153

impious

irreverent

154

lexicographer

compiler of a dictionary; ex: lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary

155

profane

violate; desecrate (something holy); treat unworthily; be profane for; adj. secular; nonreligious; irreverent for holy things

156

addiction

compulsive habitual need

157

hoax

trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; ex. hoax mail; v.

158

ventilate

admit fresh air into to replace stale air

159

ghastly

horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; ex: aghast

160

tenet

doctrine; dogma

161

retrospective

looking back on the past; n. retrospection; v. retrospect

162

archetype

prototype; primitive pattern

163

duress

forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; ex. a promise made under duress

164

intransigence

refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; adj. intransigent: uncompromising

165

fetter

shackle; restrict the freedom of; n. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; ex: foot

166

complicity

participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)

167

megalomania

mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance

168

cant

insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people

169

incorporeal

without a material body; insubstantial

170

metrical

metric; written in the form of poetry; ex. metrical translation of Homer

171

preponderance

superiority of power, quantity, etc.; v. preponderate: be greater in power, weight, or importance; adj. preponderant

172

log

record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; v.

173

killjoy

grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others

174

multiform

having many forms

175

acquittal

deliverance from a charge; v. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner

176

semblance

outward appearance; guise; ex. We called in the troops to bring a/some semblance of order to the city.

177

enormity

hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; ex. enormity of the crime; adj. enormous

178

arbitrary

unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; ex. arbitrary ruler

179

maul

handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; n. heavy long-handled hammer

180

rarefied

made less dense (of a gas); v. rarefy: make less dense; n. rarefaction

181

translucent

partly transparent

182

charlatan

quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)

183

context

writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs

184

uncouth

boorish; clumsy in speech or behavior; outlandish

185

dilettante

aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; ex: delight

186

tend

have a tendency; take care of; minister; serve at; apply one's attention; attend

187

loiter

hang about/around; stand idly about; linger

188

straggle

stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; ex. straggling marathon racer; ex. straggling branch

189

sound

in good condition; showing good judgment or good sense; thorough; complete; ex. sound mind/investment/training

190

interpolate

insert between

191

debutante

young woman making formal entrance into society

192

syllogism

logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument

193

debar

bar; forbid; exclude; ex. debarred from jury services

194

overwrought

nervous or excited; extremely agitated; hysterical; wrought-up; ex: wrought: made or done

195

amenities

convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies

196

chary

cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold

197

prevaricate

lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)

198

unrequited

not requited; not reciprocated; ex. unrequited love

199

stymie

thwart; present an obstacle; stump

200

tenacious

holding fast (as to a belief); persistent