Set 16 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 16 Deck (199):
2

velocity

speed

3

court

attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; ex. court disaster

4

recumbent

reclining; lying down completely or in part

5

degradation

humiliation; debasement; degeneration; v. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank

6

culpable

deserving blame; blameworthy

7

camp

group sharing a common cause or opinion

8

posture

assume an affected pose; act artificially; n. pose; attitude

9

limpid

crystal clear

10

accretion

growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; v. accrete

11

shade

slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; ex. shades of meaning/grey

12

conscientious

scrupulous; through and careful; ex. conscientious worker

13

canny

shrewd in money matters; thrifty

14

haphazard

random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; ex. haphazard growth of the town

15

willowy

flexible; pliant; slender; ex: willow

16

panacea

cure-all; remedy for all diseases

17

career

rush wildly; go at full speed

18

depreciate

lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value

19

curb

chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; v. check; restrain

20

existential

pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism

21

simile

comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or as

22

pharisee

Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person

23

sensuous

giving pleasure to the senses; pertaining to the physical senses; operating through the senses; sensuous feeling of soft velvet on the skin

24

predecessor

former occupant of a post

25

elysian

relating to paradise; blissful

26

mote

small speck (esp. of dust)

27

abnegation

renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation

28

gullible

easily deceived

29

antediluvian

antiquated; extremely ancient

30

discrete

separate; unconnected

31

dictum

authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; ex: obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)

32

revert

relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; n. reversion

33

smudge

dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; v.

34

parquet

floor made of wood strips inlaid in a mosaic like matter; ex: strip: long narrow piece

35

precipitous

steep; overhasty; precipitate

36

denizen

(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor

37

testator

maker of a will; ex: testatrix

38

inadvertently

unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly

39

embargo

ban on commerce or other activity

40

cherubic

angelic; innocent-looking; n. cherub; ex: seraph: winged angel of the highest order

41

hysteria

excessive or uncontrollable excitement; n. hysteric: person suffering from hysteria; ex: hysterics: attack of hysteria

42

ancillary

serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; n.

43

rally

come or bring together; call up or summon (forces, vital powers, etc.); revive or recuperate (after illness or difficulty); n. act of rallying; mass gathering

44

subaltern

subordinate

45

fancied

imagined; unreal

46

kindle

start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse

47

precipice

cliff; dangerous position; ex. on the edge of the precipice

48

vent

release or discharge through a vent; express (esp. unfairly); utter; ex. He vented his wrath on his family.

49

scheme

systematic plan; plot; clever dishonest plan; orderly arrangement of elements; ex. health insurance scheme; ex. a scheme to escape taxes; ex. a color scheme; ex. a story with no scheme; v. contrive a scheme

50

bauble

trinket; cheap jewel; trifle

51

multiplicity

state of being numerous or multiple; large number; ex. multiplicity of details; adj. multiple: of more than one element

52

claustrophobia

fear of being locked in

53

penance

self-imposed punishment for sin; ex. do penance for one's sins; ex: penitent

54

piscatorial

pertaining to fishing; ex: Pisces

55

termination

end; v. terminate

56

clip

cut off with shears; fasten; n. something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener

57

bequeath

leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; n. bequest

58

baffle

frustrate; perplex

59

colossus

gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance

60

crust

hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)

61

incisive

(appreciatively) cutting; sharp; ex. incisive remarks; v. incise: make a cut into

62

effigy

dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; ex. burn an effigy of the President

63

glossy

smooth and shining; n. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; ex. gloss of good manners

64

gourmand

epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink

65

peremptory

demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; ex. peremptory decree/knock

66

affable

easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly

67

prosperous

successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off

68

indenture

bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; n. contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)

69

statutory

created by statute or legislative action; regulated by statute; ex. statutory age limit

70

fathomless

too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable

71

abysmal

bottomless

72

adroit

skillful (in using mind or hand)

73

flinch

hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.

74

inception

start; beginning

75

impervious

impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed; incapable of being affected (in one's opinions); ex. impervious to water/criticism

76

emboss

produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design

77

indicative

suggestive; implying; serving to indicate

78

leery

(of someone) suspicious; wary; cautious

79

proponent

supporter; backer; opposite of opponent

80

regatta

boat or yacht race

81

convoluted

coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; n. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain

82

hale

healthy

83

dolorous

sorrowful; n. dolor

84

liquidate

settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish

85

exploit

make use of, sometimes unjustly; n. exploitation

86

hyperbole

exaggeration; overstatement; adj. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola

87

perennial

something long-lasting; perennial plant; adj. lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring

88

solitude

state of being alone; seclusion; adj. solitary: existing or living alone (esp. by choice); remote or secluded; single; sole; ex. solitary life/inn; ex. no solitary piece of proof

89

blues

state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)

90

demographic

related to population balance; n. demography: statistical study of human population

91

indefatigable

tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired

92

dribble

flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; n.

93

regent

a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; adj. ex. the Prince regent

94

goad

urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; n. sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; ex: annoy continually

95

delve

dig; search deeply; investigate

96

trigger

set off; start

97

chimerical

fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; n. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature

98

anthropomorphic

having human form or characteristics

99

rou\'e

lecherous man

100

subservient

behaving like a slave; servile; obsequious; subordinate; n. subservience

101

trickster

person who cheats people

102

pliable

flexible; easily influenced; yielding; adaptable

103

recipient

receiver

104

grievance

cause of complaint; complaint

105

tenuous

thin; slim; rare

106

tribunal

court of justice

107

ardor

heat; passion; zeal; adj. ardent

108

subjugate

conquer; bring under control

109

putrescent

becoming putrid; putrefying

110

vixen

female fox; ill-tempered woman; ex: shrew

111

inamorata

woman whom a man loves

112

indecision

irresolution; inability to make up one's mind

113

undulating

moving with a wavelike motion; v. undulate; ex: und: wave

114

actuarial

calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics

115

harbinger

forerunner (which foreshadows what is to come)

116

stumble

trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; n.

117

bizarre

fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional

118

ordination

ceremony conferring holy orders; ceremony of ordaining a priest

119

founder

fail completely; sink; ex: flounder

120

supplicate

petition humbly; pray to grant a favor

121

appease

pacify or soothe; ex. appease a crying baby; n. appeasement

122

eminent

rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; ex. eminent position

123

gild

cover with a thin layer of gold

124

opportunist

individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; n. opportunism

125

patent

obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; ex. patent to everyone; n.

126

gavel

hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; v.

127

nonentity

person of no importance; nonexistence

128

epigram

witty thought or saying, usually short

129

ingenue

ing\'enue; young innocent girl

130

gorge

stuff oneself (with food); glut; ex: gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful

131

cordial

warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; ex. cordial welcome

132

monastic

related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns

133

maternal

motherly; n. maternity: motherhood

134

incarnate

endowed with flesh; invested with bodily form; personified; ex. devil incarnate; v. give bodily form to; embody

135

calligraphy

beautiful writing; excellent penmanship

136

cavil

quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily

137

decollete

(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; ex: d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)

138

windfall

fallen fruit; unexpected lucky event

139

oversee

watch over and direct; supervise; n. oversight: unintentional failure to notice or do something; supervision

140

reimburse

repay; pay back

141

schism

division into factions (esp. within a religious body); split

142

acrimonious

stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; n. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior

143

sleazy

shabby and dirty; flimsy; insubstantial; ex. sleazy back-street hotel/fabric

144

roster

list (of names)

145

husbandry

frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; ex. animal husbandry; ex: husbandman

146

preternatural

beyond what is normal in nature; supernatural; ex. preternatural strength/forces

147

ignoble

unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; ex. ignoble deed

148

sheaf

bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together

149

fleck

spot; mark with flecks; n. small mark or spot

150

hindsight

understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened

151

ballast

heavy substance used to add stability or weight; v. supply with ballast

152

devolve

deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); ex. devolve on/upon/to

153

paramour

illicit lover

154

regale

entertain

155

viper

poisonous snake

156

outlandish

bizzare; peculiar; unconventional

157

rampart

defensive mound of earth

158

finish

surface texture; completeness of execution

159

accoutre

equip; n. accoutrement

160

tarnish

make or become dull or discolored; n.

161

pith

core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance

162

reserve

self-control; self-restraint; formal but distant manner; reticence; ex. without reserve: freely and openly; adj. reserved: shy and uncommunicative

163

tactile

pertaining to the organs or sense of touch

164

dispassionate

calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings

165

hermetic

concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult

166

perturb

disturb greatly

167

herald

messenger; sign of something to come; v. announce; proclaim; ex. unheralded researcher

168

clamor

loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; v. make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; adj. clamorous

169

expunge

cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase

170

sly

clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions

171

pending

not yet decided or settled; impending; ex. pending decision; PREP. while awaiting; until; ex. delay the decision pending his return

172

eulogy

expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death; v. eulogize

173

idiom

expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); ex. idiom of the modern popular music; adj. idiomatic

174

spry

(esp. of older people) vigorously active; nimble

175

abbreviate

shorten

176

gross

total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; ex. gross insolence/behavior; v. earn as a total amount; n. 12 dozens

177

yen

strong desire; longing; urge; ex. yen for travel

178

cascade

small waterfall

179

monochrome

painting in only one color; adj.

180

trivia

trifles; unimportant matters

181

funereal

sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral

182

cognitive

having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; n. cognition: the mental process of knowing

183

emancipate

set free; liberate

184

well-bred

of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined

185

sportive

playful; frolicsome; merry; ex: sport: play or frolic; ex: sportsmanlike

186

hypercritical

excessively exacting; too critical (without noticing good qualities)

187

fray

brawl; fight; v. wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); ex: rub

188

herd

group of animals; crowd; one who looks after a herd; ex. shepherd/goatherd; ex. herd instinct; ex. herdsman; v. come together in a herd; look after a herd; ex. herd cattle

189

pretend

feign; pretend to: claim to possess; make pretensions to; ex. I don't pretend to much expertise; n. pretense

190

disembark

debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; ex: embark

191

stipend

pay for services

192

poseur

person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant, etc., to impress others; person who poses; ex: pose

193

nascent

incipient; coming into being or existence; ex. nascent ability in music

194

ossify

change or harden into bone; become hard and unchanging in one's ideas

195

distort

twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; n. distortion

196

apogee

highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee

197

kinetic

producing motion; of motion

198

awry

distorted; crooked; bent; ex. Our plans have gone awry.

199

domicile

home; v. adj. domiciled: having one's domicile; ex. He is domiciled in Britain.

200

fiasco

total failure; ex: bottle