Set 10 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 10 Deck (199):
2

numismatist

person who collects coins; n. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals

3

inscrutable

difficult to understand; impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious

4

proscribe

prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw

5

inured

accustomed; hardened; ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; v. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; ex: unfeeling

6

monograph

scholarly article

7

unanimity

complete agreement; adj. unanimous

8

nausea

feeling of sickness and desire to vomit; disgust; ex: seasickness

9

prolific

producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; ex. prolific writer

10

beneficiary

person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will

11

veneer

thin surface layer (of good quality wood, glued to a base of inferior material); cover; surface show; fa\c{c}ade; v.

12

dolt

slow-thinking stupid person; ex: dull

13

crest

top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird

14

qualms

uneasy feelings; misgivings; uneasy fears especially about matters of conscience; ex. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen.

15

encomiastic

praising; eulogistic; n. encomium: very high praise; eulogy

16

anthropoid

manlike; resembling a human being; n.

17

ulcer

sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; ex. stomach ulcer; adj. ulcerous; v. ulcerate

18

Machiavellian

crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power

19

galleon

large three-masted sailing ship

20

adjunct

something attached to but holding an inferior position

21

scourge

lash; whip (formerly used for punishment); source of severe punishment; v. whip; afflict

22

painstaking

taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through

23

barb

sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark

24

murky

dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; ex. murky night/fog; n. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom

25

regiment

military unit; v. subject to strict order; ex. regimented society

26

valedictory

pertaining to farewell; n. farewell address (esp. at graduation exercises)

27

pertinacious

holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent

28

somnolent

half asleep; drowsy; n. somnolence

29

congenial

pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; ex. congenial weather

30

dutiful(duteous)

(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)

31

dilemma

situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives

32

pert

(esp. of a girl or young woman) impertinent; forward; trim; jaunty; ex. pert young miss/hat

33

stratum

layer of earth's surface; layer of society; PL. strata

34

spectral

ghostly; n. specter: spectre; ghost; phantom

35

expatiate

talk at length; speak or write in detail

36

gestate

evolve as in prenatal growth; n. gestation: period of development from conception until birth

37

dissimulate

pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble

38

miniature

small model; small painting; adj. small

39

collate

examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)

40

malevolent

wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; n. malevolence

41

sour

having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; v.

42

repulsion

distaste; disgust; act of driving back; adj. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; v. repel (not `repulse')

43

jaundiced

yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; ex. with a jaundiced eye

44

outlaw

fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); v. declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; ex. Drinking has been outlawed.

45

conclave

private secret meeting

46

extol

praise very highly; glorify

47

guffaw

boisterous laughter; v.

48

entice

lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt

49

celerity

speed; rapidity

50

limp

walk lamely; adj. lacking firmness; weak

51

slipshod

slovenly; careless; sloppy; untidy; shabby; ex. slipshod work

52

bulwark

strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends

53

chisel

swindle or cheat; n. wedgelike tool for cutting

54

antipathy

aversion; dislike or opposition

55

deciduous

falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; ex. deciduous tree/teeth

56

entrepreneur

businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; adj. entrepreneurial

57

abscission

cutting off; separation

58

turgid

swollen; distended (as from liquid)

59

shack

crude cabin

60

dismantle

take apart; disassemble

61

fusion

union; coalition; v. fuse

62

troth

pledge of good faith especially in betrothal; betrothal; ex. by my troth

63

splice

join together end to end to make one continuous length; fasten together; unite; ex. splice two strips of tape; n.

64

dishonor

disgrace; n. adj. dishonorable

65

console

lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; n. consolation

66

chaotic

in utter disorder

67

soothsayer

one who foretells the future

68

significant

expressing a meaning; important; ex. significant smile; n. significance: importance; meaning; v. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant

69

wean

accustom a baby not to nurse; accustom (the young of a mammal) to take nourishment other than by suckling; give up a cherished activity; cause to gradually leave (an interest or habit); ex. wean oneself from cigarettes

70

energize

invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active

71

arraign

charge in court; indict

72

revoke

cancel; retract; ex: irrevocable

73

cede

yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; n. cession

74

periphery

outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; ex. periphery of the town

75

besmirch

soil; defile; make dirty

76

clientele

body of customers

77

nip

snip off; stop something's growth or development; bite; make numb with cold; ex. nip the plan; ex. A guard dog nipped the postman; ex. fingers nipped by the extreme chill

78

anneal

reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)

79

bifurcated

divided into two branches; forked

80

circumscribe

limit; confine; draw a line around

81

warren

tunnels in which rabbits live; overcrowded living area; crowded conditions in which people live

82

rebus

representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols; puzzle in which pictures or letters stand for words; ex. ``R U 18'' is a rebus for ``Are you 18''.

83

impel

drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action

84

pandemonium

wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; ex: Paradise Lost

85

title

name (of a book, film, etc.); mark of rank; formal appellation as of rank or office (such as Lord or General); right or claim to possession; championship; ex. title as head of the family; ex. title to the estate

86

nonsense

speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail

87

forswear

renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; ex: abjure

88

trident

three-pronged spear

89

banal

hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed

90

cue

word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; v. give a cue to

91

scanty

meager; insufficient

92

jovial

good-natured; merry; cheerful

93

advert

refer

94

infantile

childish; infantlike

95

zeal

eager enthusiasm (to a cause or ideal); adj. zealous

96

recession

withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity

97

token

outward sign; ex. a token of our gratitude

98

knack

special talent; art

99

daub

smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; n. small bit of sticky substance; ex. a daub of paint

100

mischance

ill luck

101

lampoon

ridicule; n. written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution

102

herpetologist

one who studies reptiles; ex: herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians

103

caustic

burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless

104

genteel

well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; ex. genteel poverty

105

vent

small opening; outlet (as of fumes or a gas); ex. He gave vent to his anger by kicking the chair.

106

malefactor

evildoer; criminal

107

nomenclature

terminology(system of specialized words); system of names or naming things

108

surmount

overcome

109

ineffectual

not effective; not having a desired effect; weak

110

curfew

regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew

111

precarious

unsafe; lacking in stability; uncertain; risky; ex. precarious living

112

antagonism

hostility; active opposition; v. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; n. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist

113

encompass

surround; include; ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.

114

stentorian

(of the voice) extremely loud; ex: Stentor: a loud herald in the Iliad

115

hereafter

life after death

116

equanimity

calmness of temperament; composure

117

autocratic

having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; n. autocrat, autocracy

118

allegiance

loyalty

119

temporize

gain time as by postponing an action; avoid committing oneself

120

apotheosis

elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something

121

prim

proper to the point of affectation; very precise and formal; exceedingly proper

122

sequester

isolate; segregate; seclude; retire from public life

123

conformity

harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; ex. behave in conformity with; v. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; ex. conform to the rule; ex: conformance

124

coda

concluding section of a musical or literary composition

125

pucker

gather into wrinkles or folds; n. wrinkle or fold

126

notoriety

disrepute; ill fame

127

waft

move gently (in air or in seas) by wind or waves; ex. leaves wafting past the window

128

defray

provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay

129

cloister

monastery or convent

130

aperture

opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light

131

intermittent

periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals

132

sneak

move, give, or take in a quiet, stealthy way; n. one who sneaks; adj. sneaky

133

soluble

able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved

134

broach

introduce as a subject; moot; open up

135

apothegm

pithy, compact saying

136

protuberance

protrusion; swelling; bulge

137

harangue

long, passionate, and vehement speech; v.

138

salutary

tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; ex: health

139

bohemian

unconventional (in an artistic way)

140

resound

(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; ex. hall resounded with laughter

141

scotch

stamp out(put an end to); thwart; hinder; ex. scotch the rumor; ex: cut; ex: 页ÀËÈ çôËí«å Ë‚?í

142

acrid

bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent

143

credential

evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.

144

rustic

pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; n. rural person; rustic person

145

sophistry

seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism

146

judicious

sound on judgment; wise

147

vindictive

disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; ex. vindictive streak

148

defect

shortcoming; v. desert (in order to join the opposite one)

149

gainsay

deny

150

choir

group of people who sing together (esp. during religious services); place for choir

151

prosaic

lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; ex: prose

152

martinet

strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; ex: Jean Martinet

153

gull

trick; deceive; hoodwink; n. person who is easily tricked; dupe

154

affluence

abundance; wealth

155

chafe

warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; n.

156

quintessence

purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; ex. quintessence of wit; adj. quintessential; ex: fifth essence

157

causal

implying a cause-and-effect relationship; n. causality

158

smother

kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; ex. smothered in little stickers

159

rue

regret; lament; mourn; ex. He will rue the day; n. adj. rueful

160

metallurgical

pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; n. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores

161

psyche

soul; mind

162

oblique

indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); ex. oblique reference

163

slap

hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; n. ex: smack

164

indomitable

unconquerable; unyielding

165

finite

limited

166

prosper

become successful (esp. financially); thrive; grow well; ex. children prospering under his care

167

ebullient

showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; n. ebullience; n. ebullition: state of boiling

168

partisan

one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); n. strong supporter of a party; guerrilla

169

lassitude

languor; weariness; listlessness

170

plump

pleasantly fat; nicely rounded

171

disapprobation

disapproval; condemnation

172

anathema

solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; v. anathematize

173

mannerism

distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)

174

brag

boast

175

die

metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; ex: dice

176

titillate

tickle; excite pleasantly; ex. not to titillate the audience but to enlighten it

177

labile

likely to change; unstable; ex. emotionally labile; n. lability

178

protract

prolong; lengthen in time; draw out

179

intoxicate

make drunk; stimulate or excite; ex. intoxicated by all the money he might win

180

tutelage

guardianship; training; function of a tutor; instruction

181

desolate

(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless

182

tenancy

possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy

183

topography

physical features of a region (such as the shape and height); ex: topo-: place

184

treasure

keep as precious; cherish

185

simper

smirk; smile in a silly way; smile affectedly

186

supererogatory

superfluous; more than needed or demanded

187

gratuitous

given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; ex. gratuitous comment

188

orator

public speaker

189

attentive

alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; ex. attentive audience; ex. He was attentive to the old lady; n. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration

190

cringe

shrink back as if in fear; cower

191

rightful

legally correct; ex. rightful owner

192

mordant

biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; ex. mordant pen/wit

193

venial

(of a fault or sin) forgivable; trivial

194

tawdry

cheap and gaudy; ex. tawdry jewelry

195

purport

intention; purpose; meaning; v. claim; profess; ex. order which purports to be signed by the general

196

somnambulist

sleepwalker; v. somnambulate; n. somnambulism

197

impersonal

not being a person; not showing personal feelings; ex. impersonal force/manner/organization

198

craven

cowardly

199

falter

hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; n.

200

browbeat

bully; intimidate