Set 21 Flashcards Preview

Barrons Vocabulary > Set 21 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 21 Deck (199):
2

solvent

able to pay all depths; n. solvency

3

inconsequential

insignificant; unimportant

4

zest

outer skin of an orange used for giving a special taste to food; spice; interest; flavor; spirited enjoyment; ex. add a certain zest to the affair; ex. zest for life

5

carnal

fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body

6

celestial

heavenly

7

stolid

dull; impassive; showing little emotion when strong feelings are expected

8

contumacious

stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)

9

browse

graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually

10

rave

overwhelmingly favorable review; v. talk wildly as if mad; ex. raving lunatic

11

grill

question severely; cook on a grill; broil; n. cooking surface of parallel metal bars

12

projectile

missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)

13

fortuitous

accidental; by chance; n. fortuity

14

doom

condemnation to a severe penalty; ruin; fate (esp. a tragic or ruinous one); v.

15

affinity

feeling of kinship; similarity; ex. strong affinity for her; ex. many affinities between two languages

16

hindmost

furthest behind; farthest to the rear

17

indulgent

humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence

18

ecologist

person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; ex: ecology

19

proletarian

member of the working class; blue collar guy; n. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)

20

upright

(sitting or standing) straight up; honest; moral

21

expertise

specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill

22

imbroglio

complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); v. embroil

23

refute

disprove; prove to be false; n. refutation

24

obstetrician

physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; n. obstetrics; ex: midwife

25

incorporate

introduce something into a larger whole; include; embody; give material form to; adj.

26

devise

think up; invent; plan; bequeath; n. bequest

27

centurion

Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)

28

belated

delayed

29

ashen

ash-colored; deadly pale

30

mauve

pale purple

31

self-righteous

sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic

32

sinister

evil; ominous

33

initiate

begin; originate; receive into a group; introduce to a new field or activity; ex. initiate someone into the mysteries of a secret religion; n. one who has been initiated

34

discourse

serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; v.

35

ambush

act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; sudden attack made from a concealed position; ex. lie in ambush; v.

36

rhapsody

excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)

37

sway

swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; n.

38

acknowledge

recognize; admit

39

perjury

false testimony while under oath; v. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath

40

servile

slavish; cringing; n. servility

41

calorific

heat-producing; n. calorie

42

pitfall

hidden danger; concealed trap

43

paragon

model of perfection; ex. paragon of virtue

44

verbatim

word for word; in the same words; repeating the actual words exactly

45

protrude

stick out; jut; project; ex. protruding teeth

46

conception

beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; v. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; ex: inception

47

palatable

agreeable; pleasing to the taste

48

hurl

throw forcefully; shout out violently

49

unique

without an equal; single in kind

50

nirvana

in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude

51

emetic

substance causing vomiting; adj.

52

plaudit

praise; enthusiastic approval; round(succession or series) of applause; adj. plauditory; ex: applaud

53

query

inquiry; question; v.

54

amphitheater

oval building with tiers of seats; ex: arena

55

proxy

authorized agent; authority to act for another

56

stratagem

deceptive scheme; clever trick

57

colander

utensil with perforated bottom used for straining

58

nutrition

process of nourishing or being nourished; ex: malnutrition

59

capillary

having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; ex. capillary attraction; n. very fine hairlike tube; ex: capillarity

60

empirical

based on experience

61

dauntless

bold; fearless

62

filial

pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; ex. filial respect

63

writ

written command issued by a court (telling someone to do or not to do something)

64

burlesque

give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly

65

grimace

facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust, etc; v.

66

sluggish

lazy; slow; inactive; lethargic; ex: slug: nail with no shell

67

quarry

dig into (to get stone); n. mine; Ì??¨ËŒ

68

belabor

harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically

69

drab

dull; lacking color; cheerless ; ex. drab coat/life

70

kindred

related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; ex. kindred languages; n. relative; kin; kinship

71

squat

short and thick; stocky; ex. ugly squat tower; v. n.

72

morgue

mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation

73

disgruntle

make discontented

74

macerate

soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper

75

hut

crude dwelling; shack

76

impenetrable

not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding; impossible to understand; ex. impenetrable mystery

77

substantial

of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy

78

incipient

beginning; in an early stage

79

quench

assuage or satisfy (thrust); slake; douse or extinguish; put out; suppress

80

omniscient

all-knowing

81

wiggle

wriggle; move from side to side with irregular twisting motions

82

lexicon

dictionary

83

exude

flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; n. exudation

84

expiate

make amends for (a sin)

85

satirical

using satire; mocking

86

introvert

one who is introspective or inclined to think more about oneself; adj. introverted

87

obscure

dark; vague; unclear; not well known; ex. obscure meaning/village; v. darken; cover; make unclear; ex. obscure the moon/meaning

88

muse

ponder at length; n. source of inspiration (esp. of a poet)

89

denouement

final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained

90

abate

subside or moderate

91

fell

cruel; (of a disease) deadly

92

sage

person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; adj. wise

93

rivet

metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; v. fasten with a rivet; engross

94

laity

laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy

95

rider

amendment or clause added to a legislative bill

96

crestfallen

dejected; dispirited

97

oath

solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; ex. ``For Christ's sake''

98

sonic

of sound or its speed in air; ex: subsonic, supersonic

99

boon

blessing; benefit; something very helpful

100

guile

deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; ex. persuade her by guile

101

rejoinder

reply; retort; comeback; v. rejoin: say in reply

102

breadth

width; extent

103

gratuity

tip

104

ominous

threatening; of an evil omen

105

stock

standard; kept regularly in stock or supply; typical; routine; common; ex. stock sizes of paper; ex. stock excuse/character; n. goods for sale in a shop; OP. unique

106

infer

deduce; conclude; n. inference

107

untenable

(of a position, esp. in an argument) indefensible; not able to be maintained

108

ragamuffin

dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes

109

baroque

highly ornate

110

convivial

pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial

111

inexorable

relentless; unyielding; implacable; not capable of being changed by entreaty or efforts; ex. inexorable price rises

112

genealogy

record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry

113

serrated

having a sawtoothed edge; ex. serrated leaf

114

drivel

nonsense; foolishness; v. talk nonsense

115

suppliant

entreating; beseeching; n.

116

saccharine

cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin

117

pittance

small amount (of money); small allowance or wage

118

precinct

division of a city for election or police purposes; precincts: space that surrounds a building; ex. precincts of the college

119

pyromaniac

person with an insane desire to set things on fire

120

graze

(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; n. surface wound

121

contusion

bruise

122

import

significance; importance; meaning

123

gentle

kindly; soft; mild; of good family

124

moodiness

fits of depression or gloom; adj. moody: given to changeable moods; subject to periods of depression; gloomy ex: mood:

125

swear-word

word considered offensive; ex. ``bloody''

126

benefactor

gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose

127

polemic

attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; n. polemics: art of debate or controversy

128

tractable

docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded; n. tractability

129

penetrate

enter into; pierce; permeate; see through; grasp the inner significance of; understand

130

bombardment

attack (as with missiles or bombs); v. bombard

131

revelry

boisterous merrymaking; v. revel: engage boisterous festivities; enjoy greatly; n. boisterous festivity or celebration

132

spin

rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); n.

133

hide

skin of an animal

134

adept

expert at; very skilled

135

smug

self-satisfied; complacent

136

repast

meal; feast; banquet

137

appraise

estimate value of; n. appraisal

138

fancier

breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal

139

egoism

excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; adj. egoistic, egoistical

140

plebiscite

direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)

141

lilliputian

extremely small; ex: Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels

142

sever

separate; cut off (a part) from a whole; break up (a relationship); n. severance; ex: severance pay: extra pay given an employee upon leaving a position

143

except

exclude; n. exception: objection; exclusion; adj. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality

144

meddlesome

interfering; v. meddle: interfere

145

obfuscate

confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand

146

tatter

torn piece of cloth; adj. tattered: (of clothes) old and torn; (of a person) dressed in old torn clothes

147

impart

grant a share of; make known; ex. news to impart

148

surmise

guess; n.

149

enthrall

capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound

150

bawdy

indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; ex: bawd

151

ordeal

severe trial or affliction; difficult experience; trial(test of patience or endurance); affliction

152

executor

person designated to execute the terms of a will; À??œ Ëó‚¡Ë‚ ç?ËóËò

153

declivity

downward slope

154

converse

opposite; adj.

155

somatic

pertaining to the body; bodily; physical

156

miasma

swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence

157

magisterial

authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; ex. magisterial study of Roman law; ex. magisterial manner

158

askew

crookedly; slanted; at an angle

159

brazen

insolent; without shame; bold; ex. brazen lie; v. face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence

160

ennui

boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; ex: annoy

161

nullify

make invalid; make null; invalidate

162

aria

operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio

163

abominable

detestable; extremely unpleasant

164

digression

wandering away from the subject; v. digress

165

extirpate

root up; uproot; destroy completely

166

tumult

commotion of a great crowd; riot; noise; uproar; adj. tumultuous: noisy and disorderly

167

smirk

conceited smile; offensively self-satisfied smile (often at someone else's misfortune); v.

168

subsidiary

serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; n.

169

cantankerous

ill-humored; irritable

170

decree

authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; v. order or judge by decree

171

engaged

employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict

172

maroon

leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; adj. red brown

173

jest

playful remark or act; v. act or speak playfully

174

philistine

narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete

175

divine

perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; adj. n. divination

176

disclose

reveal; n. disclosure

177

earthy

unrefined; coarse; of earth; ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal

178

injurious

harmful; causing injury

179

gaunt

lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren

180

confidential

spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; ex. confidential secretary

181

momentum

quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus; moving force

182

grim

causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; ex. grim smile

183

lag

move or develop more slowly; straggle; ex. lag behind the rest; n.

184

maim

mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; ex. maimed for life

185

revile

attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)

186

juridical

of the law and its administration; ex: judicial: of courts of law; ex: judiciary

187

self-indulgence

excessive indulgence of one's own desire

188

conversant

familiar with; having knowledge of

189

brochure

pamphlet

190

lethargic

drowsy; dull; n. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity

191

galvanize

stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity

192

idyll(idyl)

short poem idealizing rural life; simple happy period of life (in the country); scene from such a time; ex. idyll of two young lovers

193

decrepitude

state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age

194

inherent

firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic

195

irrevocable

unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke

196

crevice

crack; fissure

197

defeatist

resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; n. ex: defeatism

198

pterodactyl

extinct flying reptile; ex: wing+finger

199

inhibit

restrain; prohibit; retard or prevent; n. inhibition

200

xenophobia

fear or hatred of foreigners; n. xenophobe