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Flashcards in 11: Study Guide Deck (66)
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31

"right and wrong is determined by WHAT IS PUNISHED"

- PUNISHMENT ORIENTATION (stage 1)
- KOHLBERG
- PRECONVENTIONAL

32

"right and wrong is determined by WHAT IS REWARDED"

- NAIVE REWARD ORIENTATION (stage 2)
- KOHLBERG
- PRECONVENTIONAL

33

SCHEMAS are for .. and SCRIPTS are for ..

- THOUGHTS
- ACTIONS

34

"right and wrong is determined by close others' APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL"

- GOOD BOY/GOOD GIRL ORIENTATION (stage 3)
- KOHLBERG
- CONVENTIONAL

35

"right and wrong is determined by SOCIETY'S RULES and LAWS, which should be OBEYED RIGIDLY"

- AUTHORITY ORIENTATION (stage 4)
- KOHLBERG
- CONVENTIONAL

36

"Right and wrong is determined by society's rules, which are viewed as FALLIBLE rather than ABSOLUTE."

- SOCIAL CONTRACT ORIENTATION (stage 5)
- KOHLBERG
- POSTCONVENTIONAL

37

"right and wrong is determined by ABSTRACT ETHICAL PRINCIPLES that emphasize JUSTICE AND JUSTICE"

- INDIVIDUAL PRINCIPLES AND CONSCIENCE ORIENTATION (stage 6)
- KOHLBERG
- CONVENTIONAL

38

"Piaget's term for the awareness that PHYSICAL QUANTITIES remain CONSTANT in spite of CHANGES in their SHAPE or appearance." (beaker of water)

- CONSERVATION

39

"the tendency to focus on just ONE FEATURE of a problem, neglecting other important aspects" ( concentrate on height of water and not height)

- CENTRATION

40

"inability to envision reversibility in action" (for instance, in grappling with the conservation of water, they don't think about what would happen if water were poured back from the tall beaker into the original beaker)

- IRREVERSIBILITY

41

PREOPERATIONAL PERIOD not yet mastered the principle of... (4)

- CONSERVATION
- CENTRATION
- IRREVERSIBILITY
- EGOCENTRISM
- HIERARCHICAL CLASSIFICATION

42

"a RAPID DECLINE in COGNITIVE FUNCTION and COPING ability that occurs 1 to 5 years before death." (letting go)

- TERMINAL DROP

43

Particularly harmful TERATOGENS include...(3)

- SEDATIVES
- NARCOTICS
- COCAINE

44

.. and the .. play a role in influencing the baby's TEMPERAMENT.

- GENES
- ENVIRONMENT

45

What Harlowe showed is that there is a .. .. for .. .. in ..

- BIOLOGICAL BASIS
- EMOTIONAL ATTACHMENT
- MAMMALS

46

Patterns of attachment (4)

- SECURE
- ANXIOUS-AMBIVALENT
- AVOIDANT
- DISORGANIZED-DISORIENTED

47

"The theory is based on the idea that humans PROCESS the INFORMATION they receive, rather than merely responding to stimuli."

- INFORMATION-PROCESSING MODEL

48

"programmed patterns of BEHAVIOR."

- SCRIPT

49

FLUID INTELLIGENCE involves .. .. ABILITY, .. .., and SPEED OF .. ..

- REASONING ABILITY
- MEMORY CAPACITY
- INFORMATION PROCESSING

50

CRYSTALLIZED INTELLIGENCE involves the ABILITY TO APPLY . .. .. and .. in .. ..

- ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS
- PROBLEM SOLVING

51

PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS of AGING (2)

- TOLL ON SPEED
- MEMORY DECREASE (varies b/w ppl)

52

PHYSICAL EFFECTS of AGING (7)

- HAIR THINS OUT AND BECOMES GREY
- PROPORTION OF BODY FAT INCREASES
- MUSCLE TISSUE DECREASES
- VISION DECLINES
- HEARING DECLINES
- WOMEN: MENOPAUSE
- LOSS OF BRAIN TISSUE

53

MALE GENDER STEREOTYPE (2)

- COMPETENT
- RATIONAL

54

FEMALE GENDER STEREOTYPE (5)

- DEPENDENT
- EMOTIONAL
- IRRATIONAL
- SUBMISSIVE
- TALKATIVE

55

GENDER DIFFERENCES in COGNITION: FEMALE (4)

- BETTER VERBAL SKILLS
- ACCESS TO LONG TERM INFORMATION
- COMPLEX PROSE
- LARGER CORPUS CALLOSUM

56

GENDER DIFFERENCES in COGNITION: MALE (3)

- BETTER MATHEMATICAL ABILITY
- BETTER VISUAL-SPATIAL ABILITY
- MORE CEREBRAL SPECIALIZATION

57

GENDER DIFFERENCES in PERSONALITY: FEMALE (4)

- EXTROVERSION
- AGREEABLENESS
- CONSCIENTIOUSNESS
- NEUROTICISM

58

GENDER DIFFERENCES in PERSONALITY (3)

- PHYSICAL AGGRESSIVENESS
- LESS SENSITIVE TO NONVERBAL CUES
- MORE SEXUALLY ACTIVE

59

(3) KEY PROCESSES in the development of GENDER ROLES:

- OPERANT CONDITIONING
- OBSERVATIONAL BEHAVIOR
- SELF-SOCIALIZATION (i am a girl therefore i should act this way)

60

(GENDER ROLES)OPERANT CONDITIONING examples (2):

- BIG BOYS DON'T CRY (reinforcing behavior that is gender-appropriate)
- ACT LIKE A MAN