Flashcards in 11: Study Guide Deck (66)
"right and wrong is determined by WHAT IS PUNISHED"
- PUNISHMENT ORIENTATION (stage 1)
"right and wrong is determined by WHAT IS REWARDED"
- NAIVE REWARD ORIENTATION (stage 2)
SCHEMAS are for .. and SCRIPTS are for ..
"right and wrong is determined by close others' APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL"
- GOOD BOY/GOOD GIRL ORIENTATION (stage 3)
"right and wrong is determined by SOCIETY'S RULES and LAWS, which should be OBEYED RIGIDLY"
- AUTHORITY ORIENTATION (stage 4)
"Right and wrong is determined by society's rules, which are viewed as FALLIBLE rather than ABSOLUTE."
- SOCIAL CONTRACT ORIENTATION (stage 5)
"right and wrong is determined by ABSTRACT ETHICAL PRINCIPLES that emphasize JUSTICE AND JUSTICE"
- INDIVIDUAL PRINCIPLES AND CONSCIENCE ORIENTATION (stage 6)
"Piaget's term for the awareness that PHYSICAL QUANTITIES remain CONSTANT in spite of CHANGES in their SHAPE or appearance." (beaker of water)
"the tendency to focus on just ONE FEATURE of a problem, neglecting other important aspects" ( concentrate on height of water and not height)
"inability to envision reversibility in action" (for instance, in grappling with the conservation of water, they don't think about what would happen if water were poured back from the tall beaker into the original beaker)
PREOPERATIONAL PERIOD not yet mastered the principle of... (4)
- HIERARCHICAL CLASSIFICATION
"a RAPID DECLINE in COGNITIVE FUNCTION and COPING ability that occurs 1 to 5 years before death." (letting go)
- TERMINAL DROP
Particularly harmful TERATOGENS include...(3)
.. and the .. play a role in influencing the baby's TEMPERAMENT.
What Harlowe showed is that there is a .. .. for .. .. in ..
- BIOLOGICAL BASIS
- EMOTIONAL ATTACHMENT
Patterns of attachment (4)
"The theory is based on the idea that humans PROCESS the INFORMATION they receive, rather than merely responding to stimuli."
- INFORMATION-PROCESSING MODEL
"programmed patterns of BEHAVIOR."
FLUID INTELLIGENCE involves .. .. ABILITY, .. .., and SPEED OF .. ..
- REASONING ABILITY
- MEMORY CAPACITY
- INFORMATION PROCESSING
CRYSTALLIZED INTELLIGENCE involves the ABILITY TO APPLY . .. .. and .. in .. ..
- ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS
- PROBLEM SOLVING
PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS of AGING (2)
- TOLL ON SPEED
- MEMORY DECREASE (varies b/w ppl)
PHYSICAL EFFECTS of AGING (7)
- HAIR THINS OUT AND BECOMES GREY
- PROPORTION OF BODY FAT INCREASES
- MUSCLE TISSUE DECREASES
- VISION DECLINES
- HEARING DECLINES
- WOMEN: MENOPAUSE
- LOSS OF BRAIN TISSUE
MALE GENDER STEREOTYPE (2)
FEMALE GENDER STEREOTYPE (5)
GENDER DIFFERENCES in COGNITION: FEMALE (4)
- BETTER VERBAL SKILLS
- ACCESS TO LONG TERM INFORMATION
- COMPLEX PROSE
- LARGER CORPUS CALLOSUM
GENDER DIFFERENCES in COGNITION: MALE (3)
- BETTER MATHEMATICAL ABILITY
- BETTER VISUAL-SPATIAL ABILITY
- MORE CEREBRAL SPECIALIZATION
GENDER DIFFERENCES in PERSONALITY: FEMALE (4)
GENDER DIFFERENCES in PERSONALITY (3)
- PHYSICAL AGGRESSIVENESS
- LESS SENSITIVE TO NONVERBAL CUES
- MORE SEXUALLY ACTIVE
(3) KEY PROCESSES in the development of GENDER ROLES:
- OPERANT CONDITIONING
- OBSERVATIONAL BEHAVIOR
- SELF-SOCIALIZATION (i am a girl therefore i should act this way)