15thc. in Northern Europe Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP Art History > 15thc. in Northern Europe Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in 15thc. in Northern Europe Vocab Deck (21):
1

Quatrocento

The cultural and artistic events of 15th century Italy; encompasses the artistic styles of the late Middle Ages (most notably International Gothic) and the early Renaissance. (1400s)

2

International Gothic Style

a phase of Gothic art which developed in Burgundy, Bohemia, France and northern Italy in the late 14th century and early 15th century; artists and portable works such as illuminated manuscripts traveled widely around the continent, creating a common aesthetic among the royalty and higher nobility and considerably reducing the variation in national styles among works produced for the courtly elites.

3

Flamboyant Style

a florid style of late Gothic architecture in France from about 1350 in France until superseded by Renaissance architecture during the early 16th century.

4

Beautiful Style

In painting and sculpture, the style is sometimes known in German as the "Schöne Stil" or "Weicher Stil" ("Beautiful style" or "Soft style"). Stylistic features are a dignified elegance, which replaces monumentality, along with rich decorative colouring, elongated figures and flowing lines.

5

Donors

a portrait in a larger painting or other work showing the person who commissioned and paid for the image, or a member of his, or (much more rarely) her, family.

6

Woodcut woodblock

type of relief print, using a gouge

7

Etching engraving

type of intaglio print using a graver

8

Printmaking

making of pictures and designs from specially prepared plates or blocks

9

Movable type

system of printing and typography that uses movable components to reproduce the elements of a document

10

Intalgio

ink is pressed into the engraving to make the image

11

Tapestry

multicolored decorative weaving meant to be hung on a wall or placed on furniture

12

Embroidery

decoration of a previously existing matieral

13

Bestiary books

book that describes characteristics, uses, and meaning illustrated by moralizing tales about real and imaginary animals

14

Altarpiece

work of art usually painted on wood set above and behind an altar

15

Gouge

tool used for carpentry and sculpture

16

Gravers/Burin

tools used for intaligo

17

Reliquary

container, often made of precious materials, used as repository to protect and display sacred relics

18

Secular

not sacred or relating to religion

19

Oil paint

paint made of pigment ground in oil

20

Book of Hours

illuminated, Christian devotional book

21

Crocket

container, often made of precious materials, used as repository to protect and display sacred relics