Chapter 3 - Egypt Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 - Egypt Deck (31):
1

Ankh

Symbol of life

2

Axial plan

Plan where building parts are organized along axis

3

Canon of proportions

Set of proportional ratios in art based on measurements of human body

4

Canopic jar

Containers for major organs

5

Cartouche

Oval, formed by rope loop

6

Colonnade

Row of columns supporting straight lintel or series of arches

7

Demotic writing

Simplified, cursive form of hieroglyphics

8

Engaged column

Column attached to wall

9

Faience

Technique where glass paste is fired and produces shiny, opaque, smooth finish

10

Glyph

Picto/hieroglyph

11

Groundline

Space as horizontal register where top is most distant

12

Hieratic writing

Simplified hieroglyphics

13

Hieroglyph

Symbols "sacred" "to carve"

14

Hypostyle hall

Vast hall of columns (outside temple )

15

Mastaba

Flat topped, 1-story building with slanted walls erected above underground chamber

16

Necropolis

"city of dead" (saqqara, Giza)

17

Nemes headdress

Royal headdress

18

Obelisk

Tapering, 4-sided stone

19

Peristyle court

Courtyard surrounded by columns (semi public)

20

Portico

Projecting roof/porch supported by columns, often marking entrance

21

Pylon

Massive gateway formed by pairs of tapering walls of oblong shape

22

Register

Use of groundlines to divide larges of space

23

Rock-cut tomb

Tomb cut into rock usually on hill side

24

Sarcophagus

Coffin

25

Scarab beetle

Beetle associated with sun and Amun, creation, resurrection, and rising sun.

26

Serdab

Small, sealed room housing ka statue and shaped for mourning relatives and offering

27

Sunken relief

Outline of figures are carved into surface of stone

28

Palletes

Flat stones with circular depression on one side, used for grinding eye paint

29

Memory image

Generic form that suggests specific object

30

Pectoral

Chest ornament

31

Wedjat

Eye of Horus