Roman Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP Art History > Roman Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Roman Vocab Deck (69):
1

Aisles

passage or open corridor

2

Amphitheater

Oval building with tiers of seats around central open area

3

Aqueduct

Channel for conducting water from a distance

4

Arcade

Series of arches carried by columns / piers and supporting common wall or lintel

5

Atmospheric perspective

Rendering effect of spatial distance by subtle variations in color and clarity of representation.

6

Atrium

Unroofed interior courtyard or room, sometimes having pool, garden, or surrounded by columns

7

Barrel vault

Elongated or continuous semicircular vault (half-cylinder)

8

Basilica

Large rectangular building. Often built with clerestory, side aisles separated from center by colonnade and apses. Center for administration (adapted later by Christian Church)

9

Buttressing

Prior support, usually of masonry, projecting from the face of a wall and serving either to strengthen it or to resist the side thrust created by the load on an arch or a roof

10

Christogram

a monogram or combination of letters that forms an abbreviation for the name of Jesus Christ

11

Clerestory

Topmost zone of wall with windows in basilica. Provides direct light into actual interior space.

12

Coffers

Recessed decorative panel used to reduce weight and decorate ceilings or vaults

13

Colonnade

Row of columns supporting lintel

14

Composite order

Combination of Ionic and Corinthian

15

Concrete

material used for building structures

16

Constantinope

dedicated by emperor Constantine in 330 ce; used to be port city of Byzantium.

17

Constantine

Roman emperor who ruled beginning in 312 ce; first christian emperor and first to be religiously tolerant

18

Continuous Narrative

illustrates multiple scenes of a narrative within a single frame

19

Dado

Lower part of wall

20

Diptych

Two panels of equal size (usually decorated w/ paintings or relief) that are hinged together

21

Dome

Round vault over circular space

22

Drum

Wall that supports dome

23

Edict of Milan

313CE
Granted freedom to all religious groups.

24

Emblemata

In mosaic, elaborate central motif on floor with small tessarae, done in more detail

25

Encaustic

Pigments and hot wax as medium

26

Engaged column

Column attached to wall

27

Equestrian Statue

bronze statue of Marcus Aurelius that works as propaganda to emphasize his power as emperor

28

Exedrae

Semicircular niche, small decoration, large interior space (apse)

29

Forum

Center of civic life, equivalent of agora

30

Fresco

Technique where waterbased pigments applied to surface of wet plaster

31

Groin vault

Created by intersetion of 2 barrel vaults

32

Hemispheric dome

rim of dome is supported on a drum (circular wall)

33

Insulae

residential apartments (for lower class)

34

Intuitive Perspective

method of giving the impression of recession by visual instinct, not an overall system or program

35

Linear perspective

illusion of a measured and continuously receding space

36

Mount Vesuvius

a damn volcano that buried Pompeii

37

Nave

central space of a basilica, two or three stories high and usually flanked by aisles

38

Oculus

Circular opening, apex of dome

39

Patrician

Upper class (republic)

40

Pax Romana

Roman Peace, period of stability, prosperity, and peace

41

Pedestal

Platform or base supporting sculpture

42

Pilaster

Engaged columnar element that is rectangular and used for decoration

43

Plebian

Lower class (republic)

44

Pompeii

Affluent southern Italian city

45

Roman Empire

post-Republican period with autocratic government

46

Roman Republic

Roman period with republic form of government, meaning that government was a public matter

47

Roman temple

followed pattern of Etruscan and Greek buildings

48

Roundels

any element with circular format, often exterior decoration.

49

Still Life

painting where subject is inanimate

50

Stucco

mixture of lime, sand, etc. into easily molded/modeled material. Very durable surface when dry

51

Tempera paint

painting medium made by blending egg yolk with water

52

Tesserae

Small pieces of stone, glass, etc. used to make mosaic

53

Tetrarchy

4 man rule over empire

54

Third century crisis

Period where Roman Empire almost collapsed from invasion, civil war, plague, and economic depression

55

Triumphal arch

archway with one or more arched passageways. Has two massive piers connected by arch and entablature. Decorated with carvings and reliefs.

56

Tuscan order

variation of Doric order. Smooth shaft, plain architrave, and undecorated frieze

57

Veneer

exterior facing of building, often in decorative patterns of fine stone or brick

58

Veristic

style where artists capture exterior likeness of object or person

59

Voussoir

oblong, wedge-shaped stone blocks used to build an arch. Topmost block is called keystone

60

atrium

formal entrance hall

61

Ala

"wings" opening from atrium

62

Cubiculum

small room; bedroom

63

Culina

kitchen

64

Exedra

garden room

65

Peristylium

colonnaded garden

66

Taberna

shop

67

Tablinum

office; study

68

Triclinium

dining room

69

Vestibulum

entrance hall